Counselling in The Junction, NSW

Photo of Sarah Young, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Sarah Young
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified
The Junction, NSW 2291
I'm a clinical psychologist with experience in both the public and private sector helping teenagers and adults overcome emotional challenges. I believe people need someone to be in the moment with them as they face their feelings in response to everyday struggles and past issues. I prioritise emotional regulation and understanding so people feel empowered to meet their true capacity and overcome life's challenges.
I'm a clinical psychologist with experience in both the public and private sector helping teenagers and adults overcome emotional challenges. I believe people need someone to be in the moment with them as they face their feelings in response to everyday struggles and past issues. I prioritise emotional regulation and understanding so people feel empowered to meet their true capacity and overcome life's challenges.
(02) 4005 0121 View (02) 4005 0121
Photo of Nicholas Hutchins, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Nicholas Hutchins
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
The Junction, NSW 2291
I seek to help people to heal from the pain of their past. In my experience our suffering stems from the attempts we make to ward off emotional and relational pain. The problem is that what protected us in the past is causing our suffering in the present. If we were hurt in relationships, therapy offers an opportunity to have a new kind of healing relationship. I’m optimistic about the possibility for deep and lasting change. I seek to offer you more than strategies; I seek to help people to find deep emotional healing.
I seek to help people to heal from the pain of their past. In my experience our suffering stems from the attempts we make to ward off emotional and relational pain. The problem is that what protected us in the past is causing our suffering in the present. If we were hurt in relationships, therapy offers an opportunity to have a new kind of healing relationship. I’m optimistic about the possibility for deep and lasting change. I seek to offer you more than strategies; I seek to help people to find deep emotional healing.
(02) 4075 9759 View (02) 4075 9759
Photo of Inner Balance Psychology, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Inner Balance Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, FAPS
Verified
The Junction, NSW 2291
Hi. I'm Kylie Di Battista and I am a Counselling and Clinical Psychologist with over two decades of experience. I provide counselling for a wide range psychological challenges including anxiety, depression, panic attacks and relationship problems. During sessions I aim to offer strategies to manage the immediate difficulties, and also to address the issues underlying a current problem which may arise from family conflict, a low sense of self-esteem or intergenerational trauma. Often clients present during times of life transition, such as new parenthood or relationship breakdown, which can be portals to enormous transformation.
Hi. I'm Kylie Di Battista and I am a Counselling and Clinical Psychologist with over two decades of experience. I provide counselling for a wide range psychological challenges including anxiety, depression, panic attacks and relationship problems. During sessions I aim to offer strategies to manage the immediate difficulties, and also to address the issues underlying a current problem which may arise from family conflict, a low sense of self-esteem or intergenerational trauma. Often clients present during times of life transition, such as new parenthood or relationship breakdown, which can be portals to enormous transformation.
(02) 4058 2927 View (02) 4058 2927
Holly Bolton
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
The Junction, NSW 2291
If you’re looking to improve yourself, break out of a cycle of unhealthy thinking and behaviour, or deal with topics and conversation you don’t feel comfortable speaking to your family/ friends about, there is a space for you.
If you’re looking to improve yourself, break out of a cycle of unhealthy thinking and behaviour, or deal with topics and conversation you don’t feel comfortable speaking to your family/ friends about, there is a space for you.
(02) 4005 2948 View (02) 4005 2948
Photo of Dr Lisa Millar (Elevated Well-Being), Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Dr Lisa Millar (Elevated Well-Being)
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
The Junction, NSW 2291
