Counselling in Churchlands, WA

Photo of Finding Your Light, Counsellor in Churchlands, WA
Finding Your Light
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Churchlands, WA 6018  (Online Only)
I am a warm and compassionate counsellor who believes in the power of genuine connection and empathy. My down-to-earth approach, creates a welcoming space where clients can feel heard, understood, and accepted without judgment.
I am a warm and compassionate counsellor who believes in the power of genuine connection and empathy. My down-to-earth approach, creates a welcoming space where clients can feel heard, understood, and accepted without judgment.
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Photo of Rebecca Ng, Counsellor in Churchlands, WA
Rebecca Ng
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Churchlands, WA 6018
Feeling unheard and unseen? Frustrated with the way you (do or don’t) communicate with your partner, colleagues, family? Through counselling you can get the empathy and understanding you're longing for. Discover why you're feeling what you're feeling, AND what your unmet needs are. Reconcile with the parts of you that you resent by learning where your behaviour patterns come from and how they have been trying to protect you. Learn to communicate your feelings and needs assertively and compassionately, that will leave you feeling seen and heard.
Feeling unheard and unseen? Frustrated with the way you (do or don’t) communicate with your partner, colleagues, family? Through counselling you can get the empathy and understanding you're longing for. Discover why you're feeling what you're feeling, AND what your unmet needs are. Reconcile with the parts of you that you resent by learning where your behaviour patterns come from and how they have been trying to protect you. Learn to communicate your feelings and needs assertively and compassionately, that will leave you feeling seen and heard.
(08) 6490 9672 View (08) 6490 9672
Photo of Morrison James McQueen, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Morrison James McQueen
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Churchlands, WA 6018
Change is difficult. Morrison is experienced in supporting a range of clients through difficult and confronting times. With extensive experience in treating chronic pain, anxiety and mood issues in adults and teens, Morrison brings his Psychological experience from across the private and government settings to each indiviuals' unique situation. Morrison is passionate about supporting people navigating life with ADHD and Autism (ASD) and living a full and fulfilling life of meaning and value.
Change is difficult. Morrison is experienced in supporting a range of clients through difficult and confronting times. With extensive experience in treating chronic pain, anxiety and mood issues in adults and teens, Morrison brings his Psychological experience from across the private and government settings to each indiviuals' unique situation. Morrison is passionate about supporting people navigating life with ADHD and Autism (ASD) and living a full and fulfilling life of meaning and value.
(08) 6493 7436 View (08) 6493 7436
Photo of Wendy Holdaway, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Wendy Holdaway
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Churchlands, WA 6018
Wendy feels privileged to work with adults and older adults to navigate disruption in psychological wellness and life transitions across domains such as relationships, parenthood, career, health, illness, loss and ageing, as well as difficult relationships with food and eating and childhood trauma. Drawing on over 20 years of experience in health care, Wendy has particular interest in health - related psychology including preparing, adjusting and rehabilitation from illness, injury, and surgical procedures and supporting clients living with chronic health conditions and those in caregiving roles.
Wendy feels privileged to work with adults and older adults to navigate disruption in psychological wellness and life transitions across domains such as relationships, parenthood, career, health, illness, loss and ageing, as well as difficult relationships with food and eating and childhood trauma. Drawing on over 20 years of experience in health care, Wendy has particular interest in health - related psychology including preparing, adjusting and rehabilitation from illness, injury, and surgical procedures and supporting clients living with chronic health conditions and those in caregiving roles.
