Counselling in Knoxfield, VIC

Photo of Ros Wilson, Counsellor in Knoxfield, VIC
Ros Wilson
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
I am Professional Counsellor and Narcissistic Trauma Informed Coach. I have been Counselling in private practice in the Knoxfield Vic area for over 20 years. I am a Counselling Supervisor with the Australian Counselling Association (ACA). I specialise in guiding those that have been on the receiving end of Narcissistic abuse (because it is abuse), to help them create steps to live their authentic life. The Trauma from Narcissistic abuse lives in our body - from when we were first abused or traumatised.
I am Professional Counsellor and Narcissistic Trauma Informed Coach. I have been Counselling in private practice in the Knoxfield Vic area for over 20 years. I am a Counselling Supervisor with the Australian Counselling Association (ACA). I specialise in guiding those that have been on the receiving end of Narcissistic abuse (because it is abuse), to help them create steps to live their authentic life. The Trauma from Narcissistic abuse lives in our body - from when we were first abused or traumatised.
(03) 6146 3205 View (03) 6146 3205
Photo of Jess Ruschen, Counsellor in Knoxfield, VIC
Jess Ruschen
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
As a licensed professional counsellor with a Master's degree in Counselling and Psychotherapy, I am passionate about empowering people to prosper in life. I pride myself on building secure, comfortable connections with my clients, as I have seen over and over that a strong therapeutic relationship is the precursor to lasting growth. I believe that therapy is a collaborative process where clients can explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in a supportive, empathetic and non-judgmental setting.
As a licensed professional counsellor with a Master's degree in Counselling and Psychotherapy, I am passionate about empowering people to prosper in life. I pride myself on building secure, comfortable connections with my clients, as I have seen over and over that a strong therapeutic relationship is the precursor to lasting growth. I believe that therapy is a collaborative process where clients can explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in a supportive, empathetic and non-judgmental setting.
(03) 8203 5015 View (03) 8203 5015
Photo of Knox Mindfulness, Counsellor in Knoxfield, VIC
Knox Mindfulness
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
Limited waiting times! We are pleased to now offer Clinical Hypnotherapy! Knox Mindfulness is a holistic wellness practice based at the foot of the Dandenong Ranges. With a strong focus on looking at the individual, their issues, their needs, and goals as a whole; aiming at bringing greater awareness and change to the individual's life through deeper understanding and personal growth.
Limited waiting times! We are pleased to now offer Clinical Hypnotherapy! Knox Mindfulness is a holistic wellness practice based at the foot of the Dandenong Ranges. With a strong focus on looking at the individual, their issues, their needs, and goals as a whole; aiming at bringing greater awareness and change to the individual's life through deeper understanding and personal growth.
(03) 5909 9802 View (03) 5909 9802
Photo of Ermanno Bergami, Psychotherapist in Knoxfield, VIC
Ermanno Bergami
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
As a psychotherapist I create a field, I prepare the ground and the conditions, I set processes in motion, I resonate and synchronise with the rhythm of the person. I help the person to centre inside, to anchor in the body, in the present and in reality. What I am most interested in is the relationship people have with themselves. Most problems that occur in interpersonal relationships have to do with conflict within us. My work is about lowering fears, taking small and big courageous steps, regaining the capacity to love, rebuilding trust in ourselves so that we can find and follow our path.
As a psychotherapist I create a field, I prepare the ground and the conditions, I set processes in motion, I resonate and synchronise with the rhythm of the person. I help the person to centre inside, to anchor in the body, in the present and in reality. What I am most interested in is the relationship people have with themselves. Most problems that occur in interpersonal relationships have to do with conflict within us. My work is about lowering fears, taking small and big courageous steps, regaining the capacity to love, rebuilding trust in ourselves so that we can find and follow our path.
(03) 8797 5448 View (03) 8797 5448
Photo of Melanie Anderson, Counsellor in Knoxfield, VIC
Melanie Anderson
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
