What Is Social Learning Theory?

Social learning theory combines cognitive learning theory (which posits that learning is influenced by psychological factors) and behavioral learning theory (which assumes that learning is based on responses to environmental stimuli). Albert Bandura integrated these two theories and came up with four requirements for learning: observation (environmental), retention (cognitive), reproduction (cognitive), and motivation (both). This integrative approach to learning was called social learning theory. 

One of the most famous experiments performed by Bandura is the famous bobo doll experiment. Children observed as adults modeled either violent or passive behavior towards the doll, and this observation was found to influence the manner in which the children subsequently interacted with the dolls. Children who observed violent behavior behaved violently toward the doll and vice versa.

Recent Posts on Social Learning Theory

Expanding the Heart While Educating the Mind

By Dana Klisanin Ph.D. on April 16, 2015 in Digital Altruism
The Hippie gene has made its way into the Millennial’s DNA. The “old school” approach to work and education is not right for them. A Millennial would rather be a “freelancer” than a “cog-in-the-wheel” of so-called progress. Their highest aspiration is to become “independent freelancers and global citizens who make a difference in the world.”

The Psychology of Imprinting

By Adrian Furnham Ph.D. on April 12, 2015 in A Sideways View
There are fascinating stories of how animals get attached to those of a quite different species because of critical period imprinting. Can this process begin to help us understand why we are attracted to very different kinds of people?

How Does Body Posture Affect Early Learning and Memory?

A fascinating new study has combined state-of-the-art robotics with research on human infants to reveal that posture plays a critical role in the early stages of acquiring new knowledge.

5 Ways to Motivate and Encourage Seniors

Caring for, and having successful relationships with older adults often require unique interpersonal skills and strategies.

The 'Other' Marshmallow Test

The tower building exercise - and its marshmallow - reveals another secret of successful human behavior, in this case for mental health professionals: when we put the goals of our patients first and foremost, they are going to be more effective, and so will we.

8 Warning Signs Your Lover is a Narcissist

The Mayo Clinic research group defines narcissistic personality disorder as “a mental disorder in which people have an inflated sense of their own importance and a deep need for admiration." How do you know when your romantic partner may be a narcissist? Here are eight telltale signs...

Make Social Learning Stick: How Parents Can Help Children

By Dan Peters Ph.D. on February 25, 2015 in From Worrier to Warrior
For special needs children, many daily activities and experiences like getting ready for school, going to the doctor, having a play date and celebrating birthdays are very challenging. The good news: these events can become opportunities for teaching and reinforcing expected social and emotional behavior.

Are Humans Unique?

By Nigel Barber Ph.D. on February 18, 2015 in The Human Beast
The argument for human uniqueness is of mostly historical interest. As we gained more understanding of animal behavior, we learned that their psychology has more in common with us than had been imagined previously.

How Abusive Bosses Can Destroy Teamwork

By Ray Williams on January 24, 2015 in Wired for Success
There is increasing evidence that there is a clear link between bad leaders and employee health and productivity problems, which is turn, can be a huge liability for organizations.

How You Accept Other's stereotypes.

By Mario D Garrett PhD on December 22, 2014 in iAge
The word senile has become associated with dementia, although its earlier meaning was "pertaining to old age." In the late 1900 neuroscientists were still referring to the term as old age hence "senile dementia." the it changed and senile become a derogatory term. Such stereotypes pervade our social life and we need to start eroding this negativity.

The Cultural Lives of Whales and Dolphins: We Are Not Alone

By Marc Bekoff Ph.D. on December 02, 2014 in Animal Emotions
A new book called "The Cultural Lives of Whales and Dolphins" by renowned researchers Hal Whitehead and Luke Rendall is a must read. It is perfect for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses and also for a broad audience that is interested not only in whales, dolphins, and other cetaceans, but also in other animals in which culture is clearly and amply present.

4 Reasons Why Your Personality May Not Matter

How much of our behavior is caused by our personalities, and how much is caused by other factors? You might be surprised by when, how, and why personality doesn't matter.

Getting That Exercise Habit

By Romeo Vitelli Ph.D. on October 27, 2014 in Media Spotlight
For older adults, staying the course means developing confidence that the exercise program is helping you stay healthy and that you are making progress in meeting the health goals you set or yourself when you started. The key is to develop a feeling of self-efficacy about staying fit. A new research study explores what works best to motivate people to exercise.

