Autism Counselling in Saint Leonards, NSW

Photo of Dr Pauline Hall, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Dr Pauline Hall
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Dr. Hall is a clinical psychologist working with people from different cultural backgrounds. She is now seeing clients from Australia, the United Kingdom, Germany, Hong Kong, Macau, Thailand, and Vietnam. She practices evidence-based assessment and treatment for developmental disorders in children, teenagers, and adults (e.g., Intellectual Disability, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, etc.) with mood disorders, anxiety, and cognitive disorders. Dr. Hall works in various areas, including schools, hospitals, community health services courts, businesses, and private practices.
Dr. Hall is a clinical psychologist working with people from different cultural backgrounds. She is now seeing clients from Australia, the United Kingdom, Germany, Hong Kong, Macau, Thailand, and Vietnam. She practices evidence-based assessment and treatment for developmental disorders in children, teenagers, and adults (e.g., Intellectual Disability, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, etc.) with mood disorders, anxiety, and cognitive disorders. Dr. Hall works in various areas, including schools, hospitals, community health services courts, businesses, and private practices.
(02) 9100 0489 View (02) 9100 0489
Photo of undefined - always flying psychology, PsyBA General, Psychologist
always flying psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
I work with children, adolescents and adults. Areas of expertise, ADHD, Sport & Performance Psychology. Clinics in Wahroonga, St Leonards & Kincumber. Other areas of work, Autism, Intellectual Disability, Behaviour challenges, Specific Learning Disorders, Anxiety, Depression, in the background of Trauma Informed Practices. Conduct ADHD assessments.
I work with children, adolescents and adults. Areas of expertise, ADHD, Sport & Performance Psychology. Clinics in Wahroonga, St Leonards & Kincumber. Other areas of work, Autism, Intellectual Disability, Behaviour challenges, Specific Learning Disorders, Anxiety, Depression, in the background of Trauma Informed Practices. Conduct ADHD assessments.
(02) 9158 6576 View (02) 9158 6576
Photo of Erin Chan- Individual Couple And Family Counselling, MSc, PACFA, Counsellor
Erin Chan- Individual Couple And Family Counselling
Counsellor, MSc, PACFA
Verified Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
My approach is straightforward, helping you make sense of your experience, explore on coping mechanisms and restore confidence in your life, with evidence-based well-being tools, to better manage in those difficult situations. My goal is to journey together with you until you can take charge effectively! Sometimes with 1 session! With my guidance, you can grow confidently alongside with life issues without escaping from them nor being affected by them. If you are feeling anxious, depressed, stressed or unsatisfied with your relationship or feeling unhappy/sad/angry frequently, I’m here to help. Book a 15-min intro call to start
My approach is straightforward, helping you make sense of your experience, explore on coping mechanisms and restore confidence in your life, with evidence-based well-being tools, to better manage in those difficult situations. My goal is to journey together with you until you can take charge effectively! Sometimes with 1 session! With my guidance, you can grow confidently alongside with life issues without escaping from them nor being affected by them. If you are feeling anxious, depressed, stressed or unsatisfied with your relationship or feeling unhappy/sad/angry frequently, I’m here to help. Book a 15-min intro call to start
(02) 8503 4490 View (02) 8503 4490
Photo of Erica Chow, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Erica Chow
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Are you struggling with overthinking, being overwhelmed and exhausted a lot of the time? Do you feel that past traumas and negative life experiences have left you feeling unsafe and having unhealthy beliefs about yourself? If your daily life, relationships and mental health is wearing you down, you may be seeking support to get to a better place. You may be a parent who is noticing concerning signs in your child and needing parenting support and therapy for your child. Erica is a professional and warm Psychologist experienced in assisting with mental health, trauma, behavioural difficulties for clients across the lifespan.
