Counselling in Springwood, QLD

Photo of Life Unfolded Counselling, Counsellor in Springwood, QLD
Life Unfolded Counselling
Counsellor, MC, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
Are you feeling exhausted, overwhelmed, and in need of support to regain control of your life and mental health? Life Unfolded can help you navigate a path towards wellbeing. I love helping women address issues such as depression, anxiety, burnout, stress, the mental health side of chronic pain and chronic disease management, pre- and post-natal mental wellbeing, and developing positive life strategies for unique brains.
Are you feeling exhausted, overwhelmed, and in need of support to regain control of your life and mental health? Life Unfolded can help you navigate a path towards wellbeing. I love helping women address issues such as depression, anxiety, burnout, stress, the mental health side of chronic pain and chronic disease management, pre- and post-natal mental wellbeing, and developing positive life strategies for unique brains.
(07) 2801 7405 View (07) 2801 7405
Photo of Cynthia Dunn, Psychologist in Springwood, QLD
Cynthia Dunn
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
Cynthia is offering Face2Face sessions at 13 Vanessa Boulevard, Springwood & Telehealth, including EMDR Online. Cynthia is passionate about working with people, from all walks of life, who have experienced complex trauma and uncovering their path to post-traumatic growth. For those who may be experiencing depression, anxiety, attachment or dissociative disorders, PTSD, personality, gender and identity issues, anger, substance misuse, or gambling problems and want change, Artemis can help. Remote & F2F sessions of the Safe & Sound Protocol by Dr Stephen Porges are now available. Book online here: W:artemispsychologyservices/contact
Cynthia is offering Face2Face sessions at 13 Vanessa Boulevard, Springwood & Telehealth, including EMDR Online. Cynthia is passionate about working with people, from all walks of life, who have experienced complex trauma and uncovering their path to post-traumatic growth. For those who may be experiencing depression, anxiety, attachment or dissociative disorders, PTSD, personality, gender and identity issues, anger, substance misuse, or gambling problems and want change, Artemis can help. Remote & F2F sessions of the Safe & Sound Protocol by Dr Stephen Porges are now available. Book online here: W:artemispsychologyservices/contact
(07) 2100 4051 View (07) 2100 4051
Anne Christensen
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Ed. Psych.
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
Anne Christensen is trained as an Educational and Developmental Psychologist. She works collaboratively with her clients to tailor their therapeutic journey as they navigate their way through life’s challenges. She is passionate about supporting neurodivergent, ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorder, trauma, anxiety, depression, complex behavioural presentations, attachment, and family systems under stress. Anne has experience providing assessment and treatment for children, youth and adults with a range of difficulties. She uses an individualised approach and prefers to set the framework with each client to ensure that therapy is tailored.
Anne Christensen is trained as an Educational and Developmental Psychologist. She works collaboratively with her clients to tailor their therapeutic journey as they navigate their way through life’s challenges. She is passionate about supporting neurodivergent, ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorder, trauma, anxiety, depression, complex behavioural presentations, attachment, and family systems under stress. Anne has experience providing assessment and treatment for children, youth and adults with a range of difficulties. She uses an individualised approach and prefers to set the framework with each client to ensure that therapy is tailored.
(07) 2801 7009 View (07) 2801 7009
Photo of Xuan T, Psychologist in Springwood, QLD
Xuan T
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
Xuan (pronounced Shen) provides evidence-based and person-centred treatment with adolescents, adults, couples and families from diverse cultural, linguistic, and economic backgrounds. She aims to provide a warm space where clients could form an in-depth understanding of themselves, to reflect on existing or past experiences, and to learn and grow at a pace that suits them. She has gained experience in the provision of psychological treatment for a variety of mental health difficulties within private and non for profit settings. She emphasises on collaboration and utilises an empathic and explorative approach.
Xuan (pronounced Shen) provides evidence-based and person-centred treatment with adolescents, adults, couples and families from diverse cultural, linguistic, and economic backgrounds. She aims to provide a warm space where clients could form an in-depth understanding of themselves, to reflect on existing or past experiences, and to learn and grow at a pace that suits them. She has gained experience in the provision of psychological treatment for a variety of mental health difficulties within private and non for profit settings. She emphasises on collaboration and utilises an empathic and explorative approach.
(07) 2801 5406 View (07) 2801 5406
Photo of Kirsi Reinikka, Art Therapy in Springwood, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Springwood, QLD
Kirsi Reinikka, Art Therapy in Springwood
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Springwood, QLD 4127
Hi, I am Kirsi Reinikka, MH Social Worker and Anzacata Accredited Art Therapist. Art therapy is psychological therapy assisted by the art making process. Art therapy can help with feelings of anxiety, depression, psychological trauma, finding insight, goal setting, relaxation to name a few. I currently provide art therapy for private as well as self- and plan-managed NDIS clients. Just make an enquiry if you need a therapist under the Redress or other schemes, or would like to participate in a small group.