I am a Clinical Psychologist with over 20 years of experience in the assessment and treatment of mental health and wellbeing concerns. These include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, adjustment difficulties, stress, emotional difficulties, trauma, and family and relationship problems for individuals. I use a holistic and collaborative approach with clients to develop individualised psychological treatment to optimise their mental health and wellbeing. My ultimate goal is to help individuals enhance their quality of life, foster positive change, and promote lasting well-being.
I am a Clinical Psychologist with over 20 years of experience in the assessment and treatment of mental health and wellbeing concerns. These include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, adjustment difficulties, stress, emotional difficulties, trauma, and family and relationship problems for individuals. I use a holistic and collaborative approach with clients to develop individualised psychological treatment to optimise their mental health and wellbeing. My ultimate goal is to help individuals enhance their quality of life, foster positive change, and promote lasting well-being.
(02) 4075 3723 View (02) 4075 3723
Photo of Anna Suraev, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Anna Suraev
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
The Junction, NSW 2291
Dr Anna Suraev is a Clinical Psychologist who has a warm, genuine, and non-judgemental approach in her therapeutic work. She places great value in creating a safe and supportive space for her clients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences.
Dr Anna Suraev is a Clinical Psychologist who has a warm, genuine, and non-judgemental approach in her therapeutic work. She places great value in creating a safe and supportive space for her clients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences.
(02) 4075 9997 View (02) 4075 9997
Photo of Isabella Kotris, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Isabella Kotris
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
The Junction, NSW 2291
I embrace a warm and person-centered approach to my therapeutic work. I am deeply committed to the growth and well-being of the individuals I have the privilege to work with. My strengths-based framework allows me to identify and build upon the existing skills and strengths of my clients, which helps facilitate their growth and healing. I strongly believe in working collaboratively with my clients, creating an environment of trust and safety where they can comfortably explore their challenges and goals. I feel passionate about helping people across the lifespan live meaningful lives.
I embrace a warm and person-centered approach to my therapeutic work. I am deeply committed to the growth and well-being of the individuals I have the privilege to work with. My strengths-based framework allows me to identify and build upon the existing skills and strengths of my clients, which helps facilitate their growth and healing. I strongly believe in working collaboratively with my clients, creating an environment of trust and safety where they can comfortably explore their challenges and goals. I feel passionate about helping people across the lifespan live meaningful lives.
(02) 4902 8900 View (02) 4902 8900
Photo of Chris Butler (Elevated Well-Being), Clinical Social Work/Therapist in The Junction, NSW
Chris Butler (Elevated Well-Being)
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified
The Junction, NSW 2291
Every person's journey is unique, and I like to understand the background and goals of the people I support to ensure we create a personalised plan for them. I am very experienced in supporting adults, and adolescents and I have a strong interest in supporting people navigating anxiety, grief and loss, PTSD, developmental trauma, and the myriad of life's challenges. My approach is twofold: I believe in equipping you with immediate tools to cope with present concerns, while also delving into the roots of these issues – be it past events, deep-seated beliefs, or coping mechanisms – to pave the way for a brighter future.
Every person's journey is unique, and I like to understand the background and goals of the people I support to ensure we create a personalised plan for them. I am very experienced in supporting adults, and adolescents and I have a strong interest in supporting people navigating anxiety, grief and loss, PTSD, developmental trauma, and the myriad of life's challenges. My approach is twofold: I believe in equipping you with immediate tools to cope with present concerns, while also delving into the roots of these issues – be it past events, deep-seated beliefs, or coping mechanisms – to pave the way for a brighter future.
(02) 4071 4541 View (02) 4071 4541