(08) 6490 9405 View (08) 6490 9405
Photo of Rose Stevens, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Rose Stevens
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Churchlands, WA 6018
Not accepting new clients
Rose Stevens is a Clinical Psychologist who is a Fellow of the Australian Psychological Society (APS) College of Clinical Psychologists. Rose has experience in working with children, adolescents and adults in the areas of anxiety, depression, trauma, PTSD, self-harm, phobias, health anxiety, adjustment issues, blended family difficulties, relationship challenges, pre and post-natal difficulties, sleep disorders, school transitions and school avoidance.
Rose Stevens is a Clinical Psychologist who is a Fellow of the Australian Psychological Society (APS) College of Clinical Psychologists. Rose has experience in working with children, adolescents and adults in the areas of anxiety, depression, trauma, PTSD, self-harm, phobias, health anxiety, adjustment issues, blended family difficulties, relationship challenges, pre and post-natal difficulties, sleep disorders, school transitions and school avoidance.
(08) 6490 9818 View (08) 6490 9818
Photo of Felicity Miller, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Felicity Miller
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Churchlands, WA 6018
Felicity is experienced in working alongside adults and adolescents who are experiencing distress in everyday life. She helps clients to develop a better understanding of the origins of problem behaviours so that they are able to make changes that go beyond symptom relief. Felicity’s areas of interest include eating disorders, interpersonal difficulties, personality issues, substance use issues, mood and anxiety disorders, domestic violence behaviours and relationship issues.
Felicity is experienced in working alongside adults and adolescents who are experiencing distress in everyday life. She helps clients to develop a better understanding of the origins of problem behaviours so that they are able to make changes that go beyond symptom relief. Felicity’s areas of interest include eating disorders, interpersonal difficulties, personality issues, substance use issues, mood and anxiety disorders, domestic violence behaviours and relationship issues.
(08) 6002 2787 View (08) 6002 2787
Photo of The Kindful Counsellor, Counsellor in Churchlands, WA
The Kindful Counsellor
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Churchlands, WA 6018
My name is Daniela Kolundzija, I am devoted to promoting kindness and mindfulness in every aspect of your therapeutic journey. Are you a woman who is feeling isolated and alone in your grief due to stressful life changes, eg. employment/career, relationships, living arrangements, physical and mental health? You are not alone. Change often requires us to lose someone or something. I am here to help you navigate through change, grief and loss in a safe and nurturing way, and offer effective strategies to cope so that you may find solace and resilience as you journey through grief.
My name is Daniela Kolundzija, I am devoted to promoting kindness and mindfulness in every aspect of your therapeutic journey. Are you a woman who is feeling isolated and alone in your grief due to stressful life changes, eg. employment/career, relationships, living arrangements, physical and mental health? You are not alone. Change often requires us to lose someone or something. I am here to help you navigate through change, grief and loss in a safe and nurturing way, and offer effective strategies to cope so that you may find solace and resilience as you journey through grief.
(08) 6245 0301 View (08) 6245 0301
Photo of Nadia Truong CARE Psychology Services , Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Nadia Truong CARE Psychology Services
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Churchlands, WA 6018
Nadia is a registered psychologist who places great emphasis on developing a therapeutic relationship with her clients and applies an individualised, client-centred approach to therapy. Her strengths-based approach helps clients to feel centred, affirmed, resilient and empowered so they can achieve potential personal growth. She is committed to a holistic approach to comprehensively address the various factors that may undermine a person’s resilience and sense of wellbeing. Nadia is also a Board Approved Supervisor with over 20 years of experience in the mental health sector.
