Counselling in Peel, WA

View suburbs and cities in Peel
Photo of All Round Wellness, Psychologist in Peel, WA
All Round Wellness
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Halls Head, WA 6210
Good therapy will be about you. Seems obvious right? This is your time, and while you are here, you are the most important topic of conversation! Your therapist should be more interested in hearing your story, sharing your experiences, indulging in your insight building, than in themselves. Don’t get me wrong, some therapists do have a very transparent and authentic personal style, and will share small insights into themselves or their own life experiences. This is usually done with a special focus on being relevant to your story – having a purpose to boost your understanding of your own experience, or to help you recognise that.
Good therapy will be about you. Seems obvious right? This is your time, and while you are here, you are the most important topic of conversation! Your therapist should be more interested in hearing your story, sharing your experiences, indulging in your insight building, than in themselves. Don’t get me wrong, some therapists do have a very transparent and authentic personal style, and will share small insights into themselves or their own life experiences. This is usually done with a special focus on being relevant to your story – having a purpose to boost your understanding of your own experience, or to help you recognise that.
(08) 9521 4210 View (08) 9521 4210
Photo of Kylie Rees, Psychologist in Peel, WA
Kylie Rees
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210
I have a particular interest in working with clients who have experienced trauma. I believe my clients are the experts in their own lives and work collaboratively with them to achieve their goals. I focus on building a safe empathic environment and feel honoured to walk alongside them in their therapeutic journey.
I have a particular interest in working with clients who have experienced trauma. I believe my clients are the experts in their own lives and work collaboratively with them to achieve their goals. I focus on building a safe empathic environment and feel honoured to walk alongside them in their therapeutic journey.
(08) 9560 5994 View (08) 9560 5994
Photo of Tania Stretton, Counsellor in Peel, WA
Tania Stretton
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Wannanup, WA 6210
Registered Counsellor & Supervisor - individuals, couples and families (adults, adolescents & children). I love to engage with my client's unique story and tailor my approach to my clients' needs. Whether you are feeling stuck in life or your relationship, overwhelmed, demotivated, lost or down, or ready for a change in career or life in general - I would love to hear your story and walk with you. If you're looking for supervision, I offer my support to student counsellors and private practice counsellors (Provisional to Level 2), chaplains, and pastors/ministers.
Registered Counsellor & Supervisor - individuals, couples and families (adults, adolescents & children). I love to engage with my client's unique story and tailor my approach to my clients' needs. Whether you are feeling stuck in life or your relationship, overwhelmed, demotivated, lost or down, or ready for a change in career or life in general - I would love to hear your story and walk with you. If you're looking for supervision, I offer my support to student counsellors and private practice counsellors (Provisional to Level 2), chaplains, and pastors/ministers.
(08) 9560 4737 View (08) 9560 4737
Photo of Thrive Counselling and Coaching, Counsellor in Peel, WA
Thrive Counselling and Coaching
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified
Halls Head, WA 6210
Welcome! Each person I work with has their own specific needs and goals. Life has it's traumas for us all. Often, my clients are experiencing a lot of emotional pain when we first meet. I respect the courage it has taken for them to reach out for help. Feelings like unhappiness, depression and anxiety grow in isolation. Feeling depressed or anxious makes people ever more isolated and alone. Sharing your experiences and emotional hurt in a safe non-judgemental space is exactly the right way to break out of this cycle and get back to living a connected, full and happy life. I work with individuals, and couples.
Welcome! Each person I work with has their own specific needs and goals. Life has it's traumas for us all. Often, my clients are experiencing a lot of emotional pain when we first meet. I respect the courage it has taken for them to reach out for help. Feelings like unhappiness, depression and anxiety grow in isolation. Feeling depressed or anxious makes people ever more isolated and alone. Sharing your experiences and emotional hurt in a safe non-judgemental space is exactly the right way to break out of this cycle and get back to living a connected, full and happy life. I work with individuals, and couples.
