Counselling in Watsonia, VIC

Photo of Kristin Rogers- Tranquility Psychology , Psychologist in Watsonia, VIC
Kristin Rogers- Tranquility Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Watsonia, VIC 3087
Kristin enjoys supporting a range of individuals across the lifespan including children (aged 3 years and over), adolescents, adults, and older adults. Kristin has a particular interest in supporting neurodivergent individuals and their supporters across the lifespan. Kristin’s varied experience in community settings (family violence, addiction, mental health, disability), private practice and school settings (primary and secondary) helps her further understand how an individual’s life experiences intersect and impact wellbeing.
Kristin enjoys supporting a range of individuals across the lifespan including children (aged 3 years and over), adolescents, adults, and older adults. Kristin has a particular interest in supporting neurodivergent individuals and their supporters across the lifespan. Kristin’s varied experience in community settings (family violence, addiction, mental health, disability), private practice and school settings (primary and secondary) helps her further understand how an individual’s life experiences intersect and impact wellbeing.
(03) 8400 0836 View (03) 8400 0836
Photo of Compassion, Hope & Resilience Counselling, Counsellor in Watsonia, VIC
Compassion, Hope & Resilience Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
1 Endorsed
Watsonia, VIC 3087
I understand that it can be difficult to make the decision to see a counsellor, especially when you feel so vulnerable. I am here to listen and gently encourage you to tell your story. I’m interested in finding out what’s happened to you, not what’s ‘wrong’ with you. Counselling isn’t about learning to think positively or exercising greater self-discipline, it’s about starting to really listen to what your instincts are telling you.
I understand that it can be difficult to make the decision to see a counsellor, especially when you feel so vulnerable. I am here to listen and gently encourage you to tell your story. I’m interested in finding out what’s happened to you, not what’s ‘wrong’ with you. Counselling isn’t about learning to think positively or exercising greater self-discipline, it’s about starting to really listen to what your instincts are telling you.
(03) 8400 0885 View (03) 8400 0885
Photo of Banksia Art Therapy - Natalie Greggor, Psychotherapist in Watsonia, VIC
Banksia Art Therapy - Natalie Greggor
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified
Watsonia, VIC 3087
In my role as a creative arts therapist, I adopt a holistic approach that embraces both the mind and body. My purpose is to collaboratively cultivate a welcoming, genuine, non-judgmental, secure, and safe environment. This space is designed to empower you to embark on your therapeutic journey. My approach is centred on you as an individual, with our work together evolving session by session based on your unique needs.
In my role as a creative arts therapist, I adopt a holistic approach that embraces both the mind and body. My purpose is to collaboratively cultivate a welcoming, genuine, non-judgmental, secure, and safe environment. This space is designed to empower you to embark on your therapeutic journey. My approach is centred on you as an individual, with our work together evolving session by session based on your unique needs.
(03) 8400 0672 View (03) 8400 0672
Photo of Jaya Narayan, Psychotherapist in Watsonia, VIC
Jaya Narayan
Psychotherapist, MA, ACA-L4
Verified
Watsonia, VIC 3087
My name is Jaya (She/Her). I am a body-oriented, neuroscience-affirming & culturally attuned Melbourne (Narrm) based psychotherapist. I specialise in supporting those with the lived experience of Complex Trauma, Chronic Stress, Anxiety and Cultural burnout. Trauma-informed frameworks guide me in engaging with humans (14+). My clients feel seen, heard and validated in my presence. My practice intersects and integrates expressive art(s), Psychodrama, somatics and group processes. My focus is on supporting clients to meet life challenges with ease and nourish their sense of sense, including feeling safe in the body.
My name is Jaya (She/Her). I am a body-oriented, neuroscience-affirming & culturally attuned Melbourne (Narrm) based psychotherapist. I specialise in supporting those with the lived experience of Complex Trauma, Chronic Stress, Anxiety and Cultural burnout. Trauma-informed frameworks guide me in engaging with humans (14+). My clients feel seen, heard and validated in my presence. My practice intersects and integrates expressive art(s), Psychodrama, somatics and group processes. My focus is on supporting clients to meet life challenges with ease and nourish their sense of sense, including feeling safe in the body.