Hi, I am Kirsi Reinikka, MH Social Worker and Anzacata Accredited Art Therapist. Art therapy is psychological therapy assisted by the art making process. Art therapy can help with feelings of anxiety, depression, psychological trauma, finding insight, goal setting, relaxation to name a few. I currently provide art therapy for private as well as self- and plan-managed NDIS clients. Just make an enquiry if you need a therapist under the Redress or other schemes, or would like to participate in a small group.
(07) 2801 5745 View (07) 2801 5745
Darbee Leduchowski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
I am a dedicated practitioner with passion for helping individuals between the ages of 12 and 65 overcome their emotional challenges and live fulfilling lives. In my practice, I take a holistic approach to therapy, considering each individual as a unique whole. I believe that mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, childhood trauma, PTSD, and complex PTSD are not isolated conditions but rather manifestations of deeper underlying factors. By working collaboratively with the client, we are able to identify and understand the root causes, recognising that each person's experiences and challenges are multifaceted and complex.
I am a dedicated practitioner with passion for helping individuals between the ages of 12 and 65 overcome their emotional challenges and live fulfilling lives. In my practice, I take a holistic approach to therapy, considering each individual as a unique whole. I believe that mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, childhood trauma, PTSD, and complex PTSD are not isolated conditions but rather manifestations of deeper underlying factors. By working collaboratively with the client, we are able to identify and understand the root causes, recognising that each person's experiences and challenges are multifaceted and complex.
(07) 2801 6073 View (07) 2801 6073
Photo of Dr Annick Maujean, Psychologist in Springwood, QLD
Dr Annick Maujean
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
I take a warm, non-judgemental approach in supporting my clients to make meaningful change in their lives. I have extensive experience in providing support to people who lives with chronic pain and people who has suffered from a stroke and their family/carer. I also have significant expertise helping individuals develop and build their self-confidence in overcoming the various difficulties that many of us encounter throughout our life journey.
I take a warm, non-judgemental approach in supporting my clients to make meaningful change in their lives. I have extensive experience in providing support to people who lives with chronic pain and people who has suffered from a stroke and their family/carer. I also have significant expertise helping individuals develop and build their self-confidence in overcoming the various difficulties that many of us encounter throughout our life journey.
(07) 2801 5536 View (07) 2801 5536
Photo of Acuity Therapy, Psychologist in Springwood, QLD
Acuity Therapy
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
Acuity Therapy is a NDIS registered Psychology practice servicing Brisbane, Logan, Gold Coast and Ipswich that provides psychological services and behaviour support to clients. We are a values driven practice who strives to achieve the best outcomes for clients. We are bound by the Australian Psychological Societies code of Ethics as well as the guidelines set out by the NDIS. For more information go to www.acuitytherapy.com.au
Acuity Therapy is a NDIS registered Psychology practice servicing Brisbane, Logan, Gold Coast and Ipswich that provides psychological services and behaviour support to clients. We are a values driven practice who strives to achieve the best outcomes for clients. We are bound by the Australian Psychological Societies code of Ethics as well as the guidelines set out by the NDIS. For more information go to www.acuitytherapy.com.au
(07) 4847 6719 View (07) 4847 6719
Photo of Allora Wellbeing, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Springwood, QLD
Allora Wellbeing
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
We are a team of Mental Health Social Workers and Psychologists who provide counselling to children, adolescents, adults and families. We work with people who are struggling with anxiety, sadness, stressful life events and big life transitions. We have designed a service to meet needs for individuals, couples and whole families. Our team can support you with compassionate approach that is centred on you feeling safe and comfortable to explore your emotions. If we sound like a good fit, please send an email or call to book.
We are a team of Mental Health Social Workers and Psychologists who provide counselling to children, adolescents, adults and families. We work with people who are struggling with anxiety, sadness, stressful life events and big life transitions. We have designed a service to meet needs for individuals, couples and whole families. Our team can support you with compassionate approach that is centred on you feeling safe and comfortable to explore your emotions. If we sound like a good fit, please send an email or call to book.
(07) 2100 4885 View (07) 2100 4885
Photo of Revitalize Counselling & Coaching, Counsellor in Springwood, QLD
Revitalize Counselling & Coaching
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
Welcome to Revitalize Counselling & Coaching (RCC). This practice specialises in pre-teens, teenagers and women's mental health. RCC practice is person-centred linking to evidence-based practices. RCC provides telephone & online counselling, room-based counselling, and counselling in the outdoors (parklands & beaches). Many clients particularly those who are experiencing anxiety and depression enjoy counselling sessions in the outdoors for its natural calming and therapeutic effects. RCC supports neurodivergent clients and additionally welcomes NDIS participants.
