Counselling in Kilmore, VIC

Photo of Linda Jane Pappas - Lindy Pappas, ACA-L1, Counsellor
Lindy Pappas
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Kilmore, VIC 3764  (Online Only)
Feeling numb/confused/overwhelmed and locked out of your own self, your own feelings and your own potential, I can help. I offer support for a range of complexities, such as: Anxiety, Depression, Trauma, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD, Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD), overwhelm, relationship, self-worth and inner-tyranny issues and concerns.
Feeling numb/confused/overwhelmed and locked out of your own self, your own feelings and your own potential, I can help. I offer support for a range of complexities, such as: Anxiety, Depression, Trauma, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD, Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD), overwhelm, relationship, self-worth and inner-tyranny issues and concerns.
(03) 4427 9743 View (03) 4427 9743
Photo of Judy Howard-Bath - EMDR Intensives: Deeper. Targeted. Transformative., MSc, ACA-L4, Psychotherapist
EMDR Intensives: Deeper. Targeted. Transformative.
Psychotherapist, MSc, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Kilmore, VIC 3764
Andelain Therapy offers accelerated trauma therapy for those who have experienced painful childhood trauma & find it getting in the way of enjoying life. Grounded in the latest research our personalised Attachment Informed Intensive programs focus on nurturing and transformation, offering relief and healing in just a few days instead of several months of therapy. Sessions are either online or held at our Andelain Horse Sanctuary set in a beautiful valley 1 hr north of Melbourne. Contact us for a free Discovery call and discover the deep repair and healing of EMDR therapy amidst nature and the nearby gentle presence of horses.
Andelain Therapy offers accelerated trauma therapy for those who have experienced painful childhood trauma & find it getting in the way of enjoying life. Grounded in the latest research our personalised Attachment Informed Intensive programs focus on nurturing and transformation, offering relief and healing in just a few days instead of several months of therapy. Sessions are either online or held at our Andelain Horse Sanctuary set in a beautiful valley 1 hr north of Melbourne. Contact us for a free Discovery call and discover the deep repair and healing of EMDR therapy amidst nature and the nearby gentle presence of horses.
(03) 4713 9314 View (03) 4713 9314
Photo of Katrina Streatfeild - Streatfeild & Co Psychology , MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Streatfeild & Co Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Kilmore, VIC 3764
Welcome to Streatfeild & Co Psychology. We offer face to face appointments from our Macedon Ranges office and national Telehealth services. Learn more at www.streatpsych.com We support children, young people, families, couples, and adults across the lifespan. Our Psychologists and Mental Health Social Workers help clients with anxiety, depression, stress, burnout, adjustment, trauma, grief & loss, separation, life stage and change, relationships difficulties, self esteem issues, mental health in the context of disability and injury including ASD & ADHD, carer support, Mental Health Disorders, and substance use and abuse issues.
Welcome to Streatfeild & Co Psychology. We offer face to face appointments from our Macedon Ranges office and national Telehealth services. Learn more at www.streatpsych.com We support children, young people, families, couples, and adults across the lifespan. Our Psychologists and Mental Health Social Workers help clients with anxiety, depression, stress, burnout, adjustment, trauma, grief & loss, separation, life stage and change, relationships difficulties, self esteem issues, mental health in the context of disability and injury including ASD & ADHD, carer support, Mental Health Disorders, and substance use and abuse issues.
(03) 9021 1490 View (03) 9021 1490
Photo of Jodie Fincham - Safe Place Counselling, PACFA, Counsellor
Jodie Fincham - Safe Place Counselling
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Kilmore, VIC 3764
From time to time, we all face challenges and experience change throughout different stages of our lives. But for many of us, sometimes it might be more difficult than usual to cope or find our way. Perhaps you are feeling lost because the life you currently lead is not what you had imagined it would be? Or it could be that you are facing an overwhelming situation, or 'stuck' in a relationship that creates major stress. You may have been struggling with anxiety, depression, loss or other significant life transitions for some time, and now need help. At Safe Place Counselling, you do not need to deal with life’s challenges alone.
From time to time, we all face challenges and experience change throughout different stages of our lives. But for many of us, sometimes it might be more difficult than usual to cope or find our way. Perhaps you are feeling lost because the life you currently lead is not what you had imagined it would be? Or it could be that you are facing an overwhelming situation, or 'stuck' in a relationship that creates major stress. You may have been struggling with anxiety, depression, loss or other significant life transitions for some time, and now need help. At Safe Place Counselling, you do not need to deal with life’s challenges alone.
(03) 4708 5474 View (03) 4708 5474
Photo of Jamie Camamile, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Jamie Camamile
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kilmore, VIC 3764
NO WAIT list - With over 10 years experience I work with a range of presentations including depression, anxiety, stress, OCD, grief and loss, interpersonal issues, sleep assistance and work place injuries. I also have a strong interest and experience working with trauma, including veterans and both survivors and perpetrators of family violence. I am a strong believer in positive psychology and the concept of accessing psychological support to accomplish self-growth.
NO WAIT list - With over 10 years experience I work with a range of presentations including depression, anxiety, stress, OCD, grief and loss, interpersonal issues, sleep assistance and work place injuries. I also have a strong interest and experience working with trauma, including veterans and both survivors and perpetrators of family violence. I am a strong believer in positive psychology and the concept of accessing psychological support to accomplish self-growth.
(03) 4713 9244 View (03) 4713 9244
Photo of Anne Tiakanas, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Anne Tiakanas
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kilmore, VIC 3764
(03) 8338 4203 View (03) 8338 4203

