Counselling in West Perth, WA

Photo of Melissa Harris, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Melissa Harris
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Melissa has worked in the health care industry for over 20 years, first as a registered nurse and now as a registered psychologist. She is a caring and authentic therapist who enjoys interacting with people and providing guidance and support. Melissa is the Principal Psychologist at Park Psychology and offers psychological and counselling services to those who may be experiencing personal, relationship or family problems.
Melissa has worked in the health care industry for over 20 years, first as a registered nurse and now as a registered psychologist. She is a caring and authentic therapist who enjoys interacting with people and providing guidance and support. Melissa is the Principal Psychologist at Park Psychology and offers psychological and counselling services to those who may be experiencing personal, relationship or family problems.
(08) 6333 0748 View (08) 6333 0748
Photo of Gabriella Macri, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Gabriella Macri
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I am an empathetic and supportive Psychologist with clinical and community experience working with clients across the lifespan. I enjoy working with clients from all backgrounds, as I take pleasure in meeting and getting to know different people and their stories. I support people struggling with anxiety, panic, emotional regulation, depression, grief, stress, life transitions, relationship issues, chronic illness and self-development.
I am an empathetic and supportive Psychologist with clinical and community experience working with clients across the lifespan. I enjoy working with clients from all backgrounds, as I take pleasure in meeting and getting to know different people and their stories. I support people struggling with anxiety, panic, emotional regulation, depression, grief, stress, life transitions, relationship issues, chronic illness and self-development.
(08) 6493 7980 View (08) 6493 7980
Photo of Dr Sandra Basham, PhD, Counsellor
Dr Sandra Basham
Counsellor, PhD
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I work as a clinical supervisor, psycho educator and therapist. My clinical focus is on supervision, though I do take new clients to keep my skills current. I am a postgraduate trained counsellor and sexologist. My training and background is in child sexual abuse, trauma & attachment, sexual difficulties and religious abuse resulting in trauma. I use multiple therapeutic modalities within the supervisory or counselling relationship. We will work together using person-centred, family systems, narrative, IFS, ACT, Somatic, artistic and Trauma Focused methods.
I work as a clinical supervisor, psycho educator and therapist. My clinical focus is on supervision, though I do take new clients to keep my skills current. I am a postgraduate trained counsellor and sexologist. My training and background is in child sexual abuse, trauma & attachment, sexual difficulties and religious abuse resulting in trauma. I use multiple therapeutic modalities within the supervisory or counselling relationship. We will work together using person-centred, family systems, narrative, IFS, ACT, Somatic, artistic and Trauma Focused methods.
(08) 6493 7204 View (08) 6493 7204
Photo of Hugo M Gonzales - COPE - Centre of Psychological Enrichment, PhD, MAPS, Psychologist
COPE - Centre of Psychological Enrichment
Psychologist, PhD, MAPS
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Our practice offers a broad range of services including assessment and therapy for individuals, couples, children, families, workplaces and groups. We offer treatment for a wide range of mental health issues including (but not limited to): depression, anxiety, trauma and PTSD, stress/anger management, grief, addictive behaviours, self-esteem, relationship problems, sleeping problems, child behavioural and emotional problems, pain management and resilience. Our goal is to ensure the highest standard of evidenced based psychological intervention, psychometric testing and assessment.
Our practice offers a broad range of services including assessment and therapy for individuals, couples, children, families, workplaces and groups. We offer treatment for a wide range of mental health issues including (but not limited to): depression, anxiety, trauma and PTSD, stress/anger management, grief, addictive behaviours, self-esteem, relationship problems, sleeping problems, child behavioural and emotional problems, pain management and resilience. Our goal is to ensure the highest standard of evidenced based psychological intervention, psychometric testing and assessment.
(08) 7078 8301 View (08) 7078 8301
Photo of Lovina Triman, Counsellor
Lovina Triman
Counsellor
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005  (Online Only)
I am passionate about coming alongside you and helping you find solutions, healing and recovery. My goal is for you to come to a place where you are able to move forward, to gain clarity and reach a new level of better. I like to be client-centred and encouraging client autonomy as well as building a space for healthy collaboration and problem solving. I am a strong believer in an individual’s ability to find change and to break out of old patterns and cycles. For me it is important to foster an atmosphere of hope and perspective.
I am passionate about coming alongside you and helping you find solutions, healing and recovery. My goal is for you to come to a place where you are able to move forward, to gain clarity and reach a new level of better. I like to be client-centred and encouraging client autonomy as well as building a space for healthy collaboration and problem solving. I am a strong believer in an individual’s ability to find change and to break out of old patterns and cycles. For me it is important to foster an atmosphere of hope and perspective.
0415 947 772 View 0415 947 772
Photo of Dr Jessica Dove, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Dr Jessica Dove