Welcome to Revitalize Counselling & Coaching (RCC). This practice specialises in pre-teens, teenagers and women's mental health. RCC practice is person-centred linking to evidence-based practices. RCC provides telephone & online counselling, room-based counselling, and counselling in the outdoors (parklands & beaches). Many clients particularly those who are experiencing anxiety and depression enjoy counselling sessions in the outdoors for its natural calming and therapeutic effects. RCC supports neurodivergent clients and additionally welcomes NDIS participants.
(07) 2100 4856 View (07) 2100 4856
Photo of Charmaine Dunn Counselling & Trauma Therapy, Counsellor in Springwood, QLD
Charmaine Dunn Counselling & Trauma Therapy
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
Hi! I am Charmaine, thanks for stopping by. Are you feeling stuck? Can’t move forward? Either living in the past, hating the present or wishing for a different future? Life is tough, and sometimes we all need a little help, but finding the right person to support you is essential. For the last 10 years, I have been working with individuals to clear the patterns of the past, helping them get unstuck and move forward into the future. I work with both conscious (talk therapies) and sub-conscious (experiential therapies) to find resolution, finding the unique therapy that best suits you and your circumstances.
Hi! I am Charmaine, thanks for stopping by. Are you feeling stuck? Can’t move forward? Either living in the past, hating the present or wishing for a different future? Life is tough, and sometimes we all need a little help, but finding the right person to support you is essential. For the last 10 years, I have been working with individuals to clear the patterns of the past, helping them get unstuck and move forward into the future. I work with both conscious (talk therapies) and sub-conscious (experiential therapies) to find resolution, finding the unique therapy that best suits you and your circumstances.
0406 411 466 View 0406 411 466
The Psych Professionals
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
The Psych Professionals works with our clients to assist in developing their skills to overcome their barriers, helping them to live the life they deserve. Our clinicians are highly experienced and genuinely care about not only supporting our clients, but also ensuring we are creating a safe, welcoming and non-judgmental space for our clients to feel comfortable, no matter their background.
The Psych Professionals works with our clients to assist in developing their skills to overcome their barriers, helping them to live the life they deserve. Our clinicians are highly experienced and genuinely care about not only supporting our clients, but also ensuring we are creating a safe, welcoming and non-judgmental space for our clients to feel comfortable, no matter their background.
(07) 2801 6834 View (07) 2801 6834
Photo of Headway Counselling and Therapy Pty Ltd, Psychotherapist in Springwood, QLD
Headway Counselling and Therapy Pty Ltd
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
My name is Kate and I have been working as a psychotherapist in private practice for 15 years. I work with adults, children and couples in both short and long term counselling and integrate a number of therapeutic models. I provide a secure and safe space where my clients are heard and can process their thoughts, feelings and behaviours.
My name is Kate and I have been working as a psychotherapist in private practice for 15 years. I work with adults, children and couples in both short and long term counselling and integrate a number of therapeutic models. I provide a secure and safe space where my clients are heard and can process their thoughts, feelings and behaviours.
(07) 3186 5647 View (07) 3186 5647
Photo of Sonia Watson, Psychologist in Springwood, QLD
Sonia Watson
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Springwood, QLD 4127
Hello, I am a registered psychologist with over 10 years experience in providing psychotherapy. I currently work in private practice and enjoy supporting people to thrive and live a more meaningful life. I have experience working in community, educational and clinical settings and assist adults, across a broad range of issues.
Hello, I am a registered psychologist with over 10 years experience in providing psychotherapy. I currently work in private practice and enjoy supporting people to thrive and live a more meaningful life. I have experience working in community, educational and clinical settings and assist adults, across a broad range of issues.
(07) 2100 4136 View (07) 2100 4136
Photo of Jacqui Readett, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Springwood, QLD
Jacqui Readett
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Springwood, QLD 4127
Hi, I can help you to overcome trauma, anxiety, depression, and other psychological problems through a variety therapies, including EMDR and CBT. I engage with you as a whole, social being, worthy of respect and care, and who could use a hand on your recovery journey. I have helped many people overwhelmed by mental illness, unhelpful behaviours, complex relationships, and difficult circumstances for over 18 years. I am trauma informed, empathic, inclusive, and solution focused. I work alongside you at the pace and manner you prefer, to ensure you feel safe and in control of your therapy.
Hi, I can help you to overcome trauma, anxiety, depression, and other psychological problems through a variety therapies, including EMDR and CBT. I engage with you as a whole, social being, worthy of respect and care, and who could use a hand on your recovery journey. I have helped many people overwhelmed by mental illness, unhelpful behaviours, complex relationships, and difficult circumstances for over 18 years. I am trauma informed, empathic, inclusive, and solution focused. I work alongside you at the pace and manner you prefer, to ensure you feel safe and in control of your therapy.
(07) 2100 4658 View (07) 2100 4658

