Understanding Child Development

The speedy physical and psychological changes that children undergo from birth through adolescence often leave parents wondering how best to care for them at each stage. PT's experts weigh in on such topics as birth order, gender and the effects of parental behavior on child development.

Recent posts on Child Development

Mend the Gap--Between Rich & Poor in School Achievement

By Peter Gray Ph.D. on September 20, 2017 in Freedom to Learn
The more rigid and authoritarian the school program is, the greater is the achievement gap between rich and poor. The more trusting and empowering it is, the smaller is the gap.

Does Praising Children Encourage Them to Cheat?

By David Ludden Ph.D. on September 20, 2017 in Talking Apes
Praise is important for emotional growth. But new research shows that the way praise is worded—even for three-year-olds—can have a significant impact on their moral choices.

Attachment Styles

Attachment styles can affect our partner selection, the way in which we relate to our significant other, and the behaviors we display during the course of our relationship.

Do You Want to Raise an Obedient Child?

That doesn't mean you don't set limits. And sometimes children do have to do what adults say. But children also need to learn they have a right to say no sometimes.

Interview with Rene Denfeld, Author of "The Child Finder"

By Jennifer Haupt on September 19, 2017 in One True Thing
"It’s a myth that healing is something we must do internally, all by ourselves. Healing is the great gift we can give each other."

16 Fun Games to Play with Toddlers & Preschoolers in the Car

By Erin Leyba LCSW, Ph.D. on September 19, 2017 in Joyful Parenting
Car rides can be meaningful ways to engage with toddlers and young children. They can help strengthen a playful bond and grow children's vocabulary and skills.
Shutterstock

The Emotional Toll of Childhood Obesity

By Steven Schlozman M.D. on September 19, 2017 in Grand Rounds
Why is still okay to tease "the fat kid?"
 Can Stock Photo/aleutie

The Problem of School Refusal

Most children look forward to the new school year with joy and enthusiasm. But for kids with school refusal, it is a nightmare for them and their parents.

How to Respond Effectively to a Young Person's Anger

"Do not teach your children never to be angry; teach them how to be angry."
Carl Pickhardt Ph. D.

Early Adolescence and the Fear of Change

Although parents sometimes feel critical of adolescent changes, they should also be admiring: Separating from childhood and starting to grow takes a lot of courage.

Changes in Coverage Threaten Mental Health Parity

Children with mental illness require regular monitoring and behavior management. Now, insurance companies and legislation threaten equitable access to mental health treatment.

Neuropsychological Evaluations 101

Thinking of getting your child "tested," but have no idea what that means? Read this FAQ to get some basic information about neuropsychological evaluations.

Millennial Men, Women and Casual Sex

Millennial men may not be hooking up as much as we think they are, but their attitudes towards women suggest a deeper problem

Being Hard on Yourself Doesn't Make You a Better Parent

What we can do is make the commitment to increase our ratio of good parenting moments, and keep working at it, day after day.

Young Yogis Rock

By Gail F. Melson Ph.D. on September 13, 2017 in Why the Wild Things Are
Contemplative practices, like yoga, mindfulness meditation, guided imagery and relaxation breathing can help children deal with stress, reduce anxiety and improve well-being.

Teaching Children to Be Honorable

By William R. Klemm Ph.D. on September 13, 2017 in Memory Medic
Children are biologically wired to behave falsely. Where do they learn moral values and respect for truth?

How You Might be Enabling Your Adult Child's Inertness

By Brad E Sachs Ph.D. on September 12, 2017 in Emptying The Nest
Does your young adult seem unwilling to overcome obstacles? Perhaps your generosity is getting in the way.

The Children of 9/11: 16 Years On

By Adam Gerace Ph.D. on September 12, 2017 in Knowing Me, Knowing You
Thousands of children lost a parent on 9/11. More than a decade-and-a-half on, their stories are emerging.

Understanding School Refusal

With the school year officially upon us, many families may be facing heightened anxiety of their children related to school. There are ways that parents can help.

The Importance of Cuddling

By Vanessa LoBue, Ph.D. on September 11, 2017 in The Baby Scientist
Doctors are starting to tout the importance of skin-to-skin contact for newborns. Here's what science says about why touch is so important for babies, and for you.

Does Your Child Have Enough Friends?

By Michael Ungar Ph.D. on September 10, 2017 in Nurturing Resilience
Some children are shy and happy to be alone. Many others struggle to make friends and are at risk for depression. Parents can teach children what they need to be more social.

Is Your Mother Narcissistic or Controlling?

By Peg Streep on September 06, 2017 in Tech Support
It's true that children whose emotional needs weren't met by their mothers share common ground, but there are still important differences that affect individual development.

Psychological Problems: Are They Your Parent's Fault?

There's no such thing as a perfect childhood. And while some of your struggles may have helped you grow stronger, others may have left long-lasting emotional scars.
Pexels

Children Need to Be Taught to Protect Their Hearing

By Shari Eberts on September 06, 2017 in Life With Hearing Loss
Children are more at risk from noise-induced hearing loss than ever before. We need to teach them how to protect their hearing before it is too late.

Growing Up With a Mentally Ill Parent: 6 Core Experiences

By Vinita Mehta Ph.D., Ed.M. on September 05, 2017 in Head Games
A recent study explores how adult children of an unwell parent make sense of their lives.

Empathic Limits in Action: Script for Leaving the Playground

Limits give children essential practice in shifting gears between what they want, and something they want more--which is to cooperate and contribute.

3 Ways Your Childhood Shaped the Core Beliefs You Hold On To

The simple life lessons you learned in childhood influence the choices you make as an adult.

What the World Needs More: Social Interest

By Arthur J. Clark Ed.D. on September 04, 2017 in Dawn of Memories
The Most Human Way of Being and Early Recollections
Carl Pickhardt Ph.D.

Falling Out of Love with Your Adolescent

When the magic of parenting a child ends, the different, but equally magical, job of parenting an adolescent begins.

Five Things Transgender Kids Want Adults to Know

By Jack Turban MD MHS on September 03, 2017 in Political Minds
Adults on both sides on the aisle have argued passionately about how trans youth should be treated. Lost among these voices are those of the children themselves.