Counselling in Langwarrin South, VIC

Photo of Jacqui Snooks, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Jacqui Snooks
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Langwarrin South, VIC 3911
I am a psychotherapist and counsellor and the founder and Clinical Director of Haven Counselling and Psychotherapy. I offer a safe and confidential space to help you work through and resolve the issues you are facing which bring you to therapy. Working collaboratively, I help my clients establish more balance, connection, understanding and a greater sense of well-being in their lives. I specialise in helping people manage a range of issues including: relationship breakdowns, loss, depression, trauma, PTSD, addictions, stress and anxiety. Work with me to discover the tools needed to live a more satisfying life right now.
I am a psychotherapist and counsellor and the founder and Clinical Director of Haven Counselling and Psychotherapy. I offer a safe and confidential space to help you work through and resolve the issues you are facing which bring you to therapy. Working collaboratively, I help my clients establish more balance, connection, understanding and a greater sense of well-being in their lives. I specialise in helping people manage a range of issues including: relationship breakdowns, loss, depression, trauma, PTSD, addictions, stress and anxiety. Work with me to discover the tools needed to live a more satisfying life right now.
(08) 9126 9430 View (08) 9126 9430
Photo of Christina David, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Christina David
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified
Langwarrin South, VIC 3911
Personal Counsellor to individuals, & couples of all ages and stages of life. I specialise in providing therapy to autistic, culturally and linguistically diverse (CaLD) clients and NDIS funding recipients. I focus on the different abilities one possesses rather than their disabilities. I hold a Masters Degree in Counselling and certification in supporting people with special needs from Monash University, a Bachelor’s Degree in Languages (Hons), a Diploma in Psychology (Hons). I am a trained and certified Cognitive Behaviour Therapist.
Personal Counsellor to individuals, & couples of all ages and stages of life. I specialise in providing therapy to autistic, culturally and linguistically diverse (CaLD) clients and NDIS funding recipients. I focus on the different abilities one possesses rather than their disabilities. I hold a Masters Degree in Counselling and certification in supporting people with special needs from Monash University, a Bachelor’s Degree in Languages (Hons), a Diploma in Psychology (Hons). I am a trained and certified Cognitive Behaviour Therapist.
(02) 4504 0218 View (02) 4504 0218

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Chaille Bos, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Chaille Bos
Counsellor, MC, ACA-L2
Verified
Frankston, VIC 3199
Hello! I’m Chaille (Shay). I’ve spent most of the last decade living and working overseas away from friends and family, this taught me that there is nothing better than having a person who is your home and who will support you no matter what. I am very analytic and straight forward, but I’m also endlessly compassionate. More than anything, I want you to feel comfortable and safe when working with me. ​As a counsellor, my focus is on increasing quality of life. I help clients process their experiences in an environment of respect, help them feel heard, safe and validated. I offer evidence-based counselling for individuals and couples
Hello! I’m Chaille (Shay). I’ve spent most of the last decade living and working overseas away from friends and family, this taught me that there is nothing better than having a person who is your home and who will support you no matter what. I am very analytic and straight forward, but I’m also endlessly compassionate. More than anything, I want you to feel comfortable and safe when working with me. ​As a counsellor, my focus is on increasing quality of life. I help clients process their experiences in an environment of respect, help them feel heard, safe and validated. I offer evidence-based counselling for individuals and couples
View
Peninsula Paediatric Psychology PTY LTD
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Somerville, VIC 3912  (Online Only)
At Peninsula Paediatric Psychology (3P), we offer a range of services such as comprehensive psychoeducational assessments and counselling support. We have a team of clinicians working in clinics and in schools. We offer services for a paediatric population up to 25 years old, where education and life aspirations. are concerned. We also support adults supporting children such as parents, teachers and professionals. We offer professional development in schools and for teams/clinics.
