Counselling in Strath Creek, VIC

Photo of Andelain Therapy, Psychotherapist in Strath Creek, VIC
Andelain Therapy
Psychotherapist, MSc, ACA-L4
Verified
Strath Creek, VIC 3658  (Online Only)
Judy is a warm, highly qualified trauma psychotherapist specialising in EMDR and early attachment wounding. Because having a deep understanding what happens to us following trauma, or the cumulative and long term impacts of having lived in less than 'good enough’ childhood environments, is central to effective, healing trauma therapy. Sadly, what you end up believing about yourself because of these experiences and continue to carry emotionally and psychologically will be the root cause of the distress impacting your life. There really is a way through...
Judy is a warm, highly qualified trauma psychotherapist specialising in EMDR and early attachment wounding. Because having a deep understanding what happens to us following trauma, or the cumulative and long term impacts of having lived in less than 'good enough’ childhood environments, is central to effective, healing trauma therapy. Sadly, what you end up believing about yourself because of these experiences and continue to carry emotionally and psychologically will be the root cause of the distress impacting your life. There really is a way through...
(03) 4713 9314 View (03) 4713 9314

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Jodie Fincham - Safe Place Counselling, Counsellor in Strath Creek, VIC
Jodie Fincham - Safe Place Counselling
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
Wallan, VIC 3756
From time to time, we all face challenges and experience change throughout different stages of our lives. But for many of us, sometimes it might be more difficult than usual to cope or find our way. Perhaps you are feeling lost because the life you currently lead is not what you had imagined it would be? Or it could be that you are facing an overwhelming situation, or 'stuck' in a relationship that creates major stress. You may have been struggling with anxiety, depression, loss or other significant life transitions for some time, and now need help. At Safe Place Counselling, you do not need to deal with life’s challenges alone.
From time to time, we all face challenges and experience change throughout different stages of our lives. But for many of us, sometimes it might be more difficult than usual to cope or find our way. Perhaps you are feeling lost because the life you currently lead is not what you had imagined it would be? Or it could be that you are facing an overwhelming situation, or 'stuck' in a relationship that creates major stress. You may have been struggling with anxiety, depression, loss or other significant life transitions for some time, and now need help. At Safe Place Counselling, you do not need to deal with life’s challenges alone.
(03) 4708 5474 View (03) 4708 5474
Photo of Calm Speak Space, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Strath Creek, VIC
Calm Speak Space
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Wallan, VIC 3756  (Online Only)
We help all people and have worked across youth, to older people. We have experience in working with neurodiverse people and neurotypical people. We specialize in working with youth, Autistic people and ADHD people. We also specialize is working with individuals whom have anxiety, depression, dissociative disorder, panic attack, self harm and suicide ideation.
We help all people and have worked across youth, to older people. We have experience in working with neurodiverse people and neurotypical people. We specialize in working with youth, Autistic people and ADHD people. We also specialize is working with individuals whom have anxiety, depression, dissociative disorder, panic attack, self harm and suicide ideation.
(03) 7302 2848 View (03) 7302 2848
Photo of Daniel Fabris, Counsellor in Strath Creek, VIC
Daniel Fabris
Counsellor
2 Endorsed
Wallan, VIC 3756
I have experience in working with a wide range of individuals and various relationship dynamics after more than 16 years working across various specialised services. I work from a trauma-informed, person centred approach. I believe in working holistically with people to create meaningful change. I have worked as both a counsellor and peer worker previously and have lived experience in ethical non-monogamy and kink spaces, all relationship dynamics, men's counselling, veterans, Pre and post Bariatric surgery, body and sex positive, grief and loss, complex mental health, childhood sexual abuse, carers and workplace injuries
I have experience in working with a wide range of individuals and various relationship dynamics after more than 16 years working across various specialised services. I work from a trauma-informed, person centred approach. I believe in working holistically with people to create meaningful change. I have worked as both a counsellor and peer worker previously and have lived experience in ethical non-monogamy and kink spaces, all relationship dynamics, men's counselling, veterans, Pre and post Bariatric surgery, body and sex positive, grief and loss, complex mental health, childhood sexual abuse, carers and workplace injuries
