Counselling in Scoresby, VIC

Photo of Henry Meghaizel, Counsellor in Scoresby, VIC
Henry Meghaizel
Counsellor, PhD, ACA-L2
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
I am a professional counsellor, trained in individual counselling, couples therapy, and Schema Focused Therapy; Dr of Philosophy, Research in Positive Psychology and Well-Being, Psychological well-being Practitioner, Director of Practical Wisdom Consulting. Have been working in the mental health sector for over 12 years. As a counsellor and practitioner, I have worked within the community and private sector. I support couples, and clients who experience depression, anxiety, past trauma, grief and loss, life's changes issues, relationships. I brings to my clients a compassionate, practical and scientific evidence based approaches.
I am a professional counsellor, trained in individual counselling, couples therapy, and Schema Focused Therapy; Dr of Philosophy, Research in Positive Psychology and Well-Being, Psychological well-being Practitioner, Director of Practical Wisdom Consulting. Have been working in the mental health sector for over 12 years. As a counsellor and practitioner, I have worked within the community and private sector. I support couples, and clients who experience depression, anxiety, past trauma, grief and loss, life's changes issues, relationships. I brings to my clients a compassionate, practical and scientific evidence based approaches.
(03) 7500 5123 View (03) 7500 5123
Photo of Amanda Wiggs, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Scoresby, VIC
Amanda Wiggs
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
I am dedicated to providing clients with a trauma-informed and person centred approach to clients experiencing mental health concerns such as anxiety, depression, post traumatic and complex trauma. I believe that "change can be hard at first, seems messy in the middle, but gorgeous in the end". I see my role is to listen, to provide a non-judgemental space, to provide empathy and build a strong therapeutic relationship to assist clients to overcome life's challenges. I work with clients collaboratively and therapeutically to establish personalised goals and develop strategies to assist in overcoming obstacles.
I am dedicated to providing clients with a trauma-informed and person centred approach to clients experiencing mental health concerns such as anxiety, depression, post traumatic and complex trauma. I believe that "change can be hard at first, seems messy in the middle, but gorgeous in the end". I see my role is to listen, to provide a non-judgemental space, to provide empathy and build a strong therapeutic relationship to assist clients to overcome life's challenges. I work with clients collaboratively and therapeutically to establish personalised goals and develop strategies to assist in overcoming obstacles.
(03) 8203 5988 View (03) 8203 5988
Photo of Luke McDonald, Psychologist in Scoresby, VIC
Luke McDonald
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
Luke is a Registered Psychologist and Board-Approved Supervisor with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Luke is the Director of the professional psychology practice Leading Psychology. Luke is passionate about helping to meet the mental health needs of the community and helping people who are experiencing difficulties in their lives and seeking to overcome them. Luke provides an empathetic, non-judgmental and accepting approach when working with clients. Luke tailors his approach to the client's individual.
Luke is a Registered Psychologist and Board-Approved Supervisor with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Luke is the Director of the professional psychology practice Leading Psychology. Luke is passionate about helping to meet the mental health needs of the community and helping people who are experiencing difficulties in their lives and seeking to overcome them. Luke provides an empathetic, non-judgmental and accepting approach when working with clients. Luke tailors his approach to the client's individual.
(03) 9864 1809 View (03) 9864 1809
Photo of Olivia Burton, Psychologist in Scoresby, VIC
Olivia Burton
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA Prov
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
I am a provisionally registered psychologist currently completing my Masters degree in Clinical Psychology at Federation University. Prior to this, I completed my PhD at Flinders University, where I conducted research in cognitive psychology. My doctoral work has provided me with insights into the way people think, and the way people understand their own thinking, which I am now applying in my clinical practice. In particular, my goal is to equip my clients with the tools to better understand their thoughts and behaviour and help them navigate challenges.
