Counselling in Alphington, VIC

Photo of Ly-Huong Tran, Counsellor in Alphington, VIC
Ly-Huong Tran
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
B.Arts (Communication & Media Management); and Master of Counselling (Clinical Practice). Ly-Huong is a registered Clinical Counsellor & Psychotherapist and has done extensive counselling work within Mental Health Community services and private practices – working with young people and adults from diverse backgrounds and experiences. With a warm and open approach, she specialises: stress/anxiety and depression, relationship issues, sleep/insomnia, vocational/career, workplace injury related issues, and self-esteem/identity.
B.Arts (Communication & Media Management); and Master of Counselling (Clinical Practice). Ly-Huong is a registered Clinical Counsellor & Psychotherapist and has done extensive counselling work within Mental Health Community services and private practices – working with young people and adults from diverse backgrounds and experiences. With a warm and open approach, she specialises: stress/anxiety and depression, relationship issues, sleep/insomnia, vocational/career, workplace injury related issues, and self-esteem/identity.
(03) 7003 2498 View (03) 7003 2498
Photo of Be Kind to Your Mind Psychology, Psychologist in Alphington, VIC
Be Kind to Your Mind Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
Jacquie seeks to work collaboratively and compassionately with her clients on their presenting issues. With a background in treating trauma, depression, anxiety and adjustment concerns across several client populations (Defence, First Responders, persons affected by natural disasters, sexual assault victim/ survivors) and localities around Australia.
Jacquie seeks to work collaboratively and compassionately with her clients on their presenting issues. With a background in treating trauma, depression, anxiety and adjustment concerns across several client populations (Defence, First Responders, persons affected by natural disasters, sexual assault victim/ survivors) and localities around Australia.
(03) 8338 1774 View (03) 8338 1774
Photo of Ann Cox , Counsellor in Alphington, VIC
Ann Cox [The Practical Counsellor]
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
Wouldn't it be good to have a friendly wellbeing support person working with you. I am available to work together towards your goals. I have experience with a diverse range of people and love my role.
Wouldn't it be good to have a friendly wellbeing support person working with you. I am available to work together towards your goals. I have experience with a diverse range of people and love my role.
(03) 7003 2564 View (03) 7003 2564
Photo of Jamie Barnier, Psychologist in Alphington, VIC
Jamie Barnier
Psychologist, PsychD, MAPS
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
Are you struggling with overwhelming anxiety, sadness, anger, grief or emotional pain? You may be feeling lost, detached from others, not getting any joy or meaning from life or be feeling hopeless or overwhelmed. If so, you don–t have to continue suffering, I can help. Beyond treating symptoms, my aim is to help you get to the root cause of the problem and for you to better understand you through identifying the internal difficulties and roadblocks that may be causing these feelings. In so doing, you will feel more confident, have more energy, feel better connected to others and feel a sense of hope. I have a Doctorate degree in
Are you struggling with overwhelming anxiety, sadness, anger, grief or emotional pain? You may be feeling lost, detached from others, not getting any joy or meaning from life or be feeling hopeless or overwhelmed. If so, you don–t have to continue suffering, I can help. Beyond treating symptoms, my aim is to help you get to the root cause of the problem and for you to better understand you through identifying the internal difficulties and roadblocks that may be causing these feelings. In so doing, you will feel more confident, have more energy, feel better connected to others and feel a sense of hope. I have a Doctorate degree in
(03) 8400 0533 View (03) 8400 0533
Photo of Adrian Del Monaco, Psychologist in Alphington, VIC
Adrian Del Monaco
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
1 Endorsed
Alphington, VIC 3078
Adrian enjoys working with a range of psychological and interpersonal issues, including anxiety, anger management, personality disorders, trauma, self-harm, relationship difficulties, bullying, low confidence, loss and grief, and depression. Adrian has particular experience working with adolescents and young adults, which usually involves families, friends, partners, teachers, and other professionals. Adrian also has a separate interest in those who participate in sport or performance-based activity. Adrian’s therapeutic approach is informed by Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Schema Therapy.
