Counselling in Merrimac, QLD

Photo of Christian Nipedal, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
Christian Nipedal
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Merrimac, QLD 4226
Christian is an experienced General Psychologist who uses evidence-based therapy techniques, including EMDR, to help clients address past experiences, present triggers, and prepare them for future situations. He tailors treatment to each individual's needs and works closely with other healthcare providers. With multicultural awareness and a non-judgmental approach, Christian helps clients develop healthier coping skills and self-awareness.
Christian is an experienced General Psychologist who uses evidence-based therapy techniques, including EMDR, to help clients address past experiences, present triggers, and prepare them for future situations. He tailors treatment to each individual's needs and works closely with other healthcare providers. With multicultural awareness and a non-judgmental approach, Christian helps clients develop healthier coping skills and self-awareness.
(07) 5222 9880 View (07) 5222 9880
Photo of The Lakeside Rooms, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
The Lakeside Rooms
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
Merrimac, QLD 4226
Lakeside Rooms is a highly regarded and prominent practice of Psychologists and Psychiatrists. Practitioners and support staff have been working together since 2000 to provide a safe, private, and welcoming environment for the community of the Gold Coast and the surrounds. Lakeside Practitioners believe the right match is important and good rapport is critical. Each Practitioner operates their practice independently from the Lakeside Rooms space, ensuring the balance of confidentiality and collaboration in the best interests of the client.
Lakeside Rooms is a highly regarded and prominent practice of Psychologists and Psychiatrists. Practitioners and support staff have been working together since 2000 to provide a safe, private, and welcoming environment for the community of the Gold Coast and the surrounds. Lakeside Practitioners believe the right match is important and good rapport is critical. Each Practitioner operates their practice independently from the Lakeside Rooms space, ensuring the balance of confidentiality and collaboration in the best interests of the client.
(03) 6468 9686 View (03) 6468 9686
Photo of Brhea Ind, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
Brhea Ind
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Merrimac, QLD 4226
Brhea has been a practising Psychologist for over 10 years working in not for profit organisations and has been in private practice for 8 years. Brhea has extensive experience in working with adults with a wide range of psychological issues. Depression Anxiety Couple Therapy Behavioural issues Family Issues Bipolar Disorder Substance Abuse Personal Development and Self Esteem Issues Brhea combines a range therapeutic interventions including psychotherapy, CBT Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ACT Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and has Completed Level 3 in Gottman Method Couple Therapy. Brhea’s goal is to assist individuals and coup
Brhea has been a practising Psychologist for over 10 years working in not for profit organisations and has been in private practice for 8 years. Brhea has extensive experience in working with adults with a wide range of psychological issues. Depression Anxiety Couple Therapy Behavioural issues Family Issues Bipolar Disorder Substance Abuse Personal Development and Self Esteem Issues Brhea combines a range therapeutic interventions including psychotherapy, CBT Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ACT Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and has Completed Level 3 in Gottman Method Couple Therapy. Brhea’s goal is to assist individuals and coup
(07) 5613 1556 View (07) 5613 1556
Photo of Koira Psychology, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
Koira Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Merrimac, QLD 4226
Our clients are those who want to feel more belonging in their every day life (at work/with family/partners/friends/children). They can be young adults who are developing skills & values to increase independence, agency, self & emotional knowledge. Some desire to use their past experiences to help them make better choices, & increase their coping skills & ability. Others need support for relationship concerns & enhance their interpersonal strength & have more positive social emotional experiences at home & in the community. Our clients value the benefits of therapy & want to start a dialogue to change their lives for the better.
Our clients are those who want to feel more belonging in their every day life (at work/with family/partners/friends/children). They can be young adults who are developing skills & values to increase independence, agency, self & emotional knowledge. Some desire to use their past experiences to help them make better choices, & increase their coping skills & ability. Others need support for relationship concerns & enhance their interpersonal strength & have more positive social emotional experiences at home & in the community. Our clients value the benefits of therapy & want to start a dialogue to change their lives for the better.
(08) 6845 4993 View (08) 6845 4993
Photo of Integrated Health Specialists, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
Integrated Health Specialists
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Merrimac, QLD 4226
Integrated Health Specialists is a well-established psychology and wellness clinic, located in Mudgeeraba on the Gold Coast. Michelle has over 25 years experience helping clients to improve their mental health, overcome life’s challenges, and improve overall quality of life. Providing many services to adults including psychology, counselling, life coaching, hypnotherapy, EFT, NLP and weight loss programs, just to name a few. Areas of specialisations are stress, anxiety, depression, phobias, obesity, low self-esteem, lack of confidence, insomnia, perfectionism, OCD, and relationship challenges.
Integrated Health Specialists is a well-established psychology and wellness clinic, located in Mudgeeraba on the Gold Coast. Michelle has over 25 years experience helping clients to improve their mental health, overcome life’s challenges, and improve overall quality of life. Providing many services to adults including psychology, counselling, life coaching, hypnotherapy, EFT, NLP and weight loss programs, just to name a few. Areas of specialisations are stress, anxiety, depression, phobias, obesity, low self-esteem, lack of confidence, insomnia, perfectionism, OCD, and relationship challenges.
(07) 5569 0115 View (07) 5569 0115
Photo of Dr Candice Quinn, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
Dr Candice Quinn
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Merrimac, QLD 4226
I provide clinical and coaching psychology services to people experiencing challenges related to the workplace, including workplace stress, burnout, anxiety and trauma. I also provide personal and professional development coaching for people looking to change or advance their work life. In addition to my work with individual clients, I provide organisational consulting services to support HR professionals to address conflict and improving performance in the workplace.
I provide clinical and coaching psychology services to people experiencing challenges related to the workplace, including workplace stress, burnout, anxiety and trauma. I also provide personal and professional development coaching for people looking to change or advance their work life. In addition to my work with individual clients, I provide organisational consulting services to support HR professionals to address conflict and improving performance in the workplace.
0459 255 859 View 0459 255 859
Photo of Kerry Sutton, Counsellor in Merrimac, QLD
Kerry Sutton
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Merrimac, QLD 4226
Hi I’m Kerry, I support and empower individuals and couples experiencing challenging life events. My approach is hope focused and heart centered. Most of my clients contact me because of relationship issues, grief, anxiety, stress, depression, self-esteem issues, or some form of midlife crisis. Clients tell me I am warm, genuine, un-judgmental, and easy to talk to. I help people uncover their own insight, strengthen self-belief, and learn practical tools and skills for living in the real world. My office is a private, confidential space, away from the busyness of shopping centers and clinical office settings.
Hi I’m Kerry, I support and empower individuals and couples experiencing challenging life events. My approach is hope focused and heart centered. Most of my clients contact me because of relationship issues, grief, anxiety, stress, depression, self-esteem issues, or some form of midlife crisis. Clients tell me I am warm, genuine, un-judgmental, and easy to talk to. I help people uncover their own insight, strengthen self-belief, and learn practical tools and skills for living in the real world. My office is a private, confidential space, away from the busyness of shopping centers and clinical office settings.
(07) 5619 5264 View (07) 5619 5264

