Counselling in Surry Hills, NSW

Photo of Natasha De Bellis, Psychologist in Surry Hills, NSW
Natasha De Bellis
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010  (Online Only)
Natasha is a passionate and caring registered psychologist who uses a solution-focused approach to help you explore and develop strategies to better cope with the challenges you may be facing. Natasha has over 15 years experience in the Workers compensation space and Natasha has extensive experiencing working with adults to help them manage with anxiety, adjustment issues, low self-esteem and postnatal depression. Natasha also has special interest in coaching, teaching assertiveness and parenting.
Natasha is a passionate and caring registered psychologist who uses a solution-focused approach to help you explore and develop strategies to better cope with the challenges you may be facing. Natasha has over 15 years experience in the Workers compensation space and Natasha has extensive experiencing working with adults to help them manage with anxiety, adjustment issues, low self-esteem and postnatal depression. Natasha also has special interest in coaching, teaching assertiveness and parenting.
1800 327 477 x1 View 1800 327 477 x1
Photo of Partnership for Growth Group Pty Ltd, Counsellor in Surry Hills, NSW
Partnership for Growth Group Pty Ltd
Counsellor, MSc, AASW
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010  (Online Only)
At Partnership for Growth we understand that it is not always easy to reach out and ask for help. We also know with the right support you can overcome your mental health and emotional struggles. Our therapy takes a holistic approach that get's to the root of your problem and give you the skills needed to cope and manage your life better. The journey can be inspiring, you will get clarity, understanding and confidence to move forward and get out of being stuck and not knowing what to do. We look forward to being there with you and supporting you in your journey to recovery.
At Partnership for Growth we understand that it is not always easy to reach out and ask for help. We also know with the right support you can overcome your mental health and emotional struggles. Our therapy takes a holistic approach that get's to the root of your problem and give you the skills needed to cope and manage your life better. The journey can be inspiring, you will get clarity, understanding and confidence to move forward and get out of being stuck and not knowing what to do. We look forward to being there with you and supporting you in your journey to recovery.
(02) 8503 9918 View (02) 8503 9918
Photo of Rosalynn Koh, Counsellor in Surry Hills, NSW
Rosalynn Koh
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L3
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
Rosalynn has worked extensively with children and adults. She understands the development stages of children and young adults well and has helped many to overcome issues such as depression, anxiety and addiction. Rosalynn is also an experienced counsellor working with adults who are suffering from various psychological issues and addiction. She has also worked with many clients who faced abuse and trauma.
Rosalynn has worked extensively with children and adults. She understands the development stages of children and young adults well and has helped many to overcome issues such as depression, anxiety and addiction. Rosalynn is also an experienced counsellor working with adults who are suffering from various psychological issues and addiction. She has also worked with many clients who faced abuse and trauma.
(02) 9100 0936 View (02) 9100 0936
Photo of The Divergent Edge , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Surry Hills, NSW
The Divergent Edge
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010  (Online Only)
Clinical team: ADHD assessment (bio-psycho-social assessment + medical review) Adult team: Neurodivergent affirming counselling and Therapeutic ADHD coaching Youth team: Therapeutic ADHD coaching / counselling Neurodivergent couples counselling Careers coaching | Executive coaching | Leadership development
Clinical team: ADHD assessment (bio-psycho-social assessment + medical review) Adult team: Neurodivergent affirming counselling and Therapeutic ADHD coaching Youth team: Therapeutic ADHD coaching / counselling Neurodivergent couples counselling Careers coaching | Executive coaching | Leadership development
(02) 8403 0031 View (02) 8403 0031
Photo of Rochelle Whatman, Psychotherapist in Surry Hills, NSW
Rochelle Whatman
Psychotherapist, MA, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
Psychological well-being is more than just an absence of mental illness. It underpins many elements of our emotional and physical health and can determine whether we move through life thriving, or just surviving. Whether you are in need of support during a period of instability or crisis, seeking to improve your interpersonal relationships, or need an impartial space to navigate a difficult decision, counselling and psychotherapy can equip you with insight and strategies to improve the quality of your life.
