Counselling in New Gisborne, VIC

Photo of Mandala Health: Counselling Psychotherapy, Psychotherapist in New Gisborne, VIC
Mandala Health: Counselling Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MPsych, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
New Gisborne, VIC 3438
Hello, my name is Laura. I'm a psychotherapist & relationship counsellor. My therapeutic approach is guided by depth-psychodynamic and analytical principles (est. by Carl Jung). I help clients work through difficult life situations to resolve painful emotional processes, such as depression, anxiety, anger, grief, sadness, isolation & despair, to gain new insights, understanding and acceptance; and to develop deeper, more authentic and intimate relationships with others. I also recognise and provide specialised interventions for complex trauma & PTSD; including: TRTP (The Richards Trauma Process), EMDR, TFT & Sandplay therapy.
Hello, my name is Laura. I'm a psychotherapist & relationship counsellor. My therapeutic approach is guided by depth-psychodynamic and analytical principles (est. by Carl Jung). I help clients work through difficult life situations to resolve painful emotional processes, such as depression, anxiety, anger, grief, sadness, isolation & despair, to gain new insights, understanding and acceptance; and to develop deeper, more authentic and intimate relationships with others. I also recognise and provide specialised interventions for complex trauma & PTSD; including: TRTP (The Richards Trauma Process), EMDR, TFT & Sandplay therapy.
(03) 4427 7446 View (03) 4427 7446
Photo of Emily Varga - Sunbury Child and Family Psychology, Psychologist in New Gisborne, VIC
Emily Varga - Sunbury Child and Family Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
New Gisborne, VIC 3438  (Online Only)
Emily is the principal psychologist at Sunbury Child and Family Psychology working along side young people and their family’s. Emily values the strengths in each person she meets. She works to help each person feel empowered to be themselves, build better friendships, relationships with parents and community, to manage their mental health and to enjoy valued activities including education.
Emily is the principal psychologist at Sunbury Child and Family Psychology working along side young people and their family’s. Emily values the strengths in each person she meets. She works to help each person feel empowered to be themselves, build better friendships, relationships with parents and community, to manage their mental health and to enjoy valued activities including education.
0447 295 554 View 0447 295 554

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Rebecca Bobin, Psychologist in New Gisborne, VIC
Rebecca Bobin
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Woodend, VIC 3442
Rebecca is a warm and compassionate Clinical Psychologist who provides a supportive space for clients to resolve difficulties and build confidence. She has the ability to genuinely connect with clients and identify their strengths. Rebecca has experience working with adolescents and adults with a variety of presentations including: •anxiety •depression •trauma •relationship difficulties •chronic pain. She employs evidence-based techniques including cognitive behaviour therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, mindfulness, trauma-informed practice, IFS, and psycho-sensory interventions to tailor therapy to client needs.
Rebecca is a warm and compassionate Clinical Psychologist who provides a supportive space for clients to resolve difficulties and build confidence. She has the ability to genuinely connect with clients and identify their strengths. Rebecca has experience working with adolescents and adults with a variety of presentations including: •anxiety •depression •trauma •relationship difficulties •chronic pain. She employs evidence-based techniques including cognitive behaviour therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, mindfulness, trauma-informed practice, IFS, and psycho-sensory interventions to tailor therapy to client needs.
(03) 4420 9743 View (03) 4420 9743
Photo of Maine Mind Counselling, Counsellor in New Gisborne, VIC
Maine Mind Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Woodend, VIC 3442
Lissa McIldowney is a full-time, professional Counsellor and is registered with the Australian Counselling Association. She has almost 12 years’ experience in supporting adults and young people from diverse backgrounds to move through difficult events and circumstances in a life-affirming way. Outside work hours she is an emergency services volunteer, providing psychological first aid to disaster survivors.
Lissa McIldowney is a full-time, professional Counsellor and is registered with the Australian Counselling Association. She has almost 12 years’ experience in supporting adults and young people from diverse backgrounds to move through difficult events and circumstances in a life-affirming way. Outside work hours she is an emergency services volunteer, providing psychological first aid to disaster survivors.
