Counselling in Parap, NT

Photo of Helen Maree Murray, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parap, NT
Helen Maree Murray
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified Verified
Parap, NT 0820
Life at times throws us challenges that we can feel ill equipped to handle. It may be in the workplace or at home. Counselling provides an opportunity to talk about these issues, learn how to work with them differently, including practical coping methods and strategies. Issues may include anxiety, trauma, career challenges, divorce, domestic family violence. Relationships are particularly important in my practice, I can support couples and families through many relationships issues. I am trained to assist families understand and support their adolescent family members, as well as working with the adolescent.
Life at times throws us challenges that we can feel ill equipped to handle. It may be in the workplace or at home. Counselling provides an opportunity to talk about these issues, learn how to work with them differently, including practical coping methods and strategies. Issues may include anxiety, trauma, career challenges, divorce, domestic family violence. Relationships are particularly important in my practice, I can support couples and families through many relationships issues. I am trained to assist families understand and support their adolescent family members, as well as working with the adolescent.
(08) 7949 5373 View (08) 7949 5373
Photo of Darwin Psychotherapy, Counsellor in Parap, NT
Darwin Psychotherapy
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Parap, NT 0820
Everyone experiences varying degrees of difficulties and distress across their lifespan. Hamish is a registered counsellor and psychotherapist who has dedicated his practice to improving the mental health and wellbeing of individuals, couples and groups in the community. It takes courage to acknowledge your difficulties and seek professional help. Whether you are experiencing emotional difficulties, trauma, stress, relationship difficulties, grief, loss, or identity and self-esteem issues, psychotherapy and counselling can be a convenient, flexible, and affordable way to begin your journey towards healing.
Everyone experiences varying degrees of difficulties and distress across their lifespan. Hamish is a registered counsellor and psychotherapist who has dedicated his practice to improving the mental health and wellbeing of individuals, couples and groups in the community. It takes courage to acknowledge your difficulties and seek professional help. Whether you are experiencing emotional difficulties, trauma, stress, relationship difficulties, grief, loss, or identity and self-esteem issues, psychotherapy and counselling can be a convenient, flexible, and affordable way to begin your journey towards healing.
(03) 4514 5712 View (03) 4514 5712
Photo of Lorna Murphy, Psychologist in Parap, NT
Lorna Murphy
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Parap, NT 0820
Lorna Murphy is a registered psychologist. She graduated from Monash University in 1997. Since then, Lorna has worked in forensic settings, drug and alcohol rehabilitation, community health and Relationships Australia. She has been in private practice since 2009. Lorna will see individuals and couples who are age 16 and above. Her approach has been described as creative and empowering. She encourages us to regain our confidence and vitality. Lorna is invested in helping us navigate the suffering, trauma and grief that life brings.
Lorna Murphy is a registered psychologist. She graduated from Monash University in 1997. Since then, Lorna has worked in forensic settings, drug and alcohol rehabilitation, community health and Relationships Australia. She has been in private practice since 2009. Lorna will see individuals and couples who are age 16 and above. Her approach has been described as creative and empowering. She encourages us to regain our confidence and vitality. Lorna is invested in helping us navigate the suffering, trauma and grief that life brings.
(08) 7947 3662 View (08) 7947 3662
Photo of Ian Howells, Counsellor in Parap, NT
Ian Howells
Counsellor, MC, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Parap, NT 0820
Ian has many years of experience as a social worker, empowering people on the back of an understanding that no significant learning takes place without a significant relationship. Those relationships could be personal, work related, social or political and there are by many environmental factors that have an influence upon those relationships. It was on this premise that Ian moved into a counselling role. Many people, if not all people, will at some time encounter an emotional crisis while in a relationship at home as a partner or a parent, at work, or socially and it is at times like these that a person may seek a counsellor.
Ian has many years of experience as a social worker, empowering people on the back of an understanding that no significant learning takes place without a significant relationship. Those relationships could be personal, work related, social or political and there are by many environmental factors that have an influence upon those relationships. It was on this premise that Ian moved into a counselling role. Many people, if not all people, will at some time encounter an emotional crisis while in a relationship at home as a partner or a parent, at work, or socially and it is at times like these that a person may seek a counsellor.
(08) 7943 6094 View (08) 7943 6094
Photo of Jarod Kaplan, Counsellor in Parap, NT
Jarod Kaplan
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Parap, NT 0820
Jarod is an experienced psychotherapist and counsellor with over 15 years’ of experience working with individuals and couples. He also provides clinical supervision to counselling professionals. Jarod feels grateful to support clients to explore their challenges, attain emotional clarity and experience more of their human potential. He creates a calming and accepting space for all of his clients and is LGBTQIA+ friendly. Jarod has a strong grounding in attachment focussed therapies, mindfulness based therapies, and emotion focused therapies. He works in a trauma-sensitive way and is always guided by the unique needs of his clients.
Jarod is an experienced psychotherapist and counsellor with over 15 years’ of experience working with individuals and couples. He also provides clinical supervision to counselling professionals. Jarod feels grateful to support clients to explore their challenges, attain emotional clarity and experience more of their human potential. He creates a calming and accepting space for all of his clients and is LGBTQIA+ friendly. Jarod has a strong grounding in attachment focussed therapies, mindfulness based therapies, and emotion focused therapies. He works in a trauma-sensitive way and is always guided by the unique needs of his clients.
(08) 7948 4199 View (08) 7948 4199

