Counselling in Vermont, VIC

Photo of Irene Landouris, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vermont, VIC
Irene Landouris
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
I am open to working with anyone who is seeking to improve and understand how they feel, how they relate to themselves, and how they relate to others in their day to day lives. Also, someone who has the goal of going on to lead a more peaceful and meaningful life. I believe we all the capacity within us to find this if we look hard enough. Having nearly 20 years experience, I have come across many different presentations and I feel equipped to offer the support that is required in an attuned and thoughtful way to assist in one's recovery.
I am open to working with anyone who is seeking to improve and understand how they feel, how they relate to themselves, and how they relate to others in their day to day lives. Also, someone who has the goal of going on to lead a more peaceful and meaningful life. I believe we all the capacity within us to find this if we look hard enough. Having nearly 20 years experience, I have come across many different presentations and I feel equipped to offer the support that is required in an attuned and thoughtful way to assist in one's recovery.
(03) 8203 5847 View (03) 8203 5847
Photo of Roshanak (Roshi) Raoofi, Psychotherapist in Vermont, VIC
Roshanak (Roshi) Raoofi
Psychotherapist, MSc, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
I am a registered counsellor and psychotherapist in Australia, holding a Master's degree in Counselling, and I am honoured to be an affiliated member of the Australian Institute of Counselling (25403). My professional accreditations include the following: Registered and Certified Individual/Group Clinical Supervisor with College of Supervisor, Level 1 Certified Emotionally Focused Individual Therapist, Level 1 & 2 Certified Complex Trauma Therapist, Level 1 Solution-Focused Couple Therapist, Certified Anger Management Therapist, Certified Guilt & Shame Specialist, Certified Sex Therapist and Level 1 Gottman Couple Certification.
I am a registered counsellor and psychotherapist in Australia, holding a Master's degree in Counselling, and I am honoured to be an affiliated member of the Australian Institute of Counselling (25403). My professional accreditations include the following: Registered and Certified Individual/Group Clinical Supervisor with College of Supervisor, Level 1 Certified Emotionally Focused Individual Therapist, Level 1 & 2 Certified Complex Trauma Therapist, Level 1 Solution-Focused Couple Therapist, Certified Anger Management Therapist, Certified Guilt & Shame Specialist, Certified Sex Therapist and Level 1 Gottman Couple Certification.
(03) 7500 5937 View (03) 7500 5937
Photo of Rowena Harris Counselling, Counsellor in Vermont, VIC
Rowena Harris Counselling
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Rowena is a dedicated, caring Generalist Counsellor and Hypnotherapist with personal experience with ADHD and years of experience with adults and children.ie such as past and present issues of anxiety and depression and behavioural issues. She is a member of the Australian Counselling Association (ACA) and provides a safe environment and space for her clients for open discussions and offers face-to-face and Online (Zoom) sessions. Rowena is bound by the Ethical & Moral Guidelines set through the ACA when it comes to client confidentiality always with the best interest of clients in her care.
Rowena is a dedicated, caring Generalist Counsellor and Hypnotherapist with personal experience with ADHD and years of experience with adults and children.ie such as past and present issues of anxiety and depression and behavioural issues. She is a member of the Australian Counselling Association (ACA) and provides a safe environment and space for her clients for open discussions and offers face-to-face and Online (Zoom) sessions. Rowena is bound by the Ethical & Moral Guidelines set through the ACA when it comes to client confidentiality always with the best interest of clients in her care.
(03) 8203 5039 View (03) 8203 5039
Photo of Imelda Westworth, Psychologist in Vermont, VIC
Imelda Westworth
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
I work with clients who are seeking support and guidance to manage and cope with mental health challenges such as trauma, depression, anxiety, phobias, grief and loss, life transitions, self-esteem, family issues, and relationship issues. Together, we tackle goals such as reducing symptoms of mental illness, improving their ability to function in daily life, building stronger relationships with loved ones, and developing greater self-awareness and self-esteem. My clients come to me with a desire to improve their mental health and overall well-being so that they can live a more fulfilling and satisfying life.
