Counselling in Carine, WA

Photo of Anita Blackwell, Counsellor in Carine, WA
Anita Blackwell
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
Carine, WA 6020
I am a Professional Counsellor who can assist you through current challenges that cause anxiety, depression or stress. I work with individuals, couples, families and groups. Specializing in early attachment, parenting, relationships, woman's health, perinatal issues (abortion and miscarriage), trauma and loss. Integrating various evidence-based therapies to deliver personally tailored sessions to your specific needs. I offer a safe, warm and supportive environment to help you explore your difficulties. My passion is supporting you on your journey forward in life.
I am a Professional Counsellor who can assist you through current challenges that cause anxiety, depression or stress. I work with individuals, couples, families and groups. Specializing in early attachment, parenting, relationships, woman's health, perinatal issues (abortion and miscarriage), trauma and loss. Integrating various evidence-based therapies to deliver personally tailored sessions to your specific needs. I offer a safe, warm and supportive environment to help you explore your difficulties. My passion is supporting you on your journey forward in life.
(08) 9521 4195 View (08) 9521 4195
Photo of Ronelle Olivier, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Ronelle Olivier
Psychologist, MPsych
Verified
Carine, WA 6020
"Choose courage over comfort. Choose whole hearts over armor. Choose the great adventure of being brave and afraid at the exact same time" - Brene Brown. My clients presents with the desire to be treated respectfully and as individuals. They want to improve their skill set in managing difficult emotions and become better at assessing information to make informed decisions about their life.
"Choose courage over comfort. Choose whole hearts over armor. Choose the great adventure of being brave and afraid at the exact same time" - Brene Brown. My clients presents with the desire to be treated respectfully and as individuals. They want to improve their skill set in managing difficult emotions and become better at assessing information to make informed decisions about their life.
(08) 7078 9514 View (08) 7078 9514
Photo of Lotte Fossland, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Lotte Fossland
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Carine, WA 6020
My name is Lotte, I work with teenagers, adults and elderly clients, specializing in childhood trauma/PTSD, anxiety and depression. I have a background in family counselling and find it very meaningful to explore intergenerational or parenting issues with my clients! I provide EMDR and Schema therapy and CBT for depression and anxiety. Recently I improved my skills in therapies to elderly (65+) clients, by providing more flexibility, being family- and support orientated. I would also like to see you if body image/low self-esteem, sexuality and gender issues are a challenge. I have been told I am a friendly and genuine psychologist!
My name is Lotte, I work with teenagers, adults and elderly clients, specializing in childhood trauma/PTSD, anxiety and depression. I have a background in family counselling and find it very meaningful to explore intergenerational or parenting issues with my clients! I provide EMDR and Schema therapy and CBT for depression and anxiety. Recently I improved my skills in therapies to elderly (65+) clients, by providing more flexibility, being family- and support orientated. I would also like to see you if body image/low self-esteem, sexuality and gender issues are a challenge. I have been told I am a friendly and genuine psychologist!
(08) 9473 6312 View (08) 9473 6312
Photo of Della Commons, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Della Commons
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified
Carine, WA 6020
Hi. My name is Della, I’m a Clinical Psychologist, and I assist adolescents through to older adults via: in-clinic visits, Telehealth sessions, or home visits. I help clients manage their psychological distress such as depression, anxiety, stress, or grief in association with various challenges around things like: health, relationship, family, separation, interpersonal/social, financial, accommodation, work, and study. My pledge: To provide an affordable quality service that will help you to improve your daily functioning, manage difficult personal issues, and maximise your potential for leading a more rich and fulfilling life.
Hi. My name is Della, I’m a Clinical Psychologist, and I assist adolescents through to older adults via: in-clinic visits, Telehealth sessions, or home visits. I help clients manage their psychological distress such as depression, anxiety, stress, or grief in association with various challenges around things like: health, relationship, family, separation, interpersonal/social, financial, accommodation, work, and study. My pledge: To provide an affordable quality service that will help you to improve your daily functioning, manage difficult personal issues, and maximise your potential for leading a more rich and fulfilling life.