Psychological well-being is more than just an absence of mental illness. It underpins many elements of our emotional and physical health and can determine whether we move through life thriving, or just surviving. Whether you are in need of support during a period of instability or crisis, seeking to improve your interpersonal relationships, or need an impartial space to navigate a difficult decision, counselling and psychotherapy can equip you with insight and strategies to improve the quality of your life.
(02) 8806 0381 View (02) 8806 0381
Photo of Soren Ashley, Psychologist in Surry Hills, NSW
Soren Ashley
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA Endorsed
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
With over a decade of experience as a psychologist, I've worked in diverse settings, including non-profit organisations, public health institutions, and private practice. My journey has deepened a lifelong interest in yoga and meditation and inspired me to integrate principles of mindfulness, self-compassion and acceptance into my therapeutic work. By blending evidence-based Western psychological techniques with insights from Eastern philosophies, I offer a unique therapeutic approach. I create a space that is both relaxed and focused on holistic well-being, allowing for brief solution-oriented interventions and longer-term therapy.
With over a decade of experience as a psychologist, I've worked in diverse settings, including non-profit organisations, public health institutions, and private practice. My journey has deepened a lifelong interest in yoga and meditation and inspired me to integrate principles of mindfulness, self-compassion and acceptance into my therapeutic work. By blending evidence-based Western psychological techniques with insights from Eastern philosophies, I offer a unique therapeutic approach. I create a space that is both relaxed and focused on holistic well-being, allowing for brief solution-oriented interventions and longer-term therapy.
(02) 9100 0789 View (02) 9100 0789
Photo of Kurt Bayly, Psychologist in Surry Hills, NSW
Kurt Bayly
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
My goal in therapy is to create a safe, confidential space where you are able to talk openly about your life, without feeling judged. As your therapist, I will give you the time and care to really understand where you are coming from and give you constructive feedback that empowers you to set realistic goals, make appropriate changes and have strong, genuine relationships. In three words I am kind, honest, attuned.
My goal in therapy is to create a safe, confidential space where you are able to talk openly about your life, without feeling judged. As your therapist, I will give you the time and care to really understand where you are coming from and give you constructive feedback that empowers you to set realistic goals, make appropriate changes and have strong, genuine relationships. In three words I am kind, honest, attuned.
(02) 9100 0328 View (02) 9100 0328
Photo of Scott William Kelly, Psychologist in Surry Hills, NSW
Scott William Kelly
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
Scott’s approach is warm and grounded in deep listening and genuine engagement with his client’s experience. He aims to provide a safe and supportive environment in which his client can become curious about their life experiences and how they show up in the present moment through both mind and body. Scott is passionate about fostering self-understanding, self-compassion and self-leadership, encouraging freedom and flourishing in all areas of life.
Scott’s approach is warm and grounded in deep listening and genuine engagement with his client’s experience. He aims to provide a safe and supportive environment in which his client can become curious about their life experiences and how they show up in the present moment through both mind and body. Scott is passionate about fostering self-understanding, self-compassion and self-leadership, encouraging freedom and flourishing in all areas of life.
(02) 9100 0746 View (02) 9100 0746
Photo of Mathew Roland Bergan, Psychotherapist in Surry Hills, NSW
Mathew Roland Bergan
Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
Are you seeking deeper relating skills or wanting to improve your own self-awareness?  Do you want to improve your communication and connection with others? Yesterday’s reality may not be the right fit for today-need a hand sorting out what stays and what goes? I am a Gestalt therapist specialising in sexuality, gender and coming out within LBGTQIA+ communities. My psychotherapy and counselling service offers face to face, online, and phone based services specialising in: anxiety and depression, unlocking the vices of shame, Brianspotting, somatic enquiry, nature based therapy, deconstructing masculinity, & trans and gender diverse.