I work with clients who are seeking support and guidance to manage and cope with mental health challenges such as trauma, depression, anxiety, phobias, grief and loss, life transitions, self-esteem, family issues, and relationship issues. Together, we tackle goals such as reducing symptoms of mental illness, improving their ability to function in daily life, building stronger relationships with loved ones, and developing greater self-awareness and self-esteem. My clients come to me with a desire to improve their mental health and overall well-being so that they can live a more fulfilling and satisfying life.
(03) 8203 5741 View (03) 8203 5741
Photo of Nidhi Khanna, Counsellor in Vermont, VIC
Nidhi Khanna
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
Hi! I am a certified practising English and Hindi-speaking Counsellor with experience in working with various presentations, including but not limited to stress, anxiety, depression, perinatal depression, trauma and grief. I speak English and Hindi and also understand Punjabi, Marathi and Gujarati. I have extensive experience in supporting family violence victims/ survivors and Carers. I also facilitate Groups for people with a shared lived experience. My services are available in Blackburn, Croydon and Online.
Hi! I am a certified practising English and Hindi-speaking Counsellor with experience in working with various presentations, including but not limited to stress, anxiety, depression, perinatal depression, trauma and grief. I speak English and Hindi and also understand Punjabi, Marathi and Gujarati. I have extensive experience in supporting family violence victims/ survivors and Carers. I also facilitate Groups for people with a shared lived experience. My services are available in Blackburn, Croydon and Online.
(03) 8771 5140 View (03) 8771 5140
Photo of BLS Counselling, Psychotherapist in Vermont, VIC
BLS Counselling
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
Hi there. Are you feeling ok? Because if you are not, no matter what the problem might be, I am here to welcome you and spend time with you to listen to what you have to say. Together we can work through your current challenges and arrive at solutions that will work best for you. You deserve to live the happy and fulfilled life you desire. Give me a call for a free consultation and we can take it from there.
Hi there. Are you feeling ok? Because if you are not, no matter what the problem might be, I am here to welcome you and spend time with you to listen to what you have to say. Together we can work through your current challenges and arrive at solutions that will work best for you. You deserve to live the happy and fulfilled life you desire. Give me a call for a free consultation and we can take it from there.
(02) 4810 0678 View (02) 4810 0678
Photo of Magdalen Ser, EMDRAA Accredited Practitioner in Vermont, VIC
Magdalen Ser
EMDRAA Accredited Practitioner, MSc
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
Not accepting new clients
Trauma affects mental and emotional processes, disrupts brain physiology and impairs attachment experiences. Looking beyond traditional talk therapy for post trauma growth and resiliency ? I am an UK and USA trained, Medicare -registered, trauma and attachment therapist with 30 years of clinical experience offering mind-body integrative psychotherapy incorporating modalities such as EMDR, Neurofeedback (Neurotherapy) Internal Family Systems, Ego State Therapy, Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Somatic Psychotherapy.
Trauma affects mental and emotional processes, disrupts brain physiology and impairs attachment experiences. Looking beyond traditional talk therapy for post trauma growth and resiliency ? I am an UK and USA trained, Medicare -registered, trauma and attachment therapist with 30 years of clinical experience offering mind-body integrative psychotherapy incorporating modalities such as EMDR, Neurofeedback (Neurotherapy) Internal Family Systems, Ego State Therapy, Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Somatic Psychotherapy.
(03) 9994 1795 View (03) 9994 1795
Photo of Elisha Ebdon, Psychotherapist in Vermont, VIC
Elisha Ebdon
Psychotherapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
My name is Elisha Ebdon and I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and Psychotherapist. I offer counseling and psychotherapy to people who are experiencing emotional, relational and mental health related difficulties. I have a particular interest in working with people who are experiencing difficulties as a result of past or recent experiences of trauma, as well as anxiety and depression symptoms.
My name is Elisha Ebdon and I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and Psychotherapist. I offer counseling and psychotherapy to people who are experiencing emotional, relational and mental health related difficulties. I have a particular interest in working with people who are experiencing difficulties as a result of past or recent experiences of trauma, as well as anxiety and depression symptoms.
