What Do We Really Know About Lethal Violence in Chimps?

Lethal violence in other animals is extremely rare and it's not clear what it says about us. An essay in today's New York Times by James Gorman called "Lethal Violence in Chimps Occurs Naturally, Study Suggests" summarizes a recent study published in the journal Nature, concerned with 152 killings of which 58 (38%) were observed, 41 inferred (27%), and 53 (35%) suspected.

Beaglemania: Watching this Video May Change Your Life

In May 2014, The Beagle Freedom Project released nine beagles who had never known sunlight, kindness, touch, safety, or love. The depth of their unbounded joy on their first foray onto grass and meeting other beagles cannot be captured in words. Please watch this video and share it with everyone you know. Their forgiveness and resilience should be a model for all of us.

Getting Research Chimpanzees into Sanctuary is Easy

Alison Eastwood's campaign through loveanimals.org to help get laboratory chimpanzees who were used in various types of biomedical research into a sanctuary called Chimp Haven sets an example of just what needs to be done to ensure that these individuals get to live out their lives in peace and safety as soon as possible.

Fish Rival Chimpanzees in Forming Cooperative Relationships

Trout seek out moray eels with whom to cooperate to get a meal. The trout use head shakes and headstands to tell the eel where the prey is hiding. In addition, the trout know when they need a collaborator and pick the best eel with whom to work. The fish perform as well, if not better, than chimpanzees in similar collaborative tasks. Brain size doesn't matter.

Dogs: Do They Really "Play Dumb" For Us?

Do dogs really dumb down to please us? Despite claims that they do, this sweeping conclusion is premature given existing data. Furthermore, given that there is incredible variability among different breeds and among individuals of the same breed, talking about "the dog" (or "the wolf") could surely be terribly misleading. Maybe individual dogs do, but we really don't know.

Birds and Us: Should Cormorants Be Killed to Save Salmon?

Two recent essays and an excellent book highlight how we view these magnificent animals and why birds and other animals are so important to us and to Earth's magnificent diverse ecosystems. We can and must do better in our interactions with other animals. We owe it to them and of course we owe it to ourselves and to future generations.

Sperm: Group Living Swimmers Come Together and Arrive Early

Group living sperm, when compared to single sperm, swim in a straighter line in a promiscuous species of mice to reduce competition. Thus, group living sperm arrive at their destination sooner than solo sperm, not because they swim faster, but because they travel a shorter distance.

Animal Suffering Isn't An Enigma So Let's Get Over It

An essay in the New York Times called "The Enigma of Animal Suffering" raises many important issues and needs to be countered given what we know about the emotional lives of sentient beings using solid evolutionary theory and empirical facts. Animal suffering isn't any more enigmatic than human suffering so we should stop pretending we don't know what animals want or need.

Last Chain On Billie: A Must Read Elephant's Biography

If you read only one book on the brutal abuse and remarkable recovery of animals in entertainment, this is it. Carol Bradley's "Last Chain on Billie" is a fact-filled page-turning biography of a magnificent circus elephant's long, painful, and unpredictable journey from reprehensible confinement and egregious abuse to freedom, and much more.

Is This Dog Really Trying to Save the Fish Out of Water?

A video of a dog trying to place water on grounded fish raises many interesting questions. Just what is going on in the dog's head and heart? Is the dog trying to save the fish, trying to bury them, or? This video is a great catalyst for getting readers involved in the discussion. Cross-species friendships, called odd couples, and empathy, are not all that uncommon.

Gestural Communication in Animals: Misrepresentation of Data

A recent summary of a research project about intentional gestural communication in chimpanzees misrepresents what we actually know about this form of communication in nonhuman animals (animals). Humans and chimpanzees are not the only animals who communicate with intention and meaning. Many other animals, including fish, also have been observed to do so.

Abusing and Killing Baby Monkeys Again: Harry Harlow Redux

The University of Wisconsin will again begin studies of depression in baby monkeys, Harry Harlow style, using taxpayers money. These studies are unnecessary and reprehensibly unethical, and even researchers agree. Many argue that nothing useful will come out of these incredibly controversial studies other than more unnecessary horrific abuse and death of the baby monkeys.

A Cage-Free Zoo Is an Oxymoron: A Cage Is a Cage Is a Cage

The plans to build a "cage-free" zoo in Denmark are interesting but impossible to achieve. Whether the homes of captive animals are small, medium, or large, and even if they're called "enclosures" or "habitats" for a specific animal or full of water, they still are cages because they restrict the movements of the animals, as they must do. A cage is a cage is a cage...

Guinea Pigs Playing Basketball: Teaching and Enrichment

A video of two guinea pigs playing basketball is a lesson in positive training and enrichment. Please watch the entire show to see how different tactics and individual differences emerge. It's really worth countless words and can be used as an excellent lesson in humane education.

