Counselling in Toorbul, QLD

Photo of undefined - Josephine Lapthorn, Semper Amore, MA, ACA-L4, Counsellor
Josephine Lapthorn, Semper Amore
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Toorbul, QLD 4510
Hi, my name is Jo. There may be many reasons or things going on for you that brings you to this site and my profile in particular. You may be experiencing a difficult time in your life and you realise you don’t need to do it alone? Or perhaps you are coming out of a challenging life event and you would like a safe space to unpack it? Maybe you and your partner are hoping to rebuild your relationship? There are three factors considered essential for effective therapy - the quality of the therapeutic relationship; the goals of therapy and the skills and knowledge of the practitioner.
Hi, my name is Jo. There may be many reasons or things going on for you that brings you to this site and my profile in particular. You may be experiencing a difficult time in your life and you realise you don’t need to do it alone? Or perhaps you are coming out of a challenging life event and you would like a safe space to unpack it? Maybe you and your partner are hoping to rebuild your relationship? There are three factors considered essential for effective therapy - the quality of the therapeutic relationship; the goals of therapy and the skills and knowledge of the practitioner.
(07) 3050 0656 View (07) 3050 0656

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of undefined - Dean Rogers Counselling, AASW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dean Rogers Counselling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510
My practice is geared for individuals & couples who struggle with relationship issues which may include common healthy relationship barriers such as addiction, anger, anxiety & stress, depression, grief and loss. As a vital aspect of the human experience, fostering healthy social and intimate relationships is a key component of the Positive Relationships client experience. Whether it is strengthening connection through development of emotional intelligence, learning the art of communication or resolving conflict, the Positive Relationship model will help you achieve your mutual relationship goals. Be prepared for a new connection.
My practice is geared for individuals & couples who struggle with relationship issues which may include common healthy relationship barriers such as addiction, anger, anxiety & stress, depression, grief and loss. As a vital aspect of the human experience, fostering healthy social and intimate relationships is a key component of the Positive Relationships client experience. Whether it is strengthening connection through development of emotional intelligence, learning the art of communication or resolving conflict, the Positive Relationship model will help you achieve your mutual relationship goals. Be prepared for a new connection.
(07) 5230 3758 View (07) 5230 3758
Photo of Kathleen Murray, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Kathleen Murray
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510  (Online Only)
Hi, I’m Kathleen of My Psychologist Kathleen, a telepsychology service that provides clients with a variety of treatments. I offer psychological education along with evidence-based techniques for clients to practise and apply in their lives. From personal issues to relationship troubles, you can count on me to help you manage or resolve what worries you.
Hi, I’m Kathleen of My Psychologist Kathleen, a telepsychology service that provides clients with a variety of treatments. I offer psychological education along with evidence-based techniques for clients to practise and apply in their lives. From personal issues to relationship troubles, you can count on me to help you manage or resolve what worries you.
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Photo of undefined - First Step Counselling & Wellbeing, ACA-L2, Counsellor
First Step Counselling & Wellbeing
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510
Welcome, my name is Maggie Miller and I am Director and Counsellor at First Step Counselling & Wellbeing. My passion lies in supporting those with disabilities and those facing cancer or who have previously faced cancer. First Step Counselling & Wellbeing is a private counselling practice located on the Sunshine Coast and Moreton Bay Region. The modalities of counselling used within our sessions are based on a pluralistic, integrative and collaborative approach. We focus on you the client and what style of counselling suits you and the challenges or goals you are currently working on.
Welcome, my name is Maggie Miller and I am Director and Counsellor at First Step Counselling & Wellbeing. My passion lies in supporting those with disabilities and those facing cancer or who have previously faced cancer. First Step Counselling & Wellbeing is a private counselling practice located on the Sunshine Coast and Moreton Bay Region. The modalities of counselling used within our sessions are based on a pluralistic, integrative and collaborative approach. We focus on you the client and what style of counselling suits you and the challenges or goals you are currently working on.
