Making Causal Judgment

Making Causal Judgment

Causal and counterfactual reasoning inform our judgments of causality.

Why Addicts Make Poor Decisions

Decision failures could explain why addicts pursue and consume drugs even in the face of negative consequences.
Pam Brophy [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Use This Problem-Solving Strategy to Achieve Any Goal

The mental contrasting strategy has four steps: wish, outcome, obstacle, and plan.
By Nguyen Thanh Long (Flickr: So what do you want now?) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

I Want It Now!

The more we disregard our longer-term interests in favor of immediate gratification, the more likely that we will have a range of behavioral problems, including addiction.
By Maria Raquel Cochez (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

8 Predictors of Early Onset of Binge Eating

Youth with loss of control go on to experience persistent and intensified problematic eating patterns during adulthood.
By Staff Sgt. Corey J. Hook/Wikimedia Commons

10 Faulty Thoughts That Occur in Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Faulty thinking sheds light on the development and maintenance of BDD.
By Martin Ransohoff (http://web.poptower.com/tyrel-ventura.htm) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Explaining Delusional Thinking

The dual-process framework of decision-making can provide some insights into the theory of delusional belief.

The Many Ways We Lie to Ourselves

Everyone is in denial about something.
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The Role of Motivation in Delusional Belief

Motivated delusions can have psychological benefits that might lead both to the formation or maintenance of delusions.

Five Steps in Forming Irrational Beliefs

Most of our core beliefs about the world are not based on rational and conscious choices.
Georgios Jakobides [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

What Causes Someone to Develop an Eating Disorder?

Individuals with eating disorders are suffering because of an inadequate attachment with their caregivers.
By star5112 (JOH_0364) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Why Do We Love to Chase?

Unpredictable rewards produce much larger pleasure than expected ones.
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Five Common Factors Influencing Our Feelings of Time

The perception of time as lasting too long is associated with too high of a cost, which leads to the selection of alternatives with more immediate outcomes.
By stuartpilbrow - 102/365 Fed up, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=29835689

Eight Reasons Why We Get Bored

Boredom is an unpleasant emotional state in which the individual feels a lack of interest in and difficulty concentrating on the current activity.
By Quinn Dombrowski from Chicago, USA - Boredom, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11201756

Stress and Addiction

There is solid evidence for the link between chronic stress and the motivation to abuse addictive substances.
By Juniorcosta124 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Who Is Actually in Charge When We Make Decisions?

Emotional awareness provides insight into the working of the mind and the nature of decisions.

What Is Behavioral Economics?

The basic message of behavioral economic is that humans are hard wired to make judgment errors and they need a nudge to make decisions that are in their own best interest.
By Georging at the German language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11717544

Seeing the Bigger Picture Can Promote Self-Control

From a distant perspective one sees the forest, but from a proximal perspective one sees trees.

Scarcity Makes Everything Desirable

Scarcity contributes to an interesting and a meaningful life.
By Staff Sgt. Jeremy Bowcock (https://www.dvidshub.net/image/1454431) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

7 Tips for Setting Achievable Goals

A successful self-control requires that one’s goal be kept firmly in focus, and reserve the most careful decision resources for the goals that matter most.

10 Strategies for Developing Self-Control

Self-control strategies are considered key drivers of behavior change to promote healthier behavior.
By Annie Mole (Circle Line Party Festivities) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Why Do People Drink?

The motivational perspective predicts that people will be motivated to use addictive substances to the extent that they expect that doing so will result in desirable effects.
By kazan.vperemen.com (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

10 Patterns of Addictive Behavior

The following list identifies several important behavioral patterns associated with addiction.
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The Lure of the Special Occasion

Why is relapse so often preceded by the statement that this is a “special occasion”?

Making Life-Changing Decisions

We need to think differently about making big life choices.
AdinaVoicu/Pixabay

5 Types of Decisions We Regret Most

Psychologists suggest that the capacity to acknowledge what is regrettable in life emerges from maturity and contributes to maturation itself.

Drug Use as Epidemic Phenomena

The idea of a drug epidemic captures the fact that drug use is a learned behavior, transmitted from one person to another.

What Is Narrative Bias?

We humans generally aren’t great at reasoning objectively about uncertainty as we go about our daily lives.

The Craving Mind

A key aspect of relapse is the way cravings can distort practical reasoning, typically in ways that make it difficult to plan in advance.

Applying Game Theory to Recovery From Addiction

We can use the insights from the prisoner dilemma to suggest ways to resist changing motivation.

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