(08) 9544 6742 View (08) 9544 6742
Photo of General & Menopause Aware Counselling Services, Counsellor in Peel, WA
General & Menopause Aware Counselling Services
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified
1 Endorsed
Erskine, WA 6210
Linda is a highly experienced counsellor and also a professional supervisor for counsellors, clergy and pastoral carers. She is especially passionate about supporting women who identify as perimenopausal / menopausal, and is committed to using informed, evidence based services to support mental health and wellbeing. This can impact every area of experience: at home, work, socially and beyond with significant challenges to wellbeing. In couples work, she also supports relationships to best understand and navigate these changes and challenges. Linda also has extensive experience and understanding of grief, loss, trauma, and PTSD.
Linda is a highly experienced counsellor and also a professional supervisor for counsellors, clergy and pastoral carers. She is especially passionate about supporting women who identify as perimenopausal / menopausal, and is committed to using informed, evidence based services to support mental health and wellbeing. This can impact every area of experience: at home, work, socially and beyond with significant challenges to wellbeing. In couples work, she also supports relationships to best understand and navigate these changes and challenges. Linda also has extensive experience and understanding of grief, loss, trauma, and PTSD.
(08) 9521 4310 View (08) 9521 4310
Photo of Mindfullifealigned, Counsellor in Peel, WA
Mindfullifealigned
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
Halls Head, WA 6210
My passion is to empower people through holistic, individual and empathic councelling. through life’s transitions and changes to bring about life alignment. With a focus on the Neurodiverse , ADD ,ASD and general anxiety, woman's life wellness and recovery from illness or surgery.
My passion is to empower people through holistic, individual and empathic councelling. through life’s transitions and changes to bring about life alignment. With a focus on the Neurodiverse , ADD ,ASD and general anxiety, woman's life wellness and recovery from illness or surgery.
(08) 9515 9936 View (08) 9515 9936
Photo of Dr Chris Westinghouse, Psychotherapist in Peel, WA
Dr Chris Westinghouse
Psychotherapist, ACA-L1
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210
Nobody comes to see a psychotherapist (and pays the therapist good money) unless they want something to change in their lives. My job is to help clients to identify what's in need of changing, and working with them to find the best way to make the changes.
Nobody comes to see a psychotherapist (and pays the therapist good money) unless they want something to change in their lives. My job is to help clients to identify what's in need of changing, and working with them to find the best way to make the changes.
(08) 9516 2195 View (08) 9516 2195
Photo of Lisa Christophers, Psychologist in Peel, WA
Lisa Christophers
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
I enjoy reflecting on a clients strengths and values when helping them work towards achieving their goals and improving their overall wellbeing. I draw upon a variety of evidence-based psychological interventions, including CBT, Schema therapy, ACT, attachment and Psychodynamic based approaches, EMDR, DBT and mindfulness.
I enjoy reflecting on a clients strengths and values when helping them work towards achieving their goals and improving their overall wellbeing. I draw upon a variety of evidence-based psychological interventions, including CBT, Schema therapy, ACT, attachment and Psychodynamic based approaches, EMDR, DBT and mindfulness.
(08) 9560 6789 View (08) 9560 6789
Photo of Apex Online Counselling, Counsellor in Peel, WA
Apex Online Counselling
Counsellor, MPsych
Mandurah, WA 6210  (Online Only)
I have always had a heart and passion for working alongside people experiencing difficulties in their mental health. I have completed a Master of Psychology (Professional) degree and have extensive experience supporting young people who have been through significant trauma and neglect. I have also worked within a school environment, engaging with young people and adults, applying a scientist practitioner approach to referrals. Whether it be children, adolescents, adults or older adults alike, I will work collaboratively to establish goals and facilitate recovery and mental wellbeing.
I have always had a heart and passion for working alongside people experiencing difficulties in their mental health. I have completed a Master of Psychology (Professional) degree and have extensive experience supporting young people who have been through significant trauma and neglect. I have also worked within a school environment, engaging with young people and adults, applying a scientist practitioner approach to referrals. Whether it be children, adolescents, adults or older adults alike, I will work collaboratively to establish goals and facilitate recovery and mental wellbeing.