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Eugenia Urioste, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
Eugenia Urioste
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Burleigh Heads, QLD 4220
My ideal clients are interested in getting to know and understand themselves better. Humans who value self-discovery and health, committed in the process of integrating their emotions, actions, and life experiences in a way that allows them to learn and evolve from them.
My ideal clients are interested in getting to know and understand themselves better. Humans who value self-discovery and health, committed in the process of integrating their emotions, actions, and life experiences in a way that allows them to learn and evolve from them.
(02) 5838 5771 View (02) 5838 5771
Photo of Will Drotsky, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
Will Drotsky
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA Endorsed
Verified Verified
Mudgeeraba, QLD 4213
Will Drotsky is a clinical, forensic and counselling psychologist in private practice on the Gold Coast. He is the founder and the principal psychologist of the psychology practice, PsychologyCare in Mudgeeraba on the Gold Coast. Will is also the Director of the Bond University Psychology Clinic. A trained specialist in various therapeutic treatments including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), he incorporates an holistic and integrative approach to best meet the needs of his clients. Will also provides supervision to Master and Doctorate students and is an experienced supervisor for Clinical endorsement.
Will Drotsky is a clinical, forensic and counselling psychologist in private practice on the Gold Coast. He is the founder and the principal psychologist of the psychology practice, PsychologyCare in Mudgeeraba on the Gold Coast. Will is also the Director of the Bond University Psychology Clinic. A trained specialist in various therapeutic treatments including Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), he incorporates an holistic and integrative approach to best meet the needs of his clients. Will also provides supervision to Master and Doctorate students and is an experienced supervisor for Clinical endorsement.
(07) 5391 4245 View (07) 5391 4245
Photo of Andrew Geeves, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
Andrew Geeves
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Broadbeach, QLD 4218
Not accepting new clients
I work with people who present with a variety of psychological questions, symptoms and difficulties. I adopt a warm, empathic, curious, respectful, open-minded, authentic, client-centred, non-judgmental and dynamic stance as a therapist. I work to establish a genuine and collaborative connection with people that helps build a relationship in which it feels safe and comfortable to speak openly. I also use humour and play in my work. I am drawn to helping people identify the presence of repetitive, maladaptive patterns from their past and lean into the possibilities of new and more effective ways of being in the world.
I work with people who present with a variety of psychological questions, symptoms and difficulties. I adopt a warm, empathic, curious, respectful, open-minded, authentic, client-centred, non-judgmental and dynamic stance as a therapist. I work to establish a genuine and collaborative connection with people that helps build a relationship in which it feels safe and comfortable to speak openly. I also use humour and play in my work. I am drawn to helping people identify the presence of repetitive, maladaptive patterns from their past and lean into the possibilities of new and more effective ways of being in the world.
(07) 4243 4296 View (07) 4243 4296
Photo of Lizel Ramsay, Counsellor in Merrimac, QLD
Lizel Ramsay
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Mudgeeraba, QLD 4213
I provide wellbeing opportunities to children and young people who are seeking change and transformation in an open, supportive environment that nurtures growth. Helping children and young people to feel confident and empowered to overcome challenges and live a life worth living.
I provide wellbeing opportunities to children and young people who are seeking change and transformation in an open, supportive environment that nurtures growth. Helping children and young people to feel confident and empowered to overcome challenges and live a life worth living.
(03) 6468 9420 View (03) 6468 9420
Photo of Counsellors Gold Coast, Counsellor in Merrimac, QLD
Counsellors Gold Coast
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Broadbeach, QLD 4218
Counsellors Gold Coast offer affordable counselling and support. We offer after hours and Saturday appointments. Individual counselling is $115/60 mins, couple counselling is $165/60mins We also offer low cost counselling and support to students, low income earners, sole parents. We will work with you regardless of your budget, your health is a priority! Struggling with anxiety, loss, trauma, stress or conflict in your relationships or parenting journey? If you are concerned about your mental health or those of your loved ones in these challenging times then reach out and learn to live the life you desire and deserve.