At Peninsula Paediatric Psychology (3P), we offer a range of services such as comprehensive psychoeducational assessments and counselling support. We have a team of clinicians working in clinics and in schools. We offer services for a paediatric population up to 25 years old, where education and life aspirations. are concerned. We also support adults supporting children such as parents, teachers and professionals. We offer professional development in schools and for teams/clinics.
(03) 5905 7079 View (03) 5905 7079
Photo of Kym Anderton, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Kym Anderton
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
Somerville, VIC 3912
The essence of my therapy is in building solid, safe relationships collaboratively with my clients, catering to the unique needs of each person in a non-judgmental way. Rather than tell someone what they need, I prefer a merging of minds to make meaningful and sustainable differences. Together we explore resources to overcome adversity and suffering whilst learning to accept and adapt to the complicated facets of life where required. My therapeutic approach is also rooted in a deep exploration of early life experiences, with a focus on understanding and facilitating the healing of trauma or patterned behaviour.
The essence of my therapy is in building solid, safe relationships collaboratively with my clients, catering to the unique needs of each person in a non-judgmental way. Rather than tell someone what they need, I prefer a merging of minds to make meaningful and sustainable differences. Together we explore resources to overcome adversity and suffering whilst learning to accept and adapt to the complicated facets of life where required. My therapeutic approach is also rooted in a deep exploration of early life experiences, with a focus on understanding and facilitating the healing of trauma or patterned behaviour.
(03) 5910 3030 View (03) 5910 3030
Photo of Dianne Katherine Hopkins, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Dianne Katherine Hopkins
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
Langwarrin, VIC 3910  (Online Only)
I only charge $50 per hour for counselling and I specialise in anxiety disorders (health anxiety, social anxiety, panic attacks, OCD, generalised anxiety disorder) and PTSD. I am a registered and highly experienced counsellor who has the knowledge, training, experience and skills to successfully treat your anxiety disorder or PTSD.
I only charge $50 per hour for counselling and I specialise in anxiety disorders (health anxiety, social anxiety, panic attacks, OCD, generalised anxiety disorder) and PTSD. I am a registered and highly experienced counsellor who has the knowledge, training, experience and skills to successfully treat your anxiety disorder or PTSD.
(08) 9126 9447 View (08) 9126 9447
Photo of Melissa Rowe, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Langwarrin South, VIC
Melissa Rowe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Somerville, VIC 3912
Hi! I'm an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with 2 decades experience working with a variety of clients. I work with children, adolescents, families and also individuals and in particular women. I work in a holistic manner; not only do I recognise the mind body connection but also acknowledges the system in which the child or family functions, never looking at a behaviour or symptom in isolation. I support individuals to overcome challenges in their lives, from relationships to navigating life transitions.
Hi! I'm an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with 2 decades experience working with a variety of clients. I work with children, adolescents, families and also individuals and in particular women. I work in a holistic manner; not only do I recognise the mind body connection but also acknowledges the system in which the child or family functions, never looking at a behaviour or symptom in isolation. I support individuals to overcome challenges in their lives, from relationships to navigating life transitions.
(03) 5905 9745 View (03) 5905 9745
Photo of Bayside Counselling and Consultation Pty Ltd, Psychologist in Langwarrin South, VIC
Bayside Counselling and Consultation Pty Ltd
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified
Langwarrin, VIC 3910
Our team includes Psychologists, Accredited Mental Health Social Worker, Counsellors and Provisional Psychologists experience in the provision of work-based mediation, critical incident debriefing, trauma-focused therapy, the effects of substance abuse in the workplace, anger management and increasing work attendance and satisfaction. Private counselling is also available in our three practice locations (Seaford, Glen Waverley and Cranbourne).
Our team includes Psychologists, Accredited Mental Health Social Worker, Counsellors and Provisional Psychologists experience in the provision of work-based mediation, critical incident debriefing, trauma-focused therapy, the effects of substance abuse in the workplace, anger management and increasing work attendance and satisfaction. Private counselling is also available in our three practice locations (Seaford, Glen Waverley and Cranbourne).