(07) 5241 4178 View (07) 5241 4178
Photo of Johann Martin, PhD, CCAA, Counsellor
Johann Martin
Counsellor, PhD, CCAA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Caboolture, QLD 4510
I have been working in the fields of family therapy and stress-related disorders and conditions for more than twenty-two years, since being an army chaplain both in the South African and Australian Defence Forces during times of military conflict (I served for extensive periods on the front lines of battle and experienced the horrors of traumatic incidents, death, loss, brokenness, anger and excessive aggression behind retaliation on the front line). Touched by the distress of those around me, I realised that we have to be proactive and therefore intentionally develop sustainable resilience before facing extreme distress!
I have been working in the fields of family therapy and stress-related disorders and conditions for more than twenty-two years, since being an army chaplain both in the South African and Australian Defence Forces during times of military conflict (I served for extensive periods on the front lines of battle and experienced the horrors of traumatic incidents, death, loss, brokenness, anger and excessive aggression behind retaliation on the front line). Touched by the distress of those around me, I realised that we have to be proactive and therefore intentionally develop sustainable resilience before facing extreme distress!
(07) 5224 2057 View (07) 5224 2057
Photo of undefined - Trafmor Group, PACFA, Counsellor
Trafmor Group
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Morayfield, QLD 4506
Do you feel depressed? overwhelmed? like there is too much going on or your losing control of your life? Are you an emotional wreck? Feeling sad, angry or just over it all...Not concentrating at work, around others? Are you getting frustrated or angry with other people...sounds like your mental or emotional health is a little out of balance - that's where we can help. We all need either a minor or a major tune up every now and then.
Do you feel depressed? overwhelmed? like there is too much going on or your losing control of your life? Are you an emotional wreck? Feeling sad, angry or just over it all...Not concentrating at work, around others? Are you getting frustrated or angry with other people...sounds like your mental or emotional health is a little out of balance - that's where we can help. We all need either a minor or a major tune up every now and then.
(07) 5235 8999 View (07) 5235 8999
Photo of Nikki Bray, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Nikki Bray
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Caboolture, QLD 4510
Clinical Psychologist and Owner at BrayPsych Clinical Psychology on the Gold Coast. I have availability for new adult clients for therapy via telehealth or in person. I also offer neuroaffirming Autism assessments for adults. I I like to describe myself as an enthusiastic and compassionate therapist. My values are empowerment, self-advocacy and authenticity. I provide support for adults experiencing depression, anxiety, stress, panic, phobias, OCD, chronic pain, emotion dysregulation difficulties, grief, low self-esteem, perfectionism, adjustment to life changes, autistic burnout, and supporting neurodivergent adults.
Clinical Psychologist and Owner at BrayPsych Clinical Psychology on the Gold Coast. I have availability for new adult clients for therapy via telehealth or in person. I also offer neuroaffirming Autism assessments for adults. I I like to describe myself as an enthusiastic and compassionate therapist. My values are empowerment, self-advocacy and authenticity. I provide support for adults experiencing depression, anxiety, stress, panic, phobias, OCD, chronic pain, emotion dysregulation difficulties, grief, low self-esteem, perfectionism, adjustment to life changes, autistic burnout, and supporting neurodivergent adults.
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Photo of Dr Grant Blake, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Dr Grant Blake
Psychologist, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510
I am a clinical psychologist accepting new referrals for adult, adolescent and child ADHD assessments. I do the legwork of cognitive assessment to assist the medical professional's diagnosis and treatment. I also provide learning disorder and adult autism assessments. Therapeutically, I mostly help people with PTSD but I am not taking any new treatment patients at the moment. I regularly undertake assessments for criminal law (e.g., fitness to stand trial, insanity), compensation, family law, and the NDIS (e.g., SIL, progress reports, diagnosis).