(08) 7078 8124 View (08) 7078 8124
Photo of Tristan Stein Therapy & Wellbeing , Psychotherapist in Carine, WA
Tristan Stein Therapy & Wellbeing
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified
Carine, WA 6020
Painful events and transitions can make us feel like the ground has been pulled out from under us. Moving forwards can feel daunting. We can feel stuck, overwhelmed and fearful. It takes courage to reach out to find a supportive therapist who can help you recover (or uncover) your self-trust and confidence. I am committed to creating a collaborative space that honours your uniqueness. I will bring me – my presence, compassion, experience and perspective – and I invite you to bring you – wherever you are at. Together, we will meet your challenges, finding a way forward that reflects who you truly are and what you want from life.
Painful events and transitions can make us feel like the ground has been pulled out from under us. Moving forwards can feel daunting. We can feel stuck, overwhelmed and fearful. It takes courage to reach out to find a supportive therapist who can help you recover (or uncover) your self-trust and confidence. I am committed to creating a collaborative space that honours your uniqueness. I will bring me – my presence, compassion, experience and perspective – and I invite you to bring you – wherever you are at. Together, we will meet your challenges, finding a way forward that reflects who you truly are and what you want from life.
(08) 6219 3667 View (08) 6219 3667
Photo of Michelle Daw, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Michelle Daw
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Carine, WA 6020
I am committed to supporting young people and their families who are struggling with challenges socially, emotionally and mentally. My goal is to support you in understanding how to find help, develop individual strategies to manage these difficulties and know you are not alone! My workspace is designed to help you feel comfortable and safe, it is non-clinical and judgement free. My mission is connecting families through access to individual and group programs that nurture, validate and inspire.
I am committed to supporting young people and their families who are struggling with challenges socially, emotionally and mentally. My goal is to support you in understanding how to find help, develop individual strategies to manage these difficulties and know you are not alone! My workspace is designed to help you feel comfortable and safe, it is non-clinical and judgement free. My mission is connecting families through access to individual and group programs that nurture, validate and inspire.
(08) 7079 4515 View (08) 7079 4515
Photo of Crossway Counselling, Counsellor in Carine, WA
Crossway Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Carine, WA 6020
My ideal client is someone struggling with life. The struggle could be with marriage/relationship difficulties, anxiety, depression, working through trauma, grief and loss, self-esteem issues, or maybe they just need to talk through a concern, or a major life decision. Whatever the issue they are seeking a good and caring listener who will help them to set clear goals in order to move forward with their life. They are ready for change and the work that’s required to bring it about.
My ideal client is someone struggling with life. The struggle could be with marriage/relationship difficulties, anxiety, depression, working through trauma, grief and loss, self-esteem issues, or maybe they just need to talk through a concern, or a major life decision. Whatever the issue they are seeking a good and caring listener who will help them to set clear goals in order to move forward with their life. They are ready for change and the work that’s required to bring it about.
(08) 6206 8849 View (08) 6206 8849
Photo of Morrison James McQueen, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Morrison James McQueen
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
Carine, WA 6020
Change is difficult. Morrison is experienced in supporting a range of clients through difficult and confronting times. With extensive experience in treating chronic pain, anxiety and mood issues in teens and adults, Morrison brings his Psychological experience from across the private and government settings to each indiviuals' unique situation. Morrison is passionate about supporting people navigating life with ADHD and Autism (ASD) and living a full and fulfilling life of meaning and value.
Change is difficult. Morrison is experienced in supporting a range of clients through difficult and confronting times. With extensive experience in treating chronic pain, anxiety and mood issues in teens and adults, Morrison brings his Psychological experience from across the private and government settings to each indiviuals' unique situation. Morrison is passionate about supporting people navigating life with ADHD and Autism (ASD) and living a full and fulfilling life of meaning and value.