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Photo of Dr William Kirkpatrick, Psychologist in Peel, WA
Dr William Kirkpatrick
Psychologist, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Pinjarra, WA 6208  (Online Only)
Ultimately I am human like you with a story and life experiences like you. As a Clinical Psychologist and Counselling Psychologist I can offer you support at this time with: anger, anxiety (general, health, panic, specific phobia, social), attachment, bereavement, complicated grief, CPTSD, depression, impact of cancer, life transitions, low self-esteem, managing emotions, neurodevelopment (ASD, ADHD, FAS), personality disorders (BPD), PTSD, relationship problems, self-harm, self-identity, stress management, substance abuse (alcohol, illicit, prescribed), suicidal thoughts, trauma (combat, emotional, physical, sexual).
Ultimately I am human like you with a story and life experiences like you. As a Clinical Psychologist and Counselling Psychologist I can offer you support at this time with: anger, anxiety (general, health, panic, specific phobia, social), attachment, bereavement, complicated grief, CPTSD, depression, impact of cancer, life transitions, low self-esteem, managing emotions, neurodevelopment (ASD, ADHD, FAS), personality disorders (BPD), PTSD, relationship problems, self-harm, self-identity, stress management, substance abuse (alcohol, illicit, prescribed), suicidal thoughts, trauma (combat, emotional, physical, sexual).
(08) 9560 6957 View (08) 9560 6957
Photo of The Art of She Perinatal Counselling/Arts Therapy, Counsellor in Peel, WA
The Art of She Perinatal Counselling/Arts Therapy
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210
Have you been affected by an experience of birth, pregnancy, trauma, or parenthood? Are you feeling like your spirit is broken, you are drowning in a sea of uncertainty, and don't know what to do? I hear you, I see you and I can help you. Together we will work through ways to find resolutions so that you can begin to heal and enjoy life again. I am a registered Counsellor, and also trained in Arts Therapy so if you or your child find it difficult to verbally express what you are experiencing we can find other creative ways of working together.
Have you been affected by an experience of birth, pregnancy, trauma, or parenthood? Are you feeling like your spirit is broken, you are drowning in a sea of uncertainty, and don't know what to do? I hear you, I see you and I can help you. Together we will work through ways to find resolutions so that you can begin to heal and enjoy life again. I am a registered Counsellor, and also trained in Arts Therapy so if you or your child find it difficult to verbally express what you are experiencing we can find other creative ways of working together.
(08) 6493 7139 View (08) 6493 7139
Photo of Cameron Williams - The Healing Dock, Psychologist in Peel, WA
Cameron Williams - The Healing Dock
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210
“Hello! I’m Cameron, and I'm thrilled you’re here. Whether you're new to therapy or returning, your courage is commendable. The path to healing and personal growth isn’t always easy, but it's a significant step towards relief, understanding, and a ‘better you’. I'm a dedicated psychologist, offering flexible after-hours and weekend sessions, in-person or via Telehealth (Aus-wide). My journey in psychology has been enriched by working with diverse people facing challenges like anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, and complex relationship dynamics. I'm also passionate about assisting those with ADHD to unlock their personal strengths.
“Hello! I’m Cameron, and I'm thrilled you’re here. Whether you're new to therapy or returning, your courage is commendable. The path to healing and personal growth isn’t always easy, but it's a significant step towards relief, understanding, and a ‘better you’. I'm a dedicated psychologist, offering flexible after-hours and weekend sessions, in-person or via Telehealth (Aus-wide). My journey in psychology has been enriched by working with diverse people facing challenges like anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, and complex relationship dynamics. I'm also passionate about assisting those with ADHD to unlock their personal strengths.
0485 840 409 View 0485 840 409
Photo of Kylie Bell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Peel, WA
Kylie Bell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210
Hi there, I'm Kylie and I work with busy mothers. I hear you: what you want more than anything right now is to have a calm, connected family life. It's a challenge to manage young kids, part time work and running a house, especially when life throws up a hurdle or two. I understand that you’re trying to keep all the plates spinning and that it just feels so overwhelming. I know how much you want to cherish your babies and be cherished by your partner as well. I have helped many mothers find a way out of the overwhelm into knowing that they are definitely good enough. And I can help you, too.