Baseball Ethology: The Behavior of Relief Pitchers

Relief pitchers and "closers" have very high stress jobs. My foray into baseball ethology and my experience studying them, seen on a program called "Closer Kingdom", will air on Fox Sports 1 (FOXS1) on August 9 at 11:30AM and 7PM and on Tuesday August 12 at 10AM. There are many similarities between these very talented athletes and nonhumans living in social groups.

Jackass Penguins Get Pissed Off, Lonely, and Love to Party

African penguins, AKA jackass penguins, have a complex vocal repertoire composed of four basic sounds and two used by juveniles when begging for food.

Bear Saves Drowning Crow at the Budapest Zoo: A Moral Act?

This rescue by a bear of a drowning crow at the Budapest zoo reminded me of a bonobo rescuing a bird at the Twycross Zoo and the well-known case of a Binti Jua saving a boy's life at the Brookfield Zoo. Surely we're not the only occupants of the moral arena.

Lionfish Invite Others to Hunt and Take Turns Dining

Lionfish use a clear action during which "they shimmy their tails and fan out their fins" to recruit others to hunt. Fish who hunt together cooperate and catch bigger meals than each would have caught alone and they take turns sharing food. When fish hunt together they seem to be polite. Fish clearly shouldn't be written off as being dumb, lower, and unfeeling animals.

Dogs Know When They've Been Dissed, and Don't Like It a Bit

A new study shows dogs display jealousy (snapping, getting between their owner and an object) when owners show affection to a stuffed dog, but not when they show affection to nonsocial objects. While some believe dogs and other animals don't display cognitively complex emotions such as jealousy, arguments from evolutionary continuity show this is not a surprising result.

Chimpanzee Smarts Are in the Genes: Bright Folks Bright Kids

Brainpower in chimpanzees follows family lines as it does in humans. Bright parents tend to produce bright kids and the same suites of genes seem to be involved.

Animal Rights, Steven Wise, and Steven Colbert

This five and half minute interview about nonhuman legal rights, filled with humor, laughter, and a good dose of Colbert-like sarcasm, is really a very good one that covers many of the issues that are on the table, including autonomy, personhood, justice, and rights, as lawyer Steven Wise and his co-workers tirelessly fight for legal rights for some nonhuman beings.

Which Animal Has Most Changed the Course of History?

In the latest Atlantic magazine, 10 people weigh in on the interesting and challenging question, "Which Animal Has Most Changed the Course of History?" I find their wide-ranging choices, ranging from a captive gorilla, to mockingbirds, to horses, to Martha the last passenger pigeon, to horses, to be fascinating. What do you think and why?

Shark Hunters: A Reprehensible Celebration of Torture

The NBCSN series Shark Hunters premieres today and shows horrific suffering and regrettable celebration of torture and pain. The gratuitous violence directed toward these sentient beings is reprehensible.

The Case for the End of the Modern Zoo: An Important Debate

A recent essay by Benjamin Wallace-Wells in New York Magazine is a good read for discussion about the fate of modern zoos. Just because people leave zoos with some new knowledge or are excited to have seen animals with whom they weren't previously familiar does not mean that they do anything for the animals or their natural homes in the future.

Who's Afraid of "Big Bad Nature"? Far Too Many Kids

Park rangers have observed that a fear of nature is growing in kids and adults. Surely conservation psychologists and conservation social workers can help us along in learning how to overcome the unwilding of youngsters. We also need to "rewild education" to allow youngsters to get out into nature and to get down and dirty. Little would be lost and much would be gained.

Swans Just Want to Have Fun, as Do Other Animals

Many animals do things just for fun and it's about time we recognize this and study when, how, and why they do this and why fun has evolved. Fun is one of the two "F words" that have received growing attention by ethologists, the other being "friends." (Researchers ask, for example, do animals make friends?) Ample data show that animals both have fun and make friends.

Do Elephants Weep as an Emotional Response? They Likely Do

While we are not 100% certain, scientific research and many stories support the view that elephants and other animals weep as part of an emotional response. Rather than dismiss this possibility as merely storytelling, we need to study it in more detail. Many surprises have been discovered in the emotional lives of animals including laughing rats and empathic chickens.

Fish Are Sentient and Emotional Beings and Clearly Feel Pain

Fish deserve better treatment based on a review of scientific data on their cognitive and emotional lives. According to the author, "the extensive evidence of fish behavioural and cognitive sophistication and pain perception suggests that best practice would be to lend fish the same level of protection as any other vertebrate." Fish must be included in our moral circle.

Dog Play: Cracking the Secret Code of Man's Best Friend

A short video of dogs playing on ABC World News reveals their hidden language. Four basic aspects of fair play in animals are: Ask first, be honest, follow the rules, and admit you're wrong. When the rules of play are violated, and when fairness breaks down, so does play. Play is fun, but serious business, and is not a four-letter word.

Calves With Friends Learn Better Than Calves Living Alone

Cows need social interactions to grow and learn especially when they are young. Living alone has negative effects on cognitive performance.