Counselling in Northeast, VIC

View suburbs and cities in Northeast
Photo of Prue Longstaff, ACA-L1, Counsellor
Prue Longstaff
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mansfield, VIC 3722
I support clients facing issues such as anxiety, emotional regulation, relationships, and mental health concerns. My clients need a supportive environment to explore their feelings and challenges, and they want to develop healthier thought patterns and behaviours to improve their overall wellbeing. They seek to understand themselves better, build effective coping skills, and achieve personal growth. My collaborative approach focuses on these needs by promoting self-awareness. I provide a nurturing space where clients can work towards their goals, develop healthier relationships, and enhance their personal and professional lives.
I support clients facing issues such as anxiety, emotional regulation, relationships, and mental health concerns. My clients need a supportive environment to explore their feelings and challenges, and they want to develop healthier thought patterns and behaviours to improve their overall wellbeing. They seek to understand themselves better, build effective coping skills, and achieve personal growth. My collaborative approach focuses on these needs by promoting self-awareness. I provide a nurturing space where clients can work towards their goals, develop healthier relationships, and enhance their personal and professional lives.
0413 921 212 View 0413 921 212
Photo of Olivia Clayton, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Olivia Clayton
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Mansfield, VIC 3722  (Online Only)
Olivia is a Director and Clinical Psychologist at Collected Minds. As a registered psychologist since 2009, with recent clinical endorsement, Olivia is passionate about supporting clients to develop meaningful goals and live life more consistently with their personal values. She will work collaboratively with you in order to tailor her approach to the individual, utilising a variety of evidence-based psychological treatments including Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Motivational Interviewing and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy techniques.
Olivia is a Director and Clinical Psychologist at Collected Minds. As a registered psychologist since 2009, with recent clinical endorsement, Olivia is passionate about supporting clients to develop meaningful goals and live life more consistently with their personal values. She will work collaboratively with you in order to tailor her approach to the individual, utilising a variety of evidence-based psychological treatments including Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Motivational Interviewing and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy techniques.
(08) 6800 6363 View (08) 6800 6363
Photo of Judy Howard-Bath - EMDR Intensives: Deeper. Targeted. Transformative., MSc, ACA-L4, Psychotherapist
EMDR Intensives: Deeper. Targeted. Transformative.
Psychotherapist, MSc, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Strath Creek, VIC 3658
Andelain Therapy offers accelerated trauma therapy for those who have experienced painful childhood trauma & find it getting in the way of enjoying life. Grounded in the latest research our personalised Attachment Informed Intensive programs focus on nurturing and transformation, offering relief and healing in just a few days instead of several months of therapy. Sessions are either online or held at our Andelain Horse Sanctuary set in a beautiful valley 1 hr north of Melbourne. Contact us for a free Discovery call and discover the deep repair and healing of EMDR therapy amidst nature and the nearby gentle presence of horses.
Andelain Therapy offers accelerated trauma therapy for those who have experienced painful childhood trauma & find it getting in the way of enjoying life. Grounded in the latest research our personalised Attachment Informed Intensive programs focus on nurturing and transformation, offering relief and healing in just a few days instead of several months of therapy. Sessions are either online or held at our Andelain Horse Sanctuary set in a beautiful valley 1 hr north of Melbourne. Contact us for a free Discovery call and discover the deep repair and healing of EMDR therapy amidst nature and the nearby gentle presence of horses.
(03) 4713 9314 View (03) 4713 9314
Photo of Lili Korndorffer, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Lili Korndorffer
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Wangaratta, VIC 3677
I am a registered psychologist, experienced working with people across the lifespan in private practice, community health and education settings. I am currently taking new clients aged 12+ for individual therapy working with a range of mental health, socioemotional and behavioural difficulties.
I am a registered psychologist, experienced working with people across the lifespan in private practice, community health and education settings. I am currently taking new clients aged 12+ for individual therapy working with a range of mental health, socioemotional and behavioural difficulties.