(03) 9068 5077 View (03) 9068 5077
Photo of Luke McDonald, Psychologist in Vermont, VIC
Luke McDonald
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
Luke is a Registered Psychologist and Board-Approved Supervisor with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Luke is the Director of the professional psychology practice Leading Psychology. Luke is passionate about helping to meet the mental health needs of the community and helping people who are experiencing difficulties in their lives and seeking to overcome them. Luke provides an empathetic, non-judgmental and accepting approach when working with clients. Luke tailors his approach to the client's individual.
Luke is a Registered Psychologist and Board-Approved Supervisor with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Luke is the Director of the professional psychology practice Leading Psychology. Luke is passionate about helping to meet the mental health needs of the community and helping people who are experiencing difficulties in their lives and seeking to overcome them. Luke provides an empathetic, non-judgmental and accepting approach when working with clients. Luke tailors his approach to the client's individual.
(03) 9864 1809 View (03) 9864 1809
Photo of Kelsey Bennett, Counsellor in Vermont, VIC
Kelsey Bennett
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Vermont, VIC 3133
Do you or your young person need support with your mental health and wellbeing? I work closely with individuals who are struggling with anxiety, traumatic stress, self-esteem issues and other life transitions.
Do you or your young person need support with your mental health and wellbeing? I work closely with individuals who are struggling with anxiety, traumatic stress, self-esteem issues and other life transitions.
View
Photo of Jacqueline Noble, Psychologist in Vermont, VIC
Jacqueline Noble
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
I enjoy working with young people (12-17 years old) and adults (18+). I believe in the healing benefits of the therapeutic relationship and the mind’s ability to recover. I am interested in establishing and maintaining a therapeutic alliance with my clients, while utilising compassion focused interpersonal (IPT), cognitive behaviour (CBT), and dialectical behaviour (DBT) therapy techniques.
I enjoy working with young people (12-17 years old) and adults (18+). I believe in the healing benefits of the therapeutic relationship and the mind’s ability to recover. I am interested in establishing and maintaining a therapeutic alliance with my clients, while utilising compassion focused interpersonal (IPT), cognitive behaviour (CBT), and dialectical behaviour (DBT) therapy techniques.
(03) 8203 5205 View (03) 8203 5205
Photo of Rebecca Black, Psychologist in Vermont, VIC
Rebecca Black
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
After having her own child, Rebecca discovered her passion for pregnancy, birth and babies… and has a special interest in supporting women throughout their perinatal journey. Rebecca appreciates the range of difficulties that women can experience in relation to conception, pregnancy, birth and motherhood, and believes that having the support of a warm, non-judgmental and compassionate person can make a significant difference.
After having her own child, Rebecca discovered her passion for pregnancy, birth and babies… and has a special interest in supporting women throughout their perinatal journey. Rebecca appreciates the range of difficulties that women can experience in relation to conception, pregnancy, birth and motherhood, and believes that having the support of a warm, non-judgmental and compassionate person can make a significant difference.
(03) 8203 5702 View (03) 8203 5702
Photo of Forward Counselling, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Vermont, VIC
Forward Counselling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
Esther is a well respected counsellor and is currently supporting clients in different stages of their lives. Esther is well-known in providing counselling in areas such as Mental health issues, Relationship (Couple, individual or family), Pregnancy, Grief and loss, Substance abuse and addiction counselling. She is passionate about people creating a healthy relationship, people’s well-being & supporting them to feel empowered within themselves. Esther has over 15 years of experience in Schools, Government, and Community settings including private practice. Esther has strong interpersonal, communication and problem solving skills
Esther is a well respected counsellor and is currently supporting clients in different stages of their lives. Esther is well-known in providing counselling in areas such as Mental health issues, Relationship (Couple, individual or family), Pregnancy, Grief and loss, Substance abuse and addiction counselling. She is passionate about people creating a healthy relationship, people’s well-being & supporting them to feel empowered within themselves. Esther has over 15 years of experience in Schools, Government, and Community settings including private practice. Esther has strong interpersonal, communication and problem solving skills