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Dr Natalia Rusnac, Psychologist in Parap, NT
Dr Natalia Rusnac
Psychologist, PhD, MAPS
Verified Verified
Darwin City, NT 0800  (Online Only)
I am a Clinical Psychologist with a special interest in supporting adults who identify as neurodivergent, for example adults who are on the autism spectrum and/or who are struggling with ADHD symptoms. I work with a wide range of difficulties, such as self-esteem issues, chronic health concerns, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, emotion regulation difficulties, grief and loss, trauma, chronic pain, sleep disturbance, burnout. I want to go beyond coping and help people build lives that bring them joy, because coping is not the same as being happy.
I am a Clinical Psychologist with a special interest in supporting adults who identify as neurodivergent, for example adults who are on the autism spectrum and/or who are struggling with ADHD symptoms. I work with a wide range of difficulties, such as self-esteem issues, chronic health concerns, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, emotion regulation difficulties, grief and loss, trauma, chronic pain, sleep disturbance, burnout. I want to go beyond coping and help people build lives that bring them joy, because coping is not the same as being happy.
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Photo of Nicola Coalter, Psychologist in Parap, NT
Nicola Coalter
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Woolner, NT 0820
Feeling like life's throwing you curveballs, leaving you overwhelmed and stuck? Whether you're grappling with addiction (alcohol, drugs, gambling/gaming, porn, or even the endless scroll), battling stress, anxiety, depression, or wrestling with past traumas, you're not alone in this struggle. Together, let's navigate these hurdles, uncover practical solutions, and nurture the belief that positive change isn't just a
Feeling like life's throwing you curveballs, leaving you overwhelmed and stuck? Whether you're grappling with addiction (alcohol, drugs, gambling/gaming, porn, or even the endless scroll), battling stress, anxiety, depression, or wrestling with past traumas, you're not alone in this struggle. Together, let's navigate these hurdles, uncover practical solutions, and nurture the belief that positive change isn't just a
(08) 7948 6794 View (08) 7948 6794
Photo of Mauro Vieira, Psychologist in Parap, NT
Mauro Vieira
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Darwin City, NT 0800
Bachelor in Psychology; Graduate in Psychology; Post-Graduation in Art Therapy; Post-Graduation in Psychological Practice in Institutions. I undertook my psychological training in Brazil and have more than 15 years of experience in the provision of mental health care and psychological services. I am now a registered Australian Psychologist. I have worked with children, adolescents, adults, couples and families, dealing with a range of complex emotional disorders, illnesses and life challenges. I am passionate about humanistic care and have extensive experience with existential therapy, client-centred and narrative therapy.
Bachelor in Psychology; Graduate in Psychology; Post-Graduation in Art Therapy; Post-Graduation in Psychological Practice in Institutions. I undertook my psychological training in Brazil and have more than 15 years of experience in the provision of mental health care and psychological services. I am now a registered Australian Psychologist. I have worked with children, adolescents, adults, couples and families, dealing with a range of complex emotional disorders, illnesses and life challenges. I am passionate about humanistic care and have extensive experience with existential therapy, client-centred and narrative therapy.
(02) 9158 6184 View (02) 9158 6184
Photo of Camilla Druce, Psychologist in Parap, NT
Camilla Druce
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Darwin City, NT 0800  (Online Only)
I provide a calming, safe and compassionate space for you to feel heard and to express your authentic self. Through openness and curiosity I work with you to explore and understand the underlying causes of your struggles and empower you to overcome patterns that are getting in the way of your wellbeing. I support you to build a deeper connection with yourself and your needs, and move forward in your life with a greater sense of resilience, purpose, and fulfilment.
