Counselling in Willagee, WA

Photo of Victoria Wilkinson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Willagee, WA
Victoria Wilkinson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified
Willagee, WA 6156
Hi, I'm Victoria and I'd like to help you work through this difficult time. It’s not easy reaching out so I’m pleased you are making the first steps. I have a background in both Social Work and Counselling which is helpful as I can draw from both disciplines to best support you. I started my career in the UK as a Children and Families Social Worker and have since gained a broad range of experience in the therapeutic field including trauma, mental health, family, and relationship-based issues. I also have a passion for supporting people with ADHD and tapping into their neurodiverse strengths from a lived experience.
Hi, I'm Victoria and I'd like to help you work through this difficult time. It’s not easy reaching out so I’m pleased you are making the first steps. I have a background in both Social Work and Counselling which is helpful as I can draw from both disciplines to best support you. I started my career in the UK as a Children and Families Social Worker and have since gained a broad range of experience in the therapeutic field including trauma, mental health, family, and relationship-based issues. I also have a passion for supporting people with ADHD and tapping into their neurodiverse strengths from a lived experience.
(08) 6245 0312 View (08) 6245 0312
Photo of Claire Hoarau - Aster Psychology, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Claire Hoarau - Aster Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
Willagee, WA 6156  (Online Only)
Are you a young woman having difficulty with navigating big life transitions such as a career move, parenthood, study/schooling, a recent diagnosis, or a relationship breakdown? Perhaps you have identified anxiety, burnout, or ADHD symptoms as impacting your well-being and you need some perspective, compassion, and an original approach. I have a particularly keen interest in engaging with women aged 17-35 (or thereabouts!) to help them better manage the unique issues they face in an ever-changing world and assist them in living a life in line with their identified goals and values.
Are you a young woman having difficulty with navigating big life transitions such as a career move, parenthood, study/schooling, a recent diagnosis, or a relationship breakdown? Perhaps you have identified anxiety, burnout, or ADHD symptoms as impacting your well-being and you need some perspective, compassion, and an original approach. I have a particularly keen interest in engaging with women aged 17-35 (or thereabouts!) to help them better manage the unique issues they face in an ever-changing world and assist them in living a life in line with their identified goals and values.
(08) 6493 7789 View (08) 6493 7789
Photo of Deborah Skender, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Deborah Skender
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Willagee, WA 6156
Hi I'm a Clinical Psychologist and offer a kind and warm space where you can find solutions to common life challenges like anxiety, depression, trauma, grief and separation. There are always answers to our life challenges and I am both skilled and passionate about assisting you in finding them. I work with adults and adolescents aged 12 years and above. I offer both individual and couples counselling. I work with most issues including eating disorders.
Hi I'm a Clinical Psychologist and offer a kind and warm space where you can find solutions to common life challenges like anxiety, depression, trauma, grief and separation. There are always answers to our life challenges and I am both skilled and passionate about assisting you in finding them. I work with adults and adolescents aged 12 years and above. I offer both individual and couples counselling. I work with most issues including eating disorders.
(08) 9473 6326 View (08) 9473 6326