I am a clinical psychologist accepting new referrals for adult, adolescent and child ADHD assessments. I do the legwork of cognitive assessment to assist the medical professional's diagnosis and treatment. I also provide learning disorder and adult autism assessments. Therapeutically, I mostly help people with PTSD but I am not taking any new treatment patients at the moment. I regularly undertake assessments for criminal law (e.g., fitness to stand trial, insanity), compensation, family law, and the NDIS (e.g., SIL, progress reports, diagnosis).
(07) 4243 4125 View (07) 4243 4125
Photo of Bri Stevens, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Bri Stevens
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510
Hi, thanks for taking the time to look at my profile and see if we might connect. I specialise in LGBTQIA+, neurodiversity, and disability. Some of the issues that people bring to their sessions with me include - gender, sex and sexuality, religious trauma, parenting, relationships, family, mental health, and coping with daily life. Many of my clients are seeking a new perspective on challenges they've been managing for some time. Other times a difficult event, loss or personal crisis has occurred. My teen and young adult clients often need support with exploring identity, healthy relationships, self care and independence.
Hi, thanks for taking the time to look at my profile and see if we might connect. I specialise in LGBTQIA+, neurodiversity, and disability. Some of the issues that people bring to their sessions with me include - gender, sex and sexuality, religious trauma, parenting, relationships, family, mental health, and coping with daily life. Many of my clients are seeking a new perspective on challenges they've been managing for some time. Other times a difficult event, loss or personal crisis has occurred. My teen and young adult clients often need support with exploring identity, healthy relationships, self care and independence.
(07) 2000 5957 View (07) 2000 5957
Photo of undefined - Katrin Terton Art & Therapy, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Katrin Terton Art & Therapy
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510
If you are curious about creative arts therapy and have a desire to gain deeper insight into your inner self by a different way of knowing, you are in the right place. Although I also offer traditional forms of counselling, I understand that they may not always capture the full depth of your experiences. By engaging in art therapy, you can gain new awareness and perspectives that might not be readily accessible through talk therapy alone. It can be a path to greater self-awareness and personal growth, providing a unique avenue for self-expression and exploration, allowing you to tap into your inner wisdom.
If you are curious about creative arts therapy and have a desire to gain deeper insight into your inner self by a different way of knowing, you are in the right place. Although I also offer traditional forms of counselling, I understand that they may not always capture the full depth of your experiences. By engaging in art therapy, you can gain new awareness and perspectives that might not be readily accessible through talk therapy alone. It can be a path to greater self-awareness and personal growth, providing a unique avenue for self-expression and exploration, allowing you to tap into your inner wisdom.
(07) 3477 9094 View (07) 3477 9094
Photo of undefined - Mind Care Mental Health Services , MBBS, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Mind Care Mental Health Services
Psychologist, MBBS, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Morayfield, QLD 4506
At Mind Care Mental Health Services, we understand that life can present us with challenges, and may be socially and emotionally. That’s why we are here to support people who are affected by range of mental health conditions and/or disabilities. Our mission is to empower you to overcome your struggles and lead a fulfilling life by equipping you with the skills and tools. with a range of evidence-based, practical, and personalised strategies to help you live your best life. In addition, Mind Care Mental Health Services proudly collaborates with a multidisciplinary team of skilled in-house therapists.
At Mind Care Mental Health Services, we understand that life can present us with challenges, and may be socially and emotionally. That’s why we are here to support people who are affected by range of mental health conditions and/or disabilities. Our mission is to empower you to overcome your struggles and lead a fulfilling life by equipping you with the skills and tools. with a range of evidence-based, practical, and personalised strategies to help you live your best life. In addition, Mind Care Mental Health Services proudly collaborates with a multidisciplinary team of skilled in-house therapists.
