Counselling in Mooloolah Valley, QLD

Photo of Ben Burns, Counsellor in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Ben Burns
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mooloolah Valley, QLD 4553
I’m a registered Counsellor with a strong focus on men’s issues – supporting men through times of transitions, crises of meaning and mid-life issues. Men have particular struggles and experiences that I have gathered tools to help navigate and lighten. As a bloke, we still have a cultural expectation to cope, sort it out ourselves and just get on with it - but my experience is that challenges are much easier to face with a bit of support. The truth is, there are times in our life when things fall apart and we feel like we can’t hold it together any longer. It’s at these crunch times that we can deepen our experience of life.
I’m a registered Counsellor with a strong focus on men’s issues – supporting men through times of transitions, crises of meaning and mid-life issues. Men have particular struggles and experiences that I have gathered tools to help navigate and lighten. As a bloke, we still have a cultural expectation to cope, sort it out ourselves and just get on with it - but my experience is that challenges are much easier to face with a bit of support. The truth is, there are times in our life when things fall apart and we feel like we can’t hold it together any longer. It’s at these crunch times that we can deepen our experience of life.
(07) 5317 1032 View (07) 5317 1032
Photo of Astrid de Ruiter, Counsellor in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Astrid de Ruiter
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mooloolah Valley, QLD 4553
Often people seek out a counsellor or psychotherapist as a last resort. They wait until small cracks in their life become big ones that turn into chasms and feel like they’re going to swallow them up. The reason? There is still a stigma in Australia around seeking help when we’re struggling (particularly among men). Here’s the good news: if you’re facing challenges right now, whether they’re tiny or monstrous, there’s actually nothing wrong with you! Life is just pretty complicated these days, social support is often not as strong or frequent as we need, and so we all need a bit of special support and guidance sometimes. 
Often people seek out a counsellor or psychotherapist as a last resort. They wait until small cracks in their life become big ones that turn into chasms and feel like they’re going to swallow them up. The reason? There is still a stigma in Australia around seeking help when we’re struggling (particularly among men). Here’s the good news: if you’re facing challenges right now, whether they’re tiny or monstrous, there’s actually nothing wrong with you! Life is just pretty complicated these days, social support is often not as strong or frequent as we need, and so we all need a bit of special support and guidance sometimes. 
(07) 5451 4048 View (07) 5451 4048
Photo of Refocus child and family therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Refocus child and family therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Mooloolah Valley, QLD 4553
Sometimes life goes out of focus, or gets blurry, or we can’t focus on anything and that is when we need to REFOCUS and get perspective. I would like to encourage and empower you to overcome obstacles in your life or relationships in order to enjoy living your life and being you. I would like to help your child heal from pain and be equipped to deal with life issues. If you or your child have suffered any trauma, struggling with attachment or relationships, have anxiety or depression, suffers from grief and loss, I can help you. I work with kids from as young as 4 years old. Let's journey together and find HOPE .
Sometimes life goes out of focus, or gets blurry, or we can’t focus on anything and that is when we need to REFOCUS and get perspective. I would like to encourage and empower you to overcome obstacles in your life or relationships in order to enjoy living your life and being you. I would like to help your child heal from pain and be equipped to deal with life issues. If you or your child have suffered any trauma, struggling with attachment or relationships, have anxiety or depression, suffers from grief and loss, I can help you. I work with kids from as young as 4 years old. Let's journey together and find HOPE .
(07) 4243 4742 View (07) 4243 4742
Photo of Michelle Monique Scott, Psychologist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Michelle Monique Scott
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Mooloolah Valley, QLD 4553
I have 15+ years experience in helping people to deal with life challenges and developmental problems to optimise psychological well-being. I have current availability in Buderim and online. I have experience in working with a variety of people from various cultural and social backgrounds. I work together with a client to process feelings, develop self understanding and build connections to different parts of the self. This aims to alleviate distress as well as to provide different ways of thinking, being and relating to the self and others.