Adrian enjoys working with a range of psychological and interpersonal issues, including anxiety, anger management, personality disorders, trauma, self-harm, relationship difficulties, bullying, low confidence, loss and grief, and depression. Adrian has particular experience working with adolescents and young adults, which usually involves families, friends, partners, teachers, and other professionals. Adrian also has a separate interest in those who participate in sport or performance-based activity. Adrian’s therapeutic approach is informed by Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Schema Therapy.
(03) 6121 6147 View (03) 6121 6147
Photo of Virginia Golding, Psychotherapist in Alphington, VIC
Virginia Golding
Psychotherapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
I have over 20 years’ experience as psychotherapist, working with Individuals, couples, families and teens, and in corporate and organisational coaching and psychology. I am also a Clinical Supervisor. I hope to support clients to develop greater self awareness and the practical strategies and tools to create positive changes and to better deal with individual, relationship and life challenges. I have training in EMDR modality, Somatic Experiencing, Psychedelic Assisted Psychotherapy, Internal Family Systems and Attachment based therapy and Strengths based and Positive Psychology.
I have over 20 years’ experience as psychotherapist, working with Individuals, couples, families and teens, and in corporate and organisational coaching and psychology. I am also a Clinical Supervisor. I hope to support clients to develop greater self awareness and the practical strategies and tools to create positive changes and to better deal with individual, relationship and life challenges. I have training in EMDR modality, Somatic Experiencing, Psychedelic Assisted Psychotherapy, Internal Family Systems and Attachment based therapy and Strengths based and Positive Psychology.
(03) 7003 2568 View (03) 7003 2568
Photo of Sweeney O'Heare-Young, Psychologist in Alphington, VIC
Sweeney O'Heare-Young
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
A wish to get better, and a willingness to look inside oneself. These are the only essentials for success in therapy. I enjoy helping people with OCD and rumination to regain a sense of agency over their mind, people with depression to understand what is happening inside themselves that is causing their suffering and free themselves from it, people with PTSD to feel safe again and gain self-compassion and heal their nervous system, people with difficulty in relationships to understand what is happening and operate more smoothly, and helping people with many other difficulties to heal and move forward.
A wish to get better, and a willingness to look inside oneself. These are the only essentials for success in therapy. I enjoy helping people with OCD and rumination to regain a sense of agency over their mind, people with depression to understand what is happening inside themselves that is causing their suffering and free themselves from it, people with PTSD to feel safe again and gain self-compassion and heal their nervous system, people with difficulty in relationships to understand what is happening and operate more smoothly, and helping people with many other difficulties to heal and move forward.
(03) 7003 2205 View (03) 7003 2205
Photo of Auður Zoëga, Psychotherapist in Alphington, VIC
Auður Zoëga
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
Hello there! I'm Auður, and I'm deeply committed to guiding individuals towards achieving lasting change and growth. My approach is rooted in an understanding of the significance of human relationships in shaping our well-being; I believe that many common issues we face are often linked to our past and present relationships. If you're grappling with overwhelming emotions, numbness, dissatisfaction, a lack of motivation, or a sense of helplessness, therapy offers a path to uncover the root causes behind these feelings and empowers you to take meaningful steps towards a more fulfilling life.
Hello there! I'm Auður, and I'm deeply committed to guiding individuals towards achieving lasting change and growth. My approach is rooted in an understanding of the significance of human relationships in shaping our well-being; I believe that many common issues we face are often linked to our past and present relationships. If you're grappling with overwhelming emotions, numbness, dissatisfaction, a lack of motivation, or a sense of helplessness, therapy offers a path to uncover the root causes behind these feelings and empowers you to take meaningful steps towards a more fulfilling life.
(03) 7003 2790 View (03) 7003 2790
Photo of Sarah Elizabeth Hellwege, Psychologist in Alphington, VIC
Sarah Elizabeth Hellwege
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