I am a specialist Counsellor with 12+ years' experience supporting women in community and therapeutic settings. Women are incredible connectors that give so much of themselves to workplaces, families and community. Sometimes this can result in feeling disconnected from themselves. Women also experience relationship breakdowns, parenting challenges, loss, abuse and traumatic experiences. These can really rock the foundation of who we are. I can help you make sense of what has happened and how to move forward with who you are becoming and what you want for your life.
I am a specialist Counsellor with 12+ years' experience supporting women in community and therapeutic settings. Women are incredible connectors that give so much of themselves to workplaces, families and community. Sometimes this can result in feeling disconnected from themselves. Women also experience relationship breakdowns, parenting challenges, loss, abuse and traumatic experiences. These can really rock the foundation of who we are. I can help you make sense of what has happened and how to move forward with who you are becoming and what you want for your life.
(03) 5907 5884 View (03) 5907 5884
Photo of Christina David, Counsellor in Knoxfield, VIC
Christina David
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
Personal Counsellor to individuals, & couples of all ages and stages of life. I specialise in providing therapy to autistic, culturally and linguistically diverse (CaLD) clients and NDIS funding recipients. I focus on the different abilities one possesses rather than their disabilities. I hold a Masters Degree in Counselling and certification in supporting people with special needs from Monash University, a Bachelor’s Degree in Languages (Hons), a Diploma in Psychology (Hons). I am a trained and certified Cognitive Behaviour Therapist.
Personal Counsellor to individuals, & couples of all ages and stages of life. I specialise in providing therapy to autistic, culturally and linguistically diverse (CaLD) clients and NDIS funding recipients. I focus on the different abilities one possesses rather than their disabilities. I hold a Masters Degree in Counselling and certification in supporting people with special needs from Monash University, a Bachelor’s Degree in Languages (Hons), a Diploma in Psychology (Hons). I am a trained and certified Cognitive Behaviour Therapist.
(02) 4504 0218 View (02) 4504 0218
Photo of Melbourne Sandplay & Expressive Therapies , Psychotherapist in Knoxfield, VIC
Melbourne Sandplay & Expressive Therapies
Psychotherapist, MA, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
Melbourne Sandplay and Expressive Therapies provides a safe space for you to explore your inner psyche and find peace and healing through deep therapeutic engagement. Sandplay is the ideal mode to heal from trauma and find your own inner resources. Guided drawing also helps you engage your body “knowing” to guide you towards healing. I would be honoured to share your healing journey with you.
Melbourne Sandplay and Expressive Therapies provides a safe space for you to explore your inner psyche and find peace and healing through deep therapeutic engagement. Sandplay is the ideal mode to heal from trauma and find your own inner resources. Guided drawing also helps you engage your body “knowing” to guide you towards healing. I would be honoured to share your healing journey with you.
(03) 9864 1852 View (03) 9864 1852
Photo of Danielle Graber, Psychologist in Knoxfield, VIC
Danielle Graber
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA Endorsed
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
I like to focus my clinical work on helping my clients work out what’s preventing them from getting on with what they want to achieve in life, and supporting them as they overcome those obstacles. Whether they're dealing with a clinical diagnosis like depression or anxiety, unhealthy relationship patterns or severe situational stresses. I strongly believe that whatever a client wants to work on, a trusting and collaborative therapeutic relationship is the most important factor in working towards positive change in any area of life and that's what I aim to provide.
I like to focus my clinical work on helping my clients work out what’s preventing them from getting on with what they want to achieve in life, and supporting them as they overcome those obstacles. Whether they're dealing with a clinical diagnosis like depression or anxiety, unhealthy relationship patterns or severe situational stresses. I strongly believe that whatever a client wants to work on, a trusting and collaborative therapeutic relationship is the most important factor in working towards positive change in any area of life and that's what I aim to provide.
(03) 9068 5907 View (03) 9068 5907
Photo of Magdalen Ser, EMDRAA Accredited Practitioner in Knoxfield, VIC
Magdalen Ser
EMDRAA Accredited Practitioner, MSc
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
Not accepting new clients