(03) 5907 5890 View (03) 5907 5890
Photo of Rewire Psychology , Psychologist in Langwarrin South, VIC
Rewire Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Somerville, VIC 3912
We all experience some problems in our day-to-day lives.When problems we face impact our physical & emotional well-being & our quality of life, it is helpful to reach out to someone for support. Pri provides counselling to young children, adolescents, & adults. She can help with stress management, anxiety, behaviour management, body image concerns, bullying, depression, grief, gender & sexuality, neurodevelopmental differences, NDIS support, parents’ separation & divorce, school attendance & trauma. She also provides counselling to adults experiencing anxiety, separation, grief and loss, parenting support, and family conflict.
We all experience some problems in our day-to-day lives.When problems we face impact our physical & emotional well-being & our quality of life, it is helpful to reach out to someone for support. Pri provides counselling to young children, adolescents, & adults. She can help with stress management, anxiety, behaviour management, body image concerns, bullying, depression, grief, gender & sexuality, neurodevelopmental differences, NDIS support, parents’ separation & divorce, school attendance & trauma. She also provides counselling to adults experiencing anxiety, separation, grief and loss, parenting support, and family conflict.
(03) 5905 7130 View (03) 5905 7130
Photo of Peninsula Counselling Solutions, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Peninsula Counselling Solutions
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Somerville, VIC 3912
Joshua Cohen (Bcouns) is an accredited Australian Counselling Association Counsellor and has vast study and depth of experience in all areas of counselling and life challenges. Joshua’s unique journey in counselling enables him to truly connect with anyone and provide the understanding needed to help empower you to facilitate change. Joshua is client centred, meeting clients where they are and is passionate about helping people move beyond what they feel is impacting their quality of life. "
Joshua Cohen (Bcouns) is an accredited Australian Counselling Association Counsellor and has vast study and depth of experience in all areas of counselling and life challenges. Joshua’s unique journey in counselling enables him to truly connect with anyone and provide the understanding needed to help empower you to facilitate change. Joshua is client centred, meeting clients where they are and is passionate about helping people move beyond what they feel is impacting their quality of life. "
(03) 5905 7043 View (03) 5905 7043
Photo of Kirra Caldwell, Psychologist in Langwarrin South, VIC
Kirra Caldwell
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA Endorsed
Verified
Langwarrin, VIC 3910
Kirra is an AHPRA endorsed clinical psychologist and a member of the Australian Psychological Society. Kirra works with children, adolescents and adults with a diverse range of presentations and psychological problems. Kirra completes learning assessments, Autism assessments, behavioural assessments and also works with depression, anxiety, general counselling and grief. Appointments are generally school hours.
Kirra is an AHPRA endorsed clinical psychologist and a member of the Australian Psychological Society. Kirra works with children, adolescents and adults with a diverse range of presentations and psychological problems. Kirra completes learning assessments, Autism assessments, behavioural assessments and also works with depression, anxiety, general counselling and grief. Appointments are generally school hours.
(03) 9068 6074 View (03) 9068 6074
Photo of Benjamin Watkins, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Benjamin Watkins
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
3 Endorsed
Somerville, VIC 3912
Appointments are Available within a week. Sessions are bookable online via my website. Do you struggle with feeling like you are not a good person, partner, or parent? Are you going through a transitional phase of your life? You're not alone! There are times we all feel like we are not enough or just can't get that balance in life but knowing that other people go through it doesn't help. You want action, you want a plan, and steps you can take to make that change. You want someone you can trust and talk to that is not involved or connected. Counsellors do not work with MHP or offer services under Medicare in Australia.
Appointments are Available within a week. Sessions are bookable online via my website. Do you struggle with feeling like you are not a good person, partner, or parent? Are you going through a transitional phase of your life? You're not alone! There are times we all feel like we are not enough or just can't get that balance in life but knowing that other people go through it doesn't help. You want action, you want a plan, and steps you can take to make that change. You want someone you can trust and talk to that is not involved or connected. Counsellors do not work with MHP or offer services under Medicare in Australia.
