Counselling in Saint Leonards, NSW

Photo of Jane Turner, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Jane Turner
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Sometimes life can feel overwhelming and it can be difficult to see a way forward. We often spend our time ruminating on things we did or that happened to us in the past or we may spend time worrying about things that have yet to happen. This can prevent us from living as fully as possible. Engaging in therapy with a psychologist can offer fresh perspectives and equip you with valuable tools to navigate uncomfortable thoughts and feelings. I am a registered psychologist with a warm, empathic, and curious manner, who aims to collaborate with my clients to provide person-centered, evidence-based and trauma informed treatment.
Sometimes life can feel overwhelming and it can be difficult to see a way forward. We often spend our time ruminating on things we did or that happened to us in the past or we may spend time worrying about things that have yet to happen. This can prevent us from living as fully as possible. Engaging in therapy with a psychologist can offer fresh perspectives and equip you with valuable tools to navigate uncomfortable thoughts and feelings. I am a registered psychologist with a warm, empathic, and curious manner, who aims to collaborate with my clients to provide person-centered, evidence-based and trauma informed treatment.
(02) 7804 4334 View (02) 7804 4334
Photo of MindBox Psychology (St Leonards) , Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
MindBox Psychology (St Leonards)
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
I am an empathic and warm clinical psychologist registrar who aims to provide clients a safe non-judgemental space. I am passionate about providing clients holistic person-centred care to create meaningful change in their lives. I have experience working with a range of concerns including depression, anxiety, behavioural issues, social anxiety, OCD and PTSD. I use a combination of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). I also have a special interest in selective mutism, and provide treatment at the Selective Mutism Clinic in St Leonards.
I am an empathic and warm clinical psychologist registrar who aims to provide clients a safe non-judgemental space. I am passionate about providing clients holistic person-centred care to create meaningful change in their lives. I have experience working with a range of concerns including depression, anxiety, behavioural issues, social anxiety, OCD and PTSD. I use a combination of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). I also have a special interest in selective mutism, and provide treatment at the Selective Mutism Clinic in St Leonards.
(02) 8609 3783 View (02) 8609 3783
Photo of Dr Emma Keaveny Cook, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Dr Emma Keaveny Cook
Psychologist, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Emma is an experienced Clinical Psychologist who enjoys working collaboratively with her clients to understand their current experiences and why they are seeking help. Emma is always keen to be guided by you as to how much we need to focus on the present and how much on the path that led you here.
Emma is an experienced Clinical Psychologist who enjoys working collaboratively with her clients to understand their current experiences and why they are seeking help. Emma is always keen to be guided by you as to how much we need to focus on the present and how much on the path that led you here.
(02) 8403 2765 View (02) 8403 2765
Photo of Suzanne Byrne, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Suzanne Byrne
Psychologist, MA, MAPS
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Suzanne brings years of experience in corporate settings to her work as a psychologist. After a career spent leading, supporting, and training others for success, she has followed her passion for helping clients of all ages to live a rich, full, and meaningful life. Suzanne takes a holistic, strengths-based approach to therapy and enjoys inspiring clients to overcome their challenges and achieve personal goals. In addition to individual and family counselling, Suzanne also provides formal psychometric and educational assessments for specific learning difficulties, dyslexia, and intellectual giftedness.
Suzanne brings years of experience in corporate settings to her work as a psychologist. After a career spent leading, supporting, and training others for success, she has followed her passion for helping clients of all ages to live a rich, full, and meaningful life. Suzanne takes a holistic, strengths-based approach to therapy and enjoys inspiring clients to overcome their challenges and achieve personal goals. In addition to individual and family counselling, Suzanne also provides formal psychometric and educational assessments for specific learning difficulties, dyslexia, and intellectual giftedness.
(02) 9100 0407 View (02) 9100 0407
Photo of Anne de Silva, Psychotherapist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Anne de Silva
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
You are infinitely more than your mind. If you’re wondering if there’s more to healing than just talking about problems, welcome to body-mind therapy. A somatic approach to growth and trauma satisfies our intuitive knowing and deep curiosity by actively tapping into the connection between mind and body to ease suffering, and build resilience. Through safe therapeutic relationship, loving presence, and gentle guidance to access our whole being, together we re-pattern unhelpful early imprints. When we invite all of ourselves to show up and heal in a safe space, our strength and capacity for joy expand.