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Craig Thomas Counselling - Touch The Edge, Counsellor in Springwood, QLD
Craig Thomas Counselling - Touch The Edge
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Daisy Hill, QLD 4127
Anything you're wrestling with and trying to make sense of and want to know why things are the way they are in your life, that is what I want to journey with in your discovery process. If you are wanting to find answers and unpack things to make sense of it all it creates a balance in life to help focus, set goals, breathe, and reorientate.
Anything you're wrestling with and trying to make sense of and want to know why things are the way they are in your life, that is what I want to journey with in your discovery process. If you are wanting to find answers and unpack things to make sense of it all it creates a balance in life to help focus, set goals, breathe, and reorientate.
(03) 4517 8662 View (03) 4517 8662
Photo of Karen Barnes, Psychologist in Springwood, QLD
Karen Barnes
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Rochedale, QLD 4123  (Online Only)
Karen is an Australian Registered Psychologist with a range of experience over clinical, vocational, and more complex settings. As well as holding full APS membership, she is also a member of the Positive Psychology, Trauma and Psychology, and Intellectual Disability and Autism groups. With a passion for Individuality and Neurodiversity, she applies this approach to every unique individual she works with to explore and develop the person’s strengths and talents to assist in empowering them to achieve their goals.
Karen is an Australian Registered Psychologist with a range of experience over clinical, vocational, and more complex settings. As well as holding full APS membership, she is also a member of the Positive Psychology, Trauma and Psychology, and Intellectual Disability and Autism groups. With a passion for Individuality and Neurodiversity, she applies this approach to every unique individual she works with to explore and develop the person’s strengths and talents to assist in empowering them to achieve their goals.
1800 327 477 View 1800 327 477
Photo of Gibran Janif, Occupational Therapist in Springwood, QLD
Gibran Janif
Occupational Therapist
Verified Verified
Logan Central, QLD 4114  (Online Only)
I strive to create a respectful and compassionate environment that prioritises your emotional, physical, and psychological well-being. My approach is centred on collaboration, cultural sensitivity, and trauma-informed care. I'll work closely with you to develop a personalised therapeutic plan that takes into account your unique needs, strengths, values, and goals.
I strive to create a respectful and compassionate environment that prioritises your emotional, physical, and psychological well-being. My approach is centred on collaboration, cultural sensitivity, and trauma-informed care. I'll work closely with you to develop a personalised therapeutic plan that takes into account your unique needs, strengths, values, and goals.
(07) 2801 5667 View (07) 2801 5667
Photo of Our Space Psychology, Psychologist in Springwood, QLD
Our Space Psychology
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Logan Central, QLD 4114
Our experience enables us to offer effective outpatient, individualised, psychological care. We treat a number of mental health disorders and provide a neutral ground to individuals, families, and couples. We endeavour to be there for you every step of your journey. Our goal is to help you grow from your struggles, heal from your pain, and move forward to where you want to be.
Our experience enables us to offer effective outpatient, individualised, psychological care. We treat a number of mental health disorders and provide a neutral ground to individuals, families, and couples. We endeavour to be there for you every step of your journey. Our goal is to help you grow from your struggles, heal from your pain, and move forward to where you want to be.
(07) 3477 9071 View (07) 3477 9071
Photo of Mind and Soul Counselling, Counsellor in Springwood, QLD
Mind and Soul Counselling
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rochedale, QLD 4123
Marianna is a registered counsellor with the Psychotherapy & Counselling Federation of Australia. My passion is to journey with people toward inner healing, growth, and transformation. I use a holistic approach as we are multidimensional (Bio-Psycho-Social-Spiritual) beings. Every person is unique, therefore, I adopt an integrative approach in my therapeutic work to meet my clients' unique individual needs and preferences. My counselling framework is underpinned mainly by Person-Centered therapy while drawing from other evidence-based modalities such as Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Trauma-informed, and Neuroscience understanding.
Marianna is a registered counsellor with the Psychotherapy & Counselling Federation of Australia. My passion is to journey with people toward inner healing, growth, and transformation. I use a holistic approach as we are multidimensional (Bio-Psycho-Social-Spiritual) beings. Every person is unique, therefore, I adopt an integrative approach in my therapeutic work to meet my clients' unique individual needs and preferences. My counselling framework is underpinned mainly by Person-Centered therapy while drawing from other evidence-based modalities such as Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Trauma-informed, and Neuroscience understanding.
(07) 2100 4275 View (07) 2100 4275

See more therapy options for Springwood

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Springwood, QLD

10+

Average cost per session

$192

Counsellors in Springwood, QLD who prioritize treating:

80% Trauma and PTSD
73% Depression
73% Anxiety
67% Stress
60% Relationship Issues
60% Coping Skills
53% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Bupa
71% Teachers Health
71% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in Springwood, QLD see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Springwood?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.