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Valentina Carboni, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Valentina Carboni
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Applecross, WA 6153
Available for short-term therapy (until May 2024), I am able to provide goal focused support to individuals ages 11+. As a warm, down-to-earth individual, I strive to create a safe and supportive space where you can freely express yourself. My journey with you involves exploring personal history and present experiences.
Available for short-term therapy (until May 2024), I am able to provide goal focused support to individuals ages 11+. As a warm, down-to-earth individual, I strive to create a safe and supportive space where you can freely express yourself. My journey with you involves exploring personal history and present experiences.
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Photo of Dr Kelly Gough, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Dr Kelly Gough
Psychologist, PsychD, MAPS
Verified
Murdoch, WA 6150
Waitlist for new clients
I am a Clinical Psychologist and Clinical Neuropsychologist. Having practised for 18 years across a wide range of settings I have developed skills in many forms of evidence-based assessment and intervention. I’m told that I have a warm, understanding and collaborative style. I aim to provide you with a secure and non-judgemental environment so that you can put aside the worries of the day and enjoy some peaceful focus on yourself. We will work together to decide the goals of therapy and collaborate on a plan to reach them.
I am a Clinical Psychologist and Clinical Neuropsychologist. Having practised for 18 years across a wide range of settings I have developed skills in many forms of evidence-based assessment and intervention. I’m told that I have a warm, understanding and collaborative style. I aim to provide you with a secure and non-judgemental environment so that you can put aside the worries of the day and enjoy some peaceful focus on yourself. We will work together to decide the goals of therapy and collaborate on a plan to reach them.
(08) 9540 0708 View (08) 9540 0708
Photo of Ajay Hawkes, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Willagee, WA
Ajay Hawkes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified
Mosman Park, WA 6012
Ajay works with stress, anxiety, depression, life transitions, grief, relationships and a range of other issues. Using Somatic, Mindfulness Based Psychotherapy, he has significant experience in helping people improve their lives. As well as offering coping skills and immediate relief, this gets to the root of your issue, leading to lasting change. Ajay works with people in a collaborative, trauma informed and client centred way that puts the needs of the client front and centre.
Ajay works with stress, anxiety, depression, life transitions, grief, relationships and a range of other issues. Using Somatic, Mindfulness Based Psychotherapy, he has significant experience in helping people improve their lives. As well as offering coping skills and immediate relief, this gets to the root of your issue, leading to lasting change. Ajay works with people in a collaborative, trauma informed and client centred way that puts the needs of the client front and centre.
(08) 9473 6309 View (08) 9473 6309
Photo of Brent Munro, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Brent Munro
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Applecross, WA 6153  (Online Only)
Fear of the unknown is very common and is probably why most people are reluctant to start therapy. If you are struggling with feeling overwhelmed, worried for the future or feeling down and depressed then I encourage you to take the step to find a therapist that you click with. Using strategies that we know works is important, but it is also known that the relationship with your therapist is the most important thing in helping you to move forward. I work with many members of the community, and am especially equipped to work with LGBTIQA+ clients. I also have a lot of experience working with trauma.
Fear of the unknown is very common and is probably why most people are reluctant to start therapy. If you are struggling with feeling overwhelmed, worried for the future or feeling down and depressed then I encourage you to take the step to find a therapist that you click with. Using strategies that we know works is important, but it is also known that the relationship with your therapist is the most important thing in helping you to move forward. I work with many members of the community, and am especially equipped to work with LGBTIQA+ clients. I also have a lot of experience working with trauma.
(08) 7701 9589 View (08) 7701 9589
Photo of Henry James, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Henry James
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Applecross, WA 6153
Henry has experience working with a range of different people with varying needs in a psychological setting. He is skilled in helping people experiencing symptoms associated with anxiety, depression, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, ADHD, trauma, and much more. Henry has particular experience in delivering Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), with age groups from across the lifespan. Henry additionally has experience delivering trauma-focussed (TF-CBT), which he completes in a particularly holistic approach.