Counsellors Gold Coast offer affordable counselling and support. We offer after hours and Saturday appointments. Individual counselling is $115/60 mins, couple counselling is $165/60mins We also offer low cost counselling and support to students, low income earners, sole parents. We will work with you regardless of your budget, your health is a priority! Struggling with anxiety, loss, trauma, stress or conflict in your relationships or parenting journey? If you are concerned about your mental health or those of your loved ones in these challenging times then reach out and learn to live the life you desire and deserve.
0417 645 874 View 0417 645 874
Photo of In Bloom Holistic Counselling, Counsellor in Merrimac, QLD
In Bloom Holistic Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Miami, QLD 4220
Not everyone needs a psychological diagnosis. Do you need someone to talk to? Are you finding life a struggle, feel anxious or overwhelmed? Has something specific happened that is preventing you from moving forward; the end of a relationship, loss of a job, a bereavement? Do you desire something to change, however, don't know specifically what it is or where to start? Perhaps things don't feel quite right and you need guidance with discovering any underlying issues you may not be aware of? As a trained counsellor, I offer a non-judgemental space to listen and help you sift through what may be troubling you.
Not everyone needs a psychological diagnosis. Do you need someone to talk to? Are you finding life a struggle, feel anxious or overwhelmed? Has something specific happened that is preventing you from moving forward; the end of a relationship, loss of a job, a bereavement? Do you desire something to change, however, don't know specifically what it is or where to start? Perhaps things don't feel quite right and you need guidance with discovering any underlying issues you may not be aware of? As a trained counsellor, I offer a non-judgemental space to listen and help you sift through what may be troubling you.
(07) 2801 7879 View (07) 2801 7879
Photo of Pamela Chetty (Gold Coast), Counsellor in Merrimac, QLD
Pamela Chetty (Gold Coast)
Counsellor, MSc, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Robina, QLD 4226
Healthy relationships are an integral part of living a fulfilled life. When we face life’s challenges, however, we may resort to unhealthy ways of dealing with it like belittling each other or not validating a partner’s emotions (to name a few). Couples counselling is an extremely useful tool for repairing and strengthening your relationship. As your couples/sex therapist, I can help with: Reconnecting to create security and safety in the relationship; Rebuilding trust and safety after an affair/infidelity; Communication issues; Couple goals/vision; Sex and intimacy issues; Parenting issues; Co-parenting; Separation and transition.
Healthy relationships are an integral part of living a fulfilled life. When we face life’s challenges, however, we may resort to unhealthy ways of dealing with it like belittling each other or not validating a partner’s emotions (to name a few). Couples counselling is an extremely useful tool for repairing and strengthening your relationship. As your couples/sex therapist, I can help with: Reconnecting to create security and safety in the relationship; Rebuilding trust and safety after an affair/infidelity; Communication issues; Couple goals/vision; Sex and intimacy issues; Parenting issues; Co-parenting; Separation and transition.
(07) 2801 7207 View (07) 2801 7207
Photo of Zea Eagle, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Merrimac, QLD
Zea Eagle
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Robina, QLD 4226
As an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with more than 20 years experience and offering Medicare Rebates, I typically see adult individuals and couples with relationship issues, infidelity, depression, anxiety, bereavement, loss and grief, trauma and PTSD. I am passionate about helping people who want to feel better, build resilience, and learn to thrive despite adversity. There is always hope.
As an Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with more than 20 years experience and offering Medicare Rebates, I typically see adult individuals and couples with relationship issues, infidelity, depression, anxiety, bereavement, loss and grief, trauma and PTSD. I am passionate about helping people who want to feel better, build resilience, and learn to thrive despite adversity. There is always hope.
(07) 2801 5810 View (07) 2801 5810
Photo of Rasha Jones, Counsellor in Merrimac, QLD
Rasha Jones
Counsellor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mudgeeraba, QLD 4213