Are you struggling with overthinking, being overwhelmed and exhausted a lot of the time? Do you feel that past traumas and negative life experiences have left you feeling unsafe and having unhealthy beliefs about yourself? If your daily life, relationships and mental health is wearing you down, you may be seeking support to get to a better place. You may be a parent who is noticing concerning signs in your child and needing parenting support and therapy for your child. Erica is a professional and warm Psychologist experienced in assisting with mental health, trauma, behavioural difficulties for clients across the lifespan.
(02) 9159 3752 View (02) 9159 3752
Photo of Scott Whiteway, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Scott Whiteway
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Hello! I help people resolve personal challenges and mental health issues quickly and effectively. With over 20 years experience successfully providing psychological treatment I develop strong collaborative relationships to get results. I will work with you to identify and achieve your best self. No matter what your life situation or challenges are, together we can determine a plan on how to successfully achieve clarity, a positive mindset and resolve your personal challenges.
Hello! I help people resolve personal challenges and mental health issues quickly and effectively. With over 20 years experience successfully providing psychological treatment I develop strong collaborative relationships to get results. I will work with you to identify and achieve your best self. No matter what your life situation or challenges are, together we can determine a plan on how to successfully achieve clarity, a positive mindset and resolve your personal challenges.
(02) 8074 5252 View (02) 8074 5252

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Paula Garrido, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Paula Garrido
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Sydney, NSW 2000  (Online Only)
She has specific interest in Autism, PTSD, Complex-PTSD, ADHD, psychosocial disabilities, Anxiety, Excessive Worry, OCD, depression, schizophrenia, acquired brain injury (ABI), uses evidenced based psychological therapies and works at Wellness Psychology Clinic Australia.
Welcome! Clinical Psychologist Paula Garrido is registered with the NDIS and provides evidence-based treatment via Telehealth/video call therapy to NDIS Participants. She Certified Autism, PTSD and ADHD practitioner and provides neurodiverse affirming therapy. She is a warm, nurturing, gentle,understanding, non-judgmental psychologist that is experienced in assisting patients rebuild their self-confidence and successfully work towards their goals. She has experience working in public hospitals, private psychology clinics with people with mild to severe mental illness and with the NDIA and NDIS including writing NDIS patient reports.
She has specific interest in Autism, PTSD, Complex-PTSD, ADHD, psychosocial disabilities, Anxiety, Excessive Worry, OCD, depression, schizophrenia, acquired brain injury (ABI), uses evidenced based psychological therapies and works at Wellness Psychology Clinic Australia.
Welcome! Clinical Psychologist Paula Garrido is registered with the NDIS and provides evidence-based treatment via Telehealth/video call therapy to NDIS Participants. She Certified Autism, PTSD and ADHD practitioner and provides neurodiverse affirming therapy. She is a warm, nurturing, gentle,understanding, non-judgmental psychologist that is experienced in assisting patients rebuild their self-confidence and successfully work towards their goals. She has experience working in public hospitals, private psychology clinics with people with mild to severe mental illness and with the NDIA and NDIS including writing NDIS patient reports.
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Photo of Adriana Glusman, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Adriana Glusman
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Chatswood, NSW 2067
I specialise in treating behavioural and emotional problems such as autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, in children, adolescents and adults. I believe that working collaboratively and honouring clients' knowledge and experience are keys for change. I also have more than 20 years of experience in cognitive, educational and behavioural assessment of young people and adults.
I specialise in treating behavioural and emotional problems such as autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, in children, adolescents and adults. I believe that working collaboratively and honouring clients' knowledge and experience are keys for change. I also have more than 20 years of experience in cognitive, educational and behavioural assessment of young people and adults.
(02) 6190 7726 View (02) 6190 7726
Photo of Arzu Aksu Chapman, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Arzu Aksu Chapman
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Chatswood, NSW 2067
Tailored strategies for ADHD and Autism empower individuals, while couples benefit from a nuanced understanding of neurodivergent dynamics and LGBTQ+ relationship nuances.