Sarah is a registered Psychologist with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA) and a Gottman Trained Couples Therapist. Sarah works with couples to navigate relationship challenges and achieve a place of deeper understanding, empathy and connection. Sarah adopts a dyadic approach whereby the focus is on helping the couple actively listen and provide responsive, sensitive and empathetic care to one-and-other inside and outside therapy.
Sarah is a registered Psychologist with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA) and a Gottman Trained Couples Therapist. Sarah works with couples to navigate relationship challenges and achieve a place of deeper understanding, empathy and connection. Sarah adopts a dyadic approach whereby the focus is on helping the couple actively listen and provide responsive, sensitive and empathetic care to one-and-other inside and outside therapy.
(03) 7003 2028 View (03) 7003 2028
Photo of Jenna Hegedus, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Alphington, VIC
Jenna Hegedus
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078  (Online Only)
Jenna is a registered social worker from the inner-north of Melbourne with 7 years experience working in the clinical mental health and not-for-profit sector; including public health (hospital) and the individual, youth and family services industry. Jenna has experience with both one-to-one counselling, addiction and in youth relational conflict resolution services. Jenna also has experience with Melbourne universities in an education mentor role. Jenna aims to work with people to better understand themselves and wellbeing goals.
Jenna is a registered social worker from the inner-north of Melbourne with 7 years experience working in the clinical mental health and not-for-profit sector; including public health (hospital) and the individual, youth and family services industry. Jenna has experience with both one-to-one counselling, addiction and in youth relational conflict resolution services. Jenna also has experience with Melbourne universities in an education mentor role. Jenna aims to work with people to better understand themselves and wellbeing goals.
(03) 7003 2895 View (03) 7003 2895
Photo of Curam Psychology, Psychologist in Alphington, VIC
Curam Psychology
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
My approach to working with clients is collaborative and caring. I believe that the relationship between a client and therapist is one of the most important factors to successful therapy and building a strong, trusting foundation is key. I really enjoy supporting people to work through the emotional blocks which are preventing them from living their fullest life. The focus of my work is usually around developing an understanding a client's story and their unmet needs, supporting them to meet those needs, develop compassion for themselves, and cope with challenges.
My approach to working with clients is collaborative and caring. I believe that the relationship between a client and therapist is one of the most important factors to successful therapy and building a strong, trusting foundation is key. I really enjoy supporting people to work through the emotional blocks which are preventing them from living their fullest life. The focus of my work is usually around developing an understanding a client's story and their unmet needs, supporting them to meet those needs, develop compassion for themselves, and cope with challenges.
(03) 8400 0893 View (03) 8400 0893
Photo of Freya Hanly Psychology, Psychologist in Alphington, VIC
Freya Hanly Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
Not accepting new clients
My interest lies in helping individuals living with trauma, anxiety-related disorders, interpersonal difficulties and emotional regulation issues. I help clients improve their relationship with themselves (and by extension others) through developing a self-compassionate understanding of their emotional difficulties. From this place we move forward together to process "stuck" memories and explore the development of new ways of being in the world.
My interest lies in helping individuals living with trauma, anxiety-related disorders, interpersonal difficulties and emotional regulation issues. I help clients improve their relationship with themselves (and by extension others) through developing a self-compassionate understanding of their emotional difficulties. From this place we move forward together to process "stuck" memories and explore the development of new ways of being in the world.
(02) 4504 0152 View (02) 4504 0152
Photo of Laura Petrie, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Alphington, VIC
Laura Petrie
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
Do you experience aspects of your life as dissatisfying or distressing, this may feel like depression, anxiety, hopelessness or a pervasive criticism of oneself? Such dissatisfaction and distress can be supported through Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. Laura's focus is building a safe, trusting and reliable relationship which becomes the basis for exploring difficult thoughts and feelings, and generating insights about the sources of one's struggles. Generating insights open new opportunities for more satisfying connections to oneself and others, and greater life choices.
