Counselling in Ascot, WA

Photo of Kristine Halls - Belmont & Byford Counselling, PACFA, Counsellor
Belmont & Byford Counselling
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Ascot, WA 6104
Kris has many years of experience working in the field of clinical and mental health. Her interests relate to understanding and helping people who have experienced trauma, self-esteem issues, grief and loss. Specifically, she has been involved in the treatment of children and adults who have been subject to various types of traumatic acute and chronic abuse. Abuse may lead to anxiety, depression, relationship and self-worth issues, for example. Traumatic events have been shown to have life-long consequences. These events often lead to poor quality of life and health-related conditions.
Kris has many years of experience working in the field of clinical and mental health. Her interests relate to understanding and helping people who have experienced trauma, self-esteem issues, grief and loss. Specifically, she has been involved in the treatment of children and adults who have been subject to various types of traumatic acute and chronic abuse. Abuse may lead to anxiety, depression, relationship and self-worth issues, for example. Traumatic events have been shown to have life-long consequences. These events often lead to poor quality of life and health-related conditions.
(08) 6206 8123 View (08) 6206 8123

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Oliver Aguilar, MA, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Oliver Aguilar
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Rivervale, WA 6103
The way I work is interactive, collaborative, intuitive, and respectful. I work analytically with my clients by investigating how early childhood experiences have shaped current thinking and behaviours. We explore the links between unconscious and conscious thoughts, symbolism, beliefs, emotions, desires, and how they impact daily life. The work lies within the unconscious to conscious links, how one relates to their world, allowing unspoken languages of the body to express deeply felt emotions and thought patterns. As your ‘story’ unfolds, together we work to find meanings, diverse perspectives, and solutions to your concerns.
The way I work is interactive, collaborative, intuitive, and respectful. I work analytically with my clients by investigating how early childhood experiences have shaped current thinking and behaviours. We explore the links between unconscious and conscious thoughts, symbolism, beliefs, emotions, desires, and how they impact daily life. The work lies within the unconscious to conscious links, how one relates to their world, allowing unspoken languages of the body to express deeply felt emotions and thought patterns. As your ‘story’ unfolds, together we work to find meanings, diverse perspectives, and solutions to your concerns.
(08) 7701 9507 View (08) 7701 9507
Photo of Kate Vandamme - Cherry Tree Counselling , MA, PACFA, Counsellor
Cherry Tree Counselling
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Victoria Park, WA 6100
Waitlist for new clients
Cherry Tree Counselling is a small, private and supportive service for children and adolescents in South Perth. My passion is to support children and adolescents with anxiety, emotional regulation and friendship skills. Having gained a Masters of Counselling from Monash University, a BA (Hons) in Education and a Post Graduate teaching degree, I am able to tailor sessions to your child's individual needs.
Cherry Tree Counselling is a small, private and supportive service for children and adolescents in South Perth. My passion is to support children and adolescents with anxiety, emotional regulation and friendship skills. Having gained a Masters of Counselling from Monash University, a BA (Hons) in Education and a Post Graduate teaching degree, I am able to tailor sessions to your child's individual needs.
(08) 7078 8281 View (08) 7078 8281
Photo of Rebecca Smith, ACA-L3, Counsellor
Rebecca Smith
Counsellor, ACA-L3
Verified Verified
Victoria Park, WA 6100
I offer trauma-informed counselling for people dealing with stress, anxiety, self-doubt, low self-esteem, relationship issues, grief and loss and life transitions.
I offer trauma-informed counselling for people dealing with stress, anxiety, self-doubt, low self-esteem, relationship issues, grief and loss and life transitions.
(08) 6493 7855 View (08) 6493 7855
Natasha Brockwell
Counsellor, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Maylands, WA 6051
I'm Tash – a passionate advocate for holistic well-being and self-discovery. With a diverse background in art therapy, counselling, and sexology, I've dedicated my career to helping individuals embrace their authentic selves and navigate the intricate landscape of human relationships and sexuality. Armed with a Master's in Sexology, I blend my expertise in counselling and sexuality to create a safe and open environment for people to explore their intimate lives. I'm a firm supporter of the LGBT+ community, striving to create inclusive spaces where everyone's identity is celebrated.