I am a provisionally registered psychologist currently completing my Masters degree in Clinical Psychology at Federation University. Prior to this, I completed my PhD at Flinders University, where I conducted research in cognitive psychology. My doctoral work has provided me with insights into the way people think, and the way people understand their own thinking, which I am now applying in my clinical practice. In particular, my goal is to equip my clients with the tools to better understand their thoughts and behaviour and help them navigate challenges.
(03) 8595 5406 View (03) 8595 5406
Photo of Rosanna Giorno, Counsellor in Scoresby, VIC
Rosanna Giorno
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
I am a compassionate, empathic and intuitive counsellor who is experienced in supporting adolescents, adults and couples. I am registered with the Australian Counselling Association and support clients to overcome a wide range of issues and significant life challenges. My particular interest is in promoting self-awareness and strong interpersonal relationships to help clients achieve their full potential so that they can thrive in all facets of their lives. True self-awareness can lead to positive self-development that aligns with your values and life purpose. Let me help you to achieve your potential.
I am a compassionate, empathic and intuitive counsellor who is experienced in supporting adolescents, adults and couples. I am registered with the Australian Counselling Association and support clients to overcome a wide range of issues and significant life challenges. My particular interest is in promoting self-awareness and strong interpersonal relationships to help clients achieve their full potential so that they can thrive in all facets of their lives. True self-awareness can lead to positive self-development that aligns with your values and life purpose. Let me help you to achieve your potential.
(03) 7500 5767 View (03) 7500 5767
Photo of Peak Psychology Australia, Psychologist in Scoresby, VIC
Peak Psychology Australia
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
Nicole is a warm and compassionate therapist who is dedicated to empowering clients to gain insight into their behaviour to improve their mental health and wellbeing. She is a very practical psychologist who customises her treatment to the individual client. Nicole has experience working with adolescents, young adults and older adults experiencing a range of social and emotional challenges, complex trauma and mental health difficulties. Her clinical area of interest includes mood and anxiety disorders, borderline personality disorder, trauma related issues and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Nicole is a warm and compassionate therapist who is dedicated to empowering clients to gain insight into their behaviour to improve their mental health and wellbeing. She is a very practical psychologist who customises her treatment to the individual client. Nicole has experience working with adolescents, young adults and older adults experiencing a range of social and emotional challenges, complex trauma and mental health difficulties. Her clinical area of interest includes mood and anxiety disorders, borderline personality disorder, trauma related issues and post-traumatic stress disorder.
(03) 5905 7147 View (03) 5905 7147
Photo of Dan Solomon, Psychologist in Scoresby, VIC
Dan Solomon
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
Scoresby, VIC 3179
Hi, I'm Dan. I am a psychologist and director at In Balance Psychology Clinic in Melbourne’s South-East. I am very passionate about my work; my top priority is for each and every client to experience an environment of warmth and respect throughout their therapeutic journey. I work with every individual in a way that tailors treatment to specific client needs. The decision to seek help is a very important one, therefore you will be met exactly where you are, listened to, and provided with targeted strategies for making real change.
Hi, I'm Dan. I am a psychologist and director at In Balance Psychology Clinic in Melbourne’s South-East. I am very passionate about my work; my top priority is for each and every client to experience an environment of warmth and respect throughout their therapeutic journey. I work with every individual in a way that tailors treatment to specific client needs. The decision to seek help is a very important one, therefore you will be met exactly where you are, listened to, and provided with targeted strategies for making real change.