(03) 5909 9631 View (03) 5909 9631
Photo of Waterfront Counselling, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Waterfront Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Frankston South, VIC 3199
I love helping people to find their inner peace, to understand themselves enabling them to live a happy life and have happy relationships. I especially love helping men to become emotionally intelligent, to become better communicators, fathers and partners. I am experienced in couples counselling assisting my clients to see their situation through more enlightening and empowering perspectives; training couples and singles how to express vulnerability – i.e. feelings, needs and wants – in a constructive and authentic way; offering practical and down to earth advice.
I love helping people to find their inner peace, to understand themselves enabling them to live a happy life and have happy relationships. I especially love helping men to become emotionally intelligent, to become better communicators, fathers and partners. I am experienced in couples counselling assisting my clients to see their situation through more enlightening and empowering perspectives; training couples and singles how to express vulnerability – i.e. feelings, needs and wants – in a constructive and authentic way; offering practical and down to earth advice.
(08) 9126 9257 View (08) 9126 9257
Photo of Daniel Shaw, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Daniel Shaw
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
Frankston, VIC 3199
Not accepting new clients
I am a Counsellor and Social Worker with experience working across a range of sectors including crisis, housing, youth, health, tertiary/vocational education and palliative care and bereavement support. I use a person-centred approach which emphasises the importance of you in counselling. What this basically means is that you are the driver of our sessions. I want counselling to be of benefit to you which is why I offer a flexible approach which can include: telecounselling or outreach sessions (in an environment that you’re comfortable in.)
I am a Counsellor and Social Worker with experience working across a range of sectors including crisis, housing, youth, health, tertiary/vocational education and palliative care and bereavement support. I use a person-centred approach which emphasises the importance of you in counselling. What this basically means is that you are the driver of our sessions. I want counselling to be of benefit to you which is why I offer a flexible approach which can include: telecounselling or outreach sessions (in an environment that you’re comfortable in.)
(03) 5905 9980 View (03) 5905 9980
Photo of Wonderings Counselling & Psychology, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Wonderings Counselling & Psychology
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
Somerville, VIC 3912
I work with clients experiencing a range of difficulties, I recognise that all clients are unique and therefore approach each and every session with genuineness, curiosity and a range of therapeutic interventions that I can draw on to support my clients. My specialty is working with Children, Adolescents, Mums and Bubs and Families. This client group can benefit from attachment-based interventions, relationship and communication skills as well as emotion regulation and psychoeducation.
I work with clients experiencing a range of difficulties, I recognise that all clients are unique and therefore approach each and every session with genuineness, curiosity and a range of therapeutic interventions that I can draw on to support my clients. My specialty is working with Children, Adolescents, Mums and Bubs and Families. This client group can benefit from attachment-based interventions, relationship and communication skills as well as emotion regulation and psychoeducation.
(03) 5907 5923 View (03) 5907 5923
Photo of Emma Lowe, Psychotherapist in Langwarrin South, VIC
Emma Lowe
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified
Somerville, VIC 3912
I wholeheartedly believe in therapeutic healing through safety, compassion & acceptance in the present moment. If we are in distress, feeling lost, alone, sad, anxious or angry it can be hard to know whom to talk with or, what to talk about. Sometimes we don't want to talk at all to start with and, would prefer to do a creative/movement exercise to express ourselves. Maybe we know exactly what we want to talk about and explore, maybe learning new skills to integrate into daily life. I can be there to support you, whatever stage you are at.
I wholeheartedly believe in therapeutic healing through safety, compassion & acceptance in the present moment. If we are in distress, feeling lost, alone, sad, anxious or angry it can be hard to know whom to talk with or, what to talk about. Sometimes we don't want to talk at all to start with and, would prefer to do a creative/movement exercise to express ourselves. Maybe we know exactly what we want to talk about and explore, maybe learning new skills to integrate into daily life. I can be there to support you, whatever stage you are at.