I'm Tash – a passionate advocate for holistic well-being and self-discovery. With a diverse background in art therapy, counselling, and sexology, I've dedicated my career to helping individuals embrace their authentic selves and navigate the intricate landscape of human relationships and sexuality. Armed with a Master's in Sexology, I blend my expertise in counselling and sexuality to create a safe and open environment for people to explore their intimate lives. I'm a firm supporter of the LGBT+ community, striving to create inclusive spaces where everyone's identity is celebrated.
(08) 6490 9332 View (08) 6490 9332
Photo of Mauro Lorrai, ACA-L4, Counsellor
Mauro Lorrai
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Maylands, WA 6051
I am a senior Clinical Psychotherapist/Counsellor 4 Level, a Certified Transactional Analyst (with the European Association for Transactional Analysis), an EMDR Therapist (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) and a qualified Hypnotherapist with ASHWA (Australian Society of Hypnosis Western Australia Branch Inc).
I am a senior Clinical Psychotherapist/Counsellor 4 Level, a Certified Transactional Analyst (with the European Association for Transactional Analysis), an EMDR Therapist (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) and a qualified Hypnotherapist with ASHWA (Australian Society of Hypnosis Western Australia Branch Inc).
(08) 6490 9762 View (08) 6490 9762
Photo of Dr Karen Brooker, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Dr Karen Brooker
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Maylands, WA 6051
I am currently taking referrals for Neuropsychological assessment. I am an endorsed Clinical Neuropsychologist and Clinical Psychologist who has conducted assessments both internationally and within remote and rural Australia. I have worked both in the public sector, non-government agencies, and in private practice. I conduct neuropsychological assessments for individuals, legal firms, government & insurance agencies and medical professionals including psychiatrists. I assess children from the age of 8 and adolescents, adults and older adults. I have availability beginning February 2023.
I am currently taking referrals for Neuropsychological assessment. I am an endorsed Clinical Neuropsychologist and Clinical Psychologist who has conducted assessments both internationally and within remote and rural Australia. I have worked both in the public sector, non-government agencies, and in private practice. I conduct neuropsychological assessments for individuals, legal firms, government & insurance agencies and medical professionals including psychiatrists. I assess children from the age of 8 and adolescents, adults and older adults. I have availability beginning February 2023.
(08) 7079 4201 View (08) 7079 4201
Photo of David James Parrick - WA Psychology and Wellness, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
WA Psychology and Wellness
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Victoria Park, WA 6100
Waitlist for new clients
My practice is LGBTQI+ affirmative. I have a special interest in working with gender identity and I am able to support adolescents & adults exploring their preferred gender identification, including assisting with the transition process. I see people with a wide range of issues including depression, anxiety (phobias, social and generalised anxiety), trauma, worry and rumination, men’s health (including sexual health) and relationship difficulties (either individually or as part of couples therapy). Additionally, I work with adolescents and young adults with conduct issues who are in, or at risk of, contact with the justice system.
My practice is LGBTQI+ affirmative. I have a special interest in working with gender identity and I am able to support adolescents & adults exploring their preferred gender identification, including assisting with the transition process. I see people with a wide range of issues including depression, anxiety (phobias, social and generalised anxiety), trauma, worry and rumination, men’s health (including sexual health) and relationship difficulties (either individually or as part of couples therapy). Additionally, I work with adolescents and young adults with conduct issues who are in, or at risk of, contact with the justice system.