(03) 8338 4557 View (03) 8338 4557
Wendy Henriks
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Wallan, VIC 3756
A professional and dedicated psychologist working with children, adolescents, families and adults, with over fourteen years experience. Wendy is a client centred therapist who is trained in CBT, ACT, Mindfulness, IPT, play therapy, child parent relationship therapy, schema therapy, self compassion, Gottmans couples and more. She received Honours in psychology at Deakin University.
A professional and dedicated psychologist working with children, adolescents, families and adults, with over fourteen years experience. Wendy is a client centred therapist who is trained in CBT, ACT, Mindfulness, IPT, play therapy, child parent relationship therapy, schema therapy, self compassion, Gottmans couples and more. She received Honours in psychology at Deakin University.
(03) 8594 4003 View (03) 8594 4003
Photo of Streatfeild & Co Psychology , Psychologist in Strath Creek, VIC
Streatfeild & Co Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Kilmore, VIC 3764
Welcome to Streatfeild & Co Psychology. We offer face to face appointments from our Macedon Ranges office and national Telehealth services. Learn more at www.streatpsych.com We support children, young people, families, couples, and adults across the lifespan. Our Psychologists and Mental Health Social Workers help clients with anxiety, depression, stress, burnout, adjustment, trauma, grief & loss, separation, life stage and change, relationships difficulties, self esteem issues, mental health in the context of disability and injury including ASD & ADHD, carer support, Mental Health Disorders, and substance use and abuse issues.
Welcome to Streatfeild & Co Psychology. We offer face to face appointments from our Macedon Ranges office and national Telehealth services. Learn more at www.streatpsych.com We support children, young people, families, couples, and adults across the lifespan. Our Psychologists and Mental Health Social Workers help clients with anxiety, depression, stress, burnout, adjustment, trauma, grief & loss, separation, life stage and change, relationships difficulties, self esteem issues, mental health in the context of disability and injury including ASD & ADHD, carer support, Mental Health Disorders, and substance use and abuse issues.
(03) 9021 1490 View (03) 9021 1490
Photo of Aston Psychology Clinic, Psychologist in Strath Creek, VIC
Aston Psychology Clinic
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Wallan, VIC 3756
Lavinia McSwain is a registered psychologist with over 15 years experience working in hospitals, community mental health, university and forensic settings. She works with adults who experience anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, trauma, grief, addiction, other mental health issues or life difficulties in general. She provides individual treatment on site and online, as well as relationship counselling and Employee Assistance Programs(EAP) counselling. She is also a registered supervisor providing training for provisional psychologists.
Lavinia McSwain is a registered psychologist with over 15 years experience working in hospitals, community mental health, university and forensic settings. She works with adults who experience anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, trauma, grief, addiction, other mental health issues or life difficulties in general. She provides individual treatment on site and online, as well as relationship counselling and Employee Assistance Programs(EAP) counselling. She is also a registered supervisor providing training for provisional psychologists.
(03) 7303 3862 View (03) 7303 3862
Photo of Jamie Camamile, Psychologist in Strath Creek, VIC
Jamie Camamile
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
Broadford, VIC 3658
NO WAIT list - With over 10 years experience I work with a range of presentations including depression, anxiety, stress, OCD, grief and loss, interpersonal issues, sleep assistance and work place injuries. I also have a strong interest and experience working with trauma, including veterans and both survivors and perpetrators of family violence. I am a strong believer in positive psychology and the concept of accessing psychological support to accomplish self-growth.
NO WAIT list - With over 10 years experience I work with a range of presentations including depression, anxiety, stress, OCD, grief and loss, interpersonal issues, sleep assistance and work place injuries. I also have a strong interest and experience working with trauma, including veterans and both survivors and perpetrators of family violence. I am a strong believer in positive psychology and the concept of accessing psychological support to accomplish self-growth.
(03) 4713 9244 View (03) 4713 9244
Photo of Anne Tiakanas, Psychologist in Strath Creek, VIC
Anne Tiakanas
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
Broadford, VIC 3658
(03) 8338 4203 View (03) 8338 4203