(03) 7500 5527 View (03) 7500 5527
Photo of Melbourne Sandplay & Expressive Therapies , Psychotherapist in Scoresby, VIC
Melbourne Sandplay & Expressive Therapies
Psychotherapist, MA, ACA-L4
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
Melbourne Sandplay and Expressive Therapies provides a safe space for you to explore your inner psyche and find peace and healing through deep therapeutic engagement. Sandplay is the ideal mode to heal from trauma and find your own inner resources. Guided drawing also helps you engage your body “knowing” to guide you towards healing. I would be honoured to share your healing journey with you.
Melbourne Sandplay and Expressive Therapies provides a safe space for you to explore your inner psyche and find peace and healing through deep therapeutic engagement. Sandplay is the ideal mode to heal from trauma and find your own inner resources. Guided drawing also helps you engage your body “knowing” to guide you towards healing. I would be honoured to share your healing journey with you.
(03) 9864 1852 View (03) 9864 1852
Photo of Uyen (Winnie) Ai Pham, Psychologist in Scoresby, VIC
Uyen (Winnie) Ai Pham
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
Winnie sees clients with a broad range of presenting issues including anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, family violence, sexual assaults, pain management, grief, trauma, PTSD, and is experienced working with refugees. She is able to provide counselling services in English as well as Vietnamese and works with children, youth, and adults. She has more than 12 years experience and practice, and began her psychology career as a counsellor with the Victorian Aboriginal Health Services. Winnie has knowledge and skills working with a wide range of age groups including, children, youth, adults, and the elderly.
Winnie sees clients with a broad range of presenting issues including anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, family violence, sexual assaults, pain management, grief, trauma, PTSD, and is experienced working with refugees. She is able to provide counselling services in English as well as Vietnamese and works with children, youth, and adults. She has more than 12 years experience and practice, and began her psychology career as a counsellor with the Victorian Aboriginal Health Services. Winnie has knowledge and skills working with a wide range of age groups including, children, youth, adults, and the elderly.
(03) 9560 8880 View (03) 9560 8880
Photo of Autism Counselling, Counsellor in Scoresby, VIC
Autism Counselling
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L4
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
Autism Counselling is a group of 6 experienced therapists who deliver specifically tailored sessions to suit children, teens, adults , couples and families affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder. We are dedicated to helping individuals and families manage the specific challenges of ASD.
Autism Counselling is a group of 6 experienced therapists who deliver specifically tailored sessions to suit children, teens, adults , couples and families affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder. We are dedicated to helping individuals and families manage the specific challenges of ASD.
(03) 9071 0181 View (03) 9071 0181
Photo of Nicole Skermer, Psychologist in Scoresby, VIC
Nicole Skermer
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
Please note: I only work with adults 18+. I have a special interest in working with people experiencing Depression, Anxiety and Stress. You may feel like you are just surviving rather than thriving. I can help you understand where things are getting stuck for you, why those patterns might keep happening, and strategies to help you get more out of life.
Please note: I only work with adults 18+. I have a special interest in working with people experiencing Depression, Anxiety and Stress. You may feel like you are just surviving rather than thriving. I can help you understand where things are getting stuck for you, why those patterns might keep happening, and strategies to help you get more out of life.
(03) 8203 5997 View (03) 8203 5997
Photo of Ros Wilson, Counsellor in Scoresby, VIC
Ros Wilson
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