I provide a calming, safe and compassionate space for you to feel heard and to express your authentic self. Through openness and curiosity I work with you to explore and understand the underlying causes of your struggles and empower you to overcome patterns that are getting in the way of your wellbeing. I support you to build a deeper connection with yourself and your needs, and move forward in your life with a greater sense of resilience, purpose, and fulfilment.
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Photo of Compassionate Journey (Zoe Gruneska), Psychologist in Parap, NT
Compassionate Journey (Zoe Gruneska)
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Darwin City, NT 0800  (Online Only)
I understand that one needs significant courage to take the first step towards therapy, and therefore I aim to provide a safe environment where you will feel comfortable to openly discuss any issues in a non-judgmental, warm, empathic, and supportive manner. We will explore your current difficulties and invite you to consider what you would like to be different. You will set the direction for our work and I will walk alongside you, as we identify and work on the strategies and actions that support you the best to build the life you want.
I understand that one needs significant courage to take the first step towards therapy, and therefore I aim to provide a safe environment where you will feel comfortable to openly discuss any issues in a non-judgmental, warm, empathic, and supportive manner. We will explore your current difficulties and invite you to consider what you would like to be different. You will set the direction for our work and I will walk alongside you, as we identify and work on the strategies and actions that support you the best to build the life you want.
(03) 7302 8856 View (03) 7302 8856
Photo of Ashleigh Wallach, Psychologist in Parap, NT
Ashleigh Wallach
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Darwin City, NT 0800  (Online Only)
Ashleigh is a registered psychologist and Board-approved supervisor with many years experience helping clients to identify, understand and overcome the sources of their distress. Ashleigh is passionate about providing clients with the knowledge and strategies that form a roadmap for life long personal exploration, healing and fulfilment. Ashleigh has a calm and compassionate presence, and will strive to maintain a clear and transparent trajectory towards helping you to achieve your goals.
Ashleigh is a registered psychologist and Board-approved supervisor with many years experience helping clients to identify, understand and overcome the sources of their distress. Ashleigh is passionate about providing clients with the knowledge and strategies that form a roadmap for life long personal exploration, healing and fulfilment. Ashleigh has a calm and compassionate presence, and will strive to maintain a clear and transparent trajectory towards helping you to achieve your goals.
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Photo of MoonGrove Counselling - Tamara , Counsellor in Parap, NT
MoonGrove Counselling - Tamara
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Darwin City, NT 0800  (Online Only)
We are all constantly evolving and this can present difficult challenges, often impacted by family, social and cultural conditioning, religious and gender-based beliefs, roles, and biases. You might want to challenge this conditioning and these constraints. Understanding this within ourself, our relationships, and our families can be complex. You might realise that your sexual, relationship, and gender identities and preferences may be different from societal expectations, so you may struggle internally to accept who you are and your ability to live authentically. We need safe and appropriate support to navigate these changes.
We are all constantly evolving and this can present difficult challenges, often impacted by family, social and cultural conditioning, religious and gender-based beliefs, roles, and biases. You might want to challenge this conditioning and these constraints. Understanding this within ourself, our relationships, and our families can be complex. You might realise that your sexual, relationship, and gender identities and preferences may be different from societal expectations, so you may struggle internally to accept who you are and your ability to live authentically. We need safe and appropriate support to navigate these changes.
(03) 7302 8903 View (03) 7302 8903
Photo of Relationship Counsellor - Hana, Counsellor in Parap, NT
Relationship Counsellor - Hana
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Darwin City, NT 0800  (Online Only)