(03) 4708 5071 View (03) 4708 5071
Photo of Kristina Nola Kosmac - Sticksnstones therapeutic services, MA, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Sticksnstones therapeutic services
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Wodonga, VIC 3690
I am an Clinical Psychotherapist , Couples and Family therapist with over 30 years of experience in a number of setting that include, Clinical Mental Health, Post Separation, Family violence, and educational settings . I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker, Registered EMDR practitioner, Registered Sandplay and Expressive therapist and Certified level 2 IFS Therapist . Registered as a clinical member of the International and National licensed registering bodies for the Australian relationship counsellors & Family therapists. Completed training in Havening , polyvagal , Child Centred Play Therapy, ACT and DBT .
I am an Clinical Psychotherapist , Couples and Family therapist with over 30 years of experience in a number of setting that include, Clinical Mental Health, Post Separation, Family violence, and educational settings . I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker, Registered EMDR practitioner, Registered Sandplay and Expressive therapist and Certified level 2 IFS Therapist . Registered as a clinical member of the International and National licensed registering bodies for the Australian relationship counsellors & Family therapists. Completed training in Havening , polyvagal , Child Centred Play Therapy, ACT and DBT .
(03) 8737 9402 View (03) 8737 9402
Photo of Paige Zamperoni - The Space Consulting and Counselling , MA, AMHSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
The Space Consulting and Counselling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Wangaratta, VIC 3677
I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker who has a Master’s degree in Social Work and Bachelors degree in Psychological Science. I have worked with a range of people in various roles within homelessness, acute and community mental health, and sexual assault. My passion is supporting people who have been impacted by trauma or have mental health concerns. I believe that no one will go through life without experiencing emotional challenges. I draw upon different psychological strategies including EMDR therapy, CBT and trauma focused modalities.
I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker who has a Master’s degree in Social Work and Bachelors degree in Psychological Science. I have worked with a range of people in various roles within homelessness, acute and community mental health, and sexual assault. My passion is supporting people who have been impacted by trauma or have mental health concerns. I believe that no one will go through life without experiencing emotional challenges. I draw upon different psychological strategies including EMDR therapy, CBT and trauma focused modalities.
(03) 4713 7239 View (03) 4713 7239
Photo of Gabriele Thomson, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Gabriele Thomson
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Mount Beauty, VIC 3699  (Online Only)
Two Gather Psychology is where Gabriele is committed to providing clients with a respectful, open-minded and safe space to explore their unique experiences. With a genuine, warm and compassionate nature Gabriele looks forward to assisting each individual on their journey towards greater wellbeing and improved quality of life. Gabriele employs a person-centred and strength-based approach, combining supportive counselling and evidence-based practical strategies to promote desired change. A holistic approach embraces the whole person - body, mind, and spirit.
Two Gather Psychology is where Gabriele is committed to providing clients with a respectful, open-minded and safe space to explore their unique experiences. With a genuine, warm and compassionate nature Gabriele looks forward to assisting each individual on their journey towards greater wellbeing and improved quality of life. Gabriele employs a person-centred and strength-based approach, combining supportive counselling and evidence-based practical strategies to promote desired change. A holistic approach embraces the whole person - body, mind, and spirit.
(08) 6002 2175 View (08) 6002 2175
Photo of Lucia DaPos, ACA-L1, Counsellor
Lucia DaPos
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Eldorado, VIC 3746
I support adult men and women - please visit my website to find out more about what I may be able to offer you. The website offers you insight into what counselling can offer. It may help you identify with how you or someone you care about has been feeling : https://luciadapos.com.au/about-you/ Do not hesitate to reach out via email if you have questions. Looking forward to working with you.