Online Therapists

Photo of Jigisha Sanghvi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Strath Creek, VIC
Jigisha Sanghvi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
Coburg, VIC 3058
I am a psychotherapist, Medicare approved Clinical Social Worker, a trauma trained EMDR and Eating Disorder therapist. Off late, you may have noticed emotions and thoughts continue to rule your life, and no matter how hard you try, it never feels 'good enough'. You find yourself stuck in the cycle of 'wanting to please others' while feeling unseen and unheard. You now know that your anxiety and need for control is no longer serving you. You want to start honouring yourself and your needs, even when if it feels hard.
I am a psychotherapist, Medicare approved Clinical Social Worker, a trauma trained EMDR and Eating Disorder therapist. Off late, you may have noticed emotions and thoughts continue to rule your life, and no matter how hard you try, it never feels 'good enough'. You find yourself stuck in the cycle of 'wanting to please others' while feeling unseen and unheard. You now know that your anxiety and need for control is no longer serving you. You want to start honouring yourself and your needs, even when if it feels hard.
(03) 8338 1847 View (03) 8338 1847
Photo of Social Sense Allied Health, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Strath Creek, VIC
Social Sense Allied Health
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Abbotsford, VIC 3067
Social Sense Allied Health is a therapy practice based in the Wellbeing Centre at Abbotsford Convent (Vic, 3067). We are a team of experts in complexity, dedicated to co-creating a therapeutic alliance to meet your goals. We offer mental health, trauma, functional and behavioural services under NDIS, Victims of Crime, Medicare, Workers Compensation, EAP and Private Health Funds. We also provide clinical supervision for social workers, youth workers, counsellors and other human services professionals. We offer clinical training and professional templates for human services professionals to support their private practice.
Social Sense Allied Health is a therapy practice based in the Wellbeing Centre at Abbotsford Convent (Vic, 3067). We are a team of experts in complexity, dedicated to co-creating a therapeutic alliance to meet your goals. We offer mental health, trauma, functional and behavioural services under NDIS, Victims of Crime, Medicare, Workers Compensation, EAP and Private Health Funds. We also provide clinical supervision for social workers, youth workers, counsellors and other human services professionals. We offer clinical training and professional templates for human services professionals to support their private practice.
(02) 8806 0401 View (02) 8806 0401
Photo of Dr Nicolas Kessous, Psychologist in Strath Creek, VIC
Dr Nicolas Kessous
Psychologist, PsychD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Melbourne, VIC 3000  (Online Only)
I am a clinical and forensic psychologist registered with the Psychology Board of Australia. I am also a member of the Australian Psychological Society, and a clinical member of the Association for the Treatment & Prevention of Sexual Abuse. I was trained to practise psychology in Canada, where I began my career as a psychologist in 2013.
I am a clinical and forensic psychologist registered with the Psychology Board of Australia. I am also a member of the Australian Psychological Society, and a clinical member of the Association for the Treatment & Prevention of Sexual Abuse. I was trained to practise psychology in Canada, where I began my career as a psychologist in 2013.
View
Photo of Dr Sarah-Jane Dempsey, Psychologist in Strath Creek, VIC
Dr Sarah-Jane Dempsey
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
I am a registered psychologist with experience supporting adolescents and adults from diverse backgrounds and with a variety of mental health concerns. You may be seeking a psychologist to address anxiety, trauma, depression, loss, stagnation, hopelessness or relationship difficulties. Establishing connection and a safe therapeutic relationship is an important focus of therapy that enables us to build upon your strengths, create space for working through problems, and progress towards meaningful change.
I am a registered psychologist with experience supporting adolescents and adults from diverse backgrounds and with a variety of mental health concerns. You may be seeking a psychologist to address anxiety, trauma, depression, loss, stagnation, hopelessness or relationship difficulties. Establishing connection and a safe therapeutic relationship is an important focus of therapy that enables us to build upon your strengths, create space for working through problems, and progress towards meaningful change.