Hi there, I'm Kylie and I work with busy mothers. I hear you: what you want more than anything right now is to have a calm, connected family life. It's a challenge to manage young kids, part time work and running a house, especially when life throws up a hurdle or two. I understand that you’re trying to keep all the plates spinning and that it just feels so overwhelming. I know how much you want to cherish your babies and be cherished by your partner as well. I have helped many mothers find a way out of the overwhelm into knowing that they are definitely good enough. And I can help you, too.
(08) 9540 0801 View (08) 9540 0801
Photo of Kelly Hefferon -, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Peel, WA
Kelly Hefferon -
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210
I’d like to put you at ease. As an accredited mental health social worker and clinician with over 20 years of experience, I specialise in supporting young people, individuals, couples and families impacted by adverse life events, behavioural issues, mental health challenges, relationship issues and trauma. My many years of experience and practice in this field allows me to formulate, develop and implement individualised therapeutic plans to work with you, to make a brave space for you to share what is happening in your life and support you to find your way forward.
I’d like to put you at ease. As an accredited mental health social worker and clinician with over 20 years of experience, I specialise in supporting young people, individuals, couples and families impacted by adverse life events, behavioural issues, mental health challenges, relationship issues and trauma. My many years of experience and practice in this field allows me to formulate, develop and implement individualised therapeutic plans to work with you, to make a brave space for you to share what is happening in your life and support you to find your way forward.
(08) 9473 6364 View (08) 9473 6364
Photo of Heather Mary Kell, Counsellor in Peel, WA
Heather Mary Kell
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
Dawesville, WA 6211
Are your relationship difficulties causing you pain and distress? Do you want to improve your communication and hit a lot more goals? Are you struggling to find balance in your home and work life and the stress of a FIFO partner?
Are your relationship difficulties causing you pain and distress? Do you want to improve your communication and hit a lot more goals? Are you struggling to find balance in your home and work life and the stress of a FIFO partner?
(08) 9509 6129 View (08) 9509 6129
Photo of Sophie Burren Psychology, Psychologist in Peel, WA
Sophie Burren Psychology
Psychologist, MACPA Assoc
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210  (Online Only)
Sophie is a Clinical Psychologist who welcomes referrals from those experiencing adjustment difficulties in their life; and health presentations across the lifespan; inclusive of distress post diagnosis or injury, end-of-life care, trauma responses, grief & loss, anxiety/depression, and chronic illness etc; she is also passionate about the mental health of other healthcare providers; specifically around the challenges faced by early career and acute care medical, nursing, and allied health professionals such as compassion fatigue, burnout, vicarious and or primary trauma, career related stressors and decision making.
Sophie is a Clinical Psychologist who welcomes referrals from those experiencing adjustment difficulties in their life; and health presentations across the lifespan; inclusive of distress post diagnosis or injury, end-of-life care, trauma responses, grief & loss, anxiety/depression, and chronic illness etc; she is also passionate about the mental health of other healthcare providers; specifically around the challenges faced by early career and acute care medical, nursing, and allied health professionals such as compassion fatigue, burnout, vicarious and or primary trauma, career related stressors and decision making.
(08) 7110 0870 View (08) 7110 0870
Photo of Psychwise Clinic, Counsellor in Peel, WA
Psychwise Clinic
Counsellor, MPsych, ACA-L4
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210
Offering Counselling & Psychology! Heather has over 10 years experience working in mental health and holds formal qualifications in both counselling and psychology. She works alongside side a small team of clinicians offering individual/relationship counselling and psychology services. Heather and the team are passionate about providing a safe, compassionate and confidential space to work alongside you in supporting your mental health and wellbeing. We accommodate our clients with Saturday and after-hours appointments and offer face to face, telephone and online consultations.