I support adult men and women - please visit my website to find out more about what I may be able to offer you. The website offers you insight into what counselling can offer. It may help you identify with how you or someone you care about has been feeling : https://luciadapos.com.au/about-you/ Do not hesitate to reach out via email if you have questions. Looking forward to working with you.
(03) 4713 5255 View (03) 4713 5255
Photo of Nate Proctor, AASW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nate Proctor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified Verified
Yea, VIC 3717
Support for all, with a particular focus and passion for supporting men and teenagers. I create a safe, non-judgmental space for people to feel comfortable to share and work on their challenges. I am an easy going, emotionally intelligent, highly empathetic practitioner, with a good sense of humour. I am very passionate about assisting people to increase their resilience, positive wellbeing, and happiness, to create sustainable change. I have particular skills and experience that help me create comfortable, enjoyable, supportive connections for men who have concerns about receiving professional mental health support.
Support for all, with a particular focus and passion for supporting men and teenagers. I create a safe, non-judgmental space for people to feel comfortable to share and work on their challenges. I am an easy going, emotionally intelligent, highly empathetic practitioner, with a good sense of humour. I am very passionate about assisting people to increase their resilience, positive wellbeing, and happiness, to create sustainable change. I have particular skills and experience that help me create comfortable, enjoyable, supportive connections for men who have concerns about receiving professional mental health support.
(03) 4714 0146 View (03) 4714 0146
Photo of Lisa Helen Russo - Indy Support Service , MC, PACFA, Counsellor
Indy Support Service
Counsellor, MC, PACFA
Verified Verified
Yea, VIC 3717  (Online Only)
I am a clinical counsellor, with over 10 years experience. Working with clients with a range of issues. Providing solution focused and client centred care for clients. Indy Support Services offers a variety of counselling services General Counselling, Life transitions and adjustment, Caregiver/ parenting Issues, Grief and Loss, Trauma, Personal Growth and Motivation Stress Management Work and life stress.
I am a clinical counsellor, with over 10 years experience. Working with clients with a range of issues. Providing solution focused and client centred care for clients. Indy Support Services offers a variety of counselling services General Counselling, Life transitions and adjustment, Caregiver/ parenting Issues, Grief and Loss, Trauma, Personal Growth and Motivation Stress Management Work and life stress.
(03) 4713 7188 View (03) 4713 7188
Photo of Kate McSweeney - Collected Minds, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Collected Minds
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Mansfield, VIC 3722  (Online Only)
As a service, the cornerstone of the Collected Minds approach is the delivery of accessible, progressive, high quality psychological therapy. This work is underpinned by genuine collaboration with a range of other health professionals, such as our Consultant GP, to deliver what we see as whole body mental health - a head-to-toe approach involving lifestyle interventions such as nutrition, exercise, and broader health improvement. We offer this comprehensive approach to support meaningful and sustainable change - all delivered to you online, where ever you may be.
As a service, the cornerstone of the Collected Minds approach is the delivery of accessible, progressive, high quality psychological therapy. This work is underpinned by genuine collaboration with a range of other health professionals, such as our Consultant GP, to deliver what we see as whole body mental health - a head-to-toe approach involving lifestyle interventions such as nutrition, exercise, and broader health improvement. We offer this comprehensive approach to support meaningful and sustainable change - all delivered to you online, where ever you may be.
(08) 6726 7836 View (08) 6726 7836
Photo of Amanda Sacco, MA, PACFA, Counsellor
Amanda Sacco
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Wangaratta, VIC 3677
Connection Matters Counselling is a specialist counselling service for couples and families. The happiness we enjoy in relationships is strongly linked to our ability to communicate effectively, yet often we have limited experience with being taught this crucial skill. Lack of communication can result in increasing conflict or distance regarding several challenges such as navigating the impact of an affair, family, stepfamily and in-law dynamics, financial strain, difference in goals and values, resentment and grudges, lack of emotional support, trust and jealously issues and intimacy and sexuality challenges.