(03) 5614 6217 View (03) 5614 6217
Photo of Helen Fraser, Psychologist in New Gisborne, VIC
Helen Fraser
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
Gisborne, VIC 3437  (Online Only)
I can help you to search into the hidden depths of your unconscious to find the extraordinary strengths and resources waiting to be discovered there. Together we will explore events, dreams, childhood, symptoms, patterns, fantasies, daydreams and the therapeutic relationship to build understanding that will help you to accept yourself and move forward. We will look at your relationships, how you live, the roles and masks you put on, and how you protect your vulnerability.
I can help you to search into the hidden depths of your unconscious to find the extraordinary strengths and resources waiting to be discovered there. Together we will explore events, dreams, childhood, symptoms, patterns, fantasies, daydreams and the therapeutic relationship to build understanding that will help you to accept yourself and move forward. We will look at your relationships, how you live, the roles and masks you put on, and how you protect your vulnerability.
(03) 8595 5347 View (03) 8595 5347
Photo of Adam Merrick, Psychologist in New Gisborne, VIC
Adam Merrick
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Woodend, VIC 3442  (Online Only)
Adam is a friendly and empathetic registered psychologist who is motivated by seeing people create a more optimal future; be the best version of themselves, and improve their psychological wellbeing. Adam works with adults to provide assessment and intervention across a range of areas including stress management, anxiety, depression, workplace issues, motivation and leadership development. Adam uses a collaborative approach with clients to identify the challenges they are facing and the outcomes they wish to achieve.
Adam is a friendly and empathetic registered psychologist who is motivated by seeing people create a more optimal future; be the best version of themselves, and improve their psychological wellbeing. Adam works with adults to provide assessment and intervention across a range of areas including stress management, anxiety, depression, workplace issues, motivation and leadership development. Adam uses a collaborative approach with clients to identify the challenges they are facing and the outcomes they wish to achieve.
1800 327 477 x1 View 1800 327 477 x1
Photo of Kathryn Anne Fortuna, Counsellor in New Gisborne, VIC
Kathryn Anne Fortuna
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Woodend, VIC 3442
Working with The Anna Centre. Business Development Counsellor. EAP Specialist. Specialising in Relationship Counselling. Your relationship with yourself and others. This includes building strong communication, respect and intimacy. I also support Families, Individuals and Teens to explore their feelings, clear old patterns, ignite self-awareness, build resourcefulness and feel more purposeful. I offer support with relationship building, parenting, clarity of thoughts, addressing behaviours, thought patterns & issues like anxiety & stress.
Working with The Anna Centre. Business Development Counsellor. EAP Specialist. Specialising in Relationship Counselling. Your relationship with yourself and others. This includes building strong communication, respect and intimacy. I also support Families, Individuals and Teens to explore their feelings, clear old patterns, ignite self-awareness, build resourcefulness and feel more purposeful. I offer support with relationship building, parenting, clarity of thoughts, addressing behaviours, thought patterns & issues like anxiety & stress.
0400 196 519 View 0400 196 519
Photo of Julie Wacker, Counsellor in New Gisborne, VIC
Julie Wacker
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Woodend, VIC 3442
I am a counsellor and Life Coach located in Sunbury and Woodend. Life can be very tough and stressful and sometimes we need some professional help. I am committed to the care of clients ranging from adolescents, adults, elderly and couples. I work with individual and couples who would like to overcome difficulties in their current situation. Each client is unique hence requires a personal counselling approach that is catered entirely for them. My approach incorporates empathy, professionalism and mindfulness. Many individuals may find themselves experiencing various financial, mental and / or physical struggles.
I am a counsellor and Life Coach located in Sunbury and Woodend. Life can be very tough and stressful and sometimes we need some professional help. I am committed to the care of clients ranging from adolescents, adults, elderly and couples. I work with individual and couples who would like to overcome difficulties in their current situation. Each client is unique hence requires a personal counselling approach that is catered entirely for them. My approach incorporates empathy, professionalism and mindfulness. Many individuals may find themselves experiencing various financial, mental and / or physical struggles.