Henry has experience working with a range of different people with varying needs in a psychological setting. He is skilled in helping people experiencing symptoms associated with anxiety, depression, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, ADHD, trauma, and much more. Henry has particular experience in delivering Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), with age groups from across the lifespan. Henry additionally has experience delivering trauma-focussed (TF-CBT), which he completes in a particularly holistic approach.
(08) 6361 3138 View (08) 6361 3138
Photo of Marie-Helene Marsolais, Counsellor in Willagee, WA
Marie-Helene Marsolais
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
1 Endorsed
Melville, WA 6156
My clients are the ones who are generally questioning their relationship with alcohol although not identifying as full-blown alcoholic. Most of all, my clients need a safe, non-judgemental, confidential space to talk about it and leave the shame and stigma about alcohol and addiction outside the room to talk freely. My clients are professional workers, FIFO, parents and stay-at-home parents, they are from here and from overseas. They feel tired, trapped, confused, ashamed, and very fed up to feel hangover, miserable, lonely, sometimes anxious, depressed and full of self-loathing. Like me, they may have googled "Am I an alcoholic?".
My clients are the ones who are generally questioning their relationship with alcohol although not identifying as full-blown alcoholic. Most of all, my clients need a safe, non-judgemental, confidential space to talk about it and leave the shame and stigma about alcohol and addiction outside the room to talk freely. My clients are professional workers, FIFO, parents and stay-at-home parents, they are from here and from overseas. They feel tired, trapped, confused, ashamed, and very fed up to feel hangover, miserable, lonely, sometimes anxious, depressed and full of self-loathing. Like me, they may have googled "Am I an alcoholic?".
(08) 9468 7260 View (08) 9468 7260
Photo of Melissa Harris, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Melissa Harris
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Applecross, WA 6153
Melissa has worked in the health care industry for over 20 years, first as a registered nurse and now as a registered psychologist. She is a caring and authentic therapist who enjoys interacting with people and providing guidance and support. Melissa is the Principal Psychologist at Park Psychology and offers psychological and counselling services to those who may be experiencing personal, relationship or family problems.
Melissa has worked in the health care industry for over 20 years, first as a registered nurse and now as a registered psychologist. She is a caring and authentic therapist who enjoys interacting with people and providing guidance and support. Melissa is the Principal Psychologist at Park Psychology and offers psychological and counselling services to those who may be experiencing personal, relationship or family problems.
(08) 6333 0748 View (08) 6333 0748
Photo of Jennifer Fevrier, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Jennifer Fevrier
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Melville, WA 6156
If you are struggling with life, work, school and relationships, and are feeling overwhelmed, perhaps it is time to take the step to get the support you or your loved ones need. Working with teenagers and adults, I provide a warm, non-judgemental and down-to-earth approach, helping you learn new ways to manage your challenges and symptoms, work through your past, and compassionately reconnect with those close to you. I utilise a variety of therapies, including EMDR. We are all unique and as such, therapy should be unique to you.
If you are struggling with life, work, school and relationships, and are feeling overwhelmed, perhaps it is time to take the step to get the support you or your loved ones need. Working with teenagers and adults, I provide a warm, non-judgemental and down-to-earth approach, helping you learn new ways to manage your challenges and symptoms, work through your past, and compassionately reconnect with those close to you. I utilise a variety of therapies, including EMDR. We are all unique and as such, therapy should be unique to you.
(08) 6206 8943 View (08) 6206 8943
Photo of Nick Averbuj, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Nick Averbuj
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA Endorsed
Verified
Dalkeith, WA 6009
I pride myself on being on of the few psychologists who will help you investigate the underlying processes behind your difficulties. If you're prepared to commit to the therapeutic process to create meaningful change, then I hope you will contact me. Achieving sustainable change is not quick process, so if you're in need of immediate tools to alleviate symptoms in the short-term, I encourage you find one of the great professionals who offer more of that service. On the other hand, if you feel there are unconscious processes that you're ready to explore, my psychoanalytic approach might suit you more.
I pride myself on being on of the few psychologists who will help you investigate the underlying processes behind your difficulties. If you're prepared to commit to the therapeutic process to create meaningful change, then I hope you will contact me. Achieving sustainable change is not quick process, so if you're in need of immediate tools to alleviate symptoms in the short-term, I encourage you find one of the great professionals who offer more of that service. On the other hand, if you feel there are unconscious processes that you're ready to explore, my psychoanalytic approach might suit you more.