Connection Matters Counselling is a specialist counselling service for couples and families. The happiness we enjoy in relationships is strongly linked to our ability to communicate effectively, yet often we have limited experience with being taught this crucial skill. Lack of communication can result in increasing conflict or distance regarding several challenges such as navigating the impact of an affair, family, stepfamily and in-law dynamics, financial strain, difference in goals and values, resentment and grudges, lack of emotional support, trust and jealously issues and intimacy and sexuality challenges.
(03) 4708 5773 View (03) 4708 5773
Jenelle H. Rothenberg
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Wodonga, VIC 3690
Youth (12-25 years) mental health clinician. Experienced in providing evidence-based treatment and assessment for youth clinical mental health conditions (ages 12-25).
Youth (12-25 years) mental health clinician. Experienced in providing evidence-based treatment and assessment for youth clinical mental health conditions (ages 12-25).
(08) 7666 2371 View (08) 7666 2371
Photo of Andrea Pavarino, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Andrea Pavarino
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Beechworth, VIC 3747
I help adults struggling with emotional and psychological problems in a compassionate and collaborative way. I aim to work as time efficiently as possible tailoring my interventions to individual clients’ needs. I am a registered clinical psychologist with experience in working in outpatient and inpatient public mental health with a range of mental health disorders and presentations. In addition to relieving symptoms of common psychological difficulties such as anxiety or depression, I believe that psychotherapy creates the potential for transformative and life-long change.
I help adults struggling with emotional and psychological problems in a compassionate and collaborative way. I aim to work as time efficiently as possible tailoring my interventions to individual clients’ needs. I am a registered clinical psychologist with experience in working in outpatient and inpatient public mental health with a range of mental health disorders and presentations. In addition to relieving symptoms of common psychological difficulties such as anxiety or depression, I believe that psychotherapy creates the potential for transformative and life-long change.
(03) 4708 4034 View (03) 4708 4034
Photo of Rita Hojnik - Rita Hojnik Counselling, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Rita Hojnik Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tawonga, VIC 3697
As a trained counsellor, through the Australian Counselling Association,I am passionate about listening to you, encouraging you through the process of unfolding and de-briefing. I want to help you to rediscover your innate wisdom, and reconnect to your uniquely beautiful self, you. I aim to support and guide you through change from anxiety, trauma and overwhelm, to healing, and returning to a sense of calm within.
As a trained counsellor, through the Australian Counselling Association,I am passionate about listening to you, encouraging you through the process of unfolding and de-briefing. I want to help you to rediscover your innate wisdom, and reconnect to your uniquely beautiful self, you. I aim to support and guide you through change from anxiety, trauma and overwhelm, to healing, and returning to a sense of calm within.
(03) 4708 5769 View (03) 4708 5769
Photo of Rykie Smith, MA, Psychotherapist
Rykie Smith
Psychotherapist, MA
Verified Verified
Wangaratta, VIC 3677
Our mental health determines the quality of our lives. How we view ourselves and the world around us determines whether we live fulfilling, meaningful lives, or whether we struggle with feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness and despair. Our emotional wellbeing has an influence on our relationships and career success; it can dictate whether we feel safe and whole, or scared and anxious.
Our mental health determines the quality of our lives. How we view ourselves and the world around us determines whether we live fulfilling, meaningful lives, or whether we struggle with feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness and despair. Our emotional wellbeing has an influence on our relationships and career success; it can dictate whether we feel safe and whole, or scared and anxious.
(03) 4708 4344 View (03) 4708 4344
Photo of Nicole Andrea Jackson - Nicole Jackson Counselling & Psychotherapy, PACFA, Counsellor
Nicole Jackson Counselling & Psychotherapy
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Wodonga, VIC 3690
Not accepting new clients
Everyone, at some point in their lives, struggles with challenging emotions that stand in the way of fully living. Perhaps you become overwhelmed with the smallest decisions, or you find it hard to deal with the people in your life. It is not uncommon to feel lost or discouraged and to think “Why do I keep making the same mistakes? Why can’t I take control of my life and live on my own terms? Will things ever change?”.