(03) 8338 1858 View (03) 8338 1858
Photo of Rachel Drysdale, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Watsonia, VIC
Rachel Drysdale
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Watsonia, VIC 3087
Rachel Drysdale is an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with more than ten years' experience working with children, adolescents, adults and families across the child protection, education and mental health fields. Rachel works with people experiencing a wide range of challenges, including: depression, anxiety, trauma, stress, grief and loss, bullying, life transitions, family and relationship issues.
Rachel Drysdale is an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with more than ten years' experience working with children, adolescents, adults and families across the child protection, education and mental health fields. Rachel works with people experiencing a wide range of challenges, including: depression, anxiety, trauma, stress, grief and loss, bullying, life transitions, family and relationship issues.
(03) 8400 0957 View (03) 8400 0957
Photo of Curam Psychology, Psychologist in Watsonia, VIC
Curam Psychology
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified
Watsonia, VIC 3087
My approach to working with clients is collaborative and caring. I believe that the relationship between a client and therapist is one of the most important factors to successful therapy and building a strong, trusting foundation is key. I really enjoy supporting people to work through the emotional blocks which are preventing them from living their fullest life. The focus of my work is usually around developing an understanding a client's story and their unmet needs, supporting them to meet those needs, develop compassion for themselves, and cope with challenges.
My approach to working with clients is collaborative and caring. I believe that the relationship between a client and therapist is one of the most important factors to successful therapy and building a strong, trusting foundation is key. I really enjoy supporting people to work through the emotional blocks which are preventing them from living their fullest life. The focus of my work is usually around developing an understanding a client's story and their unmet needs, supporting them to meet those needs, develop compassion for themselves, and cope with challenges.
(03) 8400 0893 View (03) 8400 0893

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Seventh Wave Psychology, Psychologist in Watsonia, VIC
Seventh Wave Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Heidelberg, VIC 3084
With a focus on helping people achieve their best, Seventh Wave Psychology provides mental health care and psychology skills training to a diverse variety of groups and individuals, including athletes, adults, and adolescents (aged 16+).
With a focus on helping people achieve their best, Seventh Wave Psychology provides mental health care and psychology skills training to a diverse variety of groups and individuals, including athletes, adults, and adolescents (aged 16+).
(03) 8400 0205 View (03) 8400 0205
Photo of Lauren Pennacchia, Psychologist in Watsonia, VIC
Lauren Pennacchia
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Briar Hill, VIC 3088
Waitlist for new clients
Lauren is a psychologist who works with children, adolescents and young adults. Lauren has extensive experience and has worked in hospital settings, a juvenile detention centre and private practice. She has a widespread of knowledge in diagnosis and treatment and aims to bring a warm, empathetic and collaborative approach to therapy. Lauren uses a range of therapeutic frameworks to tailor treatment to each individual. These frameworks include: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Solution Focused Therapy (SFT), Client Centred Play Therapy (CCPT) and Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT).
Lauren is a psychologist who works with children, adolescents and young adults. Lauren has extensive experience and has worked in hospital settings, a juvenile detention centre and private practice. She has a widespread of knowledge in diagnosis and treatment and aims to bring a warm, empathetic and collaborative approach to therapy. Lauren uses a range of therapeutic frameworks to tailor treatment to each individual. These frameworks include: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Solution Focused Therapy (SFT), Client Centred Play Therapy (CCPT) and Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT).
(03) 8400 0027 View (03) 8400 0027
Photo of Tim Rancie, Psychologist in Watsonia, VIC
Tim Rancie
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Heidelberg, VIC 3084  (Online Only)
Tim is a registered psychologist and member of the Australian Psychological Society with over a decade of experience across crisis and clinical settings. He has worked with individuals and couples from varied backgrounds on a wide range of problems, from common issues to more complex and long-standing concerns.
