Counselling in Toowoomba City, QLD

Photo of Rohan Watson, Counsellor in Toowoomba City, QLD
Rohan Watson
Counsellor, ACA-L3
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
My team and I are dedicated to helping clients improve their relationships, outlook on life and overall wellbeing and offer a setting that is accepting, caring, safe and private. My deep commitment is supporting clients in developing the confidence, resilience and insight necessary to transition through life’s challenges with genuinely positive outcomes. The experience of my own private counselling practice, delivery of mental health programs in rural and remote areas of Australia, and conducting psychotherapy services for a significant regional Employee Assistance Program enables me to reach out to people from all walks of life.
My team and I are dedicated to helping clients improve their relationships, outlook on life and overall wellbeing and offer a setting that is accepting, caring, safe and private. My deep commitment is supporting clients in developing the confidence, resilience and insight necessary to transition through life’s challenges with genuinely positive outcomes. The experience of my own private counselling practice, delivery of mental health programs in rural and remote areas of Australia, and conducting psychotherapy services for a significant regional Employee Assistance Program enables me to reach out to people from all walks of life.
(07) 4526 7507 View (07) 4526 7507
Photo of Christine Steel Counselling , Counsellor in Toowoomba City, QLD
Christine Steel Counselling
Counsellor, MC, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
Christine is a Clinical Counsellor and Counselling Supervisor. Christine is particularly passionate about assisting people whose stress, anxiety or depression is holding them back from their best life and achieving their goals. She highly skilled at adapting her therapy and communication style to help the client feel at ease. Christine can help you identify thoughts, feelings and behaviours that might be impacting your success and relationships with others. She can support you to work through anxiety, depression, trauma, poor self-esteem or unhealthy relationships. Finding better ways to cope and help you to lead a brighter life.
Christine is a Clinical Counsellor and Counselling Supervisor. Christine is particularly passionate about assisting people whose stress, anxiety or depression is holding them back from their best life and achieving their goals. She highly skilled at adapting her therapy and communication style to help the client feel at ease. Christine can help you identify thoughts, feelings and behaviours that might be impacting your success and relationships with others. She can support you to work through anxiety, depression, trauma, poor self-esteem or unhealthy relationships. Finding better ways to cope and help you to lead a brighter life.
(07) 4520 6339 View (07) 4520 6339
Photo of Jessica Arday-Wild, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Toowoomba City, QLD
Jessica Arday-Wild
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
I have extensive experience in supporting people impacted by a range of issues, including trauma, attachment issues, adjustment to parenting, anxiety and eating disorders. I offer a safe and validating therapeutic environment in Toowoomba to support you. I have a special interest in supporting children, teenagers and parents.
I have extensive experience in supporting people impacted by a range of issues, including trauma, attachment issues, adjustment to parenting, anxiety and eating disorders. I offer a safe and validating therapeutic environment in Toowoomba to support you. I have a special interest in supporting children, teenagers and parents.
(07) 4516 6056 View (07) 4516 6056
Photo of Andrea Gietzel-Tierney, Psychologist in Toowoomba City, QLD
Andrea Gietzel-Tierney
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
I have a passionate interest in the mind-body-spirit connection and the influence of each of these on people's health. At Red Lotus Psychology I'm able to fulfil my dream of being a holistic psychologist, helping people to manage/cope with, improve and potentially recover from physical health issues through addressing psychological, emotional and behavioural contributors to them. I am also able to empower people to find their voice, to make positive choices for them and to fulfil their own dreams. Supporting people with living full, rich, meaningful lives, with heart, soul and good health, with warmth and kindness is my passion.
I have a passionate interest in the mind-body-spirit connection and the influence of each of these on people's health. At Red Lotus Psychology I'm able to fulfil my dream of being a holistic psychologist, helping people to manage/cope with, improve and potentially recover from physical health issues through addressing psychological, emotional and behavioural contributors to them. I am also able to empower people to find their voice, to make positive choices for them and to fulfil their own dreams. Supporting people with living full, rich, meaningful lives, with heart, soul and good health, with warmth and kindness is my passion.