Trauma affects mental and emotional processes, disrupts brain physiology and impairs attachment experiences. Looking beyond traditional talk therapy for post trauma growth and resiliency ? I am an UK and USA trained, Medicare -registered, trauma and attachment therapist with 30 years of clinical experience offering mind-body integrative psychotherapy incorporating modalities such as EMDR, Neurofeedback (Neurotherapy) Internal Family Systems, Ego State Therapy, Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Somatic Psychotherapy.
Trauma affects mental and emotional processes, disrupts brain physiology and impairs attachment experiences. Looking beyond traditional talk therapy for post trauma growth and resiliency ? I am an UK and USA trained, Medicare -registered, trauma and attachment therapist with 30 years of clinical experience offering mind-body integrative psychotherapy incorporating modalities such as EMDR, Neurofeedback (Neurotherapy) Internal Family Systems, Ego State Therapy, Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Somatic Psychotherapy.
(03) 9994 1795 View (03) 9994 1795
Photo of Caroline Winzenried, Counsellor in Knoxfield, VIC
Caroline Winzenried
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
If you're struggling with shame, anxiety, or existential concerns related to your religious background (whether you have left your religious community or are still happily a part of it), I'm here to help you move forward. Religion plays a huge role shaping our understanding of ourselves, our values, and the world around us. It can be a daunting but incredibly rewarding journey to open these ideas up for examination. My goal is to provide you with a safe, supportive space to explore, deconstruct, and create new understandings that feel true to who you are.
If you're struggling with shame, anxiety, or existential concerns related to your religious background (whether you have left your religious community or are still happily a part of it), I'm here to help you move forward. Religion plays a huge role shaping our understanding of ourselves, our values, and the world around us. It can be a daunting but incredibly rewarding journey to open these ideas up for examination. My goal is to provide you with a safe, supportive space to explore, deconstruct, and create new understandings that feel true to who you are.
(03) 8203 5069 View (03) 8203 5069
Photo of Rowena Harris Counselling, Counsellor in Knoxfield, VIC
Rowena Harris Counselling
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Rowena is a dedicated, caring Generalist Counsellor and Hypnotherapist with personal experience with ADHD and years of experience with adults and children.ie such as past and present issues of anxiety and depression and behavioural issues. She is a member of the Australian Counselling Association (ACA) and provides a safe environment and space for her clients for open discussions and offers face-to-face and Online (Zoom) sessions. Rowena is bound by the Ethical & Moral Guidelines set through the ACA when it comes to client confidentiality always with the best interest of clients in her care.
Rowena is a dedicated, caring Generalist Counsellor and Hypnotherapist with personal experience with ADHD and years of experience with adults and children.ie such as past and present issues of anxiety and depression and behavioural issues. She is a member of the Australian Counselling Association (ACA) and provides a safe environment and space for her clients for open discussions and offers face-to-face and Online (Zoom) sessions. Rowena is bound by the Ethical & Moral Guidelines set through the ACA when it comes to client confidentiality always with the best interest of clients in her care.
(03) 8203 5039 View (03) 8203 5039
Photo of Peak Psychology Australia, Psychologist in Knoxfield, VIC
Peak Psychology Australia
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
Nicole is a warm and compassionate therapist who is dedicated to empowering clients to gain insight into their behaviour to improve their mental health and wellbeing. She is a very practical psychologist who customises her treatment to the individual client. Nicole has experience working with adolescents, young adults and older adults experiencing a range of social and emotional challenges, complex trauma and mental health difficulties. Her clinical area of interest includes mood and anxiety disorders, borderline personality disorder, trauma related issues and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Nicole is a warm and compassionate therapist who is dedicated to empowering clients to gain insight into their behaviour to improve their mental health and wellbeing. She is a very practical psychologist who customises her treatment to the individual client. Nicole has experience working with adolescents, young adults and older adults experiencing a range of social and emotional challenges, complex trauma and mental health difficulties. Her clinical area of interest includes mood and anxiety disorders, borderline personality disorder, trauma related issues and post-traumatic stress disorder.