More Therapists Nearby

Begin Again Therapy
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300
At Begin Again Therapy, we are a team of caring and experienced Newcastle psychologists who recognise the importance of relationships in facilitating healing. We have created a psychology clinic with the intention of prioritising safety, connection and compassion. We endeavour to empower people to step into a place of vulnerability and find the strength to embrace their humanness. Working collaboratively, we select and integrate well-researched approaches based on your unique needs, strengths and resources.
At Begin Again Therapy, we are a team of caring and experienced Newcastle psychologists who recognise the importance of relationships in facilitating healing. We have created a psychology clinic with the intention of prioritising safety, connection and compassion. We endeavour to empower people to step into a place of vulnerability and find the strength to embrace their humanness. Working collaboratively, we select and integrate well-researched approaches based on your unique needs, strengths and resources.
(02) 4058 4013 View (02) 4058 4013
Photo of Jennifer Fisher, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Jennifer Fisher
Psychologist, MA, MAPS
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300
I enjoy working with a range of psychological and emotional concerns. My main area of interest is helping people who are living with an eating disorder. I am passionate about timely and effective support for individuals struggling with eating and body image concerns. In addition to eating disorders, I enjoy working with people who are experiencing different types of anxiety and emotional distress, chronic pain and illness, relationship concerns, grief, loss and adjusting to life changes including parenthood.
I enjoy working with a range of psychological and emotional concerns. My main area of interest is helping people who are living with an eating disorder. I am passionate about timely and effective support for individuals struggling with eating and body image concerns. In addition to eating disorders, I enjoy working with people who are experiencing different types of anxiety and emotional distress, chronic pain and illness, relationship concerns, grief, loss and adjusting to life changes including parenthood.
(02) 4214 8212 View (02) 4214 8212
Photo of Gerard Ogle, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Gerard Ogle
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300
Gerard engages with clients in a warm and compassionate, person-centred therapeutic manner.His approach and experience is the bedrock for creating a safe and non-judgmental therapy space for clients from age 10 years old and upwards. Often Gerard's clients present with struggles such as overwhelming levels of stress, relationship challenges, elevated anxiety, depression and self-doubt. These clients generally come to work with Gerard to develop improved coping skills with the view to forging lives that are more manageable and enjoyable, despite the inevitable challenges that life presents.
Gerard engages with clients in a warm and compassionate, person-centred therapeutic manner.His approach and experience is the bedrock for creating a safe and non-judgmental therapy space for clients from age 10 years old and upwards. Often Gerard's clients present with struggles such as overwhelming levels of stress, relationship challenges, elevated anxiety, depression and self-doubt. These clients generally come to work with Gerard to develop improved coping skills with the view to forging lives that are more manageable and enjoyable, despite the inevitable challenges that life presents.
(02) 4005 2921 View (02) 4005 2921
Photo of Renee Bennett, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Renee Bennett
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300
Renee is a compassionate and approachable psychologist, known for her warm and friendly demeanour. Her primary focus is on fostering a secure and trusting environment in her therapeutic relationships, which enables a cooperative approach where she dedicates time to comprehending the unique requirements and aspirations of each individual. Renee draws upon a diverse array of therapeutic techniques in her approach to care, including: Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy Neurofeedback Mindfulness-based strategies Interpersonal therapies Renee tailors her approach to suit the distinct needs of her clients.
Renee is a compassionate and approachable psychologist, known for her warm and friendly demeanour. Her primary focus is on fostering a secure and trusting environment in her therapeutic relationships, which enables a cooperative approach where she dedicates time to comprehending the unique requirements and aspirations of each individual. Renee draws upon a diverse array of therapeutic techniques in her approach to care, including: Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy Neurofeedback Mindfulness-based strategies Interpersonal therapies Renee tailors her approach to suit the distinct needs of her clients.
(02) 4071 2471 View (02) 4071 2471
Photo of Anthony Edwards in The Junction, NSW
Anthony Edwards
Newcastle, NSW 2300  (Online Only)