(08) 6493 7436 View (08) 6493 7436
Photo of Teresa Goddard, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Teresa Goddard
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Carine, WA 6020
As a Clinical Psychologist I have experience working with a range of mental health issues, like depression and anxiety disorders, personality disorders, anger and stress management, difficulties with self-esteem and self-compassion, disordered eating habits, adjustment difficulties, chronic illness, sleep difficulties, trauma and work-related issues. I pride myself on establishing a strong therapeutic alliance with clients of all ages and enjoy working from a person-centred and psychodynamic approach.
As a Clinical Psychologist I have experience working with a range of mental health issues, like depression and anxiety disorders, personality disorders, anger and stress management, difficulties with self-esteem and self-compassion, disordered eating habits, adjustment difficulties, chronic illness, sleep difficulties, trauma and work-related issues. I pride myself on establishing a strong therapeutic alliance with clients of all ages and enjoy working from a person-centred and psychodynamic approach.
(08) 6219 3860 View (08) 6219 3860
Photo of Renae Buckley, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Renae Buckley
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
2 Endorsed
Carine, WA 6020
Hi! I'm Renae. I'm 34 and love working as a therapist! I love empowering people to set boundaries and express their needs and to build self-love and kindness. I'm open-minded and flexible in my approach and offer a safe place to express yourself without judgement. I help make sense of your experience, to realise your potential and to move towards your goals. We will likely explore some of your past (at your own pace), to bring insight and clarity to your current difficulties and help you move forward.
Hi! I'm Renae. I'm 34 and love working as a therapist! I love empowering people to set boundaries and express their needs and to build self-love and kindness. I'm open-minded and flexible in my approach and offer a safe place to express yourself without judgement. I help make sense of your experience, to realise your potential and to move towards your goals. We will likely explore some of your past (at your own pace), to bring insight and clarity to your current difficulties and help you move forward.
(08) 6206 8146 View (08) 6206 8146

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Inner-Truth Counselling and Psychotherapy - Jenean, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carine, WA
Inner-Truth Counselling and Psychotherapy - Jenean
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified
Hillarys, WA 6025
Sessions available in Wembley or video. I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with over 20 years experience. I specialise in working with adolescents, youth, adults and trauma survivors including supporting repair of relational trauma. Graduating in 2003 with Masters and Diploma in Social Work. Other qualifications include Graduate Certificate in Mental Health, Certificate in Hypnotherapy, Diploma in Regression Therapy. Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (CCTP-II). I am a full member of the EMDR Association of Australia (EMDRAA) and can use EMDR to support trauma processing as well as transforming other issues.
Sessions available in Wembley or video. I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with over 20 years experience. I specialise in working with adolescents, youth, adults and trauma survivors including supporting repair of relational trauma. Graduating in 2003 with Masters and Diploma in Social Work. Other qualifications include Graduate Certificate in Mental Health, Certificate in Hypnotherapy, Diploma in Regression Therapy. Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (CCTP-II). I am a full member of the EMDR Association of Australia (EMDRAA) and can use EMDR to support trauma processing as well as transforming other issues.
(08) 9515 9849 View (08) 9515 9849
Photo of Marina Vaccaro, Counsellor in Carine, WA
Marina Vaccaro
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified
1 Endorsed
Warwick, WA 6024  (Online Only)
Emotional Birth Preparation, Birth Trauma healing and Postpartum emotional support are my expertise. With my experience in Counselling and Midwifery, I provide a warm and non-judgmental environment where clients can work towards their goals using a collaborative and strengths-based approach. I work with parents and individuals from a variety of backgrounds and pathways of life with the goal of empowering them in their journey called life. I can also speak Italian and German as I migrated here from Europe.
Emotional Birth Preparation, Birth Trauma healing and Postpartum emotional support are my expertise. With my experience in Counselling and Midwifery, I provide a warm and non-judgmental environment where clients can work towards their goals using a collaborative and strengths-based approach. I work with parents and individuals from a variety of backgrounds and pathways of life with the goal of empowering them in their journey called life. I can also speak Italian and German as I migrated here from Europe.