(03) 7003 2019 View (03) 7003 2019
Photo of PsychPhys™ (Williamstown), Psychologist in Strath Creek, VIC
PsychPhys™ (Williamstown)
Psychologist, PsyBA Prov
Verified
Williamstown North, VIC 3016
Welcome to PsychPhys! We take a unique approach to supporting our clients through the combination of Psychology and Exercise Physiology. Our clinicians consist of Registered Psychologists, Ed/Dev Registras, Provisional Psychologists, and Exercise Physiologists.
Welcome to PsychPhys! We take a unique approach to supporting our clients through the combination of Psychology and Exercise Physiology. Our clinicians consist of Registered Psychologists, Ed/Dev Registras, Provisional Psychologists, and Exercise Physiologists.
(03) 9088 7585 View (03) 9088 7585
Photo of Laura Petrie, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Strath Creek, VIC
Laura Petrie
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Ivanhoe East, VIC 3079
Do you experience aspects of your life as dissatisfying or distressing, this may feel like depression, anxiety, hopelessness or a pervasive criticism of oneself? Such dissatisfaction and distress can be supported through Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. Laura's focus is building a safe, trusting and reliable relationship which becomes the basis for exploring difficult thoughts and feelings, and generating insights about the sources of one's struggles. Generating insights open new opportunities for more satisfying connections to oneself and others, and greater life choices.
Do you experience aspects of your life as dissatisfying or distressing, this may feel like depression, anxiety, hopelessness or a pervasive criticism of oneself? Such dissatisfaction and distress can be supported through Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. Laura's focus is building a safe, trusting and reliable relationship which becomes the basis for exploring difficult thoughts and feelings, and generating insights about the sources of one's struggles. Generating insights open new opportunities for more satisfying connections to oneself and others, and greater life choices.
(03) 8797 5226 View (03) 8797 5226
Photo of Jager Corvus, Counsellor in Strath Creek, VIC
Jager Corvus
Counsellor, AASW
Verified
Coburg, VIC 3058  (Online Only)
I'm a non-binary trans practitioner with a strong interest in relational, complex & collective trauma. I’m a somatics Intermediate-Level Student in the SE Professional Training. I practice a generative somatics that acknowledges how marginalised bodies are impacted by oppressive systems. I’m also a Masters qualified Social Worker with over 20 years experience working in Community Services (Disability, HIV/AIDS, Youth, AOD, Prison Abolition & LGBTIQA+). I share a cherished alliance with my clients, which holds both gentle vulnerabilities & fierce stirrings. I work with all genders, sexualities, cultures, divergences, abilities.
I'm a non-binary trans practitioner with a strong interest in relational, complex & collective trauma. I’m a somatics Intermediate-Level Student in the SE Professional Training. I practice a generative somatics that acknowledges how marginalised bodies are impacted by oppressive systems. I’m also a Masters qualified Social Worker with over 20 years experience working in Community Services (Disability, HIV/AIDS, Youth, AOD, Prison Abolition & LGBTIQA+). I share a cherished alliance with my clients, which holds both gentle vulnerabilities & fierce stirrings. I work with all genders, sexualities, cultures, divergences, abilities.
(03) 8338 1772 View (03) 8338 1772
Photo of Sit with Self, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Strath Creek, VIC
Sit with Self
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Mernda, VIC 3754
Hi there, I’m Madeline. I am an accredited mental health social worker at Sit with Self Counselling, living in Melbourne with my partner and baby. What the heck does Sit with Self mean? I’m so glad you asked. Connecting with your authentic, compassionate and curious Self is at the centre of my therapeutic practice, and is where the name Sit with Self comes from. I hold the firm belief that all people have access to this Self (yes, even you!) when given the space, time and support to venture inward.
Hi there, I’m Madeline. I am an accredited mental health social worker at Sit with Self Counselling, living in Melbourne with my partner and baby. What the heck does Sit with Self mean? I’m so glad you asked. Connecting with your authentic, compassionate and curious Self is at the centre of my therapeutic practice, and is where the name Sit with Self comes from. I hold the firm belief that all people have access to this Self (yes, even you!) when given the space, time and support to venture inward.
