Dog Play: Cracking the Secret Code of Man's Best Friend

A short video of dogs playing on ABC World News reveals their hidden language. Four basic aspects of fair play in animals are: Ask first, be honest, follow the rules, and admit you're wrong. When the rules of play are violated, and when fairness breaks down, so does play. Play is fun, but serious business, and is not a four-letter word.

Calves With Friends Learn Better Than Calves Living Alone

Cows need social interactions to grow and learn especially when they are young. Living alone has negative effects on cognitive performance.

Captive Grey Parrots Suffer From Social Isolation Loneliness

This fascinating study shows that social isolation is very stressful. Using relative telomere length (RTL) as their marker researchers discovered that "the RTLs of single-housed birds at nine years of age were comparable to pair-housed birds 23 years older than themselves." Being lonely isn't good for otherwise social animals.

The Emotional Lives of Crayfish: Stress and Anxiety

Crayfish, like crabs, feel pain, and similar to honeybees, crayfish show human-like responses to stress and anxiety. Membership in the sentience club is ever-expanding. Many animals who we assume live pain-free lives do not.

Rats Regret What They Didn't Do: Behavioral Neuroscience

Research shows that rats feel regret and can recognize what-might-have-been. Consistent with Charles Darwin's theory of evolutionary continuity, this result is not all that surprising. In essence, rats regret what they didn't do. Although we don't know what the rats were feeling, "their behavior and neural activity patterns reflect the subtleties of regret seen in humans."

Animals Are Not Warmongers: An Important Media Corrective

Despite media hype about how warlike other animals are there's only one known chimpanzee war. While violence is very rare, it can be brutal.

Bärle’s Story: A Polar Bear's Rescue and Recovery from Abuse

This heart-wrenching, heart-warming, and heartful book is a must read. The story of Bärle's rescue and recovery from being abused for years in a circus in the Caribbean will move you all over the place, from deep sadness and tears about how she was brutally treated to tears of joy as you experience her remarkable recovery and meet the people who helped her along.

Animals and Us: Eight New Excellent and Diverse Books

Our relationships with other animals are here, there, and everywhere. Eight new and very diverse books show just how much we are learning about other animals and our encounters with them in a wide variety of contexts. How lucky we are to share our world with fascinating animals and that these people have taken the time to write or edit these books - a lovely potpourri.

Wolves Have Razor Sharp Teeth and Hear Your Beating Heart

Animal Planet falsely portrays wolves as voracious killers. To promote their sensationalist series Monster Week they've written, “Razor sharp teeth, killer instincts, and senses so precise they hear your beating heart, and your fear. They’re on the hunt, and now with numbers growing out of control, they’re threatening humans like never before.” These simply are lies.

Ecocide Is Suicide: Compassion and Personal Rewilding

We're killing a very tired and less resilient planet at alarming rates.

Using Dolphin Drones as Servants of War: What Do They Think?

Dolphins and other animals are used as weapons of war but should this happen? A recent essay in the New York Times by Philip Hoare titled "Let Slip the Dolphins of War" is a most thoughtful brief piece that raises many of the important questions that need to be openly and widely discussed. A key question is what do the "dolphin/animal drones" think and feel about it.

We Don't Need More Purebred Dogs With So Many Dogs in Need

In celebration of National Purebred Dog Day, Dr. Nancy Kalish writes it's okay to adopt a dog from a reputable breeder. In these special times when there are millions of homeless dogs, some compromise is needed. Reputable or not, dog breeders are the reason there are dogs in shelters. In these special times, adopting a dog is the most humane and compassionate choice.

Wild Connection, Wild Sex, and Yes, Size Matters

A new book by Duke University's Jennifer Verdolin offers penetrating accounts of mating behavior from that initial attraction to courtship to orgasms and shows where we stand when compared to numerous nonhuman animals. It is very entertaining, eye opening, explicit, and well done. Dr. Verdolin notes, "Researching and writing this book has been a wild ride." Amen.

The Importance of Play: Having Fun Must be Taken Seriously

Recreational deprivation has been linked to criminality, obesity, and declining creativity. Rob Parr asks why having fun is not taken more seriously. Play is a banquet for the brain, a smorgasbord for the senses, providing nourishment for body and spirit: sad then that as a society we seem to be starving ourselves of it.

Crafty Cod Use Tool to Get Food: Nothing Fishy About It

Crafty cod learn to use a tool to obtain food. The more we learn about other animals the more fascinating they are. It's best to keep an open mind about what they are able to do, to learn, and what they feel.

The Ethics of Captivity: A New Book Covers All the Issues

A new book called "The Ethics of Captivity" edited by Professor Lori Gruen is a must read for anyone who has contact with captive animals. As she notes, "there are common ethical themes that imprisonment raises, including the value of liberty, the nature of autonomy, the meaning of dignity, and the impact of routine confinement on physical and psychological well-being."