(08) 7078 8199 View (08) 7078 8199
Photo of Madeline Carroll, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Madeline Carroll
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
East Fremantle, WA 6158
Hello, I am a registered psychologist with experience working with adolescents and adults, age 12 and above. I believe in the importance of creating a warm and trusting environment where you can reflect, heal, and grow. My hope is that I can support you to thrive, by helping you to be kind to yourself and tackle life’s obstacles.
Hello, I am a registered psychologist with experience working with adolescents and adults, age 12 and above. I believe in the importance of creating a warm and trusting environment where you can reflect, heal, and grow. My hope is that I can support you to thrive, by helping you to be kind to yourself and tackle life’s obstacles.
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Photo of In-Vision Counselling Services, Counsellor in Willagee, WA
In-Vision Counselling Services
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Myaree, WA 6154
Dawn is a member of ACA. Dawn believes in the holistic healing process for her clients. She is passionate in assisting her clients to achieve their goals by assisting and guiding them in realising their full potential. Dawn focuses in helping her clients and believes it is important to walk the journey with her clients until they are ready to take their own steps. She works with clients with anger issues, anxiety, stress or any other issues that might be detrimental to their mental health being. She believes that to help her clients, she needs to incorporate every aspect of the clients life to fully understand and help them.
Dawn is a member of ACA. Dawn believes in the holistic healing process for her clients. She is passionate in assisting her clients to achieve their goals by assisting and guiding them in realising their full potential. Dawn focuses in helping her clients and believes it is important to walk the journey with her clients until they are ready to take their own steps. She works with clients with anger issues, anxiety, stress or any other issues that might be detrimental to their mental health being. She believes that to help her clients, she needs to incorporate every aspect of the clients life to fully understand and help them.
(08) 6109 8092 View (08) 6109 8092
Photo of Kirsty Healey, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Kirsty Healey
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Booragoon, WA 6154
My main focus is for the people I work with to feel comfortable and secure while receiving high quality care and support. I have over 10 years of experience working with adults, adolescents and couples presenting with a range of issues in the private and community sectors. Each person I meet is unique and I take the time to get to know them and their own individual stories and experiences. The first session also includes establishing a clear outline so the client knows what to expect and can determine their goals for us to work towards at works at their own pace.
My main focus is for the people I work with to feel comfortable and secure while receiving high quality care and support. I have over 10 years of experience working with adults, adolescents and couples presenting with a range of issues in the private and community sectors. Each person I meet is unique and I take the time to get to know them and their own individual stories and experiences. The first session also includes establishing a clear outline so the client knows what to expect and can determine their goals for us to work towards at works at their own pace.
(08) 7079 4295 View (08) 7079 4295
Photo of Aksana Sutherland, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Aksana Sutherland
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Melville, WA 6156
Hi there. I want you to take a deep breath in- hold- and an even longer breath out now. Well done on finding your way here. If you have done therapy before -welcome back! If its your first time, well done on being so courageous. Id love to say therapy is easy- but its not. It may very well be one of the hardest things you do in your life. BUT it might be a little easier than the struggle you have been living with so far. You might have come here feeling broken- rather than that, perhaps you are actually stuck. Effective therapy is largely based on human relationship so we will start by getting to know each other.
Hi there. I want you to take a deep breath in- hold- and an even longer breath out now. Well done on finding your way here. If you have done therapy before -welcome back! If its your first time, well done on being so courageous. Id love to say therapy is easy- but its not. It may very well be one of the hardest things you do in your life. BUT it might be a little easier than the struggle you have been living with so far. You might have come here feeling broken- rather than that, perhaps you are actually stuck. Effective therapy is largely based on human relationship so we will start by getting to know each other.