You, seeking understanding and connection in a world that often feels overwhelming. My ideal client navigates the intricate landscape of neurodivergence—be it ADHD, Autism, or related experiences. In couples, I welcome those facing unique dynamics, including neurodivergent and LGBTQ+ pairs. Your issues may vary, but the core need is universal: a safe space to explore challenges, cultivate understanding, and forge a path towards fulfillment. As a passionate therapist specializing in neurodiversity and couples therapy, my approach transcends conventional methods. Let's embark on a journey where acceptance and growth intersect.
Tailored strategies for ADHD and Autism empower individuals, while couples benefit from a nuanced understanding of neurodivergent dynamics and LGBTQ+ relationship nuances.
You, seeking understanding and connection in a world that often feels overwhelming. My ideal client navigates the intricate landscape of neurodivergence—be it ADHD, Autism, or related experiences. In couples, I welcome those facing unique dynamics, including neurodivergent and LGBTQ+ pairs. Your issues may vary, but the core need is universal: a safe space to explore challenges, cultivate understanding, and forge a path towards fulfillment. As a passionate therapist specializing in neurodiversity and couples therapy, my approach transcends conventional methods. Let's embark on a journey where acceptance and growth intersect.
(02) 8403 1928 View (02) 8403 1928
Photo of Chrissy Antonopoulos (Online Telehealth), PsyBA General, Psychologist
Chrissy Antonopoulos (Online Telehealth)
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Chatswood, NSW 2067  (Online Only)
I am a Registered Psychologist working with people experiencing anxiety, panic attacks, depression, trauma, eating and body image concerns, stress/life changes, grief/loss, chronic health conditions and disability. I have an interest in assessment and experience with Autism, ADHD, learning, intellectual and adaptive functioning assessments. I can provide reports for NDIS and education/school plans. I have lived experience of disability and work from an affirming, collaborative and empowering framework. I work with people of all ages and am currently only offering Telehealth services.
I am a Registered Psychologist working with people experiencing anxiety, panic attacks, depression, trauma, eating and body image concerns, stress/life changes, grief/loss, chronic health conditions and disability. I have an interest in assessment and experience with Autism, ADHD, learning, intellectual and adaptive functioning assessments. I can provide reports for NDIS and education/school plans. I have lived experience of disability and work from an affirming, collaborative and empowering framework. I work with people of all ages and am currently only offering Telehealth services.
(02) 9053 4329 View (02) 9053 4329
Elizabeth Gasson
Psychologist, PsyBA Prov
Verified Verified
Kirribilli, NSW 2061
My areas of specialism are with ADHD and dyslexia and I have experience working with autism and other difficulties that result in reading difficulties.
I am here to support each and every person to overcome their cognitive difficulties. My goals are to see how you are struggling cognitively through discussion and various activities. I will not retire until you fully understand the ways in which that translates in an educational setting and how to support your own unique trajectory to a bright and successful future. I want to help each and every person be the best version of themselves and will help provide the tools to do that.
My areas of specialism are with ADHD and dyslexia and I have experience working with autism and other difficulties that result in reading difficulties.
I am here to support each and every person to overcome their cognitive difficulties. My goals are to see how you are struggling cognitively through discussion and various activities. I will not retire until you fully understand the ways in which that translates in an educational setting and how to support your own unique trajectory to a bright and successful future. I want to help each and every person be the best version of themselves and will help provide the tools to do that.
(02) 9159 6064 View (02) 9159 6064
Photo of Lauren Ehrenfeld, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Lauren Ehrenfeld
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
North Willoughby, NSW 2068
I specialise in developmental assessment and diagnosis of ADHD, Autism, learning disorders and school readiness.
Is your child having behavioural difficulties, difficulty focusing or keeping still, not developing strong friendships or has trouble learning and keeping up at school? Is your child anxious about leaving your side, can't sleep alone, or has big feelings that they struggle to manage? These are the families and children that I love to work with. I want to work with families who want to understand why their children is experiencing difficulties, and what can be done to help them reach their potential.