Are you seeking deeper relating skills or wanting to improve your own self-awareness?  Do you want to improve your communication and connection with others? Yesterday’s reality may not be the right fit for today-need a hand sorting out what stays and what goes? I am a Gestalt therapist specialising in sexuality, gender and coming out within LBGTQIA+ communities. My psychotherapy and counselling service offers face to face, online, and phone based services specialising in: anxiety and depression, unlocking the vices of shame, Brianspotting, somatic enquiry, nature based therapy, deconstructing masculinity, & trans and gender diverse.
(02) 9100 0130 View (02) 9100 0130
Photo of Brandon Scherrer, Psychologist in Surry Hills, NSW
Brandon Scherrer
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
Brandon has experience working with a range of referrals, including: eating disorders (including FBT Maudsley for Anorexia Nervosa), body image concerns, depression, anxiety, stress, obsessive-compulsive disorder, adjustment, mood, and interpersonal concerns. Brandon is particularly passionate about challenging society’s unrealistic body ideals and diet culture and advocates the principles of the Health at Every Size movement. He has developed a group therapy program, “My Body, My Narrative” that aims to build body confidence and empower young women to take an active stance against the media’s representation of their bodies.
Brandon has experience working with a range of referrals, including: eating disorders (including FBT Maudsley for Anorexia Nervosa), body image concerns, depression, anxiety, stress, obsessive-compulsive disorder, adjustment, mood, and interpersonal concerns. Brandon is particularly passionate about challenging society’s unrealistic body ideals and diet culture and advocates the principles of the Health at Every Size movement. He has developed a group therapy program, “My Body, My Narrative” that aims to build body confidence and empower young women to take an active stance against the media’s representation of their bodies.
(02) 9100 0658 View (02) 9100 0658
Photo of Hugh Churchward, Psychotherapist in Surry Hills, NSW
Hugh Churchward
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
Are you struggling with feeling of shame, not being good enough, feel anxious or are uncomfortable around intimacy? Do you feel as though people just don't get you or that no-one is listening to what you are REALLY saying? Are you struggling with the impact of childhood experiences that - no matter what you do - just don't seem to go away? Then psychotherapy can help. With the right person and the right guidance it is possible to navigate through these issues and start to feel as though you are able to engage with life in a meaningful way again. I work together with you to discover that meaning and find a better place in the world.
Are you struggling with feeling of shame, not being good enough, feel anxious or are uncomfortable around intimacy? Do you feel as though people just don't get you or that no-one is listening to what you are REALLY saying? Are you struggling with the impact of childhood experiences that - no matter what you do - just don't seem to go away? Then psychotherapy can help. With the right person and the right guidance it is possible to navigate through these issues and start to feel as though you are able to engage with life in a meaningful way again. I work together with you to discover that meaning and find a better place in the world.
(02) 9158 6795 View (02) 9158 6795
Photo of Olivia Garnett, Psychologist in Surry Hills, NSW
Olivia Garnett
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
I am a friendly and dedicated Clinical Psychologist passionate about helping clients overcome and manage psychological distress and improve overall wellbeing.
I am a friendly and dedicated Clinical Psychologist passionate about helping clients overcome and manage psychological distress and improve overall wellbeing.
View
Photo of Heather Gan, Psychologist in Surry Hills, NSW
Heather Gan
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
I'm a Psychologist (Clinical Psychology Registrar) and PhD (Clinical Psychology) Candidate at the University of Wollongong. I am based in Surry Hills, NSW. I work with children (aged 8 and above), adolescents and adults who need support with anxiety, borderline personality disorder, and cultural identity issues. In my therapy sessions, I use a caring, rapport-based, client-centered approach in order to create a safe and open environment for my clients.
I'm a Psychologist (Clinical Psychology Registrar) and PhD (Clinical Psychology) Candidate at the University of Wollongong. I am based in Surry Hills, NSW. I work with children (aged 8 and above), adolescents and adults who need support with anxiety, borderline personality disorder, and cultural identity issues. In my therapy sessions, I use a caring, rapport-based, client-centered approach in order to create a safe and open environment for my clients.