Are you feeling anxious, stressed, confused, emotionally overwhelmed? Does life seem overwhelming, unfair, sad, unfulfilling, directionless, hopeless? Do you simply want more from life? You’re not alone. I endeavour to understand what is important for you, which means that I don’t have a one-size-fits-all approach. Using empathy and non-judgement, I listen to understand what life is like for you and to ‘get’ you - what you are thinking and feeling, how the events of life have impacted you, and what you want and need. I create a safe space to be open and real about what you are experiencing.
Are you feeling anxious, stressed, confused, emotionally overwhelmed? Does life seem overwhelming, unfair, sad, unfulfilling, directionless, hopeless? Do you simply want more from life? You’re not alone. I endeavour to understand what is important for you, which means that I don’t have a one-size-fits-all approach. Using empathy and non-judgement, I listen to understand what life is like for you and to ‘get’ you - what you are thinking and feeling, how the events of life have impacted you, and what you want and need. I create a safe space to be open and real about what you are experiencing.
(02) 8294 9673 View (02) 8294 9673
Photo of Monica Doyle in The Junction, NSW
Monica Doyle
Newcastle, NSW 2300  (Online Only)
Jung said that what we resist, persists. Traumatic events, unnamed and trapped inside our minds may no longer hurt us physically, if they ever did, but the emotions associated with them become a wandering ghost. That ghost is the reponse to what we call 'triggers'. Do you ever get yourself overreacting? Do you find yourself paralised when faced with certain situations? Do you repeat the same mistake not knowing why you can't seem to make a solid change? What I offer is a safe, confidential and nurturing space to address that ghost by making sense of the painful experiences you've faced. Get in touch and let's start.
Jung said that what we resist, persists. Traumatic events, unnamed and trapped inside our minds may no longer hurt us physically, if they ever did, but the emotions associated with them become a wandering ghost. That ghost is the reponse to what we call 'triggers'. Do you ever get yourself overreacting? Do you find yourself paralised when faced with certain situations? Do you repeat the same mistake not knowing why you can't seem to make a solid change? What I offer is a safe, confidential and nurturing space to address that ghost by making sense of the painful experiences you've faced. Get in touch and let's start.
(03) 5905 7013 View (03) 5905 7013
Photo of Jess Yeh, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Jess Yeh
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300  (Online Only)
Jessica is a dedicated, professional, and passionate registered psychologist with more than 5 years of experience in providing culturally aware and evidence-based interventions within both private and public sectors. Jessica takes a warm, empathetic, and non-judgmental approach to each client. She takes immense pride in treating all clients fairly with mutual respect and understanding regardless of cultural, religious, ethnic, and linguistic backgrounds. Jessica has a strong passion in working with couples, families, adolescents, LGBTQI+, and culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) individuals.
Jessica is a dedicated, professional, and passionate registered psychologist with more than 5 years of experience in providing culturally aware and evidence-based interventions within both private and public sectors. Jessica takes a warm, empathetic, and non-judgmental approach to each client. She takes immense pride in treating all clients fairly with mutual respect and understanding regardless of cultural, religious, ethnic, and linguistic backgrounds. Jessica has a strong passion in working with couples, families, adolescents, LGBTQI+, and culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) individuals.
1800 327 477 View 1800 327 477
Photo of Stephanie Casson, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Stephanie Casson
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Hamilton, NSW 2303
I am a clinical psychologist who works with a range of psychological and emotional concerns. I specialise in working with anxiety, stress, depression, and relationship issues. I have a particular interest in working with young people and adults who are experiencing eating disorders. I strongly believe that with supportive, effective, and personalised intervention, people living with eating disorders can experience a full recovery.
I am a clinical psychologist who works with a range of psychological and emotional concerns. I specialise in working with anxiety, stress, depression, and relationship issues. I have a particular interest in working with young people and adults who are experiencing eating disorders. I strongly believe that with supportive, effective, and personalised intervention, people living with eating disorders can experience a full recovery.
(02) 4005 2828 View (02) 4005 2828
Photo of Kim O'Donnell, Counsellor in The Junction, NSW
Kim O'Donnell
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
1 Endorsed
Newcastle, NSW 2300  (Online Only)
The one constant we all share, regardless of our gender, wealth, race, location or religious beliefs is that we will spend our life in our body. This will also be one of the most confronting, challenging and potentially beautiful relationships we'll ever experience. Can we fully embrace our body? Can we come to terms with the social and cultural factors surrounding our body and, when the time comes to leave our body, will we do so with love and gratitude for how it helped us to connect with ourselves and others? Let's explore those questions together.