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Fiona Landford - Courage Wisdom Change, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Courage Wisdom Change
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Romsey, VIC 3434
Courage Wisdom Change is a unique service offering support to individuals and families in regional and rural Australia. Through Courage Wisdom Change families are able to access individualised supports tailored to the clients specific needs. ​ Fiona has worked extensively with young people and adults from diverse backgrounds, including complex trauma, Autism/Neurodivergence, Intellectual disabilities and/or additional needs, and the complexities of Out of Home Care.
Courage Wisdom Change is a unique service offering support to individuals and families in regional and rural Australia. Through Courage Wisdom Change families are able to access individualised supports tailored to the clients specific needs. ​ Fiona has worked extensively with young people and adults from diverse backgrounds, including complex trauma, Autism/Neurodivergence, Intellectual disabilities and/or additional needs, and the complexities of Out of Home Care.
(02) 8609 3741 View (02) 8609 3741
Wendy Henriks
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Broadford, VIC 3658
A professional and dedicated psychologist working with children, adolescents, families and adults, with over fourteen years experience. Wendy is a client centred therapist who is trained in CBT, ACT, Mindfulness, IPT, play therapy, child parent relationship therapy, schema therapy, self compassion, Gottmans couples and more. She received Honours in psychology at Deakin University.
A professional and dedicated psychologist working with children, adolescents, families and adults, with over fourteen years experience. Wendy is a client centred therapist who is trained in CBT, ACT, Mindfulness, IPT, play therapy, child parent relationship therapy, schema therapy, self compassion, Gottmans couples and more. She received Honours in psychology at Deakin University.
(03) 8594 4003 View (03) 8594 4003
Photo of Justin West, MA, AASW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Justin West
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AASW
Verified Verified
Romsey, VIC 3434
Whether you are new to considering therapy or want to go deeper, I'm curious to hear your needs. I maintain that despite the difficulties in our lives, our systems are naturally oriented toward healing and wellbeing. Challenges through both environmental or internal stressors such as trauma, grief and loss, anxiety, and more complex issues of Neurodiversity or personality disorder are issues that can improve.
Whether you are new to considering therapy or want to go deeper, I'm curious to hear your needs. I maintain that despite the difficulties in our lives, our systems are naturally oriented toward healing and wellbeing. Challenges through both environmental or internal stressors such as trauma, grief and loss, anxiety, and more complex issues of Neurodiversity or personality disorder are issues that can improve.
(03) 8338 1605 View (03) 8338 1605
Photo of Rebecca Bobin, MPsych, MAPS, Psychologist
Rebecca Bobin
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Romsey, VIC 3434
Rebecca is a warm and compassionate Clinical Psychologist who provides a supportive space for clients to resolve difficulties and build confidence. She has the ability to genuinely connect with clients and identify their strengths. Rebecca has experience working with adolescents and adults with a variety of presentations including: •anxiety •depression •trauma •relationship difficulties •chronic pain. She employs evidence-based techniques including cognitive behaviour therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, mindfulness, trauma-informed practice, IFS, and psycho-sensory interventions to tailor therapy to client needs.
Rebecca is a warm and compassionate Clinical Psychologist who provides a supportive space for clients to resolve difficulties and build confidence. She has the ability to genuinely connect with clients and identify their strengths. Rebecca has experience working with adolescents and adults with a variety of presentations including: •anxiety •depression •trauma •relationship difficulties •chronic pain. She employs evidence-based techniques including cognitive behaviour therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, mindfulness, trauma-informed practice, IFS, and psycho-sensory interventions to tailor therapy to client needs.
(03) 4420 9743 View (03) 4420 9743
Photo of Emily Varga - Emily Varga - Sunbury Child and Family Psychology, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Emily Varga - Sunbury Child and Family Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Romsey, VIC 3434  (Online Only)
Emily is the principal psychologist at Sunbury Child and Family Psychology working along side young people and their family’s. Emily values the strengths in each person she meets. She works to help each person feel empowered to be themselves, build better friendships, relationships with parents and community, to manage their mental health and to enjoy valued activities including education.
Emily is the principal psychologist at Sunbury Child and Family Psychology working along side young people and their family’s. Emily values the strengths in each person she meets. She works to help each person feel empowered to be themselves, build better friendships, relationships with parents and community, to manage their mental health and to enjoy valued activities including education.
0447 295 554 View 0447 295 554
Photo of Francesca Hunter - Francesca Hunter Counselling | Macedon Ranges, ACA-L1, Counsellor
Francesca Hunter Counselling | Macedon Ranges
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cherokee, VIC 3434
Life has its tough times and big challenges. It doesn't mean we have a mental health issue if we need a bit of extra support to navigate a tough time or work through problems in our relationship. It simply means we're human! I provide individual and couples counselling in the Macedon Ranges. I take a truly calming and compassionate approach and ensure your comfort at all times. Speaking to a counsellor can really help us to gain perspective and insight, and to process our complex emotions, enabling us to feel heard and understood, then to take the next step forward - whether as an individual or as a couple.
Life has its tough times and big challenges. It doesn't mean we have a mental health issue if we need a bit of extra support to navigate a tough time or work through problems in our relationship. It simply means we're human! I provide individual and couples counselling in the Macedon Ranges. I take a truly calming and compassionate approach and ensure your comfort at all times. Speaking to a counsellor can really help us to gain perspective and insight, and to process our complex emotions, enabling us to feel heard and understood, then to take the next step forward - whether as an individual or as a couple.
(03) 4422 4530 View (03) 4422 4530
Photo of Helen Fraser, MAPS, Psychologist
Helen Fraser
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
Romsey, VIC 3434  (Online Only)
I can help you to search into the hidden depths of your unconscious to find the extraordinary strengths and resources waiting to be discovered there. Together we will explore events, dreams, childhood, symptoms, patterns, fantasies, daydreams and the therapeutic relationship to build understanding that will help you to accept yourself and move forward. We will look at your relationships, how you live, the roles and masks you put on, and how you protect your vulnerability.
I can help you to search into the hidden depths of your unconscious to find the extraordinary strengths and resources waiting to be discovered there. Together we will explore events, dreams, childhood, symptoms, patterns, fantasies, daydreams and the therapeutic relationship to build understanding that will help you to accept yourself and move forward. We will look at your relationships, how you live, the roles and masks you put on, and how you protect your vulnerability.
(03) 8595 5347 View (03) 8595 5347