(08) 7078 7028 View (08) 7078 7028
Photo of Dasha Lvov, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Dasha Lvov
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Victoria Park, WA 6100
I am a Registered Psychologist, having obtained my Psychology qualifications at the University of Melbourne and Murdoch University. My clinical experience commenced as a Behavioural Therapist working with children on the autism spectrum; then branching into high-complexity adult presentations in forensics, community alcohol and drug setting, trauma and private practice. I feel a sense of honour to be part of a therapeutic space where a person can feel safe to reflect, explore challenges, and recharge.
I am a Registered Psychologist, having obtained my Psychology qualifications at the University of Melbourne and Murdoch University. My clinical experience commenced as a Behavioural Therapist working with children on the autism spectrum; then branching into high-complexity adult presentations in forensics, community alcohol and drug setting, trauma and private practice. I feel a sense of honour to be part of a therapeutic space where a person can feel safe to reflect, explore challenges, and recharge.
(08) 6493 7205 View (08) 6493 7205
Photo of Amanda Casselton, MA, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Amanda Casselton
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Maylands, WA 6051  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I believe psychotherapy should identify core issues and begin to make a difference right from the start. My approach is underpinned by my belief that a strong therapeutic relationship is a driving factor in positive change.
I believe psychotherapy should identify core issues and begin to make a difference right from the start. My approach is underpinned by my belief that a strong therapeutic relationship is a driving factor in positive change.
(08) 6493 7140 View (08) 6493 7140
Photo of Josephine Thien - Interconnect Therapy, MSc, AAFT, Psychotherapist
Interconnect Therapy
Psychotherapist, MSc, AAFT
Verified Verified
East Victoria Park, WA 6101
Families, couples and individuals seek my services because they want help to express and explore difficult thoughts and emotions safely, they want to understand each other’s experiences and views, appreciate each other’s needs, build on strengths and make useful changes in their relationships and their lives. My clients often comment that my sessions have provided them an opportunity to reflect on themselves and how they interact in their relationships which helps them understand their own behaviours better, thus finding ways forward - either as an individual or as a couple and family.
Families, couples and individuals seek my services because they want help to express and explore difficult thoughts and emotions safely, they want to understand each other’s experiences and views, appreciate each other’s needs, build on strengths and make useful changes in their relationships and their lives. My clients often comment that my sessions have provided them an opportunity to reflect on themselves and how they interact in their relationships which helps them understand their own behaviours better, thus finding ways forward - either as an individual or as a couple and family.
(08) 7701 9554 View (08) 7701 9554
Photo of Morrison James McQueen, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Morrison James McQueen
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Victoria Park, WA 6100
Change is difficult. Morrison is experienced in supporting a range of clients through difficult and confronting times. With extensive experience in treating chronic pain, anxiety and mood issues in adults and teens, Morrison brings his Psychological experience from across the private and government settings to each indiviuals' unique situation. Morrison is passionate about supporting people navigating life with ADHD and Autism (ASD) and living a full and fulfilling life of meaning and value.
Change is difficult. Morrison is experienced in supporting a range of clients through difficult and confronting times. With extensive experience in treating chronic pain, anxiety and mood issues in adults and teens, Morrison brings his Psychological experience from across the private and government settings to each indiviuals' unique situation. Morrison is passionate about supporting people navigating life with ADHD and Autism (ASD) and living a full and fulfilling life of meaning and value.
(08) 6493 7436 View (08) 6493 7436
Photo of Julie Bartoli - MoveMind Counselling, ACA-L1, Counsellor
MoveMind Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
East Perth, WA 6004
Do you feel like your thoughts impact your daily life, and you need a positive solution to your problem ? Are you willing to embrace the life that is aligned with you ? Sometimes we just need a different point of view, as well as help to change our thoughts. I offer support to help you moving and adjusting your mind to a better life pattern. By working together, I will support you in identifying your own answer and give you tools to make you able to work and deal with your challenging time. You will understand the reason for the challenges you are facing in your life and which action is needed to improve your life.