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I have over a decade of international experience working with children and adults who are experiencing difficulties such as anxiety, disordered eating, body image concerns, low self-esteem, depression and relationship issues. Together, we achieve specific treatment goals, through understanding experiences and developing new, lasting skills. Through our work, individuals gain a deeper understanding of themselves, a clearer idea of their hopes for the future and feel better equipped to manage their lives.
I have over a decade of international experience working with children and adults who are experiencing difficulties such as anxiety, disordered eating, body image concerns, low self-esteem, depression and relationship issues. Together, we achieve specific treatment goals, through understanding experiences and developing new, lasting skills. Through our work, individuals gain a deeper understanding of themselves, a clearer idea of their hopes for the future and feel better equipped to manage their lives.
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Photo of Michael Sopp, MA, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Michael Sopp
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Hello, I am a registered psychologist with experience in hospital settings where I have worked with people experiencing a range of mental health difficulties, including depression, anxiety disorders, adjustment issues, stress, anger, relationship difficulties, and attachment issues. I am passionate about working with people to improve their relationships, navigate the journey of parenthood, address co-parenting difficulties and have a particular interest in working with new fathers.
Hello, I am a registered psychologist with experience in hospital settings where I have worked with people experiencing a range of mental health difficulties, including depression, anxiety disorders, adjustment issues, stress, anger, relationship difficulties, and attachment issues. I am passionate about working with people to improve their relationships, navigate the journey of parenthood, address co-parenting difficulties and have a particular interest in working with new fathers.
(08) 6490 9960 View (08) 6490 9960
Photo of Leah Monique Dudley, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Leah Monique Dudley
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I work with a range of presentations in adolescents to mid to late adulthood, including: Recovery from depression, Anxiety, Eating-related disorders (particularly Binge Eating Disorder & Bulimia Nervosa, destigmatizing weight, and reducing diet culture), body image challenges and disordered exercising, Relationship difficulties, Career challenges and coaching, Complex trauma and PTSD, Adult late ADHD diagnosis – especially in women, and with Defence Veterans Australia.
I work with a range of presentations in adolescents to mid to late adulthood, including: Recovery from depression, Anxiety, Eating-related disorders (particularly Binge Eating Disorder & Bulimia Nervosa, destigmatizing weight, and reducing diet culture), body image challenges and disordered exercising, Relationship difficulties, Career challenges and coaching, Complex trauma and PTSD, Adult late ADHD diagnosis – especially in women, and with Defence Veterans Australia.
(08) 6493 7471 View (08) 6493 7471
Photo of Kerryn Ashford-Hatherly - Ashcliffe Psychology, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Ashcliffe Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
ASHCLIFFE PSYCHOLOGY is a private clinical psychology practice offering a broad range of psychological services. The Ashcliffe Psychology practice is comprised of a team of Psychologist’s offering a variety of areas of expertise. The Directors, Kerryn Ashford-Hatherly and Michael Tunnecliffe have between them more than 50 years of clinical experience and both have worked in senior management roles within government, non-government agencies and the private sector.
ASHCLIFFE PSYCHOLOGY is a private clinical psychology practice offering a broad range of psychological services. The Ashcliffe Psychology practice is comprised of a team of Psychologist’s offering a variety of areas of expertise. The Directors, Kerryn Ashford-Hatherly and Michael Tunnecliffe have between them more than 50 years of clinical experience and both have worked in senior management roles within government, non-government agencies and the private sector.
(08) 6118 6472 View (08) 6118 6472
Photo of Richard Moorfield, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Richard Moorfield
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Are you struggling in yourself or your relationships? Perhaps feeling comfortable around others or keeping people in your life is difficult for you? This is common, people often experience great difficulty in their relationships both with others and with themselves, which often then presents on the surface as feelings of depression, anxiety, general unhappiness, relationship breakdown, sexual/intimacy problems or personal crises.
Are you struggling in yourself or your relationships? Perhaps feeling comfortable around others or keeping people in your life is difficult for you? This is common, people often experience great difficulty in their relationships both with others and with themselves, which often then presents on the surface as feelings of depression, anxiety, general unhappiness, relationship breakdown, sexual/intimacy problems or personal crises.
(08) 6493 7891 View (08) 6493 7891
Photo of Chelsea Northcott, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Chelsea Northcott
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Chelsea is a compassionate, down-to-earth therapist who truly enjoys her work and feels the deepest respect for all clients she works with. She has experience in the treatment of a broad range of mental health difficulties, having worked in private and public psychiatric hospitals, community youth centres, and women’s health clinics.