Do you experience aspects of your life as dissatisfying or distressing, this may feel like depression, anxiety, hopelessness or a pervasive criticism of oneself? Such dissatisfaction and distress can be supported through Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. Laura's focus is building a safe, trusting and reliable relationship which becomes the basis for exploring difficult thoughts and feelings, and generating insights about the sources of one's struggles. Generating insights open new opportunities for more satisfying connections to oneself and others, and greater life choices.
(03) 8797 5226 View (03) 8797 5226
Photo of Mirra Seigerman Psychology, Psychologist in Alphington, VIC
Mirra Seigerman Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
I provide evidence-based, individualised psychology services to help my clients make meaningful changes in their lives. I am a registered Clinical Psychologist and Board-Approved Supervisor, with a special interest in Schema Therapy, Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Dialectical Behaviour Therapy. My approach to therapy is warm, empathic and genuine, and I strive to tailor my treatments to each individual client in order to provide the best possible outcomes. My goal is to help my clients to build the skills and insights they need to lead a more fulfilling life.
I provide evidence-based, individualised psychology services to help my clients make meaningful changes in their lives. I am a registered Clinical Psychologist and Board-Approved Supervisor, with a special interest in Schema Therapy, Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Dialectical Behaviour Therapy. My approach to therapy is warm, empathic and genuine, and I strive to tailor my treatments to each individual client in order to provide the best possible outcomes. My goal is to help my clients to build the skills and insights they need to lead a more fulfilling life.
(03) 7003 2275 View (03) 7003 2275
Photo of Seventh Wave Psychology, Psychologist in Alphington, VIC
Seventh Wave Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
With a focus on helping people achieve their best, Seventh Wave Psychology provides mental health care and psychology skills training to a diverse variety of groups and individuals, including athletes, adults, and adolescents (aged 16+).
With a focus on helping people achieve their best, Seventh Wave Psychology provides mental health care and psychology skills training to a diverse variety of groups and individuals, including athletes, adults, and adolescents (aged 16+).
(03) 8400 0205 View (03) 8400 0205
Photo of Julie Stevens, Psychotherapist in Alphington, VIC
Julie Stevens
Psychotherapist, ACA-L2
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
Undertaking therapy is a very personal experience. A person may come to therapy to process complex trauma, work through relationship struggles, or simply desire to get to know and understand themselves more deeply. Whatever your reason for seeking therapy, the gifts born from the process of building self-awareness benefit not only you but also those around you who you love. It is profoundly humbling to support my clients to move through adversity, unpack challenging questions, grieve, transition, and move towards wellbeing. I am dedicated to the service of helping people to build agency, inner resources, and stability.
Undertaking therapy is a very personal experience. A person may come to therapy to process complex trauma, work through relationship struggles, or simply desire to get to know and understand themselves more deeply. Whatever your reason for seeking therapy, the gifts born from the process of building self-awareness benefit not only you but also those around you who you love. It is profoundly humbling to support my clients to move through adversity, unpack challenging questions, grieve, transition, and move towards wellbeing. I am dedicated to the service of helping people to build agency, inner resources, and stability.
(03) 7003 2846 View (03) 7003 2846
Photo of Annelisa Kalaiziovski, Counsellor in Alphington, VIC
Annelisa Kalaiziovski
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Alphington, VIC 3078
Think Lemonade Counselling & Creative Studio is a place where I work from the heart. I have up to 10 years of extensive experience working within the disability and mental health sector. I am a qaulitfied Counsellor and Art Therapist and can offer you flexibiity with what approach meets your needs and how you would like to work with me. I embrace values of inclusion, acceptance, diversity, respect and compassion. I aim to create a space where you feel empowered to take the lead with your mental health journey. I work from a trauma-informed, person-centred and holistic approach with all my clients.