Do you feel like your thoughts impact your daily life, and you need a positive solution to your problem ? Are you willing to embrace the life that is aligned with you ? Sometimes we just need a different point of view, as well as help to change our thoughts. I offer support to help you moving and adjusting your mind to a better life pattern. By working together, I will support you in identifying your own answer and give you tools to make you able to work and deal with your challenging time. You will understand the reason for the challenges you are facing in your life and which action is needed to improve your life.
(08) 6490 9921 View (08) 6490 9921
Photo of Rebecca Eaton, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Rebecca Eaton
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Maylands, WA 6051
Rebecca is an endorsed Clinical Psychologist with extensive experience working with children, parents and families since 2008. Her 14 years of experience in using attachment frameworks and providing strengths-based supports has helped families to celebrate their wonderful moments while navigating their unique challenges. In particular, Rebecca cares deeply about supporting children, siblings and parents navigating the joys and challenges of autism spectrum disorder or developmental delay. Rebecca seeks to understand your story and work with you to improve your relationships in order to live a more meaningful and fulfilling life.
Rebecca is an endorsed Clinical Psychologist with extensive experience working with children, parents and families since 2008. Her 14 years of experience in using attachment frameworks and providing strengths-based supports has helped families to celebrate their wonderful moments while navigating their unique challenges. In particular, Rebecca cares deeply about supporting children, siblings and parents navigating the joys and challenges of autism spectrum disorder or developmental delay. Rebecca seeks to understand your story and work with you to improve your relationships in order to live a more meaningful and fulfilling life.
(08) 6493 7989 View (08) 6493 7989
Photo of Sam Khankhalili, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Sam Khankhalili
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Victoria Park, WA 6100
Sam is the Clinical Director and Registered Psychologist at the South Perth Clear Health Psychology. Sam enjoys working with Adults, Children and athletes. He also takes pride in tackling a wide range of presentations including anxiety, depression, stress, grief, anger, interpersonal difficulties, drugs and alcohol challenges, relationship issues and sports related anxiety. Sam’s purpose is to drive and change people’s perspectives towards mental health as he believes that in order to have the best potential to be the finest version of ourselves, we should have techniques to channel our inner strengths and grow from challenges.
Sam is the Clinical Director and Registered Psychologist at the South Perth Clear Health Psychology. Sam enjoys working with Adults, Children and athletes. He also takes pride in tackling a wide range of presentations including anxiety, depression, stress, grief, anger, interpersonal difficulties, drugs and alcohol challenges, relationship issues and sports related anxiety. Sam’s purpose is to drive and change people’s perspectives towards mental health as he believes that in order to have the best potential to be the finest version of ourselves, we should have techniques to channel our inner strengths and grow from challenges.
(08) 6490 9995 View (08) 6490 9995
Photo of Dr Nicola Flood, PhD, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Dr Nicola Flood
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
East Victoria Park, WA 6101
Nicola is endorsed as a Clinical Psychologist with AHPRA and has worked with individuals in inpatient, outpatient, and community settings both in the public and private sectors. Nicola is a warm, compassionate, and dedicated clinician who uses a person-centred approach in which treatment is collaboratively tailored to the individual. Nicola has also had extensive experience working with individuals who have experienced trauma and as such, uses a trauma-informed approach to create a supportive, non-judgemental, and safe environment.
Nicola is endorsed as a Clinical Psychologist with AHPRA and has worked with individuals in inpatient, outpatient, and community settings both in the public and private sectors. Nicola is a warm, compassionate, and dedicated clinician who uses a person-centred approach in which treatment is collaboratively tailored to the individual. Nicola has also had extensive experience working with individuals who have experienced trauma and as such, uses a trauma-informed approach to create a supportive, non-judgemental, and safe environment.
(08) 6490 9058 View (08) 6490 9058
Photo of Karen Barnes, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Karen Barnes
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Perth Airport, WA 6105  (Online Only)
Karen is an Australian Registered Psychologist with a range of experience over clinical, vocational, and more complex settings. As well as holding full APS membership, she is also a member of the Positive Psychology, Trauma and Psychology, and Intellectual Disability and Autism groups. With a passion for Individuality and Neurodiversity, she applies this approach to every unique individual she works with to explore and develop the person’s strengths and talents to assist in empowering them to achieve their goals.