Online Therapists

Photo of Lynette McKee - People Psychology, MAPS, Psychologist
Lynette McKee - People Psychology
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
Melbourne, VIC 3000
Lynette is a registered Psychologist who provides telehealth support for adults with a wide range of presenting issues, including stress, anxiety, depression, trauma, adjustment difficulties and grief and loss. She is committed to providing a respectful, high quality, evidence-based psychological service that is adapted to each client’s personal situation, needs and strengths.
Lynette is a registered Psychologist who provides telehealth support for adults with a wide range of presenting issues, including stress, anxiety, depression, trauma, adjustment difficulties and grief and loss. She is committed to providing a respectful, high quality, evidence-based psychological service that is adapted to each client’s personal situation, needs and strengths.
(03) 7003 2804 View (03) 7003 2804
Photo of Sandra Joan Beltran - SJ Counselling, ACA-L1, Counsellor
SJ Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Emerald, VIC 3782
Sandra Beltran is a counsellor in individual and couple relationships and is also a Credentialed Eating Disorder Clinician. Offering clients understanding, listening to their concerns with empathy. Helping clients to look forward and to realise they have strengths to achieve how they want their future to be. Discussing and supporting clients can bring clarity about the way transformation can be made for more positive outcomes and lives. As an eating disorder clinician, Sandra realises the need for early intervention and the pressures that are put on individuals on how they should be and look.
Sandra Beltran is a counsellor in individual and couple relationships and is also a Credentialed Eating Disorder Clinician. Offering clients understanding, listening to their concerns with empathy. Helping clients to look forward and to realise they have strengths to achieve how they want their future to be. Discussing and supporting clients can bring clarity about the way transformation can be made for more positive outcomes and lives. As an eating disorder clinician, Sandra realises the need for early intervention and the pressures that are put on individuals on how they should be and look.
(03) 5905 9950 View (03) 5905 9950
Photo of Benjamin Watkins, PACFA, Counsellor
Benjamin Watkins
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Frankston, VIC 3199
Waitlist for new clients
Benjamin serves as the Director and lead counsellor at Watkins Therapy Group (WTG), a provider offering counselling services across Australia through telehealth and limited in-person sessions nationally. Based in Frankston, VIC, Benjamin conducts sessions both in-person and via telehealth, with convenient online booking available through the WTG website. Please note, our counselling services are self-funded as we do not participate in the Mental Health Care Plan (MHCP) or offer Medicare rebates in Australia.
Benjamin serves as the Director and lead counsellor at Watkins Therapy Group (WTG), a provider offering counselling services across Australia through telehealth and limited in-person sessions nationally. Based in Frankston, VIC, Benjamin conducts sessions both in-person and via telehealth, with convenient online booking available through the WTG website. Please note, our counselling services are self-funded as we do not participate in the Mental Health Care Plan (MHCP) or offer Medicare rebates in Australia.
(03) 5909 9631 View (03) 5909 9631
Photo of Traci Tucker - Traci Tucker, PACFA, Counsellor
Traci Tucker
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Bacchus Marsh, VIC 3340
Now Available: Professional Supervision. Clients often want to change their behaviour and improve their lives as well as their relationships. However, fear, trauma and past hurt can cause ambivalence. Counselling can help clients work through the why, how and what of making this change. By using a number of modalities such as Motivational Interviewing, CBT, Person Centered, Strengths Based and Gestalt therapies, clients can find their way out of the dark. 'Beyond the Silence, there is always Hope'.