I am Professional Counsellor and Narcissistic Trauma Informed Coach. I have been Counselling in private practice in the Knoxfield Vic area for over 20 years. I am a Counselling Supervisor with the Australian Counselling Association (ACA). I specialise in guiding those that have been on the receiving end of Narcissistic abuse (because it is abuse), to help them create steps to live their authentic life. The Trauma from Narcissistic abuse lives in our body - from when we were first abused or traumatised.
I am Professional Counsellor and Narcissistic Trauma Informed Coach. I have been Counselling in private practice in the Knoxfield Vic area for over 20 years. I am a Counselling Supervisor with the Australian Counselling Association (ACA). I specialise in guiding those that have been on the receiving end of Narcissistic abuse (because it is abuse), to help them create steps to live their authentic life. The Trauma from Narcissistic abuse lives in our body - from when we were first abused or traumatised.
(03) 6146 3205 View (03) 6146 3205
Photo of Caroline Winzenried, Counsellor in Scoresby, VIC
Caroline Winzenried
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
If you're struggling with shame, anxiety, or existential concerns related to your religious background (whether you have left your religious community or are still happily a part of it), I'm here to help you move forward. Religion plays a huge role shaping our understanding of ourselves, our values, and the world around us. It can be a daunting but incredibly rewarding journey to open these ideas up for examination. My goal is to provide you with a safe, supportive space to explore, deconstruct, and create new understandings that feel true to who you are.
If you're struggling with shame, anxiety, or existential concerns related to your religious background (whether you have left your religious community or are still happily a part of it), I'm here to help you move forward. Religion plays a huge role shaping our understanding of ourselves, our values, and the world around us. It can be a daunting but incredibly rewarding journey to open these ideas up for examination. My goal is to provide you with a safe, supportive space to explore, deconstruct, and create new understandings that feel true to who you are.
(03) 8203 5069 View (03) 8203 5069
Photo of Elizabeth Gregory, Psychologist in Scoresby, VIC
Elizabeth Gregory
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179
Liz is a Registered Psychologist who is currently completing her endorsement in Educational and Developmental Psychology. She devotes her focus to supporting and empowering clients during difficult times, helping them reach their full potential. She believes that the unique hardships and difficulties experienced by each individual contributes to their own personal growth and self-discovery.
Liz is a Registered Psychologist who is currently completing her endorsement in Educational and Developmental Psychology. She devotes her focus to supporting and empowering clients during difficult times, helping them reach their full potential. She believes that the unique hardships and difficulties experienced by each individual contributes to their own personal growth and self-discovery.
(03) 7500 5537 View (03) 7500 5537
Photo of Fiona Dundas, Counsellor in Scoresby, VIC
Fiona Dundas
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Scoresby, VIC 3179  (Online Only)
Hi, I specialise in relationship issues, stress and anxiety. There is nothing more upsetting than when we are not feeling emotionally connected to our partner. Some people report a gradual drifting apart while others can pinpoint an event that has damaged the relationship and some are caught in a cycle of conflict, Part of being human is our need to feel safe and understood by our partner, to know they are there for us when we need them. Whatever your challenge I will support you to re-connect, repair and deepen your relationship and or deal with stress or anxiety that impacts your contentment.
Hi, I specialise in relationship issues, stress and anxiety. There is nothing more upsetting than when we are not feeling emotionally connected to our partner. Some people report a gradual drifting apart while others can pinpoint an event that has damaged the relationship and some are caught in a cycle of conflict, Part of being human is our need to feel safe and understood by our partner, to know they are there for us when we need them. Whatever your challenge I will support you to re-connect, repair and deepen your relationship and or deal with stress or anxiety that impacts your contentment.
(03) 8595 5287 View (03) 8595 5287