Karen is an Australian Registered Psychologist with a range of experience over clinical, vocational, and more complex settings. As well as holding full APS membership, she is also a member of the Positive Psychology, Trauma and Psychology, and Intellectual Disability and Autism groups. With a passion for Individuality and Neurodiversity, she applies this approach to every unique individual she works with to explore and develop the person’s strengths and talents to assist in empowering them to achieve their goals.
1800 327 477 View 1800 327 477
Photo of Natalie Campbell, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Natalie Campbell
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Maylands, WA 6051
I work with all individuals aged 18 and up. I have been working in private practice for a number of years, and prior to this, I have worked in a corporate environment and within corrections settings, which has allowed me to be proficient at helping with a large range of issues that may bring you to counselling - whether these be within your relationship/s, stressors within your workplace, or stemming from your childhood. I am passionate about working with the queer community, the vegan community, and those who are in minority groups.
I work with all individuals aged 18 and up. I have been working in private practice for a number of years, and prior to this, I have worked in a corporate environment and within corrections settings, which has allowed me to be proficient at helping with a large range of issues that may bring you to counselling - whether these be within your relationship/s, stressors within your workplace, or stemming from your childhood. I am passionate about working with the queer community, the vegan community, and those who are in minority groups.
View
Photo of Shamira Edwards, MA, PsyBA Prov, Psychologist
Shamira Edwards
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA Prov
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Victoria Park, WA 6100
Shamira is a clinical hypnotherapist, marriage and relationship counsellor and leadership coach. She is passionate about working with clients with ADHD for assessment and therapy, people with relationship issues and anxiety and phobias. Her training in rapid transformation therapy enables her to blend psychotherapy and hypnotic principles in therapy and hypnosis sessions to help clients resolve underlying emotional blockages and transform their lives. Shamira is a seasoned leadership coach in the field, providing guidance and support to managers and leaders navigating complex emotional issues in their professional and personal space
Shamira is a clinical hypnotherapist, marriage and relationship counsellor and leadership coach. She is passionate about working with clients with ADHD for assessment and therapy, people with relationship issues and anxiety and phobias. Her training in rapid transformation therapy enables her to blend psychotherapy and hypnotic principles in therapy and hypnosis sessions to help clients resolve underlying emotional blockages and transform their lives. Shamira is a seasoned leadership coach in the field, providing guidance and support to managers and leaders navigating complex emotional issues in their professional and personal space
(08) 6493 7917 View (08) 6493 7917
Photo of William Macaulay Counselling Perth, AMHSW, Psychotherapist
William Macaulay Counselling Perth
Psychotherapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Victoria Park, WA 6100
Are you experiencing unhappiness, stress, or persistent low moods in your life? Or, maybe you're not getting along with someone important to you? Living with these issues can be hard, but hope for a better future exists. Talking with a skilled therapist can be an invaluable way to address, manage, and gain insights into your struggles. As a caring and respectful therapist, I provide professional counselling services with a warm and empathetic approach. My aim is to equip you with the tools and support necessary to overcome life's challenges and thrive.
Are you experiencing unhappiness, stress, or persistent low moods in your life? Or, maybe you're not getting along with someone important to you? Living with these issues can be hard, but hope for a better future exists. Talking with a skilled therapist can be an invaluable way to address, manage, and gain insights into your struggles. As a caring and respectful therapist, I provide professional counselling services with a warm and empathetic approach. My aim is to equip you with the tools and support necessary to overcome life's challenges and thrive.
(08) 7078 8394 View (08) 7078 8394

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Ascot, WA

< 10

Counsellors in Ascot, WA who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Bereavement
100% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Dissociative Disorders (DID)

Average years in practice

17 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Other
100% Bupa
100% Defence Health

How Counsellors in Ascot, WA see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Ascot?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.