I specialise in developmental assessment and diagnosis of ADHD, Autism, learning disorders and school readiness.
Is your child having behavioural difficulties, difficulty focusing or keeping still, not developing strong friendships or has trouble learning and keeping up at school? Is your child anxious about leaving your side, can't sleep alone, or has big feelings that they struggle to manage? These are the families and children that I love to work with. I want to work with families who want to understand why their children is experiencing difficulties, and what can be done to help them reach their potential.
(02) 8520 1147 View (02) 8520 1147
Photo of Kate Evans, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Kate Evans
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065  (Online Only)
My clinical experience is in managing a wide range of psychological problems in adults, adolescents and parents looking for support with anxiety, stress, low mood and depression, personal development, managing perfectionism and procrastination, interpersonal difficulties, self-esteem, and the challenges related to ADHD and Autism.
I am mindful of creating a safe, non-judgemental environment as a clinical psychologist who draws upon evidence based therapies to empower my clients to build self-awareness and improve their quality of life. I support clients in processing their emotions, developing a better understanding of who they are and how best to break free from negative life patterns that have exacerbated their psychological challenges. I also have extensive experience in parenting and child behaviour concerns. I work collaboratively with parents to identify and address child behaviour and emotional needs to help your child and manage your own wellbeing.
My clinical experience is in managing a wide range of psychological problems in adults, adolescents and parents looking for support with anxiety, stress, low mood and depression, personal development, managing perfectionism and procrastination, interpersonal difficulties, self-esteem, and the challenges related to ADHD and Autism.
I am mindful of creating a safe, non-judgemental environment as a clinical psychologist who draws upon evidence based therapies to empower my clients to build self-awareness and improve their quality of life. I support clients in processing their emotions, developing a better understanding of who they are and how best to break free from negative life patterns that have exacerbated their psychological challenges. I also have extensive experience in parenting and child behaviour concerns. I work collaboratively with parents to identify and address child behaviour and emotional needs to help your child and manage your own wellbeing.
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Photo of Dr Deanna MacMahon, PhD, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Dr Deanna MacMahon
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
As a clinical neuropsychology registrar, Deanna specialises in conducting comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations for children and adolescents experiencing a range of emotional, behavioural, and cognitive difficulties. She has particular interest and expertise working with children and adolescents with specific learning disorders. Deanna offers diagnostic assessments for concerns relating to intellect, attention, learning, and autism. She also offers assessments for giftedness.
As a clinical neuropsychology registrar, Deanna specialises in conducting comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations for children and adolescents experiencing a range of emotional, behavioural, and cognitive difficulties. She has particular interest and expertise working with children and adolescents with specific learning disorders. Deanna offers diagnostic assessments for concerns relating to intellect, attention, learning, and autism. She also offers assessments for giftedness.
(02) 9100 0249 View (02) 9100 0249
Photo of undefined - Luka | Counselling & Positive Behaviour Support, MC, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Luka | Counselling & Positive Behaviour Support
Counsellor, MC, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Balmain, NSW 2041
My approach is you-centered, which means whilst I would try to gently initiate explorations, you, the client, are always in the driver's seat. Further, my stance on providing trauma-informed care includes acknowledging that some of our pasts can still be a place too hard to revisit, too unbearable to face. I affirm that to do a deep work together does not necessarily need a revisit the gory details of your traumatic past. Still, trauma is a shadow with many faces; people also process differently. So when you'd wish & your safety toolkit is in place, I will be walking with you through every step of opening that can.
My approach is you-centered, which means whilst I would try to gently initiate explorations, you, the client, are always in the driver's seat. Further, my stance on providing trauma-informed care includes acknowledging that some of our pasts can still be a place too hard to revisit, too unbearable to face. I affirm that to do a deep work together does not necessarily need a revisit the gory details of your traumatic past. Still, trauma is a shadow with many faces; people also process differently. So when you'd wish & your safety toolkit is in place, I will be walking with you through every step of opening that can.