I have 15+ years experience in helping people to deal with life challenges and developmental problems to optimise psychological well-being. I have current availability in Buderim and online. I have experience in working with a variety of people from various cultural and social backgrounds. I work together with a client to process feelings, develop self understanding and build connections to different parts of the self. This aims to alleviate distress as well as to provide different ways of thinking, being and relating to the self and others.
(07) 5240 9922 View (07) 5240 9922
Photo of Kristy Howard - In My Mothers Kitchen, Psychologist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Kristy Howard - In My Mothers Kitchen
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Mooloolah Valley, QLD 4553
I offer therapy & counselling support for women who want to slow down & cultivate a more meaningful & authentic life. Sensitive or soulful women who yearn for community & a place to feel heard & be seen as they are - no matter how messy. Many women I work with are nurturer's - often mums, or carers or women who work in the caring profession. They often describe feeling overwhelmed, depleted and disconnected. The overwhelm and depletion may be the result of years of tending to other's needs above one's own, or may be due to difficult life circumstances, fertility issues, parenting, loss, trauma & other stressors.
I offer therapy & counselling support for women who want to slow down & cultivate a more meaningful & authentic life. Sensitive or soulful women who yearn for community & a place to feel heard & be seen as they are - no matter how messy. Many women I work with are nurturer's - often mums, or carers or women who work in the caring profession. They often describe feeling overwhelmed, depleted and disconnected. The overwhelm and depletion may be the result of years of tending to other's needs above one's own, or may be due to difficult life circumstances, fertility issues, parenting, loss, trauma & other stressors.
(07) 5240 9925 View (07) 5240 9925
Photo of Esther Guilhot, Counsellor in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Esther Guilhot
Counsellor, MSc, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Mooloolah Valley, QLD 4553
If you are struggling to manage the current stress in your life and its beginning to impact your thoughts-can't switch off or ruminating in negativity, your relationships-shutting down or overreacting, your work-can't focus, panic at minor things, your life-lost interest or motivation to keep going Esther will work with you to find the source of these problems, tap into the emotional struggle and develop strategies to help you feel more empowered and in control.
If you are struggling to manage the current stress in your life and its beginning to impact your thoughts-can't switch off or ruminating in negativity, your relationships-shutting down or overreacting, your work-can't focus, panic at minor things, your life-lost interest or motivation to keep going Esther will work with you to find the source of these problems, tap into the emotional struggle and develop strategies to help you feel more empowered and in control.
(07) 5240 9989 View (07) 5240 9989
Photo of Katelyn McArthur in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Katelyn McArthur
MA
Verified Verified
Mooloolah Valley, QLD 4553
Hi I'm Katelyn! I'm a master qualified and registered early childhood and primary teacher with over a decade working alongside children and their families within education and care settings. Throughout this time, I have witnessed the powerful benefits of play in supporting children’s overall health and wellbeing, and how play can be used as a catalyst for understanding the inner world of the child. This led me to completing a Master of Child Play Therapy through Deakin University, the most extensive qualification of Play Therapy within Australia.
Hi I'm Katelyn! I'm a master qualified and registered early childhood and primary teacher with over a decade working alongside children and their families within education and care settings. Throughout this time, I have witnessed the powerful benefits of play in supporting children’s overall health and wellbeing, and how play can be used as a catalyst for understanding the inner world of the child. This led me to completing a Master of Child Play Therapy through Deakin University, the most extensive qualification of Play Therapy within Australia.
(07) 5240 9917 View (07) 5240 9917
Photo of Sunny Coast Counselling, Counsellor in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Sunny Coast Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mooloolah Valley, QLD 4553
John sees developing a strong therapeutic relationship with his clients as the key to successful counselling. He helps clients work through life’s challenges in a nurturing, non-judgemental, safe space so that they can live the life that they choose. John believes that every client can achieve the outcomes they desire and that his role is to sit with them, understand where they are today and help them decide where they would like to be. Once his clients are clear on this, John helps them to use the strengths and resources they already have, and develop new skills that they may need, in order to achieve their life goals.