(08) 9025 3270 View (08) 9025 3270
Photo of Looking Forward Counselling & Hypnotherapy, Counsellor in Langwarrin South, VIC
Looking Forward Counselling & Hypnotherapy
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified
1 Endorsed
Somerville, VIC 3912
I employ an evidence-based, multi-faceted approach, working with you to create the next chapter. A qualified and registered Counsellor, based in the Mornington Peninsula, who skilfully supports adolescents, adults and relationships. Helping you navigate the path to find your purpose, reframe concerns and look forward to an improved relationship with yourself and others. Passionate about empowering you to develop a set of tools to help you become your own coach. Supporting a wide range of concerns including: Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Self-esteem, Confidence, Grief, Conflict, Anger, Eating Disorder behaviour management
I employ an evidence-based, multi-faceted approach, working with you to create the next chapter. A qualified and registered Counsellor, based in the Mornington Peninsula, who skilfully supports adolescents, adults and relationships. Helping you navigate the path to find your purpose, reframe concerns and look forward to an improved relationship with yourself and others. Passionate about empowering you to develop a set of tools to help you become your own coach. Supporting a wide range of concerns including: Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Self-esteem, Confidence, Grief, Conflict, Anger, Eating Disorder behaviour management
(08) 9126 9332 View (08) 9126 9332
Photo of Aila Copland, Psychologist in Langwarrin South, VIC
Aila Copland
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified
Somerville, VIC 3912
I’m a psychologist in clinical practice on Mornington Peninsula for some 13 years now. I see adults (20+) as well as older adults (65+) and couples.
I’m a psychologist in clinical practice on Mornington Peninsula for some 13 years now. I see adults (20+) as well as older adults (65+) and couples.
(03) 6120 6362 View (03) 6120 6362
Photo of Joanna Umney, Psychologist in Langwarrin South, VIC
Joanna Umney
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Somerville, VIC 3912
Joanna has a strong interest in working with adolescents and young adults. Joanna is also an Animal Assisted Therapist (AAT), and her Australian Shepherd (Zailey) helps provide a sense of comfort and calmness during consultations. Joanna finds that animal-therapy is particularly supportive for those with social-anxiety, autism, and depression. Joanna will tailor evidence based therapeutic interventions, which may also include a Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT), and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), to the individual clients’ needs, personality, and therapeutic goals.
Joanna has a strong interest in working with adolescents and young adults. Joanna is also an Animal Assisted Therapist (AAT), and her Australian Shepherd (Zailey) helps provide a sense of comfort and calmness during consultations. Joanna finds that animal-therapy is particularly supportive for those with social-anxiety, autism, and depression. Joanna will tailor evidence based therapeutic interventions, which may also include a Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT), and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), to the individual clients’ needs, personality, and therapeutic goals.
(03) 5907 3299 View (03) 5907 3299
Photo of Joanna Paterson, Psychologist in Langwarrin South, VIC
Joanna Paterson
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA Endorsed
Verified
Baxter, VIC 3911
Joanna is a Clinical Psychologist offering face to face services in Mornington and Baxter, as well as telehealth options for those elsewhere. Joanna is warm and empathetic and uses evidence based therapies to assist clients with their therapy goals. Joanna works with a broad range of issues including anxiety & depression, trauma and PTSD, couples and relationships, stress, personality disorders, disordered eating, addiction and more.
Joanna is a Clinical Psychologist offering face to face services in Mornington and Baxter, as well as telehealth options for those elsewhere. Joanna is warm and empathetic and uses evidence based therapies to assist clients with their therapy goals. Joanna works with a broad range of issues including anxiety & depression, trauma and PTSD, couples and relationships, stress, personality disorders, disordered eating, addiction and more.
(08) 9126 9277 View (08) 9126 9277

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Langwarrin South, VIC

< 10

Counsellors in Langwarrin South, VIC who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Bereavement
100% Parenting
100% Spirituality
100% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

5 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Langwarrin South, VIC see their clients

100% In Person and Online

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Langwarrin South?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.