Tim is a registered psychologist and member of the Australian Psychological Society with over a decade of experience across crisis and clinical settings. He has worked with individuals and couples from varied backgrounds on a wide range of problems, from common issues to more complex and long-standing concerns.
1800 327 477 View 1800 327 477
Photo of Phoebe Detering - Elysium Psychology, Psychologist in Watsonia, VIC
Phoebe Detering - Elysium Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
Greensborough, VIC 3088
Clinic phone number - 0491 709 555 Phoebe (she/her) is a warm and friendly psychologist and board approved supervisor. She works collaboratively with her clients to achieve their goals and focuses on building a strong therapeutic relationship.
Clinic phone number - 0491 709 555 Phoebe (she/her) is a warm and friendly psychologist and board approved supervisor. She works collaboratively with her clients to achieve their goals and focuses on building a strong therapeutic relationship.
0491 709 555 View 0491 709 555
Photo of Natascha Newton, Counsellor in Watsonia, VIC
Natascha Newton
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Diamond Creek, VIC 3089
At Rise Wellbeing we are driven by the desire to find and offer the best supports to match the needs of our clients, to give back to others and to provide affordable counselling and education services to the community. I am driven to support my clients with evidence based practice and an encouraging and person centered approach. Rise wellbeing is an NDIS registered businedd. We are able to support NDIS participants who are seeking Counselling.
At Rise Wellbeing we are driven by the desire to find and offer the best supports to match the needs of our clients, to give back to others and to provide affordable counselling and education services to the community. I am driven to support my clients with evidence based practice and an encouraging and person centered approach. Rise wellbeing is an NDIS registered businedd. We are able to support NDIS participants who are seeking Counselling.
(03) 8595 5028 View (03) 8595 5028
Photo of Kim Maloney, Counsellor in Watsonia, VIC
Kim Maloney
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Diamond Creek, VIC 3089
Sometimes in our lives we experience low self esteem, tricky situations, or feel that we are at a cross roads. We can experience difficulties in the relationships we value most. Counselling helps provide a space for you to explore those issues that are troubling you. We can consider ideas and strategies to give you greater clarity about what it is you want; and help you find the pathway forward. I work across age groups and look forward to supporting you achieve your goals.
Sometimes in our lives we experience low self esteem, tricky situations, or feel that we are at a cross roads. We can experience difficulties in the relationships we value most. Counselling helps provide a space for you to explore those issues that are troubling you. We can consider ideas and strategies to give you greater clarity about what it is you want; and help you find the pathway forward. I work across age groups and look forward to supporting you achieve your goals.
(03) 9070 3611 View (03) 9070 3611
Photo of Sarah Brooke, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Watsonia, VIC
Sarah Brooke
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Rosanna, VIC 3084
Sarah is a Somatic Psychotherapist and Art Therapist with specialist training in complex trauma. She has worked in this field for over 15 years. She has professional training in mindfulness-based somatic psychotherapy (Hakomi), Internal Family Systems (IFS) and Sensorimotor Art Therapy. Sarah has a passion for engagement with nature as a resource and inspiration, as well as using creativity, humour and compassionate curiosity. Her approach is strongly influenced by attachment and trauma theories, and therefore relationship is seen as key in the therapeutic process.
Sarah is a Somatic Psychotherapist and Art Therapist with specialist training in complex trauma. She has worked in this field for over 15 years. She has professional training in mindfulness-based somatic psychotherapy (Hakomi), Internal Family Systems (IFS) and Sensorimotor Art Therapy. Sarah has a passion for engagement with nature as a resource and inspiration, as well as using creativity, humour and compassionate curiosity. Her approach is strongly influenced by attachment and trauma theories, and therefore relationship is seen as key in the therapeutic process.