Men's Odor Stresses Mice and Rats Used in Pain Research

The discovery that the scent of a man influences the reliability and replicability of data collected in pain research on mice and rats raises serious questions about the use of animals to generate models of human disease. Who knows what other undiscovered factors play a role in biomedical research on animals that render the research of very limited use for humans?

Chickens and Badgers: Smart Beyond Our Wildest Imagination

Just when we thought we knew all there was to know about the cognitive and emotional lives of various animals, startling facts emerge that show just how smart they are. A recent video showing a crafty honey badger making and using tools and an essay summarizing the amazing cognitive abilities of chickens are must viewing and reading.

Can Evolutionary Biology Tell Us What’s Kinky?

Can evolutionary biology tell us what’s kinky? Yes, but we also need to expand our notion of what's kinky and what's not.

A Cat and Owl: Must See Video of Wild Justice and Fair Play

Watch Fum the cat and Gebra the owl have fun on the run and play fairly, doing what they need to do to maintain the rules of the game, namely, this is play, not a fight. They engage in self handicapping, role reversing, and use subtle signals to say, "Let's play" or "Let's continue to play". There are many lessons here that should stimulate further research.

Rethinking the Ethics of Research Involving Nonhuman Animals

A new collection of essays titled “Rethinking the ethics of research involving nonhuman animals” is a refreshing evaluation of the ways we currently treat animals and how we could improve our treatment of them in ways that are ethically coherent and compassionate. As long as animals are used in research we are obligated to make their lives the very best they can be.

Swiss Zoo Kills Healthy Young Bear to Protect Him

A Russian brown bear cub was zoothanized at a zoo in Bern, Switzerland, so that his father wouldn't kill him as he had another cub. It's simply too easy for zoos to kill animals who they view as disposable objects or "surplus" animals in the name of conserving, breeding, or protecting them. Why not find other cages so they can live out their lives in peace and safety?

Citizen Canine: Our Evolving Relationship with Cats and Dogs

In his new book called "Citizen Canine: Our Evolving Relationship with Cats and Dogs" award-winning science writer David Grimm explores the rich and surprising history and rapidly changing status of our favorite companions. Replete with wonderful stories and scientific facts, this book is a must read for all who want to know more about these fascinating beings.

The Messes Dogs Make: Science Shows "The Dog" Doesn't Exist

A new book about dogs is a must read because we also learn how science is done. A reasonable conclusion is that "the dog" doesn't really exist and this characterization is an oversimplification because of incredible variation in behavior. And, dogs are not always our best friends nor we theirs. Dogs do make messes, not only pee and poop, and these provide valuable lessons.

Dolphin Speak: Did a Dolphin Really Say "Seaweed"?

Dolphins are in the news because of their communicative abilities and culturally transmitted tool use. It turns out that a dolphin actually whistled "seaweed" and the use of sponges by dolphins to protect their beaks when foraging can shape the genetic structure of a population of these amazing beings (called cultural hitchhiking).

The Ghosts in Our Machine: Award-Winning Film a Life Changer

"The Ghosts in Our Machine" is an award-winning documentary directed by Liz Marshall. Voted one of the Top Transformational Films of 2013, this incredible and forward looking film follows internationally renowned photographer Jo-Anne McArthur over the course of a year as she documents the stories of individual animals caught in the web of so-called "civilized society."

Antarctic Whaling to End Because It Really Isn't Science

The United Nations court, the International Court of Justice, ruled against Japan in a case brought by Australia—that Japan has been using science to mask its commercial whaling operation in Antarctic waters. Japan's whaling is not justified on the basis that it is scientific research, and it will end. This is a huge victory.

My Bionic Pet: A PBS Show on Disabled Animals and Saviors

In this inspiring and eye-opening documentary, you'll meet a wide variety of animals in need and amazing humans who give them a new lease on life. It will force you to "rethink euthanasia" and you'll come to see that disabled animals ranging from dogs to a pig, a horse, an alligator, and a swan can go on to lead wonderful lives full of joy with help from dedicated humans.

Four Lions Including Two Cubs Killed at the Copenhagen Zoo

Yesterday the Copenhagen zoo killed four lions, two old males and their two cubs, because they want to introduce a new male to the remaining females to make more lions, some of whom will likely be killed in the future. This is the same zoo where Marius, a young healthy giraffe, was murdered because he couldn't be used as a breeding machine in the zoo's breeding program.

Do Dogs Really Feel Guilt or Shame? We Really Don't Know

While humans aren't very good at reading guilt or shame it doesn't mean dogs don't feel them. The continued misinterpretation of the seminal research of Dr. Alexandra Horowitz and her co-workers is bothersome because we really do not know if dogs feel guilt or shame and her study was not directly concerned with this question. It's essential to get things right.

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