(02) 9159 6010 View (02) 9159 6010
Photo of Gay Cusack, Psychologist in Surry Hills, NSW
Gay Cusack
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
My ideal client is interested in developing self-awareness and learning skills to better manage difficult thoughts and feelings. They are looking for a therapist who they can build a working relationship with, based on genuine respect, support, and compassion, and who draws from the most recent research about what is effective in treatment. They want therapy to be tailored to their unique life experiences and personal strengths and weaknesses. My ideal client is someone who wants therapy to be a collaborative process, where the therapist and client work together to help the client reach their goals.
My ideal client is interested in developing self-awareness and learning skills to better manage difficult thoughts and feelings. They are looking for a therapist who they can build a working relationship with, based on genuine respect, support, and compassion, and who draws from the most recent research about what is effective in treatment. They want therapy to be tailored to their unique life experiences and personal strengths and weaknesses. My ideal client is someone who wants therapy to be a collaborative process, where the therapist and client work together to help the client reach their goals.
(02) 9100 0341 View (02) 9100 0341
Photo of Helen Qin Counselling (English, Mandarin), Psychotherapist in Surry Hills, NSW
Helen Qin Counselling (English, Mandarin)
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
Hello, I am an registered Medicare provider, highly professional and compassionate bilingual psychotherapist/counsellor (English, Mandarin) and Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with more than 10 years of clinical experience. I am also a professionally trained and qualified relationship/marriage counsellor (Dr. John Gottman method of couple counselling level 3 trained).
Hello, I am an registered Medicare provider, highly professional and compassionate bilingual psychotherapist/counsellor (English, Mandarin) and Accredited Mental Health Social Worker with more than 10 years of clinical experience. I am also a professionally trained and qualified relationship/marriage counsellor (Dr. John Gottman method of couple counselling level 3 trained).
(02) 9098 5155 View (02) 9098 5155
Photo of Tribe Wellness, Counsellor in Surry Hills, NSW
Tribe Wellness
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Surry Hills, NSW 2010  (Online Only)
Are you looking for LGBTQ+ affirming counselling? We are here to help you feel less stuck in shame and more content with being who are. To support you in reducing your anxiety, depression and other mental health challenges so that you can take proactive steps towards a more well future. We are an online mental health care provider that offers certified counselling across Australia. Our focus is on providing community-competent care that is inclusive and safe for LGBTQ+ adults and their allies.
Are you looking for LGBTQ+ affirming counselling? We are here to help you feel less stuck in shame and more content with being who are. To support you in reducing your anxiety, depression and other mental health challenges so that you can take proactive steps towards a more well future. We are an online mental health care provider that offers certified counselling across Australia. Our focus is on providing community-competent care that is inclusive and safe for LGBTQ+ adults and their allies.
(02) 9100 0933 View (02) 9100 0933
Photo of Christopher Tran, Psychologist in Surry Hills, NSW
Christopher Tran
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
I focus on supporting people who come from immigrant families who want to be in more control of their own lives and be more self-efficient. This includes if you: 1) want to improve how you feel and think; 2) want more out of life; 3) want to be better equipped with dealing with family, partners, friends, colleagues or new people. So if you want to enhance your ability to manage emotions or your internal voice that’s critical of you, if you want to get motivated, enhance your effectiveness in an area of life or if you just want more balance, if you want to be more self-assured or if you want support with dealing with discrimination.
I focus on supporting people who come from immigrant families who want to be in more control of their own lives and be more self-efficient. This includes if you: 1) want to improve how you feel and think; 2) want more out of life; 3) want to be better equipped with dealing with family, partners, friends, colleagues or new people. So if you want to enhance your ability to manage emotions or your internal voice that’s critical of you, if you want to get motivated, enhance your effectiveness in an area of life or if you just want more balance, if you want to be more self-assured or if you want support with dealing with discrimination.