Sibling Sex and Gender Inequality

Interacting with other-sex siblings, especially older siblings, instills gender-atypical interests and attitudes, potentially promoting gender egalitarianism in adulthood. However, parents gender-stereotype their children more when they have at least one child of each sex, pushing gender-stereotypical behavior and recreating adult gender inequalities in leisure and pay.

Sexing the Autistic Brain: Extreme Male?

By Daniel Voyer Ph.D. on October 10, 2014 in Perceptual Asymmetries
If you went to Mars would you find men and individuals with ASD? A look at the extreme male brain theory of ASD. Co-authored with Barbara D’Entremont, Department of Psychology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.

Three Reasons Why We Shouldn't Confuse Selfies with Vanity

By Dara Greenwood Ph.D. on September 30, 2014 in Mirror, Mirror
Everywhere you turn, someone is worrying about or debating the perceived epidemic levels of vanity and narcissism thought to motivate selfies and other forms of self-oriented social media behavior. However, framing the issue as one of superficial self-aggrandizement may be neither accurate nor useful. Here are at least three reasons why...

Playing with Children: Should You, and If So, How?

By Peter Gray on September 06, 2014 in Freedom to Learn
Parent-child play is ruined when either the parent or the child dominates. Fun occurs when there is no domination in either direction. Parent-child play is not as natural, nor as crucial for the child's development, as child-child play, but it can still be fun.

Why Are We Afraid of Spiders?

By Graham C.L. Davey Ph.D. on July 21, 2014 in Why We Worry
The involvement of disgust and cultural history in spider phobia suggests that such fear may have a complex origin

Life Is Cheap, if It's for Sale

Research suggests that the current system of buying and trading and selling animals “incentivizes” people to devalue animals in exchange for personal gain. This essay explores how markets lead to moral decay in relation to animals.

Does Codependence Run In Your Family?

By Shawn M. Burn Ph.D. on June 12, 2014 in Presence of Mind
The codependent apple often falls right off a codependent family tree. Here’s what you can to avoid passing on this unhealthy family tradition.

A First-Person Perspective on Anxiety and Autism

In honor of Autism Awareness Month, I interviewed Dr. Catharine Alvarez so that she could share her perspective on autism and anxiety as an adult on the autism spectrum. We hear primarily about children and teens with autism, and it's so important to hear the voices of adults who experience autism themselves.

Baby Brains: The Secrets of the Very Young

How to get a Yale diploma in a few easy steps

Infant Couch Potatoes

By Darcia Narvaez Ph.D. on April 04, 2014 in Moral Landscapes
Should babies (0-2) be playing with tablets, watching television or videos?

Dolphin Speak: Did a Dolphin Really Say "Seaweed"?

By Marc Bekoff Ph.D. on April 02, 2014 in Animal Emotions
Dolphins are in the news because of their communicative abilities and culturally transmitted tool use. It turns out that a dolphin actually whistled "seaweed" and the use of sponges by dolphins to protect their beaks when foraging can shape the genetic structure of a population of these amazing beings (called cultural hitchhiking).

Teach Your Doggies Well

By Mark Derr on March 01, 2014 in Dog's Best Friend
Mary Derr, the author's Mother, and Rocky decided to reach an accommodation rather than spend their days ignoring each other.

Recovering from Anorexia: How and Why Not to Stop Halfway

By Emily T. Troscianko on February 22, 2014 in A Hunger Artist
How do you get past the in-between stage of having regained some weight but probably not enough, past the distressing limbo between sickness and health? What do you do when you know you're not well again yet but you fear going any further?

What Truly Successful People Know That You Don't

Successful people do not have boundless energy or superhuman capabilities.They have just figured out how to work smarter, rather than harder. They understand the secrets of willpower, and know how to schedule their priorities, rather than prioritize their schedules. They take time to replenish their energy & nurture relationships. Find out how you can do this too!

Diversity in Elder Abuse

By Mario D Garrett PhD on September 28, 2013 in iAge
There is no culture that allows for the derogation of our elders. And there is an urgency to elder abuse cases. The victims have a high--natural in most cases--mortality.

Women Who Hate Other Women: The Psychological Root of Snarky

By Seth Meyers Psy.D. on September 24, 2013 in Insight Is 20/20
As a male psychologist, I am occasionally surprised by the degree of spite some women feel toward other women they don't know well. While I don't blame the women, I do believe the culture is largely responsible.

The Relational Styles of Men and Women

By Gregg Henriques on September 11, 2013 in Theory of Knowledge
Clarifying the ways men and women tend to differ in how they think about and process relational material.