John sees developing a strong therapeutic relationship with his clients as the key to successful counselling. He helps clients work through life’s challenges in a nurturing, non-judgemental, safe space so that they can live the life that they choose. John believes that every client can achieve the outcomes they desire and that his role is to sit with them, understand where they are today and help them decide where they would like to be. Once his clients are clear on this, John helps them to use the strengths and resources they already have, and develop new skills that they may need, in order to achieve their life goals.
(07) 5224 2016 View (07) 5224 2016

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Lindsay McDonald, Psychologist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Lindsay McDonald
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Palmwoods, QLD 4555
I work with clients aged 16 and over who may present with a variety of issues, including mood and anxiety disorders, trauma, neurodiversity, and personality concerns. I enjoy diversity in my practice and am best suited to working with clients who have specific goals and are seeking a time-limited, evidence-based approach to treatment.
I work with clients aged 16 and over who may present with a variety of issues, including mood and anxiety disorders, trauma, neurodiversity, and personality concerns. I enjoy diversity in my practice and am best suited to working with clients who have specific goals and are seeking a time-limited, evidence-based approach to treatment.
(07) 5240 7548 View (07) 5240 7548
Photo of Life Wisdom Counselling, Counsellor in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Life Wisdom Counselling
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Mountain Creek, QLD 4557
Has your life changed all of a sudden due to a bereavement or the end of a relationship? Are you feeling confused, alone and overwhelmed by the emotions you are experiencing? Grief and loss can leave us struggling to find relief from the sadness ,anger ,guilt and the many other emotions we may be feeling as well as leaving us paralysed at the thought of how we will find a way to move forward to a place where we can resume living our lives in the absence of our loved one. All of us will feel the effects of grief at some time in our lives but the way we experience it is unique and deeply personal.
Has your life changed all of a sudden due to a bereavement or the end of a relationship? Are you feeling confused, alone and overwhelmed by the emotions you are experiencing? Grief and loss can leave us struggling to find relief from the sadness ,anger ,guilt and the many other emotions we may be feeling as well as leaving us paralysed at the thought of how we will find a way to move forward to a place where we can resume living our lives in the absence of our loved one. All of us will feel the effects of grief at some time in our lives but the way we experience it is unique and deeply personal.
(07) 5655 7408 View (07) 5655 7408
Photo of Ocean Blue Social Work, Psychotherapist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Ocean Blue Social Work
Psychotherapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Maroochydore, QLD 4558
My name is Tara Macdonald and I am a qualified Social Worker and Counsellor. I work with people from many walks of life and experiences. We can find ourselves at times struggling to manage the complexities of life and feel overwhelmed with these emotions. My practice is focused on you and how best to work through these struggles. I work with people who are experiencing mental health concerns, trauma, grief and loss, depression, anxiety and disabilities. I provide counselling support to NDIS participants, aged care, WorkCover and privately funded individuals aged 16 and over. I am currently not Medicare funded for mental health plans
My name is Tara Macdonald and I am a qualified Social Worker and Counsellor. I work with people from many walks of life and experiences. We can find ourselves at times struggling to manage the complexities of life and feel overwhelmed with these emotions. My practice is focused on you and how best to work through these struggles. I work with people who are experiencing mental health concerns, trauma, grief and loss, depression, anxiety and disabilities. I provide counselling support to NDIS participants, aged care, WorkCover and privately funded individuals aged 16 and over. I am currently not Medicare funded for mental health plans
(07) 5240 9754 View (07) 5240 9754
Photo of Henrita Oosthuizen, Psychotherapist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Henrita Oosthuizen
Psychotherapist, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Buderim, QLD 4556
Not accepting new clients
Life is not always as we imagined it. It can be hard to live life to the fullest. I’m here to help you navigate a fuller, meaningful life in whatever circumstances you might face right now. This might be a difficult season but it is not the end yet. There is always hope.