(02) 8105 5125 View (02) 8105 5125
Photo of Gaynor Connor, Psychotherapist in Surry Hills, NSW
Gaynor Connor
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
My therapy approach is trauma-sensitive, attachment-based and acknowledges that suppressed emotion and unresolved trauma is held in the body. Avoiding our emotions is one of the main contributors to mental health issues and my approach provides a greater understanding of our emotions and the behaviours that go with them. Our emotions organise our inner experience and avoiding them means missing out on the vital information they hold. For lasting change to occur, we must fully engage with our emotions, rather than fear them.
My therapy approach is trauma-sensitive, attachment-based and acknowledges that suppressed emotion and unresolved trauma is held in the body. Avoiding our emotions is one of the main contributors to mental health issues and my approach provides a greater understanding of our emotions and the behaviours that go with them. Our emotions organise our inner experience and avoiding them means missing out on the vital information they hold. For lasting change to occur, we must fully engage with our emotions, rather than fear them.
(02) 9100 0430 View (02) 9100 0430
Photo of Dominique Smajstr, Psychotherapist in Surry Hills, NSW
Dominique Smajstr
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
I offer psychotherapy to individuals seeking to understand their relationship issues, emotional conflicts and psychological difficulties. I provide a safe, non judgemental and supportive space for you to talk freely about whatever may be concerning you. You will have time and space to slow down to think through your thoughts and feel your feelings as I invite and welcome all the parts of you to be seen and heard. Together we can explore and process the impact of past wounds and relationships and as we make sense of what you discover you will strengthen your ability to fiercely be yourself and create the life that you desire.
I offer psychotherapy to individuals seeking to understand their relationship issues, emotional conflicts and psychological difficulties. I provide a safe, non judgemental and supportive space for you to talk freely about whatever may be concerning you. You will have time and space to slow down to think through your thoughts and feel your feelings as I invite and welcome all the parts of you to be seen and heard. Together we can explore and process the impact of past wounds and relationships and as we make sense of what you discover you will strengthen your ability to fiercely be yourself and create the life that you desire.
(02) 9100 0659 View (02) 9100 0659
Photo of Tania Rose, Psychotherapist in Surry Hills, NSW
Tania Rose
Psychotherapist, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Surry Hills, NSW 2010
Tania Rose is a neurodiversity-affirming and queer-affirming psychotherapist providing support for adults and their loved-ones Australia-wide. Tania's 30 years of experience includes working with Autistic and ADHD adults who may self-identify or have a formal diagnosis and wish to build capacity, aid recovery, or aim for renewal. Tania Rose supports empowerment to address client issues, focusing on the unique experience of each individual. Supporting queer, neurodivergent, differently-abled, and creative clients. Ethical Non-Monogamous (ENM) and unique relationship styles welcome. Zoom sessions are available for remote support.
Tania Rose is a neurodiversity-affirming and queer-affirming psychotherapist providing support for adults and their loved-ones Australia-wide. Tania's 30 years of experience includes working with Autistic and ADHD adults who may self-identify or have a formal diagnosis and wish to build capacity, aid recovery, or aim for renewal. Tania Rose supports empowerment to address client issues, focusing on the unique experience of each individual. Supporting queer, neurodivergent, differently-abled, and creative clients. Ethical Non-Monogamous (ENM) and unique relationship styles welcome. Zoom sessions are available for remote support.
(02) 4708 9622 View (02) 4708 9622

See more therapy options for Surry Hills

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Surry Hills, NSW

100+

Average cost per session

$192

Counsellors in Surry Hills, NSW who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
86% Depression
81% Stress
78% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
66% Trauma and PTSD
63% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

68% Medicare Rebates
58% Bupa
53% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in Surry Hills, NSW see their clients

89% In Person and Online
11% Online Only

Gender breakdown

69% Female
31% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Surry Hills?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.