(08) 6206 8207 View (08) 6206 8207
Photo of Trina Marie Michailidis, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Trina Marie Michailidis
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Trigg, WA 6029
I have been working in a professional, caring and sensitive way with individuals and families in private practice (and in their homes) for over twenty years treating a variety of complex mental health issues including stress, anxiety, depression, anger management, AD/HD, autism and women's issues. I have also been delivering the Parenting Together Program (PTP) into homes for over 15 years. PTP is an individualized early intervention program designed for 3-8 years to reduce child non-compliance and improve a secure child-parent attachment to promote and enhance positive long term social/emotional and behavioural outcomes.
I have been working in a professional, caring and sensitive way with individuals and families in private practice (and in their homes) for over twenty years treating a variety of complex mental health issues including stress, anxiety, depression, anger management, AD/HD, autism and women's issues. I have also been delivering the Parenting Together Program (PTP) into homes for over 15 years. PTP is an individualized early intervention program designed for 3-8 years to reduce child non-compliance and improve a secure child-parent attachment to promote and enhance positive long term social/emotional and behavioural outcomes.
(08) 7078 7655 View (08) 7078 7655
Photo of Sherri Murphy, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Sherri Murphy
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Karrinyup, WA 6018
I am committed and driven to help individuals find solutions to increase well-being, connection, understanding and growth. My therapeutic approach is client-centered and collaborative and I take a holistic approach to therapy, integrating a broad spectrum of treatment modalities to suit the individual needs of clients.
I am committed and driven to help individuals find solutions to increase well-being, connection, understanding and growth. My therapeutic approach is client-centered and collaborative and I take a holistic approach to therapy, integrating a broad spectrum of treatment modalities to suit the individual needs of clients.
(08) 6490 9958 View (08) 6490 9958
Photo of Regina Gerlach, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Regina Gerlach
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Sorrento, WA 6020
Waitlist for new clients
In my private psychology practice I am working with adults who are experiencing anxiety, chronic pain, conflict, depression, stress and trauma. I am working with clients who are interested in a different way of relating to their experiences, and willing to taking steps between our sessions to practice and apply a particular way of being - being present. I am seeing individuals, couples and I am also offering group-based treatment (MBCT, MiCBT, MSC). It is very important that the client feels safe and connected to me as a clinician as this forms a secure base for working together and through difficulty.
In my private psychology practice I am working with adults who are experiencing anxiety, chronic pain, conflict, depression, stress and trauma. I am working with clients who are interested in a different way of relating to their experiences, and willing to taking steps between our sessions to practice and apply a particular way of being - being present. I am seeing individuals, couples and I am also offering group-based treatment (MBCT, MiCBT, MSC). It is very important that the client feels safe and connected to me as a clinician as this forms a secure base for working together and through difficulty.
(08) 6244 5498 View (08) 6244 5498
Photo of Kylie Mathieson, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Kylie Mathieson
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
North Beach, WA 6020
Kylie is well known for her holistic, down-to-earth and non-judgemental style. She has worked with clients across the developmental spectrum, using evidence-based approaches to support those impacted by anxiety, depression, mood fluctuations, autism, and ADHD. She also enjoys supporting the LGBTQIA+ community. Kylie has particular interests in helping individuals navigate difficult life transitions, adapt following diagnosis/illness, manage professional pressures; improve performance, and embed healthy lifestyle habits (e.g. movement, mindful awareness, sleep). Kylie has further qualifications in fitness and executive coaching.
Kylie is well known for her holistic, down-to-earth and non-judgemental style. She has worked with clients across the developmental spectrum, using evidence-based approaches to support those impacted by anxiety, depression, mood fluctuations, autism, and ADHD. She also enjoys supporting the LGBTQIA+ community. Kylie has particular interests in helping individuals navigate difficult life transitions, adapt following diagnosis/illness, manage professional pressures; improve performance, and embed healthy lifestyle habits (e.g. movement, mindful awareness, sleep). Kylie has further qualifications in fitness and executive coaching.