I'm Hana, a qualified counsellor who is dedicated to helping individuals and couples navigate the complexities of their personal lives while empowering them to achieve growth, fulfilment and meaningful connections. My aim is to support you on your journey to whatever success looks like for you. Whether that be finding your life purpose, cultivating self-love, fostering meaningful relationships with others, picking yourself up after a break-up, or growing confidence in your dating life.
I'm Hana, a qualified counsellor who is dedicated to helping individuals and couples navigate the complexities of their personal lives while empowering them to achieve growth, fulfilment and meaningful connections. My aim is to support you on your journey to whatever success looks like for you. Whether that be finding your life purpose, cultivating self-love, fostering meaningful relationships with others, picking yourself up after a break-up, or growing confidence in your dating life.
(08) 7008 7078 View (08) 7008 7078
Photo of Tribe Wellness, Counsellor in Parap, NT
Tribe Wellness
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Darwin City, NT 0800  (Online Only)
Are you looking for LGBTQ+ affirming counselling? We are here to help you feel less stuck in shame and more content with being who are. To support you in reducing your anxiety, depression and other mental health challenges so that you can take proactive steps towards a more well future. We are an online mental health care provider that offers certified counselling across Australia. Our focus is on providing community-competent care that is inclusive and safe for LGBTQ+ adults and their allies.
Are you looking for LGBTQ+ affirming counselling? We are here to help you feel less stuck in shame and more content with being who are. To support you in reducing your anxiety, depression and other mental health challenges so that you can take proactive steps towards a more well future. We are an online mental health care provider that offers certified counselling across Australia. Our focus is on providing community-competent care that is inclusive and safe for LGBTQ+ adults and their allies.
(02) 9100 0933 View (02) 9100 0933
Photo of Stephanie Thomson, Psychologist in Parap, NT
Stephanie Thomson
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Darwin City, NT 0800  (Online Only)
I'm passionate about working with both neurodivergent and neurotypical clients on better understanding their unique brains, values, and strengths in an affirming way. I most often see clients for burn out, boundary-setting, parenting support, unmasking, and anxiety, but enjoy working with a range of other client experiences and needs. I also have extensive experience navigating the realm of NDIS. I currently offer telehealth services through The Neurodiversity Clinic.
I'm passionate about working with both neurodivergent and neurotypical clients on better understanding their unique brains, values, and strengths in an affirming way. I most often see clients for burn out, boundary-setting, parenting support, unmasking, and anxiety, but enjoy working with a range of other client experiences and needs. I also have extensive experience navigating the realm of NDIS. I currently offer telehealth services through The Neurodiversity Clinic.
(02) 4071 8421 View (02) 4071 8421
Photo of Raquel McConnell, Counsellor in Parap, NT
Raquel McConnell
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Darwin City, NT 0800
Raquel McConnell offers Counselling, Consultancy, Advocacy, Professional Development, and Clinical Supervision, focusing on Mental Health and Wellbeing. Working with an holistic approach, care is tailored to support people with multiple, and complex needs.
Raquel McConnell offers Counselling, Consultancy, Advocacy, Professional Development, and Clinical Supervision, focusing on Mental Health and Wellbeing. Working with an holistic approach, care is tailored to support people with multiple, and complex needs.
(03) 7302 2973 View (03) 7302 2973
Photo of Pip (Hannah) Fell, Psychologist in Parap, NT
Pip (Hannah) Fell
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Darwin City, NT 0800  (Online Only)
My name is Pip (Hannah) Fell and I am a registered counselling psychologist. I have worked extensively in private practice, community health, trauma rehabilitation services and fertility services around Melbourne since 2015. I have experience working with people who encounter a broad range of mental health issues, including but not limited to; anxiety, depression, interpersonal relationship difficulties, trauma, identity matters, fertility concerns, and personality disorders.