Chelsea is a compassionate, down-to-earth therapist who truly enjoys her work and feels the deepest respect for all clients she works with. She has experience in the treatment of a broad range of mental health difficulties, having worked in private and public psychiatric hospitals, community youth centres, and women’s health clinics.
(08) 7078 7522 View (08) 7078 7522
Photo of Amanda Oliver, MA, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Amanda Oliver
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Perth, WA 6005
I am a Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist specialising in adolescents & adults. Formerly a high school teacher, I have a natural ability to quickly develop relationships with teenagers and specialise in complex issues often affecting adolescents and their families. These issues often recur in adult relationships affecting daily life. By processing and understanding the past, it opens up a way to be able to move forward & improve current relations. I am passionate about not just alleviating symptoms but helping you to understand and resolve patterns of behaviour. Working together, we determine goals and the direction of your therapy.
I am a Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist specialising in adolescents & adults. Formerly a high school teacher, I have a natural ability to quickly develop relationships with teenagers and specialise in complex issues often affecting adolescents and their families. These issues often recur in adult relationships affecting daily life. By processing and understanding the past, it opens up a way to be able to move forward & improve current relations. I am passionate about not just alleviating symptoms but helping you to understand and resolve patterns of behaviour. Working together, we determine goals and the direction of your therapy.
(08) 7079 4452 View (08) 7079 4452
Photo of Sarah Holloway, MAPS, Psychologist
Sarah Holloway
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
The fact that you are reading this means that you are already taking steps to improve your wellbeing. Starting therapy can feel like a big step, and I hope that I may be able to make it an enjoyable and very worthwhile step. I work with adults and adolescents for a range of emotional difficulties, such as anxiety, difficulty regulating emotions, self-harming and suicidal ideation, and low self-worth. I aim to work collaboratively with my clients to find the right way to improve the quality of their daily life in a sustainable way, to minimise discomfort. This is a welcoming space, free of judgement.
The fact that you are reading this means that you are already taking steps to improve your wellbeing. Starting therapy can feel like a big step, and I hope that I may be able to make it an enjoyable and very worthwhile step. I work with adults and adolescents for a range of emotional difficulties, such as anxiety, difficulty regulating emotions, self-harming and suicidal ideation, and low self-worth. I aim to work collaboratively with my clients to find the right way to improve the quality of their daily life in a sustainable way, to minimise discomfort. This is a welcoming space, free of judgement.
(08) 6493 7133 View (08) 6493 7133
Photo of Tristen Hindley-Payne, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Tristen Hindley-Payne
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
With over 18 years experience and AHPRA Clinical Psychology endorsement, I am grateful to have been able to develop meaningful therapeutic relationships with many individuals presenting at challenging times in their lives.
With over 18 years experience and AHPRA Clinical Psychology endorsement, I am grateful to have been able to develop meaningful therapeutic relationships with many individuals presenting at challenging times in their lives.
(08) 6493 7272 View (08) 6493 7272
Photo of Oliver Aguilar, MA, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Oliver Aguilar
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
West Perth, WA 6005
The way I work is interactive, collaborative, intuitive, and respectful. I work analytically with my clients by investigating how early childhood experiences have shaped current thinking and behaviours. We explore the links between unconscious and conscious thoughts, symbolism, beliefs, emotions, desires, and how they impact daily life. The work lies within the unconscious to conscious links, how one relates to their world, allowing unspoken languages of the body to express deeply felt emotions and thought patterns. As your ‘story’ unfolds, together we work to find meanings, diverse perspectives, and solutions to your concerns.
The way I work is interactive, collaborative, intuitive, and respectful. I work analytically with my clients by investigating how early childhood experiences have shaped current thinking and behaviours. We explore the links between unconscious and conscious thoughts, symbolism, beliefs, emotions, desires, and how they impact daily life. The work lies within the unconscious to conscious links, how one relates to their world, allowing unspoken languages of the body to express deeply felt emotions and thought patterns. As your ‘story’ unfolds, together we work to find meanings, diverse perspectives, and solutions to your concerns.
(08) 7701 9507 View (08) 7701 9507
Photo of Vicki Roxburgh, MA, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Vicki Roxburgh
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Vicki has extensive experience assisting adults with a variety of presenting issues including: anxiety, depression, trauma, interpersonal and relationship difficulties, addiction, adjustment issues, grief and loss. She has a warm and client-centred approach and is passionate about building trust and safety in the client-therapist relationship. She utilises a variety of evidence-based approaches and will tailor therapy to meet the individual treatment needs of each client. Vicki has a special interest in schema therapy and assisting people to recover from attachment issues that developed early in life.