(03) 9068 6031 View (03) 9068 6031
Photo of Aneka Srinivasan - Elysium Psychology, Psychologist in Watsonia, VIC
Aneka Srinivasan - Elysium Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Greensborough, VIC 3088
*** Elysium Psychology Contact Number: 0491 709 555 or 0455 709 555*** Aneka Srinivasan (she/her) is a Psychologist who fosters an empathetic and open approach. She believes in working in a client-centred way, including working in collaboration with individuals to achieve their therapy goals and potential. Aneka ensures clients are listened to and provides a safe space where they can work through their limiting beliefs. Aneka's therapy modality interests lie with Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Humanistic approaches and Solution Focused Therapy.
*** Elysium Psychology Contact Number: 0491 709 555 or 0455 709 555*** Aneka Srinivasan (she/her) is a Psychologist who fosters an empathetic and open approach. She believes in working in a client-centred way, including working in collaboration with individuals to achieve their therapy goals and potential. Aneka ensures clients are listened to and provides a safe space where they can work through their limiting beliefs. Aneka's therapy modality interests lie with Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Humanistic approaches and Solution Focused Therapy.
(03) 8400 0427 View (03) 8400 0427
Photo of Daniela Miszkinis, Counsellor & Art Therapist., Counsellor in Watsonia, VIC
Daniela Miszkinis, Counsellor & Art Therapist.
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L4
Verified
1 Endorsed
Heidelberg, VIC 3084
I am a Holistic Counsellor with specialisation in Art Therapy (Master of Art Therapy, La Trobe Uni) and Clinical Counselling & Supervision (ACA). I am a registered NDIS Provider. My areas of expertise include: DBT-informed Art Therapy and Jungian psychodynamic client-centred methods. My holistic approach supports the whole person, not just mental health needs. I consider physical, emotional, social and spiritual wellbeing of my clients. I strive to create a space in which my clients can rediscover their own innate healing power, in order to bring about a feeling of wholeness and integrity.
I am a Holistic Counsellor with specialisation in Art Therapy (Master of Art Therapy, La Trobe Uni) and Clinical Counselling & Supervision (ACA). I am a registered NDIS Provider. My areas of expertise include: DBT-informed Art Therapy and Jungian psychodynamic client-centred methods. My holistic approach supports the whole person, not just mental health needs. I consider physical, emotional, social and spiritual wellbeing of my clients. I strive to create a space in which my clients can rediscover their own innate healing power, in order to bring about a feeling of wholeness and integrity.
(03) 7003 2809 View (03) 7003 2809
Photo of Denise Zammit, Psychologist in Watsonia, VIC
Denise Zammit
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Heidelberg, VIC 3084
Coming to therapy takes courage, so I will do my best to make it a collaborative and positive experience. I aim to encourage growth. I can help with anxiety, mood issues, psychological trauma, postpartum issues, life-stage transitions, sexuality and gender concerns, substance use issues, other unhelpful coping, relationships/attachment, burnout/ workplace stress. I'm committed to helping you heal from the past, recognise self-defeating patterns, work toward regaining a sense of control, and a more optimistic sense of the future.
Coming to therapy takes courage, so I will do my best to make it a collaborative and positive experience. I aim to encourage growth. I can help with anxiety, mood issues, psychological trauma, postpartum issues, life-stage transitions, sexuality and gender concerns, substance use issues, other unhelpful coping, relationships/attachment, burnout/ workplace stress. I'm committed to helping you heal from the past, recognise self-defeating patterns, work toward regaining a sense of control, and a more optimistic sense of the future.
(03) 9344 1666 View (03) 9344 1666
Photo of Kristine Lutter, Counsellor in Watsonia, VIC
Kristine Lutter
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L3
Verified
2 Endorsed
Mill Park, VIC 3082
I specialise in anxiety, depression, stress, grief and loss, trauma, self esteem/self worth, guilt, shame, family of origin issues, bullying and women struggling with infertility. My approach is holistic looking at the physical, social, spiritual and emotional aspects. I attempt to ensure clients feel safe and comfortable before they are able to share what has happened to them. With my experience in this industry, I have trained and supervise counsellors. This has helped me to deepen my understanding of what clients need.
