Counselling in Torquay, QLD

Photo of undefined - Better Day Hypnotherapy, ACA-L1, Counsellor
Better Day Hypnotherapy
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Torquay, QLD 4655
EMDR and Hypnotherapy for quitting drinking, emotional eating and releasing trauma. Have you tried repeatedly to quit drinking alcohol or emotional eating and are now feeling defeated or stuck? You have likely been trying to fix a subconscious problem with conscious methods (willpower/ talk therapy), which doesn't usually work. If you have experienced trauma you may be unwittingly self-medicating to cope with emotional flashbacks by using alcohol, food or smoking. These problems may have effected your confidence or relationships.
EMDR and Hypnotherapy for quitting drinking, emotional eating and releasing trauma. Have you tried repeatedly to quit drinking alcohol or emotional eating and are now feeling defeated or stuck? You have likely been trying to fix a subconscious problem with conscious methods (willpower/ talk therapy), which doesn't usually work. If you have experienced trauma you may be unwittingly self-medicating to cope with emotional flashbacks by using alcohol, food or smoking. These problems may have effected your confidence or relationships.
(02) 5850 3151 View (02) 5850 3151
Photo of undefined - Bec Wellard Therapy, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Bec Wellard Therapy
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Torquay, QLD 4655
Are you struggling to find peace and balance in your life? Do stress, anxiety, or unresolved issues keep you from living to your fullest potential? It's time to take control of your well-being and unlock the path to happiness and fulfillment. Introducing Bec Wellard Therapy, your trusted partner on the journey to personal growth and mental wellness. Bec is an experienced and compassionate counselor and psychotherapist, here to guide you through life's challenges and empower you to overcome obstacles.
Are you struggling to find peace and balance in your life? Do stress, anxiety, or unresolved issues keep you from living to your fullest potential? It's time to take control of your well-being and unlock the path to happiness and fulfillment. Introducing Bec Wellard Therapy, your trusted partner on the journey to personal growth and mental wellness. Bec is an experienced and compassionate counselor and psychotherapist, here to guide you through life's challenges and empower you to overcome obstacles.
(02) 4063 1530 View (02) 4063 1530

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Jade Baravilala, ACA-L4, Counsellor
Jade Baravilala
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Urraween, QLD 4655  (Online Only)
My approach is rooted in an eclectic style, tailored to the individual goals and needs of each client. I draw from a diverse toolkit that includes Motivational Interviewing (MI), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Solution-Focused Therapy and spiritual interventions if requested. With experience in managing elite and high-profile sports professionals, extensive proficiency of directing an international not for profit organisation, and working cross-culturally for over two decades, I bring a unique blend of expertise to the field of counseling.
My approach is rooted in an eclectic style, tailored to the individual goals and needs of each client. I draw from a diverse toolkit that includes Motivational Interviewing (MI), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Solution-Focused Therapy and spiritual interventions if requested. With experience in managing elite and high-profile sports professionals, extensive proficiency of directing an international not for profit organisation, and working cross-culturally for over two decades, I bring a unique blend of expertise to the field of counseling.
(07) 4145 4758 View (07) 4145 4758
Photo of undefined - Dean Rogers Counselling, AASW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dean Rogers Counselling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified Verified
Urraween, QLD 4655
My practice is geared for individuals & couples who struggle with relationship issues which may include common healthy relationship barriers such as addiction, anger, anxiety & stress, depression, grief and loss. As a vital aspect of the human experience, fostering healthy social and intimate relationships is a key component of the Positive Relationships client experience. Whether it is strengthening connection through development of emotional intelligence, learning the art of communication or resolving conflict, the Positive Relationship model will help you achieve your mutual relationship goals. Be prepared for a new connection.