Everyone, at some point in their lives, struggles with challenging emotions that stand in the way of fully living. Perhaps you become overwhelmed with the smallest decisions, or you find it hard to deal with the people in your life. It is not uncommon to feel lost or discouraged and to think “Why do I keep making the same mistakes? Why can’t I take control of my life and live on my own terms? Will things ever change?”.
(02) 6045 9031 View (02) 6045 9031
Photo of Rebecca Nidorf - Free Form Creative Arts Therapy for Children, MA, AThR, Psychotherapist
Free Form Creative Arts Therapy for Children
Psychotherapist, MA, AThR
Verified Verified
Wangaratta, VIC 3677
Not accepting new clients
Rebecca is a multi-modal creative therapist who specialises in working with children aged 0-10 and their families. It can be hard for children to understand big emotions and talk about their feelings. Some life experiences are too big, painful or confusing to express in words. Rebecca helps children to work through these issues through playful and fun psychological techniques. When we explore an issue creatively, we can begin to look at it from another point of view, and learn how to cope with and discuss emotions or difficulties in a supportive and caring environment. No artistic skill is required to participate.
Rebecca is a multi-modal creative therapist who specialises in working with children aged 0-10 and their families. It can be hard for children to understand big emotions and talk about their feelings. Some life experiences are too big, painful or confusing to express in words. Rebecca helps children to work through these issues through playful and fun psychological techniques. When we explore an issue creatively, we can begin to look at it from another point of view, and learn how to cope with and discuss emotions or difficulties in a supportive and caring environment. No artistic skill is required to participate.
View
Photo of Mirjam Jung, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Mirjam Jung
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Bright, VIC 3741  (Online Only)
Mirjam has a passion to help her clients overcome difficult obstacles as well as identifying strengths and finding unexpected sources of resilience to improve their overall quality of life. She has a gentle compassionate approach to her clients. Mirjam believes it is crucial to understand every client’s values and goals to help develop a therapeutic relationship as a safe base to explore their individual problems in a relaxed atmosphere.
Mirjam has a passion to help her clients overcome difficult obstacles as well as identifying strengths and finding unexpected sources of resilience to improve their overall quality of life. She has a gentle compassionate approach to her clients. Mirjam believes it is crucial to understand every client’s values and goals to help develop a therapeutic relationship as a safe base to explore their individual problems in a relaxed atmosphere.
(03) 7003 2176 View (03) 7003 2176
Photo of Fiona Dundas, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Fiona Dundas
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Mansfield, VIC 3722  (Online Only)
Hi, I specialise in relationship issues, stress and anxiety. There is nothing more upsetting than when we are not feeling emotionally connected to our partner. Some people report a gradual drifting apart while others can pinpoint an event that has damaged the relationship and some are caught in a cycle of conflict, Part of being human is our need to feel safe and understood by our partner, to know they are there for us when we need them. Whatever your challenge I will support you to re-connect, repair and deepen your relationship and or deal with stress or anxiety that impacts your contentment.
Hi, I specialise in relationship issues, stress and anxiety. There is nothing more upsetting than when we are not feeling emotionally connected to our partner. Some people report a gradual drifting apart while others can pinpoint an event that has damaged the relationship and some are caught in a cycle of conflict, Part of being human is our need to feel safe and understood by our partner, to know they are there for us when we need them. Whatever your challenge I will support you to re-connect, repair and deepen your relationship and or deal with stress or anxiety that impacts your contentment.
(03) 8595 5287 View (03) 8595 5287
1

See more therapy options for Northeast

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Northeast, VIC

40+

Average cost per session

$150

Counsellors in Northeast, VIC who prioritize treating:

85% Anxiety
76% Depression
76% Stress
68% Self Esteem
66% Trauma and PTSD
59% Coping Skills
56% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

7 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

69% NDIS
62% Medicare Rebates
46% Bupa

How Counsellors in Northeast, VIC see their clients

59% In Person and Online
41% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
17% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Northeast?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.