Responses to Oddballs: A Robust Finding in Neuroscience

One of the most robust findings in neuroscience research is increased brain activity to the unexpected. This finding would not be predicted by a computer model of how the brain functions. However, it fits well with a model that emphasizes motivation.

Unplugging the Computer Metaphor

The cognitive revolution began in the 1960s, and since then psychological research has been dominated by an information-processing model of brain function based on the computer metaphor. Recent social and affective neuroscience research shows that a computer is an inadequate and misleading metaphor for the human brain. The brain is much too hot and wet to be represented by a computer.