(03) 5905 7147 View (03) 5905 7147
Photo of Touraj Afshar, Psychotherapist in Knoxfield, VIC
Touraj Afshar
Psychotherapist, MSc, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
Touraj is bilingual (English & Farsi) and the founder of Yarra Holistic Healing Centre in Melbourne. For over two decades, Touraj has been providing psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, EMDR, EFT, Family and Couples and Marriage consultations at his centre. Touraj can provide the support you need to eliminate unwanted behaviour and unhealthy feelings in order to achieve your goals. He will offer a 30-minute complimentary consultation so you can decide if he is the right therapist for you. He has presented workshops on a variety of topics including ‘How to Improve Relationships' and ‘Understanding and managing psychological trauma’.
Touraj is bilingual (English & Farsi) and the founder of Yarra Holistic Healing Centre in Melbourne. For over two decades, Touraj has been providing psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, EMDR, EFT, Family and Couples and Marriage consultations at his centre. Touraj can provide the support you need to eliminate unwanted behaviour and unhealthy feelings in order to achieve your goals. He will offer a 30-minute complimentary consultation so you can decide if he is the right therapist for you. He has presented workshops on a variety of topics including ‘How to Improve Relationships' and ‘Understanding and managing psychological trauma’.
(03) 8400 0664 View (03) 8400 0664
Photo of Let’s Talk Counselling Services, Counsellor in Knoxfield, VIC
Let’s Talk Counselling Services
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
Making a positive difference in people’s lives is what I aim to do. We all face challenges in life and often need help navigating our emotions. Using a person centred approach to help you to to create a future that you can be exited about. Remembering that no matter what you are dealing with, you’re not alone. Nobody can change the past, but with the right support the future can be different. So if you would like to see what possibilities are there for your future - Let’s Talk. What do you have to lose!
Making a positive difference in people’s lives is what I aim to do. We all face challenges in life and often need help navigating our emotions. Using a person centred approach to help you to to create a future that you can be exited about. Remembering that no matter what you are dealing with, you’re not alone. Nobody can change the past, but with the right support the future can be different. So if you would like to see what possibilities are there for your future - Let’s Talk. What do you have to lose!
(03) 5907 5877 View (03) 5907 5877
Photo of Nicole Skermer, Psychologist in Knoxfield, VIC
Nicole Skermer
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
I enjoy working with adults 18+ experiencing Depression, Anxiety and Stress. You may feel like you are just surviving rather than thriving. I can help you understand where things are getting stuck for you, why those patterns might keep happening, and strategies to help you get more out of life.
I enjoy working with adults 18+ experiencing Depression, Anxiety and Stress. You may feel like you are just surviving rather than thriving. I can help you understand where things are getting stuck for you, why those patterns might keep happening, and strategies to help you get more out of life.
(03) 8203 5997 View (03) 8203 5997
Photo of Olivia Burton, Psychologist in Knoxfield, VIC
Olivia Burton
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA Prov
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
I am a registered psychologist with provisional registration currently completing my Masters degree in Clinical Psychology at Federation University. Prior to this, I completed my PhD at Flinders University, where I conducted research in cognitive psychology. My doctoral work has provided me with insights into the way people think, and the way people understand their own thinking, which I am now applying in my clinical practice. In particular, my goal is to equip my clients with the tools to better understand their thoughts and behaviour and help them navigate challenges.
I am a registered psychologist with provisional registration currently completing my Masters degree in Clinical Psychology at Federation University. Prior to this, I completed my PhD at Flinders University, where I conducted research in cognitive psychology. My doctoral work has provided me with insights into the way people think, and the way people understand their own thinking, which I am now applying in my clinical practice. In particular, my goal is to equip my clients with the tools to better understand their thoughts and behaviour and help them navigate challenges.
