Psychosis and Resistance to Taking Medications

Why do schizophrenics discontinue their medications? Often, this is done for delusional reasons, based on the fact that meds are only partially effective. Incomplete effectiveness of medication and the punitive aspects of psychosis allow for confusion regarding the causes of psychosis, further motivated by desperation of the schizophrenic to find relief.

Apples, Oranges, and Metatheory

This article utilizes an example regarding the concrete existence of "apples" and "oranges" as compared to the concept of "fruit". Psychosis, like apples and oranges, has a visceral and immediate quality, and the actuality of brain chemistry regarding psychosis is a metatheory that subsumes the "theories" of psychotic individuals.

Understanding the Internal World of Psychosis

For the psychotic individual to be understood, empathy regarding his emotional experience might make a significant difference in his psychopathology and his relationship with the world. It is possible to understand his emotion and his fear, his cognition—to an extent—and his obvious alienation. Ways to address this individual in therapy are discussed in this article.

The Black "Whole" of Schizophrenia

This article examines the meaning of the idea that "the whole is more than the sum of its parts" in the context of psychotic delusions. Creation of a complex and/or systematized delusional system may lead one into a black hole and a gravitation toward alienation, suffering and perhaps death. The psychotic individual's receipt of self-reflection can be therapeutic.

Poor Social Judgment and Schizophrenia

This article examines the qualities of alienation, introversion and divergent thinking that may typify the individual with schizophrenia. These characteristics can synergistically contribute to poor social judgment as seen in the behavior and choices of that individual. In fact, they may form a triad and a pattern as seen persons with schizophrenia generally.

Vocational Activity as Therapeutic for the Mentally ill

Freud stated that love and work are the elements of happiness. Finding the right vocational niche, for all people, is important, but especially so regarding the mentally ill. Acceptance of the mentally ill, without stigma, may be an imperative societal goal.

Relational Activity as Therapeutic for the Mentally Ill

Freud indicated that love and work are the elements of happiness in life. Too often, the mentally ill receive little relational activity that would have a substantial impact on their functioning. This article emphasizes the need to bolster relational skills in mentally ill individuals.

Proactive Intervention for Psychosis

The adolescent who is encouraged and integrated with his peers may not develop schizophrenia.

The Interpersonal Consequences of Schizophrenia

This article is comprised of an argument that introversion, divergent thinking, and isolation, as qualities in the schizophrenic individual, may be causally related to the emergence of schizophrenia.

Psychosis and the Varieties of Thought

This article examines and compares scientific knowledge and how it is obtained to knowledge relying on less well-founded bases and to the pseudo-knowledge maintianed by schizophrenics and paranoid schizophrenics, in particular. The concepts of "association" and "confidence" pertain to that knowledge that we embrace or may seem to be foisted upon us.

Psychosis and a Predetermination of failure

This article examines the effects of stigma on the mentally ill, and it elaborates necessary observations about the damaging effects of stigma, pointing to a way of ameliorating the negative consequences of the pathologizing ideation with which non-mentally ill people take toward the mentally ill.

The Emotional Demands of Schizophrenia

This article explores the effects of emotion on delusional thinking. The term, "defense mechanism", describes delusions of persecution, grandeur or erotomanic delusions, as these manifest themselves in the thinking of the schizophrenic. Ultimately, amelioration of these aspects of schizophrenic thinking can be approached using a biopsychosocial model of mental illness.

The Family of Schizophrenia

This article examines devastion that emerges within the family constellation as a conquence of the schizophrenic diagnosis of one of its family members. It should be noted that the newly diagnosed will experience raging fear and grief as a result of this diagnosis. Both the family and the schizophrenic may view each other as unrecognizable, and this reflects extreme loss.

Is It Sane to Agree That You Are Crazy?

There exists difficulty in the application of humanistic theory’s therapeutic reflection in psychotherapy with the psychotic client. Mirroring of the client’s perspective regarding her mental illness is counterintuitive. There may exist a possibility of using humanistic therapy with empathy without relinquishing a stance that communicates the subjectivity of belief.

Memory and Psychosis

This article concerns the interference of psychotic phenomena in the processes and tools of memory due to the psychotic individual's experience of ongoing auditory hallucinations.

