Are Kids Curious?

In The Hungry Mind, Engel draws on the latest social science research to understand why curiosity is nearly universal in babies, and less evident in school. Although most children learn more when their curiosity is piqued, “schools do not always, or even often, foster curiosity.” But in an era that prizes quantifiable results, curiosity is not likely to be a priority.

The Truth About Lies

In The Devil Wins, Dallas Denery provides an informative and thought-provoking account of the efforts of theologians and philosophers from the early Christian era to the Enlightenment to define lies and understand their ethical, social, and political implications. In the "fallen world" of early modern Europe, he argues, lying became natural and naturally useful qualities.

A Defense of Jealousy

In Jealousy, Peter Toohey provides a charming and instructive survey of a much maligned emotion. He examines jealousy in many of its guises, including sexual jealousy, the Oedipus Complex, and sibling rivalry. Aware that it can be an ugly emotion, he argues that jealousy is an evolutionary adaptation that "can be a beautiful thing."

Faster, Faster

In Speed Limits, Mark Taylor, a professor at Columbia University, examines "the long arc of history" that has resulted in the insinuation of a "gospel of speed" into modern culture. And he sounds the alarm about the consequences of this phenomenon. Although by no means the first jeremiad on this subject, the book provides an informative account of speed's social impact.

Fear Itself

Drawing on research in evolutionary biology and an informed interpretation of American history and literature, Chris Walsh analyzes the relationship between courage and cowardice, the distinction between physical and moral cowardice, and argues that the idea of cowardice has faded in significance recently, and reappeared with somewhat different connotations.

Shrink Rap

Concerned about "the dark side" of current psychiatric practices, Glover adopts an approach to personality disorders at the intersection between "the mind-body problem and the problem of free will" that includes the subjective values of autonomy, responsibility, and identity that constitute a good life.

Memories May Be Beautiful and Yet…

Set between the 1950s and the present, this ambitious and beautifully written novel traces the mysteries of mind and memory through a multi-generational account of the Tumulty/Leary families. Thomas touches on working-class Irish-American culture, middle-class aspiration, achievement and anxiety, suburbanization, and the devastation visited on family members by Alzheimer's

Platform Heals?

Piskorski argues that social media sites help individuals identify other people with similar interests — or deepen existing relationships — in ways they would otherwise find difficult. And he provides detailed explanations for the success of some social media strategies, including combining "meet" and "friend" solutions to create spaces for professional networking.

Weights and Measures

In Childhood Obesity, Laura Dawes provides a fascinating survey of popular perceptions and changing attitudes toward the diagnosis and treatment of childhood obesity, including gland therapy, psychoanalysis, behavior modification, amphetamines, fat camps, diet and exercise. Dawes assesses options for addressing an epidemic that is entangled with the structure of society.

Re-Righting Freud’s Biography

In Becoming Freud, Adam Phillips uses the story of Freud's early years to make a compelling case that psychoanalysis is actually a distinctive form of biography in which a useful, personal, and private truth may be discerned through a discovery in which patients speak about and for themselves, answer back, and recover and revise foundational life experiences.

Test Pilots

Drawing on recent findings in cognitive psychology, the authors provide an engaging, informative, and at times counter-intuitive analysis of how knowledge is—and can best be—encoded and retrieved. Claiming that the central challenge involves finding ways to interrupt the process of forgetting, they advocate low-stakes quizzes and other forms of active retrieval.

The Real Selfie

Me-related preoccupations are complex.

Only Connect

In It's Complicated, Danah Boyd explains why social media is so important to teens and how they use it. Arguing that social media mirrors, magnifies, and makes more visible "the good, bad, and ugly of everyday life," she addresses the anxiety of adults and challenges conventional wisdom about identity, privacy, safety, and bullying.

Trolleyology

David Edmonds' informative, engaging, and witty history of "the trolley problem" thought experiment demonstrates that although the trolley cases are abstract and artificial, they have analogues in real life. Edmonds enlists the distinction between intention and foreseeing to address trolley scenarios in which a fat man is killed to save five others.

Check Out Counters

A useful survey of attitudes towards suicide from the stoics in Ancient Greece to twentieth century existentialists, Stay does not make a compelling case for an "adamant prohibition" against suicide or an argument that is likely to "nudge" desperate individuals to bet on their future selves.

Forget-Me-Knots

Filled with information and a cacophony of opinions, the book stimulates skepticism, even about Lock's own claim that it is impossible to disentangle dementia and aging. It makes clear, however, that in the absence of a breakthrough we have an urgent need to move beyond platitudes.

Amicitia

In a new book on friendship, philosopher A. C. Grayling reviews the idea of friendship in literature, history, and "real life" and concludes that it is "plainly silly" to assume it conforms "to the contours of this stereotype or that."

Up from Down

With her informative, moving account of raising a son with Down Syndrome, Rachel Adams seeks to communicate with “and even talk back to” parents, doctors, researchers, and therapists, many of whom retain “outdated and incorrect information” even as she envies those “whose biggest worry was that their kids didn’t want to nap or eat green vegetables."

Butterflies in Boxes

In "To the End of June," Cris Beam explores America's foster care policies, which change with the prevailing theories and still fail to protect vulnerable children, and asks: Why do we think one model will work for every unhappy family?

Detached Retina: Review of Roof Life

In Roof Life, Svetlana Alpers reflects on the discoveries one makes when “looking out from high windows with distant and therefore distinctive views” of the surroundings; the “state of mind such looking represents;” and implications of a life lived under such circumstances, which might include “the finding of and separating into one’s self.”

Review: "America's Obsessives" by Joshua Kendall

In "America's Obsessives," Joshua Kendall presents seven super achievers and argues that their obsessive-compulsiveness helped build a nation.

Thanks for the Memories

Though at times glib, a book offers advice that is well worth remembering.

Flying Solo

The legend of the shallow, spoiled "lonely only" child persists in spite of consistent evidence to the contrary. Sandler—an only child—tries to inter the myths once and for all; questions whether siblings are an unalloyed blessing; and explores the impact of additional children on parental resources, all while trying to decide whether to add to her own one-child family.

Blunder Busts: Review of "Brilliant Blunders" by Mario Livio

In his new book, Mario Livio offers compelling evidence that even “genuinely towering scientists” make major mistakes. But he relies too heavily on common psychological explanations—and underestimates the impact when an Einstein-level scientistic theory is cosmically off the rails.

Free Will Hunting: A Review of David Sheff's "Clean"

David Sheff's "Clean: Overcoming Addiction and Ending America's Greatest Tragedy" is the best book on substance abuse and addiction in years. Its claims about the role of choice, however, raise far more questions than they answer.