(08) 6556 9594 View (08) 6556 9594
Photo of Paula Nicolaou - Older Adult Psychology, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Paula Nicolaou - Older Adult Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Innaloo, WA 6018
I am an experienced Clinical Psychologist passionate about helping and empowering individuals 50 years and over to cope and heal from the challenges they face and achieve life fulfilment through enhanced mental health, connection, functioning and wellbeing. I offer a nurturing emotional space based in kindness, genuineness, openness and respect to facilitate compassionate reflection and meaningful growth.
I am an experienced Clinical Psychologist passionate about helping and empowering individuals 50 years and over to cope and heal from the challenges they face and achieve life fulfilment through enhanced mental health, connection, functioning and wellbeing. I offer a nurturing emotional space based in kindness, genuineness, openness and respect to facilitate compassionate reflection and meaningful growth.
(08) 6493 7335 View (08) 6493 7335
Photo of Andrea Walmsley Counselling, Counsellor in Carine, WA
Andrea Walmsley Counselling
Counsellor, MC, ACA-L2
Verified
1 Endorsed
Kallaroo, WA 6025
My ideal client faces issues like stress, anxiety, depression, relationship challenges, or career transitions. They are women, men, and teenagers from 15+ years of age who need a safe space to express themselves, gain insights, and develop coping strategies. Their goal is improved well-being, clarity, fulfillment, and purpose. They seek a counsellor who offers empathy, guidance, and empowerment. Through counselling, they aim for self-discovery, personal growth, and a greater sense of satisfaction in life.
My ideal client faces issues like stress, anxiety, depression, relationship challenges, or career transitions. They are women, men, and teenagers from 15+ years of age who need a safe space to express themselves, gain insights, and develop coping strategies. Their goal is improved well-being, clarity, fulfillment, and purpose. They seek a counsellor who offers empathy, guidance, and empowerment. Through counselling, they aim for self-discovery, personal growth, and a greater sense of satisfaction in life.
(08) 6206 8669 View (08) 6206 8669
Photo of Renn Cheah, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Renn Cheah
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA Endorsed
Verified
Duncraig, WA 6023
Do you find yourself stuck in that same unhealthy loop in life? Are you constantly distressed by "old stuff" and can't seem to free yourself from them? Do you feel embarrassed to talk to just any therapist about your issues? If you're ready to take the next step, I am happy to support you through this new chapter in your life. I believe you are the master of you and I am privileged to be the catalyst to the change that you are looking for.
Do you find yourself stuck in that same unhealthy loop in life? Are you constantly distressed by "old stuff" and can't seem to free yourself from them? Do you feel embarrassed to talk to just any therapist about your issues? If you're ready to take the next step, I am happy to support you through this new chapter in your life. I believe you are the master of you and I am privileged to be the catalyst to the change that you are looking for.
(08) 9468 7262 View (08) 9468 7262
Photo of Mary-Anne Wallace, Psychologist in Carine, WA
Mary-Anne Wallace
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Doubleview, WA 6018
I work with both individuals and couples. I enjoy assisting people to overcome the particular challenges they are facing and to achieve their goals. I aim to create an environment where my clients feel comfortable and safe to talk openly about what they want and where they feel understood and accepted. I listen to their unique story and respond in a warm empathic manner.
I work with both individuals and couples. I enjoy assisting people to overcome the particular challenges they are facing and to achieve their goals. I aim to create an environment where my clients feel comfortable and safe to talk openly about what they want and where they feel understood and accepted. I listen to their unique story and respond in a warm empathic manner.
(08) 6493 7906 View (08) 6493 7906

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Carine, WA

10+

Average cost per session

$197

Counsellors in Carine, WA who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
90% Depression
90% Self Esteem
90% Stress
80% Relationship Issues
70% Parenting
70% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Bupa
80% Medibank Private
60% Other

How Counsellors in Carine, WA see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Carine?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.