Now Available: Professional Supervision. Clients often want to change their behaviour and improve their lives as well as their relationships. However, fear, trauma and past hurt can cause ambivalence. Counselling can help clients work through the why, how and what of making this change. By using a number of modalities such as Motivational Interviewing, CBT, Person Centered, Strengths Based and Gestalt therapies, clients can find their way out of the dark. 'Beyond the Silence, there is always Hope'.
(03) 4328 3009 View (03) 4328 3009
Photo of Vijay Singh - PTSD Melbourne, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
PTSD Melbourne
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tecoma, VIC 3160
PTSD Melbourne is a private clinical psychology service dedicated to the assessment and treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other trauma-related mental health conditions. We provide high-quality, evidence-based care for people recovering from the impact of traumatic experiences. We work with members of the public, current and former Defence members, police and emergency services personnel, and survivors of motor vehicle or workplace accidents.
PTSD Melbourne is a private clinical psychology service dedicated to the assessment and treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other trauma-related mental health conditions. We provide high-quality, evidence-based care for people recovering from the impact of traumatic experiences. We work with members of the public, current and former Defence members, police and emergency services personnel, and survivors of motor vehicle or workplace accidents.
(03) 5907 5637 View (03) 5907 5637
Photo of Dr Shalya Hirschson, PhD, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Dr Shalya Hirschson
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Caulfield South, VIC 3162
As a psychologist, I feel privileged, to observe & work with the difficult life experiences, which lead individuals to engage in therapy. I believe that therapy is a form of self-exploration & learning. In sessions, I use safe, containing ways to help clients process their thoughts and feelings, gaining insight and understanding, so that they can navigate the world around them, with a sense of confidence, purpose and hope. I help clients develop skills to manage their discomfort, pain, uncertainty and fear, to facilitate change in their lives and improve their overall sense of well-being.
As a psychologist, I feel privileged, to observe & work with the difficult life experiences, which lead individuals to engage in therapy. I believe that therapy is a form of self-exploration & learning. In sessions, I use safe, containing ways to help clients process their thoughts and feelings, gaining insight and understanding, so that they can navigate the world around them, with a sense of confidence, purpose and hope. I help clients develop skills to manage their discomfort, pain, uncertainty and fear, to facilitate change in their lives and improve their overall sense of well-being.
(03) 9988 1271 View (03) 9988 1271
Photo of Eliza Phillips, ACA-L1, Counsellor
Eliza Phillips
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Avonsleigh, VIC 3782
Eliza is a child and adolescent counsellor with additional qualifications in Art Therapy and Play Therapy. She is also a qualified and registered teacher. Eliza utilises different creative modalities to assist children and their families experiencing anxiety, school refusal, trauma, grief, depression, behavioural challenges etc. Eliza has experience working with clients with ASD, ADHD, PDA, learning delays/disabilities, OCD and sensory issues. Also available for adult Art Therapy.
Eliza is a child and adolescent counsellor with additional qualifications in Art Therapy and Play Therapy. She is also a qualified and registered teacher. Eliza utilises different creative modalities to assist children and their families experiencing anxiety, school refusal, trauma, grief, depression, behavioural challenges etc. Eliza has experience working with clients with ASD, ADHD, PDA, learning delays/disabilities, OCD and sensory issues. Also available for adult Art Therapy.
(03) 5907 1013 View (03) 5907 1013

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Kilmore, VIC

< 10

Counsellors in Kilmore, VIC who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Trauma and PTSD
83% Self Esteem
67% Stress
50% Relationship Issues
50% Anger Management

Average years in practice

11 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Kilmore, VIC see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Kilmore?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.