My name is Pip (Hannah) Fell and I am a registered counselling psychologist. I have worked extensively in private practice, community health, trauma rehabilitation services and fertility services around Melbourne since 2015. I have experience working with people who encounter a broad range of mental health issues, including but not limited to; anxiety, depression, interpersonal relationship difficulties, trauma, identity matters, fertility concerns, and personality disorders.
(03) 7003 2442 View (03) 7003 2442
Photo of Beata Goodluck, Counsellor in Parap, NT
Beata Goodluck
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wanguri, NT 0810
As a holistic counsellor and somatic therapist, I specialize in supporting individuals with life challenges and milder mental health concerns. I help those affected by narcissistic relationships, childhood trauma, and workplace bullying. Through somatic therapy (Transformational Bodywork), I address both mind and body, offering effective stress and trauma relief. As an education survivor, I assist teachers in transitioning to new careers and offer support for mental health issues related to the workplace. I provide insights to parents considering homeschooling for their children. I am an experienced mindfulness practitioner.
As a holistic counsellor and somatic therapist, I specialize in supporting individuals with life challenges and milder mental health concerns. I help those affected by narcissistic relationships, childhood trauma, and workplace bullying. Through somatic therapy (Transformational Bodywork), I address both mind and body, offering effective stress and trauma relief. As an education survivor, I assist teachers in transitioning to new careers and offer support for mental health issues related to the workplace. I provide insights to parents considering homeschooling for their children. I am an experienced mindfulness practitioner.
(08) 7947 9447 View (08) 7947 9447
Photo of Taf Manhambo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Parap, NT
Taf Manhambo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AASW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Darwin City, NT 0800
Hi there, my name is Taf Manhambo. I am a clinical social worker/ mental health therapist and clinical supervisor. I am so glad you're here. I'd like to welcome you to a service for you- a safe space to experience, healing, growth and rediscover your worth in a supportive, nurturing and non-judgmental environment.
Hi there, my name is Taf Manhambo. I am a clinical social worker/ mental health therapist and clinical supervisor. I am so glad you're here. I'd like to welcome you to a service for you- a safe space to experience, healing, growth and rediscover your worth in a supportive, nurturing and non-judgmental environment.
(07) 3132 0848 View (07) 3132 0848
Photo of Stonewater Art Therapy, Psychotherapist in Parap, NT
Stonewater Art Therapy
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Darwin City, NT 0800
Hi, I'm Samuel and I'm an Arts Psychotherapist. In life I have used the creative arts as a way of understanding, listening to and responding to my experiences and inner conflicts. I’m passionate about integrating our inner and outer selves and believe in the value the arts offer in encountering resources and parts of ourselves which aren’t accessed in normal daily life. I offer a gentle, non-judgemental and inclusive therapeutic space for you to reveal yourself as we explore struggles, hopes and what growth and resolution looks like for you at this time.
Hi, I'm Samuel and I'm an Arts Psychotherapist. In life I have used the creative arts as a way of understanding, listening to and responding to my experiences and inner conflicts. I’m passionate about integrating our inner and outer selves and believe in the value the arts offer in encountering resources and parts of ourselves which aren’t accessed in normal daily life. I offer a gentle, non-judgemental and inclusive therapeutic space for you to reveal yourself as we explore struggles, hopes and what growth and resolution looks like for you at this time.
(03) 8203 5271 View (03) 8203 5271

See more therapy options for Parap

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Parap, NT

< 10

Counsellors in Parap, NT who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
80% Depression
80% Anxiety
80% Bereavement
80% Trauma and PTSD
80% Peer Relationships
80% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

26 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Bupa
100% GMHBA
100% Medicare Rebates

How Counsellors in Parap, NT see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

50% Female
50% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Parap?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.