My practice is geared for individuals & couples who struggle with relationship issues which may include common healthy relationship barriers such as addiction, anger, anxiety & stress, depression, grief and loss. As a vital aspect of the human experience, fostering healthy social and intimate relationships is a key component of the Positive Relationships client experience. Whether it is strengthening connection through development of emotional intelligence, learning the art of communication or resolving conflict, the Positive Relationship model will help you achieve your mutual relationship goals. Be prepared for a new connection.
(07) 5230 3758 View (07) 5230 3758
Photo of Deborah Michelle Jones, ACA-L1, Counsellor
Deborah Michelle Jones
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Booral, QLD 4655
Seeking help may be the most courageous thing you can do. It is a big decision and past experiences will influence that decision. I am here to make the process open and honest. I will discuss all options with you and I will support you through whatever decisions you choose. My eclectic use of modalities including Person Centred Therapies, Choice Theory, Mindfulness activities and Grief & Loss Therapies, among others, enables me to tailor my approach to suit each client. Why not try my free 15minute introduction phone call to see if I'm the best fit for you.
Seeking help may be the most courageous thing you can do. It is a big decision and past experiences will influence that decision. I am here to make the process open and honest. I will discuss all options with you and I will support you through whatever decisions you choose. My eclectic use of modalities including Person Centred Therapies, Choice Theory, Mindfulness activities and Grief & Loss Therapies, among others, enables me to tailor my approach to suit each client. Why not try my free 15minute introduction phone call to see if I'm the best fit for you.
(07) 4158 6802 View (07) 4158 6802
Photo of undefined - Counselling Fraser Coast, Counsellor
Counselling Fraser Coast
Counsellor
Verified Verified
River Heads, QLD 4655
Through Counselling, I help individuals and couples gain clarity, build confidence, and conquer fears, showing them ways they can take action and start enjoying life, even when life is overwhelming and seems impossible! I provide great counselling sessions with back up online courses. I have a dream… to innovatively change people’s lives and I am living it!. I have been providing counselling services since 2006 and provide advanced counselling that is of great use, that makes a real difference in people’s lives! My online support products are beautifully designed, simple to use, and user friendly. Book online!
Through Counselling, I help individuals and couples gain clarity, build confidence, and conquer fears, showing them ways they can take action and start enjoying life, even when life is overwhelming and seems impossible! I provide great counselling sessions with back up online courses. I have a dream… to innovatively change people’s lives and I am living it!. I have been providing counselling services since 2006 and provide advanced counselling that is of great use, that makes a real difference in people’s lives! My online support products are beautifully designed, simple to use, and user friendly. Book online!
(03) 5907 3722 View (03) 5907 3722
Photo of undefined - The Therapy Centre and Coaching Clinic, AMHSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
The Therapy Centre and Coaching Clinic
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Urraween, QLD 4655
Need change and positivity from an experienced therapist? You are in the right place! The therapists from The Therapy Centre and Coaching Clinic have over 20 years experience and are accredited in their fields. As the senior clinician I am a trained psychiatric services specialist with treatment modalities that include EMDR, CBT, and DBT. I am also a holistic care therapist. If you are struggling and need direction and support to manage anxiety, depression and self esteem issues then please make contact and reach out to me or one of the other ‘ best in field therapists’.
Need change and positivity from an experienced therapist? You are in the right place! The therapists from The Therapy Centre and Coaching Clinic have over 20 years experience and are accredited in their fields. As the senior clinician I am a trained psychiatric services specialist with treatment modalities that include EMDR, CBT, and DBT. I am also a holistic care therapist. If you are struggling and need direction and support to manage anxiety, depression and self esteem issues then please make contact and reach out to me or one of the other ‘ best in field therapists’.
(07) 2801 6855 View (07) 2801 6855