Nadia is a registered psychologist who places great emphasis on developing a therapeutic relationship with her clients and applies an individualised, client-centred approach to therapy. Her strengths-based approach helps clients to feel centred, affirmed, resilient and empowered so they can achieve potential personal growth. She is committed to a holistic approach to comprehensively address the various factors that may undermine a person’s resilience and sense of wellbeing. Nadia is also a Board Approved Supervisor with over 20 years of experience in the mental health sector.
(08) 6219 3897 View (08) 6219 3897
Photo of Justine Spencer, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Justine Spencer
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
Churchlands, WA 6018
At Wisdom Wellness, our goal is to support you through understanding and interacting with your thoughts, emotions and actions more effectively. Our passion lies in assisting you to clarify the values that are truly important to you, moving you towards a more authentic, healthy and meaningful life. Our own values of authenticity, connection, integrity and wellness flow through all of our services. We will always provide a tailored, client-centred approach with the utmost care and compassion.
At Wisdom Wellness, our goal is to support you through understanding and interacting with your thoughts, emotions and actions more effectively. Our passion lies in assisting you to clarify the values that are truly important to you, moving you towards a more authentic, healthy and meaningful life. Our own values of authenticity, connection, integrity and wellness flow through all of our services. We will always provide a tailored, client-centred approach with the utmost care and compassion.
(08) 6490 9177 View (08) 6490 9177
Photo of Michelle Ryan-Gittens, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Michelle Ryan-Gittens
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Churchlands, WA 6018
Michelle is a Registered Psychologist with AHPRA and an assoc. member of Australian Psychological Society. She has twenty years experience working with children, adolescents and women and has been employed as a psychologist in schools, early intervention, parenting support, disabilities services and private practice.
Michelle is a Registered Psychologist with AHPRA and an assoc. member of Australian Psychological Society. She has twenty years experience working with children, adolescents and women and has been employed as a psychologist in schools, early intervention, parenting support, disabilities services and private practice.
(08) 6490 9083 View (08) 6490 9083
Photo of Paul McNeela, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Paul McNeela
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Churchlands, WA 6018
I'm comfortable working with teenagers to seniors. I welcome clients with life adjustment issues, depression, anxiety, social phobia, PTSD, borderline personality disorder, suicidal thoughts, ASD, ADHD and male MH issues. I have broad experience with individuals, couples and families. Clients perceive me as trustworthy, competent, knowledgeable, down to earth and approachable. I endeavour to explain psychological interventions and concepts in a collaborative manner that is accessible, jargon-free, easy to understand and relevant to clients' circumstances. Contact me by email, text or phone to gauge if I'll be a good fit for you.
I'm comfortable working with teenagers to seniors. I welcome clients with life adjustment issues, depression, anxiety, social phobia, PTSD, borderline personality disorder, suicidal thoughts, ASD, ADHD and male MH issues. I have broad experience with individuals, couples and families. Clients perceive me as trustworthy, competent, knowledgeable, down to earth and approachable. I endeavour to explain psychological interventions and concepts in a collaborative manner that is accessible, jargon-free, easy to understand and relevant to clients' circumstances. Contact me by email, text or phone to gauge if I'll be a good fit for you.
(08) 9468 7246 View (08) 9468 7246