Offering Counselling & Psychology! Heather has over 10 years experience working in mental health and holds formal qualifications in both counselling and psychology. She works alongside side a small team of clinicians offering individual/relationship counselling and psychology services. Heather and the team are passionate about providing a safe, compassionate and confidential space to work alongside you in supporting your mental health and wellbeing. We accommodate our clients with Saturday and after-hours appointments and offer face to face, telephone and online consultations.
(08) 9516 1953 View (08) 9516 1953
Photo of Transformative Mind Health & Wellness, Counsellor in Peel, WA
Transformative Mind Health & Wellness
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210  (Online Only)
Welcome to Transformative Mind where the health of your mind is our expertise. Our supports are based on the idea that humans can adjust their thinking based on new information. At Transformative Mind (TMHW), we use a number of approaches and techniques to meet the individual needs of each client, however the foundation of all support services is rooted in our passion for bringing more mindfulness and mind awareness to mental health. We believe in neuroplasticity, that changing and that mindfulness and mental health are just as important as your physical health. Our team will support you towards becoming the master of your mind. ​
Welcome to Transformative Mind where the health of your mind is our expertise. Our supports are based on the idea that humans can adjust their thinking based on new information. At Transformative Mind (TMHW), we use a number of approaches and techniques to meet the individual needs of each client, however the foundation of all support services is rooted in our passion for bringing more mindfulness and mind awareness to mental health. We believe in neuroplasticity, that changing and that mindfulness and mental health are just as important as your physical health. Our team will support you towards becoming the master of your mind. ​
(08) 9515 3937 View (08) 9515 3937
Photo of Lifeward Family Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Peel, WA
Lifeward Family Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210
Natasha has extensive experience working with people who experienced complex emotional, behavioural and social difficulties. She is an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with the AASW (Australian Association of Social Workers and qualified Systemic Family Therapist registered with AAFT (Australian Association of Family Therapy). Natasha has been working with the Department of Health Mental Health Services for many years as a Senior Social Worker. Further training includes Schema Therapy, Cognitive Behavioural theory, DBT (Dialectical Behaviour Therapy), EMDR(Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing), Narrative Therapy.
Natasha has extensive experience working with people who experienced complex emotional, behavioural and social difficulties. She is an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with the AASW (Australian Association of Social Workers and qualified Systemic Family Therapist registered with AAFT (Australian Association of Family Therapy). Natasha has been working with the Department of Health Mental Health Services for many years as a Senior Social Worker. Further training includes Schema Therapy, Cognitive Behavioural theory, DBT (Dialectical Behaviour Therapy), EMDR(Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing), Narrative Therapy.
(08) 6490 9789 View (08) 6490 9789
Photo of Timothy Stephen Maher, Psychologist in Peel, WA
Timothy Stephen Maher
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Mandurah, WA 6210
I work with all adults aged 18 years and older via video health. Clients who see me may have difficulties with anxiety, depression, adjustment to life events, work-related challenges, relationship challenges, feeling stuck in life, or trying to make positive changes in their lives.
I work with all adults aged 18 years and older via video health. Clients who see me may have difficulties with anxiety, depression, adjustment to life events, work-related challenges, relationship challenges, feeling stuck in life, or trying to make positive changes in their lives.
(08) 6206 8602 View (08) 6206 8602

See more therapy options for Peel

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Peel, WA

30+

Average cost per session

$140

Counsellors in Peel, WA who prioritize treating:

78% Depression
78% Anxiety
72% Relationship Issues
72% Trauma and PTSD
69% Self Esteem
69% Stress
66% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

44% Bupa
44% NDIS
39% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in Peel, WA see their clients

88% In Person and Online
12% Online Only

Gender breakdown

87% Female
13% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Peel?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.