Online Therapists

Photo of Christy Manning, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Christy Manning
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Buderim, QLD 4556
Hi, I'm Christy. I'm a registered Clinical Psychologist and provide both therapy & diagnostic assessment. My therapeutic areas of interest and experience include couples therapy, as well as supporting individuals with anxiety or mood disorders, stress, relationship difficulties (including parenting & family challenges), and skill building. I am also an education specialist, providing assessments for learning disorders, giftedness, and intellectual disability. I provide a warm, empathic, and non-judgmental space for you to feel seen and supported, and am dedicated to developing a treatment approach specifically tailored to your needs
Hi, I'm Christy. I'm a registered Clinical Psychologist and provide both therapy & diagnostic assessment. My therapeutic areas of interest and experience include couples therapy, as well as supporting individuals with anxiety or mood disorders, stress, relationship difficulties (including parenting & family challenges), and skill building. I am also an education specialist, providing assessments for learning disorders, giftedness, and intellectual disability. I provide a warm, empathic, and non-judgmental space for you to feel seen and supported, and am dedicated to developing a treatment approach specifically tailored to your needs
(07) 5241 4837 View (07) 5241 4837
Photo of undefined - Jana Maddock Counselling, ACA-L4, Counsellor
Jana Maddock Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Noosa Heads, QLD 4567  (Online Only)
Hi there, I'm Jana, a registered Psychotherapist/Counsellor with a B.Couns. and M.A.C.A. level 4 certification. My practice focuses on supporting young adults, adults, and couples, offering support for various issues including Trauma Counselling, Anxiety, Depression, Substance Abuse, Self Harm and Relationship issues.
Hi there, I'm Jana, a registered Psychotherapist/Counsellor with a B.Couns. and M.A.C.A. level 4 certification. My practice focuses on supporting young adults, adults, and couples, offering support for various issues including Trauma Counselling, Anxiety, Depression, Substance Abuse, Self Harm and Relationship issues.
(07) 5241 1842 View (07) 5241 1842
Paul Gibbons
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AASW
Verified Verified
Sunrise Beach, QLD 4567
I’m an experienced therapist who offers both talking and body-based (Brainspotting) therapies to build a stronger sense of one’s real self and process past difficulties that maybe difficult to reach through talking alone.
I’m an experienced therapist who offers both talking and body-based (Brainspotting) therapies to build a stronger sense of one’s real self and process past difficulties that maybe difficult to reach through talking alone.
(07) 5241 6878 View (07) 5241 6878
Photo of Jessica Purssell, PsychD, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Jessica Purssell
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Mons, QLD 4556  (Online Only)
Welcome to My Peaceful Mind! I'm passionate about helping people learn how to reconnect with their minds and foster self-connection safely, learn how to retrain their minds to navigate their challenges and for long-term sustainable change, while taking a holistic approach.
Welcome to My Peaceful Mind! I'm passionate about helping people learn how to reconnect with their minds and foster self-connection safely, learn how to retrain their minds to navigate their challenges and for long-term sustainable change, while taking a holistic approach.
(07) 5240 0001 View (07) 5240 0001
Photo of Trinity Dang, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Trinity Dang
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Maroochydore, QLD 4558
Over 10 years of running a family business while managing a family. Like many, I can say the balance between doing whatever it takes to provide for those we love and maintaining a healthy relationship can be challenging. For this reason, I became an accredited counsellor and established Halcyon to help people by providing tools and clarity to move forward as a healthy and happy individual and family.
Over 10 years of running a family business while managing a family. Like many, I can say the balance between doing whatever it takes to provide for those we love and maintaining a healthy relationship can be challenging. For this reason, I became an accredited counsellor and established Halcyon to help people by providing tools and clarity to move forward as a healthy and happy individual and family.
(07) 5241 7526 View (07) 5241 7526
Photo of Mary Ann Killian-Dover, MA, PACFA, Counsellor
Mary Ann Killian-Dover
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Woombye, QLD 4559  (Online Only)
I have 17 years experience as a counsellor, from being a school counselor to managing a woman's crisis refuge and in private practice. Counselling is a safe and confidential space where you are able to express yourself without judgment and where you will become more aware of who you are. This unique environment helps you overcome life-speed bumps and place of personal growth and empowers you to become the best you.
I have 17 years experience as a counsellor, from being a school counselor to managing a woman's crisis refuge and in private practice. Counselling is a safe and confidential space where you are able to express yourself without judgment and where you will become more aware of who you are. This unique environment helps you overcome life-speed bumps and place of personal growth and empowers you to become the best you.
(07) 5241 4102 View (07) 5241 4102
Photo of Emily Hellyer, MA, AMHSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Emily Hellyer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Maroochydore, QLD 4558  (Online Only)
I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker, Yoga Teacher, Clinical Supervisor and Trauma Therapist. I recognise that healing from trauma requires a holistic and individualised approach to support both body and mind. Through a range of therapeutic modalities, individuals are supported in their journey towards recovery in a safe and supported therapeutic environment. Medicare rebates available via GP referral.
I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker, Yoga Teacher, Clinical Supervisor and Trauma Therapist. I recognise that healing from trauma requires a holistic and individualised approach to support both body and mind. Through a range of therapeutic modalities, individuals are supported in their journey towards recovery in a safe and supported therapeutic environment. Medicare rebates available via GP referral.
(07) 5230 8996 View (07) 5230 8996
Photo of Linda Meaker, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Linda Meaker
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Maroochydore, QLD 4558
Hi and welcome! I work with adults, adolescents and children 8-12 years. My aim is to support clients through a compassionate and collaborative process to meet their therapy goals and to address any barriers along the way. I like to focus on strengths and at the same time acknowledge the very real struggles we can experience as part of being human! My approach is client-directed and I utilise evidence based frameworks. When working with children and young people I use a child-centred approach and adapt interventions to be child-friendly and appropriate to their developmental stage.