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Regina Gerlach, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Regina Gerlach
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Marmion, WA 6020
In my private psychology practice I am working with adults who are experiencing anxiety, chronic pain, conflict, depression, stress and trauma. I am working with clients who are interested in a different way of relating to their experiences, and willing to taking steps between our sessions to practice and apply a particular way of being - being present. I am seeing individuals, couples and I am also offering group-based treatment (MBCT, MiCBT, MSC). It is very important that the client feels safe and connected to me as a clinician as this forms a secure base for working together and through difficulty.
In my private psychology practice I am working with adults who are experiencing anxiety, chronic pain, conflict, depression, stress and trauma. I am working with clients who are interested in a different way of relating to their experiences, and willing to taking steps between our sessions to practice and apply a particular way of being - being present. I am seeing individuals, couples and I am also offering group-based treatment (MBCT, MiCBT, MSC). It is very important that the client feels safe and connected to me as a clinician as this forms a secure base for working together and through difficulty.
(08) 6244 5498 View (08) 6244 5498
Photo of Elinor van Ommen, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Elinor van Ommen
Psychologist, PsychD, MAPS
Verified Verified
North Beach, WA 6020  (Online Only)
The ideal client is the one who is willing to bring their whole self into the therapeutic space. Firstly, they probably just want to feel better - and that is fair. Therapy usually starts right there in the very practical ground of alleviating distress. For some that is enough. Others, may want to continue the journey of personal grow to further explore patterns of behaviour and any obstacles that stand between them and their greatest potential.
The ideal client is the one who is willing to bring their whole self into the therapeutic space. Firstly, they probably just want to feel better - and that is fair. Therapy usually starts right there in the very practical ground of alleviating distress. For some that is enough. Others, may want to continue the journey of personal grow to further explore patterns of behaviour and any obstacles that stand between them and their greatest potential.
(08) 7078 8026 View (08) 7078 8026
Photo of Trina Marie Michailidis, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Trina Marie Michailidis
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Woodlands, WA 6018
I have been working in a professional, caring and sensitive way with individuals and families in private practice (and in their homes) for over twenty years treating a variety of complex mental health issues including stress, anxiety, depression, anger management, AD/HD, autism and women's issues. I have also been delivering the Parenting Together Program (PTP) into homes for over 15 years. PTP is an individualized early intervention program designed for 3-8 years to reduce child non-compliance and improve a secure child-parent attachment to promote and enhance positive long term social/emotional and behavioural outcomes.
I have been working in a professional, caring and sensitive way with individuals and families in private practice (and in their homes) for over twenty years treating a variety of complex mental health issues including stress, anxiety, depression, anger management, AD/HD, autism and women's issues. I have also been delivering the Parenting Together Program (PTP) into homes for over 15 years. PTP is an individualized early intervention program designed for 3-8 years to reduce child non-compliance and improve a secure child-parent attachment to promote and enhance positive long term social/emotional and behavioural outcomes.
(08) 7078 7655 View (08) 7078 7655
Photo of Rebecca Royle, Counsellor in Churchlands, WA
Rebecca Royle
Counsellor, CCAA Adv
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mirrabooka, WA 6061
Arukah Counselling and Family Therapy is owned and operated by myself. I am passionate about counselling and the therapeutic relationship. I do value sensitivity, integrity and respect for the client. I am also passionate about working with the individual, couples, children, adolescents and the entire family system to help bring healing and restoration of wholeness to the person and the family within a supportive, safe and caring environment. I do understand that our minds and family dynamics are complex and Individual Counselling and Family Therapy can assist and guide you to resolution and restoration with life's challenges.
Arukah Counselling and Family Therapy is owned and operated by myself. I am passionate about counselling and the therapeutic relationship. I do value sensitivity, integrity and respect for the client. I am also passionate about working with the individual, couples, children, adolescents and the entire family system to help bring healing and restoration of wholeness to the person and the family within a supportive, safe and caring environment. I do understand that our minds and family dynamics are complex and Individual Counselling and Family Therapy can assist and guide you to resolution and restoration with life's challenges.
(08) 6490 9069 View (08) 6490 9069
Photo of Kerryanne Miller, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Kerryanne Miller
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Karrinyup, WA 6018
Kerryanne (she/they) is a registered psychologist (AHPRA) and counsellor who has worked within community services for over 10 years including: LGBTQIA+ organisations, domestic violence refuges, Alcohol and Drug (AOD) youth rehabilitation and youth mental health. Their approach is compassion focused, attachment informed and focuses on increasing accessibility and supports for clients. Their counselling room uses soft lighting, has sensory/fidget items and Kerryanne can be seen via telehealth (for those who struggle to access the service in person).