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Photo of Alana Vincent, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Alana Vincent
Psychologist, PsyBA Prov
Verified
Mount Pleasant, WA 6153
I bring a sincere, warm, and empathic approach to therapy. I'm passionate about gaining a thorough understanding of your concerns to provide the best therapeutic care and outcomes. I work from an individualised, strengths-based approach helping clients use their own strengths, resilience, and resources. I have a passion for working with children and their families and include caregivers in the therapeutic process.
I bring a sincere, warm, and empathic approach to therapy. I'm passionate about gaining a thorough understanding of your concerns to provide the best therapeutic care and outcomes. I work from an individualised, strengths-based approach helping clients use their own strengths, resilience, and resources. I have a passion for working with children and their families and include caregivers in the therapeutic process.
(08) 6336 9988 View (08) 6336 9988
Photo of Leila Roz, Psychologist in Willagee, WA
Leila Roz
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Booragoon, WA 6154
I am passionate about creating a safe and non-judgmental space, enabling clients to be their authentic selves. My approach is warm, collaborative, and skill-centered. I strongly believe in the importance of having an open and accepting mindset with regard to gender inclusivity and cultural diversity. I work with individuals of all ages including children, adolescents, and adults. I aim to help clients deal with life stressors and build coping skills.
I am passionate about creating a safe and non-judgmental space, enabling clients to be their authentic selves. My approach is warm, collaborative, and skill-centered. I strongly believe in the importance of having an open and accepting mindset with regard to gender inclusivity and cultural diversity. I work with individuals of all ages including children, adolescents, and adults. I aim to help clients deal with life stressors and build coping skills.
(08) 6147 0788 View (08) 6147 0788
Photo of Danielle Passmore, Counsellor in Willagee, WA
Danielle Passmore
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Fremantle, WA 6158  (Online Only)
I typically work with people who lead full and busy lives who often feel burnt out and exhausted, looking to find a way back to flourishing and wellbeing. I also work with people who are going through relationship challenges of all shapes and sizes, and people who wish to break free from old, limiting childhood patterns that keep showing up to hinder their full potential. My hope is that clients who work with me are reconnected to their deepest sense of who they are, to their strengths, gifts, and their capacity to love themselves and their lives. I work with individuals and couples.
I typically work with people who lead full and busy lives who often feel burnt out and exhausted, looking to find a way back to flourishing and wellbeing. I also work with people who are going through relationship challenges of all shapes and sizes, and people who wish to break free from old, limiting childhood patterns that keep showing up to hinder their full potential. My hope is that clients who work with me are reconnected to their deepest sense of who they are, to their strengths, gifts, and their capacity to love themselves and their lives. I work with individuals and couples.
(08) 9473 6346 View (08) 9473 6346
Photo of Victoria Kerr, Psychotherapist in Willagee, WA
Victoria Kerr
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified
Attadale, WA 6156
I am a warm and respectful Counsellor and Psychotherapist who has been in private practice since 1999. I enjoy working with a wide range of clients and issues including anxiety, depression, stress and anger issues however I have spent a large part of my career working with sexual health and relationship issues including; infidelity, sex drive differences, vaginismus, sexual identity, pornography and sex addiction, cross dressing and transitioning relationships into parenthood and other big life changes. I work with Individuals, couples and families via face to face appointments in beautiful rooms and also vis Skype and phone.
I am a warm and respectful Counsellor and Psychotherapist who has been in private practice since 1999. I enjoy working with a wide range of clients and issues including anxiety, depression, stress and anger issues however I have spent a large part of my career working with sexual health and relationship issues including; infidelity, sex drive differences, vaginismus, sexual identity, pornography and sex addiction, cross dressing and transitioning relationships into parenthood and other big life changes. I work with Individuals, couples and families via face to face appointments in beautiful rooms and also vis Skype and phone.
(08) 7079 5671 View (08) 7079 5671

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Willagee, WA

< 10

Counsellors in Willagee, WA who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Anger Management
100% Coping Skills
100% Self Esteem
100% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

22 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

67% Medicare Rebates
33% Any/Out-of-network Insurance
33% NDIS

How Counsellors in Willagee, WA see their clients

67% In Person and Online
33% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Willagee?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.