I'm a youth and adult complex trauma informed counsellor. I practice with a person-centred focus, understanding that every individuals experience is unique and their path to self-actualisation lies in their own self-determination. I aim to provide a safe space to empower clients to feel able to address their therapeutic goals, emotional distress, and unpack the issues impacting their lives. I practice with a strong focus on psycho-education, in hopes to give clients the tools to deepen their understanding of themselves so that they can take control of their lives and actualise.
I'm a youth and adult complex trauma informed counsellor. I practice with a person-centred focus, understanding that every individuals experience is unique and their path to self-actualisation lies in their own self-determination. I aim to provide a safe space to empower clients to feel able to address their therapeutic goals, emotional distress, and unpack the issues impacting their lives. I practice with a strong focus on psycho-education, in hopes to give clients the tools to deepen their understanding of themselves so that they can take control of their lives and actualise.
View
Photo of Natasha Denny, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
Natasha Denny
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Robina, QLD 4226
Hi, My name is Tash and I'm a registered psychologist. I am dedicated and committed to creating a nurturing and non-judgemental environment for my clients. I believe in working from a holistic approach to assist clients to navigate life's complexities, build resilience, and facilitate positive change. I have worked in unique environments including with children, adolescents, and adults both in the community and in correctional centres. I currently work in private practice, high schools, and with NDIS participants.
Hi, My name is Tash and I'm a registered psychologist. I am dedicated and committed to creating a nurturing and non-judgemental environment for my clients. I believe in working from a holistic approach to assist clients to navigate life's complexities, build resilience, and facilitate positive change. I have worked in unique environments including with children, adolescents, and adults both in the community and in correctional centres. I currently work in private practice, high schools, and with NDIS participants.
(03) 8771 5438 View (03) 8771 5438
Photo of Daniel McStay, Psychologist in Merrimac, QLD
Daniel McStay
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Robina, QLD 4226
Hi, my name's Danny and i'm a Registered Psychologist. Sometimes we all need a little bit of help. My goal is to assist others on their journey towards personal growth, self-discovery and mental wellbeing. I provide a safe and confidential space to explore your thoughts, emotions and behaviours.
Hi, my name's Danny and i'm a Registered Psychologist. Sometimes we all need a little bit of help. My goal is to assist others on their journey towards personal growth, self-discovery and mental wellbeing. I provide a safe and confidential space to explore your thoughts, emotions and behaviours.
(02) 5016 9927 View (02) 5016 9927
Photo of Natalie Rozen, Counsellor in Merrimac, QLD
Natalie Rozen
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Burleigh Waters, QLD 4220  (Online Only)
Welcome! My name is Natalie. I am a passionate person that thrives on helping people live a more peaceful and meaningful life. I've been working in the industry for 10 years. Currently I run a private practice as an Holistic Psychotherapist. I previously worked as a Specialist Trauma Counsellor for Safesteps Australia and worked in the Family Violence sector for 8 years.
Welcome! My name is Natalie. I am a passionate person that thrives on helping people live a more peaceful and meaningful life. I've been working in the industry for 10 years. Currently I run a private practice as an Holistic Psychotherapist. I previously worked as a Specialist Trauma Counsellor for Safesteps Australia and worked in the Family Violence sector for 8 years.
(02) 5016 9417 View (02) 5016 9417
Photo of Her Way Counselling, Counsellor in Merrimac, QLD
Her Way Counselling
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Burleigh Heads, QLD 4220  (Online Only)
Bookings: stan.store/herwaycounselling < currently offering your first session free! Empowering women to thrive is not just my passion, it's my purpose. As a dedicated counsellor, I've had the privilege of witnessing incredible transformations in the lives of the women I serve.
Bookings: stan.store/herwaycounselling < currently offering your first session free! Empowering women to thrive is not just my passion, it's my purpose. As a dedicated counsellor, I've had the privilege of witnessing incredible transformations in the lives of the women I serve.
(07) 2801 7603 View (07) 2801 7603

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Merrimac, QLD

< 10

Counsellors in Merrimac, QLD who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
86% Anxiety
86% Self Esteem
71% Relationship Issues
71% Life Coaching
71% Bereavement
71% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

19 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% NDIS
83% Bupa
83% Medicare Rebates

How Counsellors in Merrimac, QLD see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Merrimac?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.