As I mentioned in part I of this blog, there is a strong association between insulin resistance, diabetes and mental health.
Caught and treated early, insulin resistance is reversible in >90% of patients, and there is a clear improvement in well-being associated with this reversal.
To get to the foundation of the problem, you must do a diagnostic work-up, to identify and deal with the layered factors which promote insulin resistance and diabetes. Factors to be assessed include:
a) Cortisol-levels which are too high, (as might be the case in anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and psychotic disorders) cause insulin to be elevated, and increase appetite. Cortisol can be reduced easily enough by either supplements or medications, as well as psychotherapeutic methods (e.g., biofeedback, certain therapies, body work etc)
b) Female and male hormones-low levels of testosterone result in lowered lean body mass (therefore lower metabolic rate), lower energy and vitality. High levels of estrogens (e.g. with potent birth control pills) can also cause weigh gain, albeit in a different pattern of distribution.
c) Stress-many people over eat when tired, angry, frustrated, bored, lonely; Becoming mindful of your sense of hunger before eating, can, over time, reduce unconscious habitual stress eating. Identifying the situations which make you stressed and problem solving them when possible can help reduce stress eating. Keeping a daily log (what you ate, when you ate it, and situations in which you over-ate) will definitely raise consciousness
d) Lifestyle-getting adequate sleep (7-9 hours for most people), moderate exercise 4-5 times per week will reduce the tendency to eat highly processed foods in an out of control manner when you are tired.
e) Inflammation and toxins: inflammation due to infection, or toxins in your environment can cause weight gain, as a hormone called Leptin can rise to unusual levels. Irvingia Gabonensis has been shown to help reverse leptin elevation and therefore help with appetite reduction and weight loss.
f) Nutritional deficiencies (e.g., chromium, vanadium, thiamine) can lead to trouble handling carbohydrates in the body.
g) Caloric restriction-the hardest part of the program is to reduce calories, but with the above measures, perhaps a support group (e.g. weight watchers, over-eaters anonymous, food addicts anonymous), you can do it.