(07) 4515 9000 View (07) 4515 9000
Photo of Ruth Armstrong, Psychologist in Toowoomba City, QLD
Ruth Armstrong
Psychologist, PsychD, MAPS
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
Dr Ruth Armstrong is a Clinical Psychologist who provides assessments and therapy for children, adolescents and adults. She specialises in the treatment of trauma. She provides a range of interventions and is an accredited Consultant in EMDR therapy (EMDRAA) with extensive training and experience in this treatment approach.
Dr Ruth Armstrong is a Clinical Psychologist who provides assessments and therapy for children, adolescents and adults. She specialises in the treatment of trauma. She provides a range of interventions and is an accredited Consultant in EMDR therapy (EMDRAA) with extensive training and experience in this treatment approach.
(07) 5655 7496 View (07) 5655 7496
Photo of Expand Counselling, Counsellor in Toowoomba City, QLD
Expand Counselling
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L3
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
We understand that every relationship is unique and our experienced therapist is here to help you and your partner navigate the challenges that come with marriage, commitment, and all forms of relationships. We offer a safe and confidential space to explore your issues and work towards understanding, forgiveness, and growth. Whether you’re dealing with communication problems, infidelity, other relationship struggles or just want to enhance your relationship, our counselling service can help.
We understand that every relationship is unique and our experienced therapist is here to help you and your partner navigate the challenges that come with marriage, commitment, and all forms of relationships. We offer a safe and confidential space to explore your issues and work towards understanding, forgiveness, and growth. Whether you’re dealing with communication problems, infidelity, other relationship struggles or just want to enhance your relationship, our counselling service can help.
(07) 4580 4675 View (07) 4580 4675
Photo of Kelly Dean, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Toowoomba City, QLD
Kelly Dean
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
I have over 10 years experience in supporting individuals with a variety of concerns, including depression, anxiety, trauma (post traumatic stress disorder, complex post traumatic stress disorder, attachment/ BPD and sexual assault/ abuse). I believe in a holistic approach to mental health, ensuring to include the mind and the body (ie somatic practices, emotional regulation and belief systems). I work with all genders/sexes from mid-adolescence and older.
I have over 10 years experience in supporting individuals with a variety of concerns, including depression, anxiety, trauma (post traumatic stress disorder, complex post traumatic stress disorder, attachment/ BPD and sexual assault/ abuse). I believe in a holistic approach to mental health, ensuring to include the mind and the body (ie somatic practices, emotional regulation and belief systems). I work with all genders/sexes from mid-adolescence and older.
(07) 4516 8314 View (07) 4516 8314
Photo of Andrew Forrest, Psychologist in Toowoomba City, QLD
Andrew Forrest
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
Andrew is a board-registered psychologist and couples therapist who works with individuals and couples seeking support at different life stages. He has experience working with a wide-range of mental health concerns and is passionate about supporting people to improve their mental well-being and quality of life. Andrew’s approach creates a safe, collaborative environment where individuals can feel empowered to explore and remain curious to possibilities. It is within this non-judgemental space that a person can begin to reflect, heal and move towards growth and change.
Andrew is a board-registered psychologist and couples therapist who works with individuals and couples seeking support at different life stages. He has experience working with a wide-range of mental health concerns and is passionate about supporting people to improve their mental well-being and quality of life. Andrew’s approach creates a safe, collaborative environment where individuals can feel empowered to explore and remain curious to possibilities. It is within this non-judgemental space that a person can begin to reflect, heal and move towards growth and change.