Life is not always as we imagined it. It can be hard to live life to the fullest. I’m here to help you navigate a fuller, meaningful life in whatever circumstances you might face right now. This might be a difficult season but it is not the end yet. There is always hope.
(07) 4580 4695 View (07) 4580 4695
Photo of Next Step Counselling by Amanda, Counsellor in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Next Step Counselling by Amanda
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Maroochydore, QLD 4558
Next Step Counselling offers therapy from a wellness approach by honouring your story and helping you create the change you want. Through identifying barriers that are holding you back, by using mindfulness and gently challenging you to create the life you desire.
Next Step Counselling offers therapy from a wellness approach by honouring your story and helping you create the change you want. Through identifying barriers that are holding you back, by using mindfulness and gently challenging you to create the life you desire.
(07) 5240 9921 View (07) 5240 9921
Photo of Conal O'Sullivan, Psychologist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Conal O'Sullivan
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Diddillibah, QLD 4559
Waitlist for new clients
Conal O'Sullivan is a warm and compassionate Psychologist who wants to give back to the community and help others overcome their past traumas and find emotional relief from their symptoms.
Conal O'Sullivan is a warm and compassionate Psychologist who wants to give back to the community and help others overcome their past traumas and find emotional relief from their symptoms.
View
Photo of Laurita Gorman - Holistic Psychotherapist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Laurita Gorman - Holistic Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
Maroochydore, QLD 4558
With compassion and empathy, and through a unique blend of psychology and alternative therapies, I support people in transforming their lives from places of pain, to journeys of growth, healing, and valued-living. I feel honoured and humbled to bare witness to their story, acknowledging the amount of strength and courage it takes to share such intimate and private details of their life. I specialize in helping people heal from trauma/past hurts & navigate relationship issues. We explore what matters most to you so you can take action steps toward a life rooted in your values to create the life you love, now!
With compassion and empathy, and through a unique blend of psychology and alternative therapies, I support people in transforming their lives from places of pain, to journeys of growth, healing, and valued-living. I feel honoured and humbled to bare witness to their story, acknowledging the amount of strength and courage it takes to share such intimate and private details of their life. I specialize in helping people heal from trauma/past hurts & navigate relationship issues. We explore what matters most to you so you can take action steps toward a life rooted in your values to create the life you love, now!
View
Photo of Sunshine Coast Therapy and Assessment Services, Psychologist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Sunshine Coast Therapy and Assessment Services
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
Caloundra, QLD 4551
Sunshine Coast Therapy and Assessment Services is a child and family psychology practice based in Caloundra on the Sunshine Coast. The service is located within Blackbird House with other allied health professionals and clinicians providing services across the lifespan.
Sunshine Coast Therapy and Assessment Services is a child and family psychology practice based in Caloundra on the Sunshine Coast. The service is located within Blackbird House with other allied health professionals and clinicians providing services across the lifespan.
(07) 5230 7073 View (07) 5230 7073
Photo of Evan Thomas, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Evan Thomas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Alexandra Headland, QLD 4572
I meet people who feel that things are not working in their lives. They feel like the things that they are doing are not making them happy. They feel that there are barriers that are preventing them from living life the way they want. They often feel like they are lacking some quality they need to live the kind of life they want. They feel trapped in patterns of thought and behavior. No issue is too big or too small. I am interested in bringing my full attention to the serious consideration of anything that you feel needs to be talked about and thought about by a mental health professional. I specialize in mental health issues.
I meet people who feel that things are not working in their lives. They feel like the things that they are doing are not making them happy. They feel that there are barriers that are preventing them from living life the way they want. They often feel like they are lacking some quality they need to live the kind of life they want. They feel trapped in patterns of thought and behavior. No issue is too big or too small. I am interested in bringing my full attention to the serious consideration of anything that you feel needs to be talked about and thought about by a mental health professional. I specialize in mental health issues.