The one constant we all share, regardless of our gender, wealth, race, location or religious beliefs is that we will spend our life in our body. This will also be one of the most confronting, challenging and potentially beautiful relationships we'll ever experience. Can we fully embrace our body? Can we come to terms with the social and cultural factors surrounding our body and, when the time comes to leave our body, will we do so with love and gratitude for how it helped us to connect with ourselves and others? Let's explore those questions together.
(07) 3050 0663 View (07) 3050 0663
Photo of The Lakes Counselling in The Junction, NSW
The Lakes Counselling
1 Endorsed
Newcastle, NSW 2300
Hello, my name is Catherine. You and your loved ones deserve nothing but the best extensive and professional help which I can offer. As your psychotherapist (Masters in Counselling, Level 2 ACA), I will provide you with exceptional bespoke treatment and guidance to help improve your situation. My extensive life experience partnered with my interpersonal strengths have already positively impacted many of my clients consisting of children/teenagers/adults with their mental health issues. I ensure to always develop a strong therapeutic relationship, as I believe it is the key for a therapist and client to work collaboratively.
Hello, my name is Catherine. You and your loved ones deserve nothing but the best extensive and professional help which I can offer. As your psychotherapist (Masters in Counselling, Level 2 ACA), I will provide you with exceptional bespoke treatment and guidance to help improve your situation. My extensive life experience partnered with my interpersonal strengths have already positively impacted many of my clients consisting of children/teenagers/adults with their mental health issues. I ensure to always develop a strong therapeutic relationship, as I believe it is the key for a therapist and client to work collaboratively.
(03) 6159 0103 View (03) 6159 0103
Photo of Veronica Bona, Counsellor in The Junction, NSW
Veronica Bona
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Newcastle, NSW 2300
If you are feeling overwhelmed, tired, hopeless or lacking joy; like your emotions are uncontrollable or that they do not match with reality; that your worry is getting out of hand or that there is no longer any point, then it might be a good time to seek some support. ​ We are social creatures, and despite what our modern society might have us believe, we all need human connection to function. Seeking support is a huge sign of strength – the strength to actually reach out and let someone in, in order to start the healing process. ​ If you can relate to this or if you have set yourself a personal development goal please reach out.
If you are feeling overwhelmed, tired, hopeless or lacking joy; like your emotions are uncontrollable or that they do not match with reality; that your worry is getting out of hand or that there is no longer any point, then it might be a good time to seek some support. ​ We are social creatures, and despite what our modern society might have us believe, we all need human connection to function. Seeking support is a huge sign of strength – the strength to actually reach out and let someone in, in order to start the healing process. ​ If you can relate to this or if you have set yourself a personal development goal please reach out.
(02) 8806 0062 View (02) 8806 0062
Photo of Renae Yarnold, Psychologist in The Junction, NSW
Renae Yarnold
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300
I am a registered psychologist who is passionate about supporting people to heal from complex/developmental trauma experiences. I prioritise the therapeutic relationship and the relational health of the people I work with, and enjoy working with both children and adults. I am intentional in meeting people where they are at and deciding together where to go from there in therapy. I work primarily with complex trauma presentations, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), dissociative disorders, intellectual disabilities, and attachment difficulties.
I am a registered psychologist who is passionate about supporting people to heal from complex/developmental trauma experiences. I prioritise the therapeutic relationship and the relational health of the people I work with, and enjoy working with both children and adults. I am intentional in meeting people where they are at and deciding together where to go from there in therapy. I work primarily with complex trauma presentations, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), dissociative disorders, intellectual disabilities, and attachment difficulties.
(02) 4005 2849 View (02) 4005 2849

See more therapy options for The Junction

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in The Junction, NSW

< 10

Counsellors in The Junction, NSW who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Stress
88% Bereavement
88% Self Esteem
75% Relationship Issues
75% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Medicare Rebates
50% Teachers Health
25% Other

How Counsellors in The Junction, NSW see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

72% Female
28% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in The Junction?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.