(07) 4517 5346 View (07) 4517 5346
Photo of MelinaJBW, Counsellor in Toowoomba City, QLD
MelinaJBW
Counsellor, ACA-L3
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
As a registered counsellor and neurotherapist in Plainland servicing Gatton, Laidley and the wider Lockyer Valley, I provide tailored counselling services to support individuals in overcoming mental health issues. With over 10 years of experience, I specialise in depression, anxiety, trauma, grief and loss. At MelinaJBW we take a client-centred approach, which means that we will work with you to understand your unique needs and goals, and tailor our counselling approach to meet them. From age five to ninety-five we can help individuals, couples and families to heal and look forward to the future together.
As a registered counsellor and neurotherapist in Plainland servicing Gatton, Laidley and the wider Lockyer Valley, I provide tailored counselling services to support individuals in overcoming mental health issues. With over 10 years of experience, I specialise in depression, anxiety, trauma, grief and loss. At MelinaJBW we take a client-centred approach, which means that we will work with you to understand your unique needs and goals, and tailor our counselling approach to meet them. From age five to ninety-five we can help individuals, couples and families to heal and look forward to the future together.
(07) 5235 6992 View (07) 5235 6992
Photo of Ebonie Stewart, Psychologist in Toowoomba City, QLD
Ebonie Stewart
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350  (Online Only)
Ebonie is a passionate and empathetic registered psychologist who can provide thorough assessment and intervention across all ages. Ebonie's aim is to work collaboratively with you to enhance your mental health and achieve your goals. Ebonie has worked in a wide variety of settings including Psychiatric Hospital, Schools, Industry, Forensic, Private Practice and Primary Health Care Network. Ebonie has a keen interest in helping clients with substance use and addiction. She also work with offenders and can provide forensic court reports.
Ebonie is a passionate and empathetic registered psychologist who can provide thorough assessment and intervention across all ages. Ebonie's aim is to work collaboratively with you to enhance your mental health and achieve your goals. Ebonie has worked in a wide variety of settings including Psychiatric Hospital, Schools, Industry, Forensic, Private Practice and Primary Health Care Network. Ebonie has a keen interest in helping clients with substance use and addiction. She also work with offenders and can provide forensic court reports.
1800 327 477 View 1800 327 477
Photo of Amber Dodds Psychology, Psychologist in Toowoomba City, QLD
Amber Dodds Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350  (Online Only)
Amber is an online psychologist passionate about helping adults navigate the many obstacles of life and believes in establishing a strong therapeutic relationship based on warmth and compassion to help connect with and support her clients. She takes a holistic approach to her practice guided by evidence-based psychological techniques tailored to meet her client’s specific needs. Amber works with a variety of presentations including complex trauma, PTSD, anxiety and panic, depression, addictions, anger, interpersonal difficulties, and grief/ loss.
Amber is an online psychologist passionate about helping adults navigate the many obstacles of life and believes in establishing a strong therapeutic relationship based on warmth and compassion to help connect with and support her clients. She takes a holistic approach to her practice guided by evidence-based psychological techniques tailored to meet her client’s specific needs. Amber works with a variety of presentations including complex trauma, PTSD, anxiety and panic, depression, addictions, anger, interpersonal difficulties, and grief/ loss.
View
Photo of Penne Willner - Telos Counselling, Counsellor in Toowoomba City, QLD
Penne Willner - Telos Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
Life is often challenging. We can face difficulties with work, with our relationships, with our own internal struggles, but we don't need to face them alone. We need each other. I work alongside clients with a variety of issues: grief, depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship struggles etc, and I offer a tailored approach to support you in your journey to better cope with what life throws at you.
Life is often challenging. We can face difficulties with work, with our relationships, with our own internal struggles, but we don't need to face them alone. We need each other. I work alongside clients with a variety of issues: grief, depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship struggles etc, and I offer a tailored approach to support you in your journey to better cope with what life throws at you.
