Pumping Liquid Gold: Why Policies Emphasize Milk Over Mom

Much U.S. policy facilitates breast milk pumping instead of enabling breastfeeding directly. Redefining breastfeeding affects mothers and potentially the benefits of breastfeeding.

How Do New Babies Affect Parent and Sibling Relationships?

Many couples expect a new child to strengthen their union, but distress first-born children. Research suggests that these expectations are unfounded.
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Choosing Children’s Surnames

Conventionally, women take their husband’s surname, as do any children. But as married women increasingly retain their birth surnames, how do couples decide on children’s surnames?

What Sexism Research Says About the Rebuke of Senator Warren

Silencing Warren reflected sexism still pervasive in American politics.

Is There a "Right" Way to Birth a Child?

Discourses of childbirth are charged and contentious, ranging from "natural" to "medicalized." But what is an "ideal" birth and who has the moral authority to define it?

As Fathers of Daughters, Male Politicians Disavow Trump

Many male Republicans predicate their opposition to Trump's remarks about assaulting women on their role of fathers to daughters. Should it take a daughter to condemn assault?

The Transgender Bathroom Controversy

The debate over transgender rights is becoming as contentious as the debate over marriage equality. But why is it that this issue, like same-sex marriage, has created such a furor?

The Transgender Bathroom Battle

The Supreme Court may decide the debate over transgender bathroom laws. Let’s hope they use common sense.
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The Psychology of Mansplaining

Mansplaining has become a cultural trope, along with other male-bashing portmanteaus. But what exactly is mansplaining and why has it captured the popular imagination?

The Real Reasons Why People Cheat

Despite strong consensus that infidelity is wrong, as many as 10-25% of married couples in the US experience sexual infidelity. Why is infidelity so common? Can it be prevented?
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Should Men Wear Engagement Rings?

As many as 5% of grooms-to-be are proudly sporting mangagement rings (male engagement rings). Why has this trend taken off and what does it promise for gender and sexual equality?

What It Means to Eat 'Like a Man' (or Woman)

Foods are gendered—meat is associated with virile masculinity and “light” foods are evoke delicate femininity—and are a means gender performance and others’ gendered evaluation.

Dream Wedding, Rapid Divorce?

The wedding industry promotes lavish, dream weddings as the basis for happy, lasting marriages. Yet, net of income and a score of other personal characteristics, economists link expensive weddings to shorter marriages. But do wedding expenses really cause couples to break up? If so, why?

Why Some Welcome Unisex Bathrooms, and Some Steer Clear

Why are women more comfortable than men when sharing multi-user unisex bathrooms? Although still influenced by Victorian-era paternalism toward women, the gendered dynamics behind men's discomfort primarily reflect their fears and insecurities in all-male public restrooms. Does man's de facto exclusion undermine the inclusive intention of multi-user unisex bathrooms?

Does Becoming a Dad Make Men More Sexist or Progressive?

When asked to select from a list of ten items the two or three traits that they most valued—including different ranking of intelligence, attractiveness, sweetness, independence, and strength—men report different priorities for wives as for daughters. What does this tell us about men’s relationships to women and their attitudes regarding gender equality?

Can Money Create Inequality in Your Relationship?

Combining households does not always entail pooling income. Which couples are most likely to income-pool and what are the consequences of their money management decisions for within-household differences in economic well-being and for relationship satisfaction? Are differences in money management driven by pragmatic concerns or by beliefs about gender, family and fairness?

Where Do Babies Come From? From Peer Pressure, Apparently.

We commonly consider fertility outcomes to be idiosyncratic or accidental. But parenthood spreads through social networks, passing between siblings, friends, and co-workers. Why might the baby bug be so contagious and how do prospective parents catch it?

Why Are Female Models Paid More?

In nearly all occupations, women are paid less than men for equivalent work—on average, about 80% as much as men. But in fashion modeling women are paid a 25-75% premium over men’s wages, even for the exact same job. Why is it that in certain contexts, being female pays?

The Benefits of Being Blond

Is it better to be blond? Prior research suggests that blond women enjoy a wage premium and preferential treatment from men. But does this really translate into higher lifetime earnings or better odds of marriage? And might blond men be similarly-advantaged?

Who Is More Likely to Leave a Bad Relationship?

Women are the “dumpers” and men the “dumpees” in most divorces and breakups. This helps explain why women fare better than men after the split. But why is it that women dump their boyfriends and divorce their husbands more often than the reverse?

Closer to Fido or Father?

Fully 85% of dog owners and 78% of cat owners count their pets as family. What’s more, 94% of dog owners and 84% of cat owners feel close to their pets, yet only 87% feel close to their mother and 74% feel close to their father. Gender, family structure, and other traits influence these patterns. So what is the social and familial significance of pets?

Why Breakups Are Actually Tougher on Men

Women initiate more divorces than men and women may suffer less post-breakup. The negative physical and emotional health effects of divorce are larger for men, perhaps in part because men depend more on their spouse to encourage healthy behavior and provide emotional support. In addition, men may find it more difficult to seek support during a breakup.

How Do Most of Us Find Love Today?

How did you meet? It’s a common question with a rapidly-changing answer. As couples increasingly meet online, does the change in venue from “real” to “virtual” meetings have broader social significance? Who benefits most from searching for love online?

Sibling Sex and Gender Inequality

Interacting with other-sex siblings, especially older siblings, instills gender-atypical interests and attitudes, potentially promoting gender egalitarianism in adulthood. However, parents gender-stereotype their children more when they have at least one child of each sex, pushing gender-stereotypical behavior and recreating adult gender inequalities in leisure and pay.

Can Women Reduce the Career Cost of Motherhood?

Motherhood causes an immediate drop in earnings and occupational status and reduces growth in both over time. Strategies such as delaying first births and having fewer children cannot eliminate these career costs. Extant research suggests that institutional factors, such as employer discrimination and public policy context, are as important as mothers’ individual behavior.

Are High-Achieving Women Doomed to Be Single and Childless?

Scare mongers warn that women who delay marriage to pursue education and careers will end up barren old maids. But do men really find highly-educated, high-earning women romantically undesirable? Such women enjoy higher marital rates, lower divorce rates, and rising rates of childbearing. Delayed marriage and childbirth increase women's earnings and lower divorce risk.

Who Craves Relationships More, Men or Women?

Men are stereotyped as avoiding—even as fearing—romantic commitment. But is this stereotype accurate? Do women desire marriage, children, and love more than men? Should men avoid romantic entrapment—are they perhaps better off single? This article reviews the evidence on gender differences in desired commitment, family aspirations, and well-being in marriage.

Understanding Interracial Relationships

A popular strain of social science research conceptualizes interracial unions as social exchanges, with the implicit assumption that white is “better,” at least in the eyes of the romantic partners. But wouldn’t interracial couples tend to endorse racial equality? Generally, how might researchers' assumptions about race, sex, beauty, and gender bias theories and findings?

Does the Workplace Provide a Respite From Stress at Home?

Conventional wisdom dictates that work is stressful and that time at home is relaxing. But new research finds cortisol levels are higher at home than at work. This is consistent with sociological research indicating work as a respite from stressful home life. Still, although work may not be stressful in itself, long work hours may exacerbate the stress at home.

Is Beauty in the Eye of the Beholder?

The adage that beauty is in the eye of the beholder posits a subjective interpretation of physical attractiveness. Yet there is strong consensus between observers as to which individuals are beautiful. To what extent are evaluations of beauty agreed-upon within and across cultures? And insofar as there is general agreement in rating beauty, what explains this consensus?