Sleep Deprivation as Torture

Psychologists and torture

Sleep and Waste Control

New research shows that brain waste products are cleared during sleep

The Benefits of a Good Night's Sleep

The benefits for learning and memory of sleep are illustrated in this TED ED talk by a pediatric sleep specialist.

National Geographic Channel “Sleepless in America” Program

The National Geographic Channel will air "Sleepless in America" Sunday November 30 at 8:00 ET

Sleep Deprivation Impairs Adolescents’ Cognitive Performance

A new study shows that a night of sleep deprivation causes attentional lapses, slower reaction times, and more errors on mental tests in teenagers.

Pediatricians Issue New Policy on School Start Times

Pediatricians advocate for later school start times

Parents’ Irregular Working Hours Affect Children’s Sleep

Parent Irregular working hours can lead to irregular sleep for children.

How Do Earlier School Times Affect Young Students?

Many school districts are trying to decide if high schools should begin later in the morning. In most cases, that change means elementary schools would begin earlier. A new study shows that elementary students from higher income families may have worse academic academic performance with earlier school start times.

New Evidence That Sleep Facilitates Learning and Memory

Researchers have observed changes in neurons that reflect consolidation of memory after sleep.

Poor Sleep Affects Children’s Thoughts and Emotions

What cognitive and emotional effects does lack of sleep have on children?

Poor Sleep Is Linked to Common Illnesses in Teens

Adolescents sleep less than they should. In addition to other consequences, new research shows that poor sleep is related to common illnesses such as colds and flu.

Australian and U.S. Teens Compared on Sleep

Australian cultural practices foster better sleep in teens than in U.S.

Later School Start Time Benefit Supported by More Evidence

Many communities are trying to decide if schools should begin later. New research shows that later start time is beneficial.

Sleep Health for the New School Year

A new school year can be challenging. Here are some ideas for helping children get enough sleep as they go back to their school daily schedule.

Circadian Type Can Affect Teen School Performance

Morningness-Eveningness chronotype begins to stabilize in adolescence. Evening types have a hard time getting up to optimal alertness and learning capacity in early morning classes. More flexible schedules would improve academic achievement.

Summer Sleep to Diagnose Teen Sleep Need

How much sleep does a teenager need during the school year? Keep track of summer sleep to estimate sleep need.

Zero Period Is a Bad Idea

Why do schools offer zero period classes? Should teens be waking up before dawn to attend?

A.D.H.D. and Sleep

A.D.H.D. symptoms include those consistent with sleep of insufficient duration or quality. Many children diagnosed with A.D.H.D. may have undiagnosed sleep problems, and treating the sleep problems may be productive in lessening the problems of attention, learning, memory, and behavior often seen in children assumed to have A.D.H.D.

Poor Sleep is Related to Overweight and Obesity

Sleep is Related to Child Overweight and Obesity

Sleep Loss Affects Children’s Ability to Process Speech

New research shows that even one hour of sleep loss can have important consequences for children's learning. After restricting sleep of 6 year olds, electrical activity in the brain was different from children in a control group, and processing of speech sounds was slower.

The Prefrontal Cortex During Sleep

New research shows that diminished slow wave sleep is associated with memory declines in aging. Efficient functioning of the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus related to memory is dependent on getting sufficient sleep, particularly slow wave sleep.

Caffeine and Children's Sleep

Consuming drinks and snacks with high caffeine content makes it harder for children to get sufficient sleep.

Traumatic Events and Children's Sleep

Children often experience sleep problems following traumatic events. Here are some suggestions for helping them.

Midnight Movie Premieres

Midnight movie premieres on Thursdays have become more and more frequent. We should consider some of the unintended consequences for the younger movie-goers.

Improve the Bedroom to Improve Children's Sleep

Much evidence has documented that poor sleep in children is associated with academic underachievement and poor emotional and behavioral regulation.

How Much Does One Hour of Lost Sleep Matter?

Losing one hour of sleep means losing as much as one-quarter of slow-wave sleep, a stage of slumber that's crucial for learning.

Early Sleep Problems and Later Special Education

Children with many types of disabilities have relatively more sleep problems. A new study recruited very young children with no disabilities and followed them for several years. Children with more serious early childhood sleep problems were more likely to need later special education.

Can Later Start Times Affect School Achievement?

A Large Study Shows That Changing to Later School Start Times Results in Higher Math and Reading Achievement. The Effect is Especially Strong for Low Achievers and for Teenagers.

Are School Night Sports Detrimental to Children's Sleep and Academic Performance?

Do the benefits of school night sports outweigh the downside risks?