(07) 5240 7550 View (07) 5240 7550
Photo of Anita Jane Perigo, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Anita Jane Perigo
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Caboolture South, QLD 4510
My name is Anita and I work with my Therapy Dogs Tszyu (Zoo) and Noah. I have two areas of my psychology work that I am passionate about making available to you. The first being Animal Assisted Therapy, and the second Art in Therapy. Having the dogs in my studio provides you with an emotionally safe and nurturing space to explore the distress you are feeling, without getting lost in it. The dogs are always there as a welcome sensory connection to the present moment. I also use art (basket weaving /picture cards and paint) to help you explore parts of your story and emotional experience that you don't have the right words for.
My name is Anita and I work with my Therapy Dogs Tszyu (Zoo) and Noah. I have two areas of my psychology work that I am passionate about making available to you. The first being Animal Assisted Therapy, and the second Art in Therapy. Having the dogs in my studio provides you with an emotionally safe and nurturing space to explore the distress you are feeling, without getting lost in it. The dogs are always there as a welcome sensory connection to the present moment. I also use art (basket weaving /picture cards and paint) to help you explore parts of your story and emotional experience that you don't have the right words for.
(07) 3184 4863 View (07) 3184 4863
Photo of Barbara Nicholls, MA, ACA-L4, Counsellor
Barbara Nicholls
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Morayfield, QLD 4506
I pride myself in being able to cater to the individual needs of my clients to help them to make the changes they are looking for. The values of trust, respect and recognition of difference are very important in my practice and every endeavour will be made to help clients feel safe in a confidential and supportive environment.
I pride myself in being able to cater to the individual needs of my clients to help them to make the changes they are looking for. The values of trust, respect and recognition of difference are very important in my practice and every endeavour will be made to help clients feel safe in a confidential and supportive environment.
(07) 3184 8504 View (07) 3184 8504
Photo of Fiona Hasson, ACA-L4, Counsellor
Fiona Hasson
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Morayfield, QLD 4506
Are you experiencing a sense of thriving in your life, or are you merely going through the motions every day? Perhaps you feel like you don't have enough time and energy to fully realise your true potential. It's common to overlook moments of actual thriving when bad days seem to repeat themselves endlessly.
Are you experiencing a sense of thriving in your life, or are you merely going through the motions every day? Perhaps you feel like you don't have enough time and energy to fully realise your true potential. It's common to overlook moments of actual thriving when bad days seem to repeat themselves endlessly.
(07) 5240 3221 View (07) 5240 3221
Photo of Nick Jolly, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Nick Jolly
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510  (Online Only)
Hi, I’m Nick. Our life is a big journey, and we all experience difficulty at times. I understand there are times where you may feel stuck, confused, misunderstood, mistreated or overwhelmed, like your cycling in repeating patterns, or feel dependent on unsupportive habits to cope that seem impossible to break free from or change. If this sounds somehow familiar I’d really appreciate hearing from you and would appreciate the opportunity to say how I could support you to ease the pressure, feel more in control and move towards a deeper level of self-alignment and well-being.
Hi, I’m Nick. Our life is a big journey, and we all experience difficulty at times. I understand there are times where you may feel stuck, confused, misunderstood, mistreated or overwhelmed, like your cycling in repeating patterns, or feel dependent on unsupportive habits to cope that seem impossible to break free from or change. If this sounds somehow familiar I’d really appreciate hearing from you and would appreciate the opportunity to say how I could support you to ease the pressure, feel more in control and move towards a deeper level of self-alignment and well-being.
(07) 2000 5808 View (07) 2000 5808
Photo of undefined - New Hope Psychology & Counselling-Phoebe Yau-Evans, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
New Hope Psychology & Counselling-Phoebe Yau-Evans
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510
“Getting over a painful experience is much like crossing monkey bars. You have to let go at some point in order to move forward.” – C.S. Lewis. Phoebe feels she is privileged to be a clinical psychologist assisting her clients crossing their personal “monkey bars” and see them moving forward. She has a warm, professional manner and is passionate about helping others, with an understanding of Christian values if needed. She empathises with clients’ pain and difficulties. She has an openness to learn more about clients’ values and beliefs. She uses an integrated approach to therapy and is committed to a client-centred approach.