(03) 8007 2065 View (03) 8007 2065
Photo of Owen Weatherley, Psychologist in New Gisborne, VIC
Owen Weatherley
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Woodend, VIC 3442
Owen enjoys working with a range of psychological issues including anxiety, depression, anger, personality disorders, trauma and relationship difficulties. Owen has experience working with adolescents and adults of all ages. Owen has a particular interest in working with young people struggling with personality, mood or anxiety related difficulties. Owen’s therapeutic approach has an interpersonal and psychodynamic emphasis, helping clients gain deeper insight into themselves and their difficulties, develop self-acceptance and confidence, and resolve obstacles to emotional growth.
Owen enjoys working with a range of psychological issues including anxiety, depression, anger, personality disorders, trauma and relationship difficulties. Owen has experience working with adolescents and adults of all ages. Owen has a particular interest in working with young people struggling with personality, mood or anxiety related difficulties. Owen’s therapeutic approach has an interpersonal and psychodynamic emphasis, helping clients gain deeper insight into themselves and their difficulties, develop self-acceptance and confidence, and resolve obstacles to emotional growth.
(03) 7003 2704 View (03) 7003 2704
Photo of Terry Gaechter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Gisborne, VIC
Terry Gaechter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Woodend, VIC 3442
I come to the therapeutic space with a deep curiosity about life and the people I meet there, their stories, their lives, their relationships with others and most importantly with themselves. I join with you and guide you to discover the more hidden parts of yourself that you haven’t yet explored or have only touched on. Perhaps there’s a difficult or recurring issue from your personal or professional life that you would like to address. It could be grief, loss, depression, anxiety, addiction, dissociation, historical or current trauma, life transition, identity or relationship issues, or even existential questions and concerns.
I come to the therapeutic space with a deep curiosity about life and the people I meet there, their stories, their lives, their relationships with others and most importantly with themselves. I join with you and guide you to discover the more hidden parts of yourself that you haven’t yet explored or have only touched on. Perhaps there’s a difficult or recurring issue from your personal or professional life that you would like to address. It could be grief, loss, depression, anxiety, addiction, dissociation, historical or current trauma, life transition, identity or relationship issues, or even existential questions and concerns.
(07) 4520 6046 View (07) 4520 6046
Photo of Francesca Hunter Counselling | Macedon Ranges, Counsellor in New Gisborne, VIC
Francesca Hunter Counselling | Macedon Ranges
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Woodend, VIC 3442
Life has its tough times and big challenges. It doesn't mean we have a mental health issue if we need a bit of extra support to navigate a tough time or work through problems in our relationship. It simply means we're human! I provide individual and couples counselling in the Macedon Ranges. I take a truly calming and compassionate approach and ensure your comfort at all times. Speaking to a counsellor can really help us to gain perspective and insight, and to process our complex emotions, enabling us to feel heard and understood, then to take the next step forward - whether as an individual or as a couple.
Life has its tough times and big challenges. It doesn't mean we have a mental health issue if we need a bit of extra support to navigate a tough time or work through problems in our relationship. It simply means we're human! I provide individual and couples counselling in the Macedon Ranges. I take a truly calming and compassionate approach and ensure your comfort at all times. Speaking to a counsellor can really help us to gain perspective and insight, and to process our complex emotions, enabling us to feel heard and understood, then to take the next step forward - whether as an individual or as a couple.
(03) 4422 4530 View (03) 4422 4530
Photo of Ashleigh Wallach, Psychologist in New Gisborne, VIC
Ashleigh Wallach
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Gisborne, VIC 3437  (Online Only)
Ashleigh is a registered psychologist and Board-approved supervisor with many years experience helping clients to identify, understand and overcome the sources of their distress. Ashleigh is passionate about providing clients with the knowledge and strategies that form a roadmap for life long personal exploration, healing and fulfilment. Ashleigh has a calm and compassionate presence, and will strive to maintain a clear and transparent trajectory towards helping you to achieve your goals.