Think Lemonade Counselling & Creative Studio is a place where I work from the heart. I have up to 10 years of extensive experience working within the disability and mental health sector. I am a qaulitfied Counsellor and Art Therapist and can offer you flexibiity with what approach meets your needs and how you would like to work with me. I embrace values of inclusion, acceptance, diversity, respect and compassion. I aim to create a space where you feel empowered to take the lead with your mental health journey. I work from a trauma-informed, person-centred and holistic approach with all my clients.
(03) 8400 0504 View (03) 8400 0504
Photo of Alexandra Heynatz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Alphington, VIC
Alexandra Heynatz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Alphington, VIC 3078
Working with me is a collaborative process, oriented by curiosity, acceptance and choice. Sessions provide opportunity to rekindle awareness for what you most need and want, build trust in your wisest impulses, and reconnect with ways of living that disrupt harm, promote healing and support ease of being.
Working with me is a collaborative process, oriented by curiosity, acceptance and choice. Sessions provide opportunity to rekindle awareness for what you most need and want, build trust in your wisest impulses, and reconnect with ways of living that disrupt harm, promote healing and support ease of being.
(03) 8338 4265 View (03) 8338 4265
Photo of Nick Valentine, Counsellor in Alphington, VIC
Nick Valentine
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
Welcome to Healing Phase. I provide individual & relationship counselling (in private practice since 2014).​ I embody the principals of non-violence, relational alchemy & organicity in my work. My broad training, experience & skillset helps me to be flexible in the style & focus of therapy, based on one's individual needs. Ultimately, I create a safe & nurturing space for people to realise their most authentic selves, from which they can notice, understand & attend to their adaptive patterns & parts of self - on the journey towards more peace & a better quality of life. I welcome you to view further detail via my website.
Welcome to Healing Phase. I provide individual & relationship counselling (in private practice since 2014).​ I embody the principals of non-violence, relational alchemy & organicity in my work. My broad training, experience & skillset helps me to be flexible in the style & focus of therapy, based on one's individual needs. Ultimately, I create a safe & nurturing space for people to realise their most authentic selves, from which they can notice, understand & attend to their adaptive patterns & parts of self - on the journey towards more peace & a better quality of life. I welcome you to view further detail via my website.
(03) 8338 1669 View (03) 8338 1669
Photo of Al Jeffery, Psychotherapist in Alphington, VIC
Al Jeffery
Psychotherapist, ACA-L4
Verified
Alphington, VIC 3078
Would resources, insight, and a companion to explore the intricacy of your life be supportive? I offer inclusive, embodied, trauma-informed, and relational psychotherapy, for individuals and couples, aiming to create spaces of trust for you to explore the complexity of your life/lives. Using a collaborative, relational, and embodied approach, I have experience supporting clients who are living with; depression, anxiety, grief, relationship challenges, and emotional and existential disturbance. Whether you have experienced therapy before and seeking someone to meet you in a new way, or this is your first time, we start where you are.
Would resources, insight, and a companion to explore the intricacy of your life be supportive? I offer inclusive, embodied, trauma-informed, and relational psychotherapy, for individuals and couples, aiming to create spaces of trust for you to explore the complexity of your life/lives. Using a collaborative, relational, and embodied approach, I have experience supporting clients who are living with; depression, anxiety, grief, relationship challenges, and emotional and existential disturbance. Whether you have experienced therapy before and seeking someone to meet you in a new way, or this is your first time, we start where you are.
(03) 7003 2541 View (03) 7003 2541

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Alphington, VIC

20+

Average cost per session

$170

Counsellors in Alphington, VIC who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
100% Self Esteem
100% Stress
95% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
75% Trauma and PTSD
75% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

73% Bupa
55% Medicare Rebates
27% Other

How Counsellors in Alphington, VIC see their clients

95% In Person and Online
5% Online Only

Gender breakdown

70% Female
30% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Alphington?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.