The Kindness Cure

Modern Darwinism conspires with Machiavellian politics and competition-based economics to paint a very cynical picture of human nature. Such theories have their uses but modern psychology suggests that they are wrong about people. We are learning that humans do best when they care for others rather than looking out for themselves.

Freedom From Religion as a Civil Right

The separation of church and state in the U.S. constitution is more honored in the breach than in the observance. It seems that those who want to escape from organized religion must fight for that freedom against those in power who would foist religion upon them at every turn. The religious pledge of allegiance recited daily in schools is clearly unconstitutional.

Sex on the Internet: How Far Can It Go

Pornographers are noteworthy for their skill in adapting new technologies. The Internet was no exception and pornographic sites were the first big money spinners in cyber space. Now, the Internet is a more mainstream way of meeting new romantic partners, and even conducting relationships. What do new technologies hold in store for our sex lives?

Why Anxiety Gnaws

For sentient beings, life means approaching pleasure and avoiding pain. Pain may be physical, or psychological. If psychological, it is perceived as unease, or anxiety. Our vulnerability to anxiety is the biggest threat to our well-being. Escaping from anxiety is a powerful motivator. Why do we suffer so much from anxiety?

The Market for Religion is Shrinking

There is a market for religion just as there is a market for material goods. The primary function of religion is to help people feel better about their lives. Competing feel-good products include psychotherapy, anti-anxiety drugs, and entertainment. As the number of competitors grows in developed countries, religion declines in importance.

Why Are Educated People More Likely to Be Atheists?

The more education a person receives, the more likely they are to become atheists. Non belief also increases with intelligence and income. Residents of more educated countries see religion as less important in their daily lives.

Blaming Parents for Their Children's Failings

Whether it is crime, drug abuse, academic failure, or poor social mobility, there is a strong temptation to blame the parents. It is indeed true that most social problems are linked to bad parent-child relationships. Yet, parents are not nearly so much in control of that relationship as moralists assume.

Are Single Mothers as Good as Married Ones?

Children of single mothers have much worse outcomes in the U.S. than children of married parents. Yet, countries with the highest levels of single parenthood have low crime and high social mobility. That is the parenting paradox. How can it be explained?

Does racism make people older?

A new study asked whether racism accelerates aging for African-American men. The study measured age-related shortening in the ends of chromosomes (or telomeres). Surprisingly, the study found that experiences of racial discrimination were not related to biological aging.

Why Low Status Hurts

Hunter-gatherer societies had minimal status distinctions and that is how most people would want to live. When there are sharp status divisions, we must constantly strive to get up the ladder, or to stay there, which can be stressful.

Why the U.S. Attracts Talent

This country attracts more than its fair share of bright scholars, entrepreneurs, and artists despite our horrible scores on academic ability. Why do so many bright people opt to join a nation of dunces?! The most intriguing explanation is that they are attracted to talent already here

Sell Marriage, Invest in Singles!

If marriage were an investable asset, now would be a great time to sell. The stock of marriage has declined for decades and its future looks even worse. By every available measure, matrimonial unions are shrinking in importance. A future without marriage would be a profound change—not necessarily for the worse.

Why a Dog Means So Much (for Mel)

The close relationship between humans and dogs is something of an evolutionary mystery. Is the dog a slave, or a parasite? Have we adapted them to our purposes, or have they exploited us for free food and shelter? Either way, we are so close it can hurt.

A Society Without Marriage?

The Mosuo people of south west China do not marry and fathers do not live with, or support, children. Do the Mosuo anticipate a global future where no one marries?

Why Is Mississippi More Religious Than New Hampshire?

New Hampshire is the least religious state in the union and Mississippi is the most religious according to Gallup data. A minority of New Hampshire residents see religion as being important in their daily lives (46 percent) in contrast to a large majority of Mississippians (85 percent). How can such huge differences be explained?

Is Religion Any Use?

Rival religions expend a great deal of effort in magnifying minor differences between them. Yet, the major world religions fulfill similar functions and endorse analogous codes of conduct. They may also provide similar emotional and practical advantages.

Who Deserves Our Respect?

Most of us sometimes feel under appreciated by colleagues, friends and family members Yet, it is by no means clear who deserves respect, or why. A lot of respect is badly misplaced in powerful people, in the rich, and even in talented people.

Secrets of Marriage That Lasts

In earlier generations, most people married and they remained married to the same person for life. Yet, that kind of marital stability may be artificial. We are moving towards a future of increasingly fragile marriages. So what does it take for a marriage that goes the distance?

Should We Care If Marriage Disappears?

Marriage is on the way out in Europe but is slightly more resilient in this country—at least for the middle class. What would it mean for our society if couples stopped marrying?

Accounting for Sick Religions

I mostly emphasize the potential for positive effects of religion on the individual. After all, if religion made life more difficult, why would it crop up in virtually every society? Yet, religious people often shoot themselves in the foot with their choice of damaging practices.

The Female Breadwinner: What It Means

A recent Pew Research Center study found that 40 percent of breadwinners in homes with at least one child are women. This is a disparate group consisting of single mothers and married women who earn more than their husbands. What does this say about American families today? What does it suggest about families of the future?

Why Some People Are Drug Addicts

We know that addicts lose control over their lives and that they would as soon give up breathing as stop using their preferred substance/s. Yet, the critical question of why one member of an adolescent peer group becomes an addict and the others do not remains open.

Reasons for the Surge in Births to Single Women

Throughout Europe, births to single mothers more than doubled between 1990 and 2010 (from 17.4 to 38.3 percent). Imagine if it were to increase at the same rate for the next two decades! Such rapid changes are very unusual historically. They cry out for explanation from social scientists.

Atheism to Replace Religion by 2041: The Facts

This story was recently taken up by the Guardian Express and International Business Times who responded to a prediction from my book Why Atheism will Replace Religion. Unfortunately these writers made mistakes. I want to correct some of those errors and clarify the actual claim about whether religion will disappear.

Can One Tell the Difference Between Religion and a Con Game?

The human propensity to believe the improbable keeps church doors open. It is also the reason that confidence tricksters live well. Perhaps prophets are merely con men who specialize in the spiritual. There are two ways to test out this idea. First, are mainstream religions founded by con men? Second, if one were to set up a fake religion, would it get exposed?

Success Means Never Having to Say You Are Sorry

The psychology of successful people recently took a hit from researchers. From drivers of sports cars who break the lights to wealthy business people pigging out on the company dime, successful selfishness has an ugly face.

Work Habits Versus Creative Flow

Most of us are creatures of strong habits. They fill our day with customary activities and familiar faces. Habits help us to survive and thrive by reducing risks. The problem is that they might choke off spontaneity, or “flow.”

Can Creativity Be Boosted?

Most highly creative people are not crazy and they solve the practical problems of life much better than people who are mentally ill can. Yet, there is an overlap in sensibility between what English poet Alexander Pope called “great wits” and madness.

The Costs of Sexiness

The news that Angelina Jolie had a double mastectomy got a lot of attention. Both beauty and cancer are produced by sex hormones. Perhaps there is a biological tradeoff between exceptional beauty and health.

Do Americans Eat More Than Hunter Gatherers?

In an era of super-size meals, and high-calorie foods, it might seem obvious that overweight Americans eat far more than scrawny hunter gatherers. The truth is surprising. Americans eat far less per pound body weight. Obesity may have little to do with diet.

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