(03) 7500 5602 View (03) 7500 5602
Photo of Jerty Richardson, Psychologist in Vermont, VIC
Jerty Richardson
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
At Ultimate Success and Wellbeing Psychology, I deliver a range of services for children, adolescents, adults, couples, families and groups. These include anxiety, depression, psychiatric disorders, adjustment disorders, grief and loss, trauma, interpersonal conflicts, mediation, domestic violence Issues, critical incident stress management debriefing and anger and behaviour management. I have been registered as a psychologist for over 15 years and have held a variety of roles including managing a counselling and youth team as well as several mental health teams.
At Ultimate Success and Wellbeing Psychology, I deliver a range of services for children, adolescents, adults, couples, families and groups. These include anxiety, depression, psychiatric disorders, adjustment disorders, grief and loss, trauma, interpersonal conflicts, mediation, domestic violence Issues, critical incident stress management debriefing and anger and behaviour management. I have been registered as a psychologist for over 15 years and have held a variety of roles including managing a counselling and youth team as well as several mental health teams.
(03) 9864 1892 View (03) 9864 1892
Photo of Rosemary Tainsh, Psychologist in Vermont, VIC
Rosemary Tainsh
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
Rosemary is a warm, gentle and caring Psychologist.  Her approach is gentle yet purposeful, and uses an integrative approach to treatment.  Rosemary has a particular interest in perinatal mental health, parent and infant mental health, trauma, childhood anxiety, and parenting. Rosemary is also able to provide Autism, ADHD, Cognitive and Educational Assessments for children, adolescents, and adults. She is a fully registered Psychologist with AHPRA, a member of the Australian Association of Psychologists, and an Associate Member of the Australian Psychological Society.
Rosemary is a warm, gentle and caring Psychologist.  Her approach is gentle yet purposeful, and uses an integrative approach to treatment.  Rosemary has a particular interest in perinatal mental health, parent and infant mental health, trauma, childhood anxiety, and parenting. Rosemary is also able to provide Autism, ADHD, Cognitive and Educational Assessments for children, adolescents, and adults. She is a fully registered Psychologist with AHPRA, a member of the Australian Association of Psychologists, and an Associate Member of the Australian Psychological Society.
(03) 4421 6346 View (03) 4421 6346
Photo of Steps to Soar Psychology & Assessment, Psychologist in Vermont, VIC
Steps to Soar Psychology & Assessment
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
New Clients Welcome. Steps to Soar Psychology & Assessment is committed to promoting self-understanding and improving mental health and well-being for children (primary age), adolescents, adults and older adults. Clients are assisted to explore factors impacting them/their relationships, how they might learn helpful skills and ways of coping with anxiety, emotions and other problems.
New Clients Welcome. Steps to Soar Psychology & Assessment is committed to promoting self-understanding and improving mental health and well-being for children (primary age), adolescents, adults and older adults. Clients are assisted to explore factors impacting them/their relationships, how they might learn helpful skills and ways of coping with anxiety, emotions and other problems.
(03) 8203 5805 View (03) 8203 5805
Photo of Ellie Craig, Counsellor in Vermont, VIC
Ellie Craig
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Vermont, VIC 3133
I like to see people as whole beings, linking their emotional and physical symptoms to gain a better understanding of the underlying issues. I believe in holding a space where you have an opportunity to learn to sit with vulnerability. And in that vulnerability you heal, you process, you connect to yourself, you dive deeper into an understanding of yourself, you do the work to expand into a version of yourself that you are proud of.
I like to see people as whole beings, linking their emotional and physical symptoms to gain a better understanding of the underlying issues. I believe in holding a space where you have an opportunity to learn to sit with vulnerability. And in that vulnerability you heal, you process, you connect to yourself, you dive deeper into an understanding of yourself, you do the work to expand into a version of yourself that you are proud of.
(03) 8203 5370 View (03) 8203 5370