(03) 8595 5406 View (03) 8595 5406
Photo of Autism Counselling, Counsellor in Knoxfield, VIC
Autism Counselling
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
Autism Counselling is a group of 6 experienced therapists who deliver specifically tailored sessions to suit children, teens, adults , couples and families affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder. We are dedicated to helping individuals and families manage the specific challenges of ASD.
Autism Counselling is a group of 6 experienced therapists who deliver specifically tailored sessions to suit children, teens, adults , couples and families affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder. We are dedicated to helping individuals and families manage the specific challenges of ASD.
(03) 9071 0181 View (03) 9071 0181
Photo of Dan Solomon, Psychologist in Knoxfield, VIC
Dan Solomon
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
Hi, I'm Dan. I am a psychologist and director at In Balance Psychology Clinic in Melbourne’s South-East. I am very passionate about my work; my top priority is for each and every client to experience an environment of warmth and respect throughout their therapeutic journey. I work with every individual in a way that tailors treatment to specific client needs. The decision to seek help is a very important one, therefore you will be met exactly where you are, listened to, and provided with targeted strategies for making real change.
Hi, I'm Dan. I am a psychologist and director at In Balance Psychology Clinic in Melbourne’s South-East. I am very passionate about my work; my top priority is for each and every client to experience an environment of warmth and respect throughout their therapeutic journey. I work with every individual in a way that tailors treatment to specific client needs. The decision to seek help is a very important one, therefore you will be met exactly where you are, listened to, and provided with targeted strategies for making real change.
(03) 7500 5527 View (03) 7500 5527
Photo of Steps to Soar Psychology & Assessment, Psychologist in Knoxfield, VIC
Steps to Soar Psychology & Assessment
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
New Clients Welcome. Steps to Soar Psychology & Assessment is committed to promoting self-understanding and improving mental health and well-being for children (primary age), adolescents, adults and older adults. Clients are assisted to explore factors impacting them/their relationships, how they might learn helpful skills and ways of coping with anxiety, emotions and other problems.
New Clients Welcome. Steps to Soar Psychology & Assessment is committed to promoting self-understanding and improving mental health and well-being for children (primary age), adolescents, adults and older adults. Clients are assisted to explore factors impacting them/their relationships, how they might learn helpful skills and ways of coping with anxiety, emotions and other problems.
(03) 8203 5805 View (03) 8203 5805
Photo of Elisha Ebdon, Psychotherapist in Knoxfield, VIC
Elisha Ebdon
Psychotherapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Knoxfield, VIC 3180
My name is Elisha Ebdon and I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and Psychotherapist. I offer counseling and psychotherapy to people who are experiencing emotional, relational and mental health related difficulties. I have a particular interest in working with people who are experiencing difficulties as a result of past or recent experiences of trauma, as well as anxiety and depression symptoms.
My name is Elisha Ebdon and I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and Psychotherapist. I offer counseling and psychotherapy to people who are experiencing emotional, relational and mental health related difficulties. I have a particular interest in working with people who are experiencing difficulties as a result of past or recent experiences of trauma, as well as anxiety and depression symptoms.
(03) 9068 5077 View (03) 9068 5077

See more therapy options for Knoxfield

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Knoxfield, VIC

20+

Average cost per session

$150

Counsellors in Knoxfield, VIC who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
90% Depression
90% Self Esteem
81% Relationship Issues
76% Trauma and PTSD
67% Parenting
62% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% Bupa
57% Medicare Rebates
57% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in Knoxfield, VIC see their clients

96% In Person and Online
4% Online Only

Gender breakdown

85% Female
15% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Knoxfield?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.