All About Estrogen

Estrogen hormones are the primary female sex hormones. They are responsible for the growth and development of female sexual characteristics and reproduction. Estrogen is produced in the ovaries, adrenal glands, and fat tissues and leads to the development of female secondary sexual characteristics, such as breasts, and are also involved in the thickening of the endometrium and other aspects of regulating the menstrual cycle. During a woman's life, estrogen levels will often fluctuate. They start increasing during puberty and remain at healthy levels until a woman reaches 40s and 50s. During this time, at the start of menopause, estrogen production significantly deceases in a woman's body. Estrogen is also produced in small quantities among males and it is thought that it helps regulate certain functions of the reproductive system important to the maturation of sperm.

Recent posts on Estrogen

New Drugs Aren't Always Good For Patients

By Allen J Frances M.D. on October 09, 2016 in Saving Normal
The main motivation in creating new drugs is to generate profits. New expensive drugs are often worse than old cheap ones.
As One Girl To Another, an educational pamphlet of girls published by Kimberly-Clark, 1940 (courtesy of Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript and Special Collections Library, Durham, NC)

Racing Hormones, or Rather Racing & Hormones

Are monthly hormonal fluctuations impacting your workout?

My 3-C Strategy for Menopause

Will I have hot flashes forever?

A Surprising Hormone Is Important for Sexuality in Women

Women are not as free from the effects of hormones as once was thought.

Fertility and Fairness

How the menstrual cycle influences women's sharing behaviour, and why your hormones (and the hormones of other women) have an impact on what you feel is fair.

What Frogs Teach Us About Hormones

What can frogs teach us about hormones?

Baby Blues, Postpartum Depression, Postpartum Psychosis

This public health measure is well meaning. Good enough maternal love ought to be the highest value in our society. In practice this means the destructive use of antidepressants.

Secret Powers of Estrogen

New study reveals how estrogen fights infections.

Intimate Relationship Dynamics III

Many therapists greatly underestimate the power of the fear-shame dynamic or, worse, pathologize it.

Hormones Play Leading Role in Eating Disorder Risk

By Kelly Klump Ph.D. on September 08, 2015 in The Science Behind Eating Disorders
Every month, women face a recurring cycle that can throw our bodies out of whack and make some of us suffer in many ways. Not only can the ovarian hormones that drive the menstrual cycle makes us emotional, but they may be flipping switches on the genes that make some women more vulnerable to eating disorder symptoms.

Why Do Women Outlive Men?

If women are the "weaker sex," how do they manage to outlive men?

Caught Off-Guard by Breast Cancer: First Impressions

By Toni Bernhard J.D. on February 09, 2015 in Turning Straw Into Gold
Except for what I’ve been told by people who’ve written to me about their experiences with cancer, this was a new medical arena for me.

The Ashley Treatment

Disability activists have, correctly, pointed out that it is possible to be wrong about any individual's “cognitive abilities” and future prospects for growth and development. But does this support for the conclusion that the Ashley Treatment is always, and everywhere, wrong?

Chocolate: The Good, the Bad and the Angry

By Gary L. Wenk Ph. D. on November 10, 2010 in Your Brain on Food
Chocolate is an excellent example of how difficult it is to differentiate food from drug. Why is chocolate so enjoyable for some while it induces uncontrollable rage in others? Chocolate contains an array of compounds that are quite psychoactive if they are able to get into your brain.

Me and Sarah Silverman (Sort Of)


New York Times Is Wrong about Hymens--But They Are Not Alone

By Paul Joannides Psy.D. on June 11, 2008 in As You Like It
The New York Times shouldn't feel bad that it's wrong about the hymen. A large number of healthcare providers can't even correctly locate it.