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of GlynnMIND clinic, Psychologist in Vermont, VIC
GlynnMIND clinic
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Glen Waverley, VIC 3150
At GlynnMIND clinic, our mission is to heal bodies and minds across all gut and mind conditions. We understand the intricate link between the brain and the gut and this is pivotal to our treatment approach. We offer a tailored Gut-Directed hypnotherapy service to individuals with IBS and IBD aimed at reducing gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms.
At GlynnMIND clinic, our mission is to heal bodies and minds across all gut and mind conditions. We understand the intricate link between the brain and the gut and this is pivotal to our treatment approach. We offer a tailored Gut-Directed hypnotherapy service to individuals with IBS and IBD aimed at reducing gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms.
(03) 7500 5069 View (03) 7500 5069
Photo of Vine Psychology, Psychologist in Vermont, VIC
Vine Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Blackburn, VIC 3130
I thrive on helping people improve the quality of their lives by better managing their mental health. Maybe you have always struggled with things like worry, stress, change or low mood. Or maybe for the first time you have encountered a challenge that is difficult to manage on your own. We all face difficult and challenging times at some point, and may need to look beyond ourselves for practical support to resolve a psychological issue. When we learn how to constructively deal with our mental health challenges, we feel more empowered and better able to pursue those things in life that fulfill us and enable us to thrive.
I thrive on helping people improve the quality of their lives by better managing their mental health. Maybe you have always struggled with things like worry, stress, change or low mood. Or maybe for the first time you have encountered a challenge that is difficult to manage on your own. We all face difficult and challenging times at some point, and may need to look beyond ourselves for practical support to resolve a psychological issue. When we learn how to constructively deal with our mental health challenges, we feel more empowered and better able to pursue those things in life that fulfill us and enable us to thrive.
(03) 7500 5927 View (03) 7500 5927
Photo of Mullum Road Clinic, Psychologist in Vermont, VIC
Mullum Road Clinic
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Mitcham, VIC 3132
A Clinical Psychologist and Director of Mullum Rd Clinic (Ringwood, ELTHAM, Warrandyte and Croydon). Working with Neurodivergent individuals.. Unique approach with Therapy dogs and other animals being incorporated into therapy sessions (Animal Assisted Therapy). Also offering Equine Assisted Therapy. These approaches are often sought out by individuals who have found room base therapy to be ineffective. Clients who have an interest in nature, the outdoors and animals are usually drawn to this approach.
A Clinical Psychologist and Director of Mullum Rd Clinic (Ringwood, ELTHAM, Warrandyte and Croydon). Working with Neurodivergent individuals.. Unique approach with Therapy dogs and other animals being incorporated into therapy sessions (Animal Assisted Therapy). Also offering Equine Assisted Therapy. These approaches are often sought out by individuals who have found room base therapy to be ineffective. Clients who have an interest in nature, the outdoors and animals are usually drawn to this approach.
(03) 8400 0207 View (03) 8400 0207

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Vermont, VIC

10+

Average cost per session

$140

Counsellors in Vermont, VIC who prioritize treating:

88% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
82% Anxiety
82% Self Esteem
76% Stress
71% Trauma and PTSD
59% Behavioural Issues

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

70% Medicare Rebates
60% Bupa
50% Teachers Health

How Counsellors in Vermont, VIC see their clients

95% In Person and Online
5% Online Only

Gender breakdown

95% Female
5% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Vermont?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.