Hi and welcome! I work with adults, adolescents and children 8-12 years. My aim is to support clients through a compassionate and collaborative process to meet their therapy goals and to address any barriers along the way. I like to focus on strengths and at the same time acknowledge the very real struggles we can experience as part of being human! My approach is client-directed and I utilise evidence based frameworks. When working with children and young people I use a child-centred approach and adapt interventions to be child-friendly and appropriate to their developmental stage.
(07) 5241 4943 View (07) 5241 4943
Photo of undefined - Level One Psychology, PhD, PsyBA - Sport Psych., Psychologist
Level One Psychology
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Sport Psych.
Verified Verified
Sippy Downs, QLD 4556
Level One is a private practice which has been offering psychological services to the Sunshine Coast community since 2013. Our psychologists and mental health social worker (MHSW) treat a range of issues including, but not limited to, anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, DV and family issues. Our team at Level One Psychology work with individuals of all ages, from adults to children across two clinic locations. Dr Lisa Martin, Director of Level One Psychology and an experienced sport and performance psychologist, also offers online consultations to athletes, medical professionals, managerial staff and company directors.
Level One is a private practice which has been offering psychological services to the Sunshine Coast community since 2013. Our psychologists and mental health social worker (MHSW) treat a range of issues including, but not limited to, anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, DV and family issues. Our team at Level One Psychology work with individuals of all ages, from adults to children across two clinic locations. Dr Lisa Martin, Director of Level One Psychology and an experienced sport and performance psychologist, also offers online consultations to athletes, medical professionals, managerial staff and company directors.
(07) 5373 0700 View (07) 5373 0700
Photo of undefined - HandinHand Mental Health & Disability, MA, AASW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
HandinHand Mental Health & Disability
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AASW
Verified Verified
Maroochydore, QLD 4558
As an experienced therapist I will be there, walking beside you, providing tools to assist you to become aware of your inner strength. Develop strategies to manage life’s challenges, creating more meaning to gain personal growth. ​ Offering professionalism and non-judgement from a holistic, biopsychosocial model mixed with neuroscience, ensures meaningful change. ​
As an experienced therapist I will be there, walking beside you, providing tools to assist you to become aware of your inner strength. Develop strategies to manage life’s challenges, creating more meaning to gain personal growth. ​ Offering professionalism and non-judgement from a holistic, biopsychosocial model mixed with neuroscience, ensures meaningful change. ​
(07) 5241 4981 View (07) 5241 4981
Photo of Dr Jacinta Thomson, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Dr Jacinta Thomson
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Maroochydore, QLD 4558
Waitlist for new clients
It's exhausting to keep trying to act like you've got it all together, all the time. Perhaps you feel like you've just been surviving through life, yet never really thriving? Perhaps you've been through traumatic life events, illnesses, cycles of break ups and burn outs, and even experiences of therapy that felt like it helped at the time but the gains quickly dissolved as life's general chaos crept back in. I'd like to help you develop a deeper understanding of yourself, your struggles and together we will safely 'untangle' the knots that keep you stuck. www.timetountangle.com.au
It's exhausting to keep trying to act like you've got it all together, all the time. Perhaps you feel like you've just been surviving through life, yet never really thriving? Perhaps you've been through traumatic life events, illnesses, cycles of break ups and burn outs, and even experiences of therapy that felt like it helped at the time but the gains quickly dissolved as life's general chaos crept back in. I'd like to help you develop a deeper understanding of yourself, your struggles and together we will safely 'untangle' the knots that keep you stuck. www.timetountangle.com.au
(07) 5356 9344 View (07) 5356 9344
Photo of Astrid de Ruiter, PACFA, Counsellor
Astrid de Ruiter
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Maleny, QLD 4552
Often people seek out a counsellor or psychotherapist as a last resort. They wait until small cracks in their life become big ones that turn into chasms and feel like they’re going to swallow them up. The reason? There is still a stigma in Australia around seeking help when we’re struggling (particularly among men). Here’s the good news: if you’re facing challenges right now, whether they’re tiny or monstrous, there’s actually nothing wrong with you! Life is just pretty complicated these days, social support is often not as strong or frequent as we need, and so we all need a bit of special support and guidance sometimes. 
Often people seek out a counsellor or psychotherapist as a last resort. They wait until small cracks in their life become big ones that turn into chasms and feel like they’re going to swallow them up. The reason? There is still a stigma in Australia around seeking help when we’re struggling (particularly among men). Here’s the good news: if you’re facing challenges right now, whether they’re tiny or monstrous, there’s actually nothing wrong with you! Life is just pretty complicated these days, social support is often not as strong or frequent as we need, and so we all need a bit of special support and guidance sometimes. 
(07) 5451 4048 View (07) 5451 4048
Photo of Cam Laurie, MA, ACA-L1, Counsellor
Cam Laurie
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Sunshine Beach, QLD 4567
I provide concrete tools and strategies to support parents and their school age children through challenging times. An experienced, registered, counsellor, teacher and coach. I offer counselling in the comfort of your home or online for Private and NDIS clients who are plan managed or self managed. I can assist with issues with school refusal, regulation, anxiety/stress, cognitive flexibility, resilience, self-esteem and prosocial behaviours.
I provide concrete tools and strategies to support parents and their school age children through challenging times. An experienced, registered, counsellor, teacher and coach. I offer counselling in the comfort of your home or online for Private and NDIS clients who are plan managed or self managed. I can assist with issues with school refusal, regulation, anxiety/stress, cognitive flexibility, resilience, self-esteem and prosocial behaviours.
(07) 5240 3789 View (07) 5240 3789

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Torquay, QLD

< 10

Counsellors in Torquay, QLD who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
100% Spirituality
100% Trauma and PTSD
50% Relationship Issues
50% Addiction
50% Life Coaching
50% Bereavement

Average years in practice

9 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Torquay, QLD see their clients

100% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Torquay?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.