You are infinitely more than your mind. If you’re wondering if there’s more to healing than just talking about problems, welcome to body-mind therapy. A somatic approach to growth and trauma satisfies our intuitive knowing and deep curiosity by actively tapping into the connection between mind and body to ease suffering, and build resilience. Through safe therapeutic relationship, loving presence, and gentle guidance to access our whole being, together we re-pattern unhelpful early imprints. When we invite all of ourselves to show up and heal in a safe space, our strength and capacity for joy expand.
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Photo of Dr Rosemary Allen, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Dr Rosemary Allen
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Rosemary has experience working with individuals of all ages & stages. She has worked in various clinical settings, including inpatient & outpatient hospital settings, forensic facilities, military settings, private practice and in the community. Stemming from her doctoral research and experience working in trauma settings, she has a strong interest in trauma and takes a trauma-informed approach to her practice. She collaborates with her clients to develop the best evidence based treatment plan for your needs, working from an integrative therapeutic approach. See below the treatment modalities Rosemary offers to her clients.
Rosemary has experience working with individuals of all ages & stages. She has worked in various clinical settings, including inpatient & outpatient hospital settings, forensic facilities, military settings, private practice and in the community. Stemming from her doctoral research and experience working in trauma settings, she has a strong interest in trauma and takes a trauma-informed approach to her practice. She collaborates with her clients to develop the best evidence based treatment plan for your needs, working from an integrative therapeutic approach. See below the treatment modalities Rosemary offers to her clients.
(02) 9159 6836 View (02) 9159 6836
Photo of Biinu, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Biinu
Psychologist, MSc, MAPS
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
From collaborating with different people through therapy over the years, I have noticed that even everyday people feel the effects of modern life on their mental health. This is because modern life comes with a lot of complexity and demands. Today, people pursue a combination of identity, lifestyle, fulfilment, achievement, supportive relationships, a work-life balance, financial gain, career progression, a bigger world purpose, and more. The pursuit is wonderful, however navigating these demands can strain our mental health over time.
From collaborating with different people through therapy over the years, I have noticed that even everyday people feel the effects of modern life on their mental health. This is because modern life comes with a lot of complexity and demands. Today, people pursue a combination of identity, lifestyle, fulfilment, achievement, supportive relationships, a work-life balance, financial gain, career progression, a bigger world purpose, and more. The pursuit is wonderful, however navigating these demands can strain our mental health over time.
(02) 9100 0528 View (02) 9100 0528
Photo of Isabella Kidd, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Isabella Kidd
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
In a world that is defined by the fluid nature of life, is it any wonder that we all at times lose our sense of direction? I am a warm, pragmatic and strengths-based psychologist, whose goal is to build long-lasting, healthy change in your life. My aim is for you to walk away from sessions with actionable goals and a better understanding of yourself, feeling empowered to use a personalised toolbox of strategies to facilitate this long-lasting change. I am passionate about tailoring therapy to your specific needs. I have a Bachelor of Psychology (Honours) and Masters of Clinical Psychology.
In a world that is defined by the fluid nature of life, is it any wonder that we all at times lose our sense of direction? I am a warm, pragmatic and strengths-based psychologist, whose goal is to build long-lasting, healthy change in your life. My aim is for you to walk away from sessions with actionable goals and a better understanding of yourself, feeling empowered to use a personalised toolbox of strategies to facilitate this long-lasting change. I am passionate about tailoring therapy to your specific needs. I have a Bachelor of Psychology (Honours) and Masters of Clinical Psychology.
(02) 9100 0616 View (02) 9100 0616
Photo of Esperanza Counselling Service, Counsellor in Saint Leonards, NSW
Esperanza Counselling Service
Counsellor
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
While the challenges of modern life affect everyone in different ways, most life challenges are universal: balancing work and home life, changing jobs, starting a new life with a partner, parenting, dealing with loss, maintaining satisfactory and harmonious relationships with colleagues, friends, family... the list goes on. The aim of counselling sessions is to provide a space where clients experiencing difficulties in any aspect of their life can unburden themselves, discuss and explore issues of concern, and gain the skills to live a better, happier life, feeling better about themselves and the world around them.