(02) 9100 0459 View (02) 9100 0459
Photo of undefined - Present Tense Psychology, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Present Tense Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Sydney, NSW 2000  (Online Only)
Present Tense Psychology is led by Mark Rose who has strong experience in supporting diverse client groups who are experiencing a variety of problems, including anxiety, depression, stress, grief & loss, trauma, ADHD, & those and those who are experiencing problems with coping, motivation, & goal setting. Mark uses a flexible client-centered therapeutic approach that incorporates evidence-based frameworks such as Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT), & Solutions Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) to reduce symptoms, improve coping skills, and enhance self-acceptance.
Present Tense Psychology is led by Mark Rose who has strong experience in supporting diverse client groups who are experiencing a variety of problems, including anxiety, depression, stress, grief & loss, trauma, ADHD, & those and those who are experiencing problems with coping, motivation, & goal setting. Mark uses a flexible client-centered therapeutic approach that incorporates evidence-based frameworks such as Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT), & Solutions Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) to reduce symptoms, improve coping skills, and enhance self-acceptance.
(02) 4005 0031 View (02) 4005 0031
Photo of Claudia Caballero, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Claudia Caballero
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Would it be nice to have a trained professional to guide you to grow and move towards where you want to be in life? As a psychologist, I aim to help my clients to heal, energise, become aware of their strengths and connect with themselves and others. Through the therapy, I could help you to keep your life moving in the right direction by managing depression and anxiety-related symptoms, to better cope with stress and anger. Also, I provide strategies to manage personal loss, symptoms of trauma and cope with life transitions
Would it be nice to have a trained professional to guide you to grow and move towards where you want to be in life? As a psychologist, I aim to help my clients to heal, energise, become aware of their strengths and connect with themselves and others. Through the therapy, I could help you to keep your life moving in the right direction by managing depression and anxiety-related symptoms, to better cope with stress and anger. Also, I provide strategies to manage personal loss, symptoms of trauma and cope with life transitions
(02) 9100 0792 View (02) 9100 0792
Noble Psychology
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
Mosman, NSW 2088
Noble Psychology is located in North Manly. We provide evidence-based treatment when working with children, adolescents, and parents. We offer a range of psychological and psychometric assessments. Our goal is to provide therapeutic support to help children, adolescents, and parents thrive.
Noble Psychology is located in North Manly. We provide evidence-based treatment when working with children, adolescents, and parents. We offer a range of psychological and psychometric assessments. Our goal is to provide therapeutic support to help children, adolescents, and parents thrive.
(02) 9100 0730 View (02) 9100 0730
Photo of Jimmy Muecke, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Jimmy Muecke
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Chatswood, NSW 2067
Bulk Bill or reduced fee available! What's most important to me is that you leave therapy with a sense of hope. I want to help you feel empowered to be the person you want to be. I take a client-led approach, meaning that we'll work together to address what you want to work on and I won't push you to discuss anything you're not ready for. Together, we'll design a personalized treatment plan that you feel willing and able to engage in - a plan that revolves around growth. My goal is to help you not only manage symptoms but also enhance your overall well-being.
Bulk Bill or reduced fee available! What's most important to me is that you leave therapy with a sense of hope. I want to help you feel empowered to be the person you want to be. I take a client-led approach, meaning that we'll work together to address what you want to work on and I won't push you to discuss anything you're not ready for. Together, we'll design a personalized treatment plan that you feel willing and able to engage in - a plan that revolves around growth. My goal is to help you not only manage symptoms but also enhance your overall well-being.
(02) 9100 0913 View (02) 9100 0913
Photo of undefined - Family Psychology Practice, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Family Psychology Practice
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Mosman, NSW 2088
Family Psychology Practice is a specialist therapeutic service for children, adolescents and adults. Our practice is a safe place for individuals and families to explore complex issues. Our work is always evidence based and using best practice approaches. We believe that small changes, new ideas or a change of perspective can sometimes be the difference that people need. Our Psychologists and Psychotherapists are fully registered mental health providers. Our Psychologists are Medicare providers. In consultation with a GP, treatment can be provided under Better Access to Mental Health Programme, Psychological Access Plus, Workcover.