Ashleigh is a registered psychologist and Board-approved supervisor with many years experience helping clients to identify, understand and overcome the sources of their distress. Ashleigh is passionate about providing clients with the knowledge and strategies that form a roadmap for life long personal exploration, healing and fulfilment. Ashleigh has a calm and compassionate presence, and will strive to maintain a clear and transparent trajectory towards helping you to achieve your goals.
View
Photo of Ethos Psychotherapy, Counsellor in New Gisborne, VIC
Ethos Psychotherapy
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Woodend, VIC 3442
Are you experiencing difficulties within yourself or in your relationships? How do you get through life? Do you feel things need to change? I maintain clients' mental health by helping them better understand themselves and the situations they are in so they can find peace, balance and positivity.
Are you experiencing difficulties within yourself or in your relationships? How do you get through life? Do you feel things need to change? I maintain clients' mental health by helping them better understand themselves and the situations they are in so they can find peace, balance and positivity.
(03) 4410 8579 View (03) 4410 8579
Photo of Courage Wisdom Change, Counsellor in New Gisborne, VIC
Courage Wisdom Change
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Woodend, VIC 3442
Courage Wisdom Change is a unique service offering support to individuals and families in regional and rural Australia. Through Courage Wisdom Change families are able to access individualised supports tailored to the clients specific needs. ​ Fiona has worked extensively with young people and adults from diverse backgrounds, including complex trauma, Autism/Neurodivergence, Intellectual disabilities and/or additional needs, and the complexities of Out of Home Care.
Courage Wisdom Change is a unique service offering support to individuals and families in regional and rural Australia. Through Courage Wisdom Change families are able to access individualised supports tailored to the clients specific needs. ​ Fiona has worked extensively with young people and adults from diverse backgrounds, including complex trauma, Autism/Neurodivergence, Intellectual disabilities and/or additional needs, and the complexities of Out of Home Care.
(02) 8609 3741 View (02) 8609 3741
Photo of fantastic therapy, Psychotherapist in New Gisborne, VIC
fantastic therapy
Psychotherapist, MA
Verified Verified
Woodend, VIC 3442
Your mental health is key to living the life you want for yourself. If you are experiencing burnout, feeling overwhelmed, stressed, or experiencing a depressed mood, I can help. I can help you address your anxiety and help you to feel more connected to yourself and more connected in your relationships. I can help you with life transitions and help find solutions to your challenges. Working together we can get the sustainable results you seek.
Your mental health is key to living the life you want for yourself. If you are experiencing burnout, feeling overwhelmed, stressed, or experiencing a depressed mood, I can help. I can help you address your anxiety and help you to feel more connected to yourself and more connected in your relationships. I can help you with life transitions and help find solutions to your challenges. Working together we can get the sustainable results you seek.
(03) 4422 2422 View (03) 4422 2422
Photo of Ekstedt Consulting, Counsellor in New Gisborne, VIC
Ekstedt Consulting
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Woodend, VIC 3442
Senior leaders, busy professionals and creative entrepreneurs need to manage an unprecedented range of competing demands across their personal and professional lives. The pressure can be relentless, and career success can come at a high cost. Stress can have serious impacts on mental health, family relationships and physical well-being. Travel and work schedules can undermine marriages/partnerships and parenting. It makes sense to invest in your resilience, wellbeing and self care because resilient leaders achieve more.
Senior leaders, busy professionals and creative entrepreneurs need to manage an unprecedented range of competing demands across their personal and professional lives. The pressure can be relentless, and career success can come at a high cost. Stress can have serious impacts on mental health, family relationships and physical well-being. Travel and work schedules can undermine marriages/partnerships and parenting. It makes sense to invest in your resilience, wellbeing and self care because resilient leaders achieve more.