Vicki has extensive experience assisting adults with a variety of presenting issues including: anxiety, depression, trauma, interpersonal and relationship difficulties, addiction, adjustment issues, grief and loss. She has a warm and client-centred approach and is passionate about building trust and safety in the client-therapist relationship. She utilises a variety of evidence-based approaches and will tailor therapy to meet the individual treatment needs of each client. Vicki has a special interest in schema therapy and assisting people to recover from attachment issues that developed early in life.
(08) 6490 9753 View (08) 6490 9753
Photo of Dylan Kirkpatrick, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Dylan Kirkpatrick
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I am experienced in working with adolescents, adults and couples. I take an open and collaborative approach to best understand what has brought you to see me, and how best I can assist you in meeting your unique mental health goals. I uses techniques from a range of evidence based approaches to support my clients.
I am experienced in working with adolescents, adults and couples. I take an open and collaborative approach to best understand what has brought you to see me, and how best I can assist you in meeting your unique mental health goals. I uses techniques from a range of evidence based approaches to support my clients.
(08) 6118 7280 View (08) 6118 7280
Photo of Anya Hughes, MA, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Anya Hughes
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
I am a Clinical Psychologist Registrar, originally from Ireland and recently graduated from Curtin University in Perth, WA. I am a curious, collaborative, and empathetic clinician, passionate about supporting young people and adults with a range of presenting issues, including anxiety and mood disorders. More specifically, I am interested in trauma presentations and addiction, as well as chronic health conditions such as pain and disturbed sleep. I have training in the following modalities: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Schema Therapy, EMDR and Acceptance Commitment Therapy.
I am a Clinical Psychologist Registrar, originally from Ireland and recently graduated from Curtin University in Perth, WA. I am a curious, collaborative, and empathetic clinician, passionate about supporting young people and adults with a range of presenting issues, including anxiety and mood disorders. More specifically, I am interested in trauma presentations and addiction, as well as chronic health conditions such as pain and disturbed sleep. I have training in the following modalities: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Schema Therapy, EMDR and Acceptance Commitment Therapy.
(08) 6490 9139 View (08) 6490 9139
Photo of Susanna B Juchli, MSc, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Susanna B Juchli
Psychologist, MSc, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Do emotions sometimes become too painful and overwhelming? Taking that first step to contact someone for help can be very difficult. Establishing a caring therapeutic relationship attuned to individual needs is central to Susanna’s work. As research supports, the therapeutic relationship is the most powerful determinant of a positive outcome in psychotherapy. Susanna encourages her clients to explore and become aware how early experiences shape their present thoughts and behaviours. Gaining a greater understanding of their circumstances, allows for an empowered sense of their ability to create positive change.
Do emotions sometimes become too painful and overwhelming? Taking that first step to contact someone for help can be very difficult. Establishing a caring therapeutic relationship attuned to individual needs is central to Susanna’s work. As research supports, the therapeutic relationship is the most powerful determinant of a positive outcome in psychotherapy. Susanna encourages her clients to explore and become aware how early experiences shape their present thoughts and behaviours. Gaining a greater understanding of their circumstances, allows for an empowered sense of their ability to create positive change.
0498 116 684 View 0498 116 684
Photo of Taralisa Di Ciano, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Taralisa Di Ciano
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
West Perth, WA 6005
Taralisa is a compassionate practitioner, focused on creating stability and trust, prioritising your concerns, building skills and internal capacity to facilitate lasting change. Taralisa assists individuals across the lifespan and has clinical psychology, health, rehabilitation and organisational psychology skills having worked in medical practices, public health, and education services. Taralisa addresses issues such as depression, anxiety conditions, obsessions/compulsions, grief and loss, relationship strain, workplace stress/bullying, trauma, physical health, chronic pain, fertility, pre/ postnatal health and student health.
Taralisa is a compassionate practitioner, focused on creating stability and trust, prioritising your concerns, building skills and internal capacity to facilitate lasting change. Taralisa assists individuals across the lifespan and has clinical psychology, health, rehabilitation and organisational psychology skills having worked in medical practices, public health, and education services. Taralisa addresses issues such as depression, anxiety conditions, obsessions/compulsions, grief and loss, relationship strain, workplace stress/bullying, trauma, physical health, chronic pain, fertility, pre/ postnatal health and student health.
0420 907 522 View 0420 907 522

See more therapy options for West Perth

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in West Perth, WA

70+

Average cost per session

$200

Counsellors in West Perth, WA who prioritize treating:

87% Anxiety
85% Depression
83% Stress
75% Relationship Issues
69% Coping Skills
69% Self Esteem
65% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Medicare Rebates
43% NDIS
35% Bupa

How Counsellors in West Perth, WA see their clients

96% In Person and Online
4% Online Only

Gender breakdown

69% Female
30% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in West Perth?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.