The Diagnosis of Schizophrenia in One's Child or Adolescent

There exists a dilemma in coping with the possible diagnosis of schizophrenia in one's child or adolescent. Labeling and pathologizing one's child is dialectically opposed to obtaining a diagnosis regarding a youth's behavior. Ultimately, if the child's negative behavior persists, parents may choose to access psychological assessment for the diagnosis of schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia and Modes of Thought

Different modes of thought are examined as combinations of types of thought. Specifically, the thought characterisitic of schizophrenics is understood in terms of concrete and abstract thinking, convergent and divergent thinking, and dogmatic and creative thinking. Whether thought is productive and insightful depends upon these combinations and how they are utilized.

The Ambiguity of Psychotic Experience

This article is an integration of concepts that have been explored in previous articles by this author. These include the subjective and ambiguous experience of psychosis, the fracturing of the mental world that appears as an abrading subject-object split, and application of object relations theory to the psychotic individual's creation of symbolic mental entities.

Clinical Treatment with Implacable Good Will

Diagnoses of Borderline Personality Disorder and Schizophrenia reflect strikingly different characteristics in terms of symptoms and presentation. Those with BPD may seek engulfment and detachment intermittently, while schizophrenics dissociate from emotional experience. Treatment of both of these disorders should reflect implacable good will.

Psychosis and the Eriksonian Stages

This article explores the relationship between psychosis and the Eriksonian stages of psychosocial development. Poor negotiation of early stages may be implicated in the emergence of psychosis, yet psychosocial regression may be implicated as well. Psychotherapy structured with the goal of renegotiation of these stages by the schizophrenic may be promising.

Residual Schizophrenia and Life's Finiteness

There is a difference between a near-death experience and an existential experience of life's finiteness. From a near-death experience one may emerge with trauma, and an existential crisis may result in lessened symptoms of psychopathology, even schizophrenia, due to a understanding of death as an aspect of a meaningful life.

Identity in the Context of Schizophrenia

This discussion focuses on the impact of context on the presentation of schizophrenia. This context may be said to originate from the mental or the material worlds of the schizophrenic. The article postulates that the lack of an ego-syntonic context causes the schizophrenic to engage in ongoing speculation about her mental and material contexts.

Psychological Nudity and the Experience of Psychosis

The experience of seeming "others" within the mind of the schizophrenic creates a subjective, if illusory, onslaught of psychological nudity that is emotionally abrading to the individual enduring it. This discussion attempts to elucidate the nature of this experience to both the psychotic and the non-psychotic.

Beautiful Myths and the Minds of Schizophrenics

Some schizophrenics are said to be creative thinkers with beautiful minds. While this is sometimes the case, more often the genius of schizophrenia amounts to no more than word salad. The exceptional mind remains just that — exceptional.

Remission of Schizophrenia and Defense Mechanisms

Dr. Ann Olson, author of "Illuminating Schizophrenia: Insights into the Uncommon Mind", offers a theory of the use of defense mechanisms as allowing the psychotic individual to correctly enter into denial and repression of psychotic ideation, including delusions and delusional systems of thought.

Learned Helplessness as a Correlate of Psychosis

This article provides evidence of learned helplessness in the various types of schizophrenia. Aspects of learned helplessness include diminished emotional, social, cognitive and physical aspects of functioning. Evidence of learned helplessness is seen in flat affect, lack of motivation, lack of interest in pleasure, reduced frontal lobe activity and physical catatonia.

Emotional Intelligence, Art Therapy and Psychosis

This article examines the use of art therapy in treating psychosis by means of distinguishing and communicating between the self and the other, or the relationship between the subject and the object, the artist and his audience, even when the object represents a painting, a poem or another projective work of art done by the subject, the psychotic person or the artist.

Psychosis and the Ground Beneath Our Feet

This article examines the dubious but visceral bases of psychosis, involving the immediacy of hallucinations and the rationale for delusions that is a response to non-normative experience. Metatheory or theory about theory is potentially useful, pointing to ways of communicating to schizophrenics views of psychosis that challenge their own worldviews.

Cognitive Dissonance and Psychosis

The split between internal experience of auditory hallucinations and the facts as stated by the mental health field about the realities of psychotic experience can cause dissonance in the mind of a schizophrenic. Such dissonance is psychologically painful, and psychotherapy is asserted to be a means of understanding cognitive dissonance and targeting it for change.

Psychosis and Intellectualization

Psychoeducation is argued to be a therapeutic process-related intervention for psychotic symptoms because it produces detachment and reduced emotional engagement in delusional systems.