Family Psychology Practice is a specialist therapeutic service for children, adolescents and adults. Our practice is a safe place for individuals and families to explore complex issues. Our work is always evidence based and using best practice approaches. We believe that small changes, new ideas or a change of perspective can sometimes be the difference that people need. Our Psychologists and Psychotherapists are fully registered mental health providers. Our Psychologists are Medicare providers. In consultation with a GP, treatment can be provided under Better Access to Mental Health Programme, Psychological Access Plus, Workcover.
(02) 8320 0355 View (02) 8320 0355
Photo of undefined - JFox Counselling , PACFA, Counsellor
JFox Counselling
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Waverton, NSW 2060
At J Fox Counselling, we understand the core values of mental health and the power of lived experiences. As a neurodivergent therapist with ADHD, I offer the skills that have personally transformed my own life, bringing profound joy and meaning to my work and sense of self. Together, we will focus on the areas that matter most to you, guiding you towards a more mindful and intentional life. Let's ask ourselves the right honest questions, empowering you to live for more.
At J Fox Counselling, we understand the core values of mental health and the power of lived experiences. As a neurodivergent therapist with ADHD, I offer the skills that have personally transformed my own life, bringing profound joy and meaning to my work and sense of self. Together, we will focus on the areas that matter most to you, guiding you towards a more mindful and intentional life. Let's ask ourselves the right honest questions, empowering you to live for more.
(02) 9100 0635 View (02) 9100 0635

See more therapy options for Saint Leonards

Autism Counsellors

What is the most effective treatment for autism?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) has come to be considered the standard treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder, and research has confirmed its effectiveness for many children. Therapists trained in ABA techniques work with children (and their parents) on developing social skills, communication and learning abilities, and everyday habits of hygiene and grooming. The clinician will tailor their program to the child’s particular need but the overarching goal will be to help them advance as far as possible toward independence based on their level of symptoms and decrease the need for additional special services. Families should seek a mental health professional specifically trained in ABA, and holding special certification in the technique, who has extensive experience not only with the approach but in using it with children with the same level of symptoms as the child who needs care.

How does ABA work?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) sessions, which typically focus on positive reinforcement, can be intensive, lasting two or more hours several times a week, and continuing for two years or more. Therapists can also be expected to ask parents to take an active role in reinforcing lessons. Research has found that the technique can lead to major improvements that decrease the need for additional special services.

How does treatment for autism work?

Therapy sessions based on Applied Behavior Analysis will likely be frequent, intensive, and highly structured. After a thorough assessment, a therapist will help a child understand and develop skills in a range of areas, including communication, motor skills, social skills, self-care, play, and academic skills, as well as routines of daily living like hygiene. Typically, the therapist will help a child break down the components of a behavior—often referred to as the antecedent (what prompts an action), the behavior, and the consequence(what immediately follows)—and then reward the child at every step, while also asking parents to reinforce the lessons, and the rewards, throughout the day. This core therapy may be supplemented by occupational or speech therapy, and antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants may be prescribed to address specific severe symptoms.

How long does therapy for autism take?

Some people with autism spectrum disorder may be engaged in some level of therapy for many years, but research shows that treatment will be most effective if it is begun early and delivered intensively. When therapy begins by age 3, children tend to be better able to grasp and adopt the skills needed to manage everyday life, including attending school and establishing social relationships. This type of early-intervention treatment regimen is highly structured, typically involving 20 to 40 hours of one-on-one therapy per week, along with additional hours of engagement managed by parents, for a period of two years or more, although the duration of treatment is dependent on the child’s level of symptoms and pace of progress.