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Blue Gum Centre for Psychology and Psychotherapy, Psychologist in Scoresby, VIC
Blue Gum Centre for Psychology and Psychotherapy
Psychologist, PsychD
Verified
Wantirna, VIC 3152
Blue Gum Centre for Psychology and Psychotherapy (previously Blue Gum Psychology) is a private practice in Croydon. We provide high quality psychological treatment and psychotherapy in an atmosphere that is welcoming and down-to-earth. To find out if we can help, please call Katie. Katie will ask for an outline of your needs and concerns, answer any questions you may have and discuss which of our psychologists will be a good fit. To see psychologist profiles and other details please visit www.bluegumpsychology.com.au
Blue Gum Centre for Psychology and Psychotherapy (previously Blue Gum Psychology) is a private practice in Croydon. We provide high quality psychological treatment and psychotherapy in an atmosphere that is welcoming and down-to-earth. To find out if we can help, please call Katie. Katie will ask for an outline of your needs and concerns, answer any questions you may have and discuss which of our psychologists will be a good fit. To see psychologist profiles and other details please visit www.bluegumpsychology.com.au
(03) 8203 5857 View (03) 8203 5857
Photo of Elisha Ebdon, Psychotherapist in Scoresby, VIC
Elisha Ebdon
Psychotherapist, AMHSW
Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
My name is Elisha Ebdon and I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and Psychotherapist. I offer counseling and psychotherapy to people who are experiencing emotional, relational and mental health related difficulties. I have a particular interest in working with people who are experiencing difficulties as a result of past or recent experiences of trauma, as well as anxiety and depression symptoms.
My name is Elisha Ebdon and I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and Psychotherapist. I offer counseling and psychotherapy to people who are experiencing emotional, relational and mental health related difficulties. I have a particular interest in working with people who are experiencing difficulties as a result of past or recent experiences of trauma, as well as anxiety and depression symptoms.
(03) 9068 5077 View (03) 9068 5077
Photo of Laura Prior, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Scoresby, VIC
Laura Prior
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified
Wheelers Hill, VIC 3150
I work with people who are feeling overwhelmed and stressed; are being held back by anxiety or depression; are concerned about their drug and/or alcohol use; or are trying to support someone with substance use issues. I understand that these issues can be complex and multifaceted. I work with people to manage their issues while learning new coping skills, building their self-esteem and capacity using their strengths in order to achieve their goals.
I work with people who are feeling overwhelmed and stressed; are being held back by anxiety or depression; are concerned about their drug and/or alcohol use; or are trying to support someone with substance use issues. I understand that these issues can be complex and multifaceted. I work with people to manage their issues while learning new coping skills, building their self-esteem and capacity using their strengths in order to achieve their goals.
(03) 8613 3470 View (03) 8613 3470
Photo of Looking Forward Counselling & Hypnotherapy, Counsellor in Scoresby, VIC
Looking Forward Counselling & Hypnotherapy
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified
1 Endorsed
Wantirna, VIC 3152
I employ an evidence-based, multi-faceted approach, working with you to create the next chapter. A qualified and registered Counsellor, based in the Mornington Peninsula, who skilfully supports adolescents, adults and relationships. Helping you navigate the path to find your purpose, reframe concerns and look forward to an improved relationship with yourself and others. Passionate about empowering you to develop a set of tools to help you become your own coach. Supporting a wide range of concerns including: Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Self-esteem, Confidence, Grief, Conflict, Anger, Eating Disorder behaviour management
I employ an evidence-based, multi-faceted approach, working with you to create the next chapter. A qualified and registered Counsellor, based in the Mornington Peninsula, who skilfully supports adolescents, adults and relationships. Helping you navigate the path to find your purpose, reframe concerns and look forward to an improved relationship with yourself and others. Passionate about empowering you to develop a set of tools to help you become your own coach. Supporting a wide range of concerns including: Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Self-esteem, Confidence, Grief, Conflict, Anger, Eating Disorder behaviour management
(08) 9126 9332 View (08) 9126 9332
Photo of Glimmers Psychology, Psychologist in Scoresby, VIC
Glimmers Psychology
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Ferntree Gully, VIC 3156  (Online Only)
My name is Sheida (Shay-da) and I offer phone and video counselling for adolescents and adults seeking support with the many challenges in life. At Glimmers Psychology there is emphasis on connection, warmth and understanding to offer a space where you feel safe, comfortable and able to access and address difficult issues. Together we identify the directions and changes you need and work to support you in creating them. People also benefit from counselling for character development and growth.
My name is Sheida (Shay-da) and I offer phone and video counselling for adolescents and adults seeking support with the many challenges in life. At Glimmers Psychology there is emphasis on connection, warmth and understanding to offer a space where you feel safe, comfortable and able to access and address difficult issues. Together we identify the directions and changes you need and work to support you in creating them. People also benefit from counselling for character development and growth.
(03) 8203 5669 View (03) 8203 5669

See more therapy options for Scoresby

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Scoresby, VIC

10+

Average cost per session

$154

Counsellors in Scoresby, VIC who prioritize treating:

87% Anxiety
80% Self Esteem
73% Relationship Issues
73% Depression
67% Bereavement
67% Trauma and PTSD
60% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

60% Bupa
60% Medicare Rebates
50% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in Scoresby, VIC see their clients

94% In Person and Online
6% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
21% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Scoresby?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.