I specialise in anxiety, depression, stress, grief and loss, trauma, self esteem/self worth, guilt, shame, family of origin issues, bullying and women struggling with infertility. My approach is holistic looking at the physical, social, spiritual and emotional aspects. I attempt to ensure clients feel safe and comfortable before they are able to share what has happened to them. With my experience in this industry, I have trained and supervise counsellors. This has helped me to deepen my understanding of what clients need.
(03) 8104 9918 View (03) 8104 9918
Photo of Auður Zoëga, Psychotherapist in Watsonia, VIC
Auður Zoëga
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified
Eaglemont, VIC 3084
Hello there! I'm Auður, and I'm deeply committed to guiding individuals towards achieving lasting change and growth. My approach is rooted in an understanding of the significance of human relationships in shaping our well-being; I believe that many common issues we face are often linked to our past and present relationships. If you're grappling with overwhelming emotions, numbness, dissatisfaction, a lack of motivation, or a sense of helplessness, therapy offers a path to uncover the root causes behind these feelings and empowers you to take meaningful steps towards a more fulfilling life.
Hello there! I'm Auður, and I'm deeply committed to guiding individuals towards achieving lasting change and growth. My approach is rooted in an understanding of the significance of human relationships in shaping our well-being; I believe that many common issues we face are often linked to our past and present relationships. If you're grappling with overwhelming emotions, numbness, dissatisfaction, a lack of motivation, or a sense of helplessness, therapy offers a path to uncover the root causes behind these feelings and empowers you to take meaningful steps towards a more fulfilling life.
(03) 7003 2790 View (03) 7003 2790
Photo of Kim Thomas, Psychologist in Watsonia, VIC
Kim Thomas
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
Greensborough, VIC 3088
Individually tailored sessions to help each person improve their mental health. Flexible, supportive help to grow and change for the better. Kim has worked within the NDIS framework with complex clients and utilises a variety of techniques to give you strategies and insight towards improved mental health. With an interest in trauma, Kim plans to add EMDR training to her skillset this year. As well as rooms and online options, Kim will walk and talk and in some circumstances, travel to clients.
Individually tailored sessions to help each person improve their mental health. Flexible, supportive help to grow and change for the better. Kim has worked within the NDIS framework with complex clients and utilises a variety of techniques to give you strategies and insight towards improved mental health. With an interest in trauma, Kim plans to add EMDR training to her skillset this year. As well as rooms and online options, Kim will walk and talk and in some circumstances, travel to clients.
(03) 8797 2164 View (03) 8797 2164
Photo of Melissa Smoker, Psychologist in Watsonia, VIC
Melissa Smoker
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Greensborough, VIC 3088
I’m a registered psychologist and clinical registrar working with individuals across the lifespan. I've worked with various presentations and experiences including mood-related issues, trauma, life transitions, addiction, OCD, & relationships across a variety of settings including prisons, school, and private practice. I engage in a range of evidence-based practices through my work, including Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Acceptance & Commitment Therapy, & Schema Therapy. I believe therapy to be a collaborative, dynamic process and I am to tailor my approach to meet individual needs.
I’m a registered psychologist and clinical registrar working with individuals across the lifespan. I've worked with various presentations and experiences including mood-related issues, trauma, life transitions, addiction, OCD, & relationships across a variety of settings including prisons, school, and private practice. I engage in a range of evidence-based practices through my work, including Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Acceptance & Commitment Therapy, & Schema Therapy. I believe therapy to be a collaborative, dynamic process and I am to tailor my approach to meet individual needs.
(03) 8400 0989 View (03) 8400 0989

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Watsonia, VIC

< 10

Counsellors in Watsonia, VIC who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
100% Stress
83% Depression
83% Self Esteem
83% Life Transitions
67% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% NDIS
50% Other
50% Bupa

How Counsellors in Watsonia, VIC see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Watsonia?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.