(07) 5230 4947 View (07) 5230 4947
Photo of Anne Ligthart, Psychotherapist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Anne Ligthart
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Maroochydore, QLD 4558
I have worked directly with people for all of my adult life and in a personal way, from being a nurse, first responder, massage therapist, scuba instructor and clinical psychotherapist. All of these careers require interpersonal skill, and one to one relating. I bring a breadth of life experience, training and qualification to my work with people today to focus deeply on listening, alleviating distress, assisting to clarify, shine light on areas of uncertainty, provide relational and warm companioning, and ultimately bring you closer to a place of deeper fulfilment and understanding in whatever area we are working on together.
I have worked directly with people for all of my adult life and in a personal way, from being a nurse, first responder, massage therapist, scuba instructor and clinical psychotherapist. All of these careers require interpersonal skill, and one to one relating. I bring a breadth of life experience, training and qualification to my work with people today to focus deeply on listening, alleviating distress, assisting to clarify, shine light on areas of uncertainty, provide relational and warm companioning, and ultimately bring you closer to a place of deeper fulfilment and understanding in whatever area we are working on together.
(03) 5907 5963 View (03) 5907 5963
Photo of Brionie Fryer, Psychologist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Brionie Fryer
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mooloolaba, QLD 4557
Brionie is the Clinic Director at Nurturing Minds, a local Psychology Clinic on the Sunshine Coast. Her focus is to provide a less 'clinical' feel for therapy in a warm and welcoming environment. She develops a strong alliance with clients, using her friendly and non-judgemental approach to create a safe environment for clients to disclose their concerns. Her special interest areas include trauma and PTSD, anxiety and workplace issues.
Brionie is the Clinic Director at Nurturing Minds, a local Psychology Clinic on the Sunshine Coast. Her focus is to provide a less 'clinical' feel for therapy in a warm and welcoming environment. She develops a strong alliance with clients, using her friendly and non-judgemental approach to create a safe environment for clients to disclose their concerns. Her special interest areas include trauma and PTSD, anxiety and workplace issues.
(07) 5329 7951 View (07) 5329 7951
Photo of Reflective Practices & Supervision - Lisa King, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Mooloolah Valley, QLD
Reflective Practices & Supervision - Lisa King
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Caloundra, QLD 4551
I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and EMDR therapist. I employ a trauma-informed, attachment-focused approach to people’s paths to triumphant transformation. Their healing paths are paved with kindness, compassion, curiosity, humour, and play. I have provided 33+ years of highly-skilled therapy for diverse people with complex needs, e.g., anxiety, depression, grief, PTSD, transgenerational trauma, dissociative disorders, complex PTSD, mental illnesses, identity exploration and D&FV. Specialising in complex childhood trauma, I use empowering evidence-based treatments that help people from 12+ years of age.
I am an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker and EMDR therapist. I employ a trauma-informed, attachment-focused approach to people’s paths to triumphant transformation. Their healing paths are paved with kindness, compassion, curiosity, humour, and play. I have provided 33+ years of highly-skilled therapy for diverse people with complex needs, e.g., anxiety, depression, grief, PTSD, transgenerational trauma, dissociative disorders, complex PTSD, mental illnesses, identity exploration and D&FV. Specialising in complex childhood trauma, I use empowering evidence-based treatments that help people from 12+ years of age.
(07) 5240 9006 View (07) 5240 9006

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Mooloolah Valley, QLD

< 10

Counsellors in Mooloolah Valley, QLD who prioritize treating:

88% Depression
88% Anxiety
75% Relationship Issues
75% Trauma and PTSD
75% Life Transitions
63% Bereavement
63% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Medicare Rebates
80% NDIS
60% Other

How Counsellors in Mooloolah Valley, QLD see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Mooloolah Valley?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.