(07) 4523 6789 View (07) 4523 6789
Photo of Kathryn Dries, Counsellor in Toowoomba City, QLD
Kathryn Dries
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350  (Online Only)
I specialise in helping individuals overcome the challenges associated with grief and loss, recognising that these experiences extend beyond the conventional understanding of someone's passing. Whether you are grappling with personal, relational, or societal changes that have reshaped your worldview, relationships, or self-perception, I am here to support you. Together, we can navigate the complex emotions that arise during these transformative events, address feelings of isolation and loneliness, and foster healing and growth.
I specialise in helping individuals overcome the challenges associated with grief and loss, recognising that these experiences extend beyond the conventional understanding of someone's passing. Whether you are grappling with personal, relational, or societal changes that have reshaped your worldview, relationships, or self-perception, I am here to support you. Together, we can navigate the complex emotions that arise during these transformative events, address feelings of isolation and loneliness, and foster healing and growth.
(08) 7744 4777 View (08) 7744 4777
Photo of Jane Chambers, Psychologist in Toowoomba City, QLD
Jane Chambers
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350  (Online Only)
I currently have telehealth appointments available for female clients for Psychology and Life Coaching. Late Appointments are available Wednesday night. As a Psychologist I walk beside you and 'hold space' for you as you process past hurts and develop skills to assist you to manage psychological distress associated with trauma, mental health conditions or life transitions. As a Life Coach I walk beside you as you identify, clarify, define and voice your dreams, visions and goals. Then I work with you to explore, discover and achieve actions that will lead to growth.
I currently have telehealth appointments available for female clients for Psychology and Life Coaching. Late Appointments are available Wednesday night. As a Psychologist I walk beside you and 'hold space' for you as you process past hurts and develop skills to assist you to manage psychological distress associated with trauma, mental health conditions or life transitions. As a Life Coach I walk beside you as you identify, clarify, define and voice your dreams, visions and goals. Then I work with you to explore, discover and achieve actions that will lead to growth.
(07) 4847 6738 View (07) 4847 6738
Photo of Jannikka Balko, Psychologist in Toowoomba City, QLD
Jannikka Balko
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
Jannikka Balko is a clinical psychologist registered with AHPRA with a particular interest in treating anxiety and depression through life transitions (e.g. relationships and relationship separations, moving through grief and loss, balancing work and study, returning to the workforce) for young people and adults.
Jannikka Balko is a clinical psychologist registered with AHPRA with a particular interest in treating anxiety and depression through life transitions (e.g. relationships and relationship separations, moving through grief and loss, balancing work and study, returning to the workforce) for young people and adults.
(07) 2100 4203 View (07) 2100 4203
Photo of The Innerspace, Counsellor in Toowoomba City, QLD
The Innerspace
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
A space for trauma-informed and holistic centered approach to help women find hope, healing and freedom from traumatic life experiences to create lasting healing and transformation. I have experienced the healing work of the creative arts when I had no voice, facing uncertainty and wanting to move on from the pain of trauma. My hope is that you will experience hope, freedom and healing with the creative arts as we explore moving from surviving to thriving. I bring into the counselling space insight and wisdom from my theraputic experience, training and personal growth in understanding the need for self expression.
A space for trauma-informed and holistic centered approach to help women find hope, healing and freedom from traumatic life experiences to create lasting healing and transformation. I have experienced the healing work of the creative arts when I had no voice, facing uncertainty and wanting to move on from the pain of trauma. My hope is that you will experience hope, freedom and healing with the creative arts as we explore moving from surviving to thriving. I bring into the counselling space insight and wisdom from my theraputic experience, training and personal growth in understanding the need for self expression.
(07) 2104 1922 View (07) 2104 1922
Keith Bunce
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
As an integrative counsellor I work relationally with the client. My experience volunteering for Mind, a UK charity, has given me an invaluable experience of working with clients that present with a wide range of presenting problems. I have also worked with Armed Forces veterans community dealing with service related and non-service related issues. Since setting up practice in Australia I have worked with a wide range of clients, including children that are waiting to be, or that have been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder this has also included their families to help adjust in parenting styles.