(03) 9118 9047 View (03) 9118 9047
Photo of Harpreet Deol, Psychologist in New Gisborne, VIC
Harpreet Deol
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Gisborne, VIC 3437  (Online Only)
Harpreet is an Australian registered psychologist. She has a strong interest in working on complex trauma. Her strength lies in engaging clients with diligence and patience. Harpreet believes in working under an integrative evidence-based model using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy, Schema Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. She is multilingual and can additionally support clients who speak English, Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu.
Harpreet is an Australian registered psychologist. She has a strong interest in working on complex trauma. Her strength lies in engaging clients with diligence and patience. Harpreet believes in working under an integrative evidence-based model using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy, Schema Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. She is multilingual and can additionally support clients who speak English, Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu.
1800 327 477 View 1800 327 477
Photo of Nina Isabella - Womanly Counsellor, Counsellor in New Gisborne, VIC
Nina Isabella - Womanly Counsellor
Counsellor, MC, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Woodend, VIC 3442
I’m a holistic counsellor supporting women navigating conception, pregnancy, motherhood, menopausing, loss and grief. I love integrating empathetic person-centred counselling including Acceptance and Commitment Therapy with body-oriented therapies like mindfulness, breathwork and therapeutic yoga. I offer intrinsically inclusive, culturally aware, trauma informed exploration of the unique physical, emotional, spiritual, cultural, environmental, social factors influencing your wellbeing.
I’m a holistic counsellor supporting women navigating conception, pregnancy, motherhood, menopausing, loss and grief. I love integrating empathetic person-centred counselling including Acceptance and Commitment Therapy with body-oriented therapies like mindfulness, breathwork and therapeutic yoga. I offer intrinsically inclusive, culturally aware, trauma informed exploration of the unique physical, emotional, spiritual, cultural, environmental, social factors influencing your wellbeing.
(03) 4422 4945 View (03) 4422 4945
Photo of Traci Tucker, Counsellor in New Gisborne, VIC
Traci Tucker
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Gisborne, VIC 3437
Now Available: Professional Supervision. Clients often want to change their behaviour and improve their lives as well as their relationships. However, fear, trauma and past hurt can cause ambivalence. Counselling can help clients work through the why, how and what of making this change. By using a number of modalities such as Motivational Interviewing, CBT, Person Centered, Strengths Based and Gestalt therapies, clients can find their way out of the dark. 'Beyond the Silence, there is always Hope'.
Now Available: Professional Supervision. Clients often want to change their behaviour and improve their lives as well as their relationships. However, fear, trauma and past hurt can cause ambivalence. Counselling can help clients work through the why, how and what of making this change. By using a number of modalities such as Motivational Interviewing, CBT, Person Centered, Strengths Based and Gestalt therapies, clients can find their way out of the dark. 'Beyond the Silence, there is always Hope'.
(03) 4328 3009 View (03) 4328 3009
Photo of Care For Your Mind, Psychotherapist in New Gisborne, VIC
Care For Your Mind
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Woodend, VIC 3442
At Care For Your Mind we care about connection and understand the driver of lasting change is determined by the strength of the therapeutic relationship. Care For Your Mind is a private practice located in Bendigo providing counselling and psychological assessments to adults, young people, children and their families. We work with a range of issues, including depression, anxiety, anger management, behavioural concerns, grief & loss, sexualised behaviours and trauma presentations.
At Care For Your Mind we care about connection and understand the driver of lasting change is determined by the strength of the therapeutic relationship. Care For Your Mind is a private practice located in Bendigo providing counselling and psychological assessments to adults, young people, children and their families. We work with a range of issues, including depression, anxiety, anger management, behavioural concerns, grief & loss, sexualised behaviours and trauma presentations.
(03) 4422 2180 View (03) 4422 2180

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in New Gisborne, VIC

< 10

Counsellors in New Gisborne, VIC who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Parenting
100% Other
100% Family Conflict
100% Peer Relationships

Average years in practice

17 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in New Gisborne, VIC see their clients

50% In Person and Online
50% Online Only
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in New Gisborne?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.