“Getting over a painful experience is much like crossing monkey bars. You have to let go at some point in order to move forward.” – C.S. Lewis. Phoebe feels she is privileged to be a clinical psychologist assisting her clients crossing their personal “monkey bars” and see them moving forward. She has a warm, professional manner and is passionate about helping others, with an understanding of Christian values if needed. She empathises with clients’ pain and difficulties. She has an openness to learn more about clients’ values and beliefs. She uses an integrated approach to therapy and is committed to a client-centred approach.
(07) 3186 9763 View (07) 3186 9763
Photo of Lennard La Grange, MA, MAPS, Psychologist
Lennard La Grange
Psychologist, MA, MAPS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Caboolture, QLD 4510
I am passionate about helping people overcome some of life's inevitable struggles and to further navigate through these times to become the best they can be and to lead a full and meaningful lives.
I am passionate about helping people overcome some of life's inevitable struggles and to further navigate through these times to become the best they can be and to lead a full and meaningful lives.
(07) 3608 1075 View (07) 3608 1075
Photo of Teresa Jane Bird, MA, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Teresa Jane Bird
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510
They are looking to improve their life. through working through past issues, focussing on their strength's and goals for the future. I have worked with clients with family issues, grief and loss, relationship issues, feeling stuck. Depression, Career choices. The therapeutic background that is used is solution focussed, Narrative therapy. Sand tray therapy. Mindfulness and meditation. I also used The Australian Bush Flower essences to help shift the energy from negative stuck situation to positive situations moving forward with better clarity and understanding. Being a holistic practitioner i am able to offer various options
They are looking to improve their life. through working through past issues, focussing on their strength's and goals for the future. I have worked with clients with family issues, grief and loss, relationship issues, feeling stuck. Depression, Career choices. The therapeutic background that is used is solution focussed, Narrative therapy. Sand tray therapy. Mindfulness and meditation. I also used The Australian Bush Flower essences to help shift the energy from negative stuck situation to positive situations moving forward with better clarity and understanding. Being a holistic practitioner i am able to offer various options
(07) 3477 9115 View (07) 3477 9115
Photo of undefined - Connexions Counselling, AASW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Connexions Counselling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510
Do you want to feel more at peace with events that have happened in your life? Or in your relationships? Or gain clarity about why you experience those frustrating patterns such as people pleasing or procrastination. Whether it's talking things through, or learning and using strategies to help manage and release painful emotions and patterns, I work alongside you at your pace. Helping you gain a feeling of clarity and control over your situation and move forward in your life.
Do you want to feel more at peace with events that have happened in your life? Or in your relationships? Or gain clarity about why you experience those frustrating patterns such as people pleasing or procrastination. Whether it's talking things through, or learning and using strategies to help manage and release painful emotions and patterns, I work alongside you at your pace. Helping you gain a feeling of clarity and control over your situation and move forward in your life.
(07) 3062 6875 View (07) 3062 6875
Photo of Jessica van der Torre, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Jessica van der Torre
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Caboolture, QLD 4510
Jessica van der Torre enjoys an individualised and client-centered approach, collaborating together with her clients towards their treatment goals. She is warm, gentle and supportive in her style. It is important to her that clients feel that sessions are conducted in a safe, positive and nonjudgmental atmosphere in order to work towards positive change.
Jessica van der Torre enjoys an individualised and client-centered approach, collaborating together with her clients towards their treatment goals. She is warm, gentle and supportive in her style. It is important to her that clients feel that sessions are conducted in a safe, positive and nonjudgmental atmosphere in order to work towards positive change.
(07) 4243 4681 View (07) 4243 4681

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Toorbul, QLD

< 10

Counsellors in Toorbul, QLD who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Child
100% Bereavement
100% Parenting
100% Trauma and PTSD

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Other
100% Medibank Private
100% Police Health

How Counsellors in Toorbul, QLD see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Toorbul?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.