As an integrative counsellor I work relationally with the client. My experience volunteering for Mind, a UK charity, has given me an invaluable experience of working with clients that present with a wide range of presenting problems. I have also worked with Armed Forces veterans community dealing with service related and non-service related issues. Since setting up practice in Australia I have worked with a wide range of clients, including children that are waiting to be, or that have been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder this has also included their families to help adjust in parenting styles.
(07) 2801 5605 View (07) 2801 5605
Photo of Jessica Hume, Psychologist in Toowoomba City, QLD
Jessica Hume
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
Special interest areas: Parenting, attachment and relationships, self esteem and body image Jess is a registered psychologist who provides holistic client care with a non-judgemental approach to therapy. Jess has over 10 years’ experience within the childcare protection sector and private practice. Jess has experience working with childhood trauma, complex presentations including self-harm and suicide, relationship difficulties and issues with self esteem and self-worth. Jess is passionate about working with adolescents and adults and providing parenting support to help raise resilient happy children.
Special interest areas: Parenting, attachment and relationships, self esteem and body image Jess is a registered psychologist who provides holistic client care with a non-judgemental approach to therapy. Jess has over 10 years’ experience within the childcare protection sector and private practice. Jess has experience working with childhood trauma, complex presentations including self-harm and suicide, relationship difficulties and issues with self esteem and self-worth. Jess is passionate about working with adolescents and adults and providing parenting support to help raise resilient happy children.
(07) 2801 7398 View (07) 2801 7398
Photo of Senta Sharp Counselling, Counsellor in Toowoomba City, QLD
Senta Sharp Counselling
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
Feeling overwhelmed, angry, alone, sad or burned out can happen to us all, no matter how successful you are. As a counsellor, I offer support and help to understand your issues, find clarity, make a plan, change direction, feel stronger, and more resilient. I’ll help you cope with anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, anger, difficult relationships, medical issues, chronic pain, weight-loss, identity issues, fertility issues, low self-esteem, and life transitions. Take time to focus on you & your mental health. No referral or health care plan needed, just connect and start this week to live a better, calmer, happier life.
Feeling overwhelmed, angry, alone, sad or burned out can happen to us all, no matter how successful you are. As a counsellor, I offer support and help to understand your issues, find clarity, make a plan, change direction, feel stronger, and more resilient. I’ll help you cope with anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, anger, difficult relationships, medical issues, chronic pain, weight-loss, identity issues, fertility issues, low self-esteem, and life transitions. Take time to focus on you & your mental health. No referral or health care plan needed, just connect and start this week to live a better, calmer, happier life.
(07) 3186 9745 View (07) 3186 9745
Photo of Wayne Stevens, Counsellor in Toowoomba City, QLD
Wayne Stevens
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Toowoomba City, QLD 4350
My name is Wayne and I am a counsellor and a nurse. I have lived in Ipswich Queensland for over 30 years and I am passionate about helping people engage with their true selves. I lead men's retreats and am especially involved in mentoring and leading young men. I am married with three grown children. I am open to helping you become your best self and move through any difficulties you may ben encountering.
My name is Wayne and I am a counsellor and a nurse. I have lived in Ipswich Queensland for over 30 years and I am passionate about helping people engage with their true selves. I lead men's retreats and am especially involved in mentoring and leading young men. I am married with three grown children. I am open to helping you become your best self and move through any difficulties you may ben encountering.
(07) 2801 7849 View (07) 2801 7849

See more therapy options for Toowoomba City

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Toowoomba City, QLD

30+

Average cost per session

$160

Counsellors in Toowoomba City, QLD who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
88% Depression
76% Coping Skills
74% Relationship Issues
74% Stress
68% Trauma and PTSD
65% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% Bupa
67% Medicare Rebates
67% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in Toowoomba City, QLD see their clients

62% In Person and Online
38% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
22% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Toowoomba City?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.