Kerryanne (she/they) is a registered psychologist (AHPRA) and counsellor who has worked within community services for over 10 years including: LGBTQIA+ organisations, domestic violence refuges, Alcohol and Drug (AOD) youth rehabilitation and youth mental health. Their approach is compassion focused, attachment informed and focuses on increasing accessibility and supports for clients. Their counselling room uses soft lighting, has sensory/fidget items and Kerryanne can be seen via telehealth (for those who struggle to access the service in person).
(08) 6206 8054 View (08) 6206 8054
Photo of Dr Amanda Chng, Psychologist in Churchlands, WA
Dr Amanda Chng
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Stirling, WA 6021
Life can throw many difficult and challenging experiences at us all. In my practice, I am passionate about helping clients who have experienced traumatic events, complex histories, life transitions and adjustments, complex pain, and major health and medical challenges. Building ways of coping, learning strategies for dealing with life when it gets overwhelming, healing wounds from traumatic past events and finding positive ways of moving forward through the use of evidence based treatment techniques is my focus as a therapist.
Life can throw many difficult and challenging experiences at us all. In my practice, I am passionate about helping clients who have experienced traumatic events, complex histories, life transitions and adjustments, complex pain, and major health and medical challenges. Building ways of coping, learning strategies for dealing with life when it gets overwhelming, healing wounds from traumatic past events and finding positive ways of moving forward through the use of evidence based treatment techniques is my focus as a therapist.
(08) 6490 9074 View (08) 6490 9074
Photo of Healing Arts Psychotherapy and Counselling, Counsellor in Churchlands, WA
Healing Arts Psychotherapy and Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Balga, WA 6061
Finding a suitable therapist can be daunting and someone you connect with is important. I offer a safe space with no judgment to explore and gain mental health support & maximisation of well-being. Tailored to your needs and utilising creative process & expression, therapeutic art sessions can assist you to develop techniques and skills to achieve individualised goals. I bring extensive knowledge to our sessions, from general issues to challenging events. Specifically I understand the difficulties of anxiety, trauma, DV/IPV, PDA, ADHD, addiction and LGBTQI issues. Together we can work towards achievable goals and empowerment.
Finding a suitable therapist can be daunting and someone you connect with is important. I offer a safe space with no judgment to explore and gain mental health support & maximisation of well-being. Tailored to your needs and utilising creative process & expression, therapeutic art sessions can assist you to develop techniques and skills to achieve individualised goals. I bring extensive knowledge to our sessions, from general issues to challenging events. Specifically I understand the difficulties of anxiety, trauma, DV/IPV, PDA, ADHD, addiction and LGBTQI issues. Together we can work towards achievable goals and empowerment.
(08) 9509 6007 View (08) 9509 6007
Photo of Kasorn Campbell, Counsellor in Churchlands, WA
Kasorn Campbell
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Mirrabooka, WA 6061
I enjoy working with clients of all ages and backgrounds. As a counsellor, I have a desire to see people living life to the full. All counselling sessions are client-focused, confidential and goal-oriented. Sessions start with understanding the presenting issue, the impact this has on the client and what they hope to achieve through counselling. Together, during sessions, the issue is unpacked and I provide the client with tools and techniques to comprehend, cope and overcome the issue at hand. The goal is to help the client identify their inner strengths and become more resilient to life’s challenges.
I enjoy working with clients of all ages and backgrounds. As a counsellor, I have a desire to see people living life to the full. All counselling sessions are client-focused, confidential and goal-oriented. Sessions start with understanding the presenting issue, the impact this has on the client and what they hope to achieve through counselling. Together, during sessions, the issue is unpacked and I provide the client with tools and techniques to comprehend, cope and overcome the issue at hand. The goal is to help the client identify their inner strengths and become more resilient to life’s challenges.
(08) 6493 7873 View (08) 6493 7873
Photo of Derek Boylen, Counsellor in Churchlands, WA
Derek Boylen
Counsellor, MC, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Doubleview, WA 6018
Hi, I'm a practicing counsellor, as well as a lecturer in the Discipline of Counselling with the University of Notre Dame, Australia and Director of the Centre for Life, Marriage and Family and agency of the Catholic Archdiocese of Perth in Western Australia.
Hi, I'm a practicing counsellor, as well as a lecturer in the Discipline of Counselling with the University of Notre Dame, Australia and Director of the Centre for Life, Marriage and Family and agency of the Catholic Archdiocese of Perth in Western Australia.
(08) 6490 9752 View (08) 6490 9752

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Churchlands, WA

10+

Average cost per session

$200

Counsellors in Churchlands, WA who prioritize treating:

82% Depression
82% Self Esteem
73% Anxiety
73% Stress
64% Relationship Issues
64% Parenting
55% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% Medicare Rebates
50% Medibank Private
50% AHM Health

How Counsellors in Churchlands, WA see their clients

91% In Person and Online
9% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Churchlands?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.