(03) 8104 9927 x614 View (03) 8104 9927 x614
Photo of Deborah Cameron, Psychotherapist in Strath Creek, VIC
Deborah Cameron
Psychotherapist, MC, PACFA
Verified
2 Endorsed
Brighton, VIC 3186
I am a PACFA accredited supervisor, 20 years experience, and a psychotherapist/ counsellor. A collaborative effort, depends upon two parties working together in therapy for a success. I focus on my clients, actively listening, empathising, and reflecting on the client's story non judgementally. I support my clients in identifying their goals and potential solutions to their issues and possibly provide strategies to support their daily lives. Talk therapy helps support clients and their goals. I do not give advice. However, I am not a 'passive' listener but an 'active' listener. call (03) 7003 2799 for a consultation.
I am a PACFA accredited supervisor, 20 years experience, and a psychotherapist/ counsellor. A collaborative effort, depends upon two parties working together in therapy for a success. I focus on my clients, actively listening, empathising, and reflecting on the client's story non judgementally. I support my clients in identifying their goals and potential solutions to their issues and possibly provide strategies to support their daily lives. Talk therapy helps support clients and their goals. I do not give advice. However, I am not a 'passive' listener but an 'active' listener. call (03) 7003 2799 for a consultation.
(03) 7003 2799 View (03) 7003 2799
Photo of Angeline May, Psychologist in Strath Creek, VIC
Angeline May
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Berwick, VIC 3806
I practice out of The Middle Path Psychology Group in Berwick, Melbourne. I conduct assessment and treatment of several mental health conditions, including; anxiety, depression, trauma, grief/loss, emotion dysregulation, personality disorders, and relationship difficulties. My interest and experience are treating individuals with complex trauma, PTSD, and borderline personality disorder (BPD). I am Intensively-Trained in Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), a gold standard treatment for BPD Furthermore, my experience includes working with adolescents and parents utilising a DBT framework.
I practice out of The Middle Path Psychology Group in Berwick, Melbourne. I conduct assessment and treatment of several mental health conditions, including; anxiety, depression, trauma, grief/loss, emotion dysregulation, personality disorders, and relationship difficulties. My interest and experience are treating individuals with complex trauma, PTSD, and borderline personality disorder (BPD). I am Intensively-Trained in Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), a gold standard treatment for BPD Furthermore, my experience includes working with adolescents and parents utilising a DBT framework.
(03) 8771 5804 View (03) 8771 5804
Photo of Julie Kruss, Psychologist in Strath Creek, VIC
Julie Kruss
Psychologist, PsychD, MAPS
Verified
South Yarra, VIC 3141
Julie has spent over ten years in the community sector working with survivors of complex trauma, sexual assault and family violence. This also includes many years working within the prison system. She has also supported people with grief, and loss, and other traumas (e.g., workplace trauma, medical trauma). Julie places importance on a person centred, trauma informed approach which focuses on the therapeutic relationship, resourcing, safety and stabilisation.
Julie has spent over ten years in the community sector working with survivors of complex trauma, sexual assault and family violence. This also includes many years working within the prison system. She has also supported people with grief, and loss, and other traumas (e.g., workplace trauma, medical trauma). Julie places importance on a person centred, trauma informed approach which focuses on the therapeutic relationship, resourcing, safety and stabilisation.
1300 442 836 View 1300 442 836

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Strath Creek, VIC

< 10

Counsellors in Strath Creek, VIC who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Domestic Abuse
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Other
100% Domestic Violence
100% School Issues

Average years in practice

16 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Strath Creek, VIC see their clients

100% Online Only

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Strath Creek?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.