While the challenges of modern life affect everyone in different ways, most life challenges are universal: balancing work and home life, changing jobs, starting a new life with a partner, parenting, dealing with loss, maintaining satisfactory and harmonious relationships with colleagues, friends, family... the list goes on. The aim of counselling sessions is to provide a space where clients experiencing difficulties in any aspect of their life can unburden themselves, discuss and explore issues of concern, and gain the skills to live a better, happier life, feeling better about themselves and the world around them.
(02) 8609 3992 View (02) 8609 3992
Photo of Janet Yap, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Janet Yap
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
I am a clinical psychologist with over 15 years experience in supporting adults on their mental health journey. I have expertise in working with people who are experiencing challenges in coping with the stress of everyday life - whether that is in managing difficult relationships, parenting, work-related stress or general burnout and anxiety. I am also passionate about helping people break free from childhood and family dysfunction that has impacted on their capacity to live full and meaningful lives. I have particular expertise in treating adults with emotion dysregulation and unhelpful coping behaviours.
I am a clinical psychologist with over 15 years experience in supporting adults on their mental health journey. I have expertise in working with people who are experiencing challenges in coping with the stress of everyday life - whether that is in managing difficult relationships, parenting, work-related stress or general burnout and anxiety. I am also passionate about helping people break free from childhood and family dysfunction that has impacted on their capacity to live full and meaningful lives. I have particular expertise in treating adults with emotion dysregulation and unhelpful coping behaviours.
(02) 9100 0565 View (02) 9100 0565
Photo of Katherine Watson, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Katherine Watson
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Creating change takes commitment. My clients are adults (18+) who want to see changes in their lives and are ready to work together to make this happen. My approach is grounded in mindfulness, and I work collaboratively with clients to identify their issues and the therapeutic approach that best suits them. Clients who want to draw on their strengths to manage life's challenges and learn to be more self-compassionate are welcomed.
Creating change takes commitment. My clients are adults (18+) who want to see changes in their lives and are ready to work together to make this happen. My approach is grounded in mindfulness, and I work collaboratively with clients to identify their issues and the therapeutic approach that best suits them. Clients who want to draw on their strengths to manage life's challenges and learn to be more self-compassionate are welcomed.
(02) 9100 0349 View (02) 9100 0349
Photo of Priyanka Aggarwala, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Priyanka Aggarwala
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
I consider myself to be a warm and compassionate psychologist who has completed her Masters in Psychology (Clinical). I place great importance on the development and maintenance of strong connections with clients, in order to promote a safe and supportive space to share in therapy.
I consider myself to be a warm and compassionate psychologist who has completed her Masters in Psychology (Clinical). I place great importance on the development and maintenance of strong connections with clients, in order to promote a safe and supportive space to share in therapy.
0403 215 118 View 0403 215 118
Photo of Tom Skotidas, Psychotherapist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Tom Skotidas
Psychotherapist, ACA-L1
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
I am a Psychotherapist, and a Level 1 member of the Australian Counselling Association. I help individuals, couples, and families overcome their mental health and relationship challenges using evidence-based psychotherapy. My therapy approach enables my clients to discover their cognitive, emotional, and communication patterns, build new behaviours aligned to their core values, create meaning, and thrive.
I am a Psychotherapist, and a Level 1 member of the Australian Counselling Association. I help individuals, couples, and families overcome their mental health and relationship challenges using evidence-based psychotherapy. My therapy approach enables my clients to discover their cognitive, emotional, and communication patterns, build new behaviours aligned to their core values, create meaning, and thrive.
(02) 9100 0129 View (02) 9100 0129
Photo of Dr Sarah Lal, Counsellor in Saint Leonards, NSW
Dr Sarah Lal
Counsellor
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Sarah is a dual qualified Holistic Counsellor an Osteopath and grounds her ethos in the equal importance of your body, mind, and spirit in your well-being. Her holistic approach is strongly influenced by Somatic Psychotherapy and supported by her Osteopathic knowledge and expertise. Therapeutic modalities range from Mindfulness and Somatic Therapy, Contemporary Psychodynamic Therapy, and Creative Arts Therapy. Sarah's trauma-informed person-centred approach establishes a safe space before delving into your concerns. She enjoys the privilege of helping people find their innermost happiness and live life authentically.
Sarah is a dual qualified Holistic Counsellor an Osteopath and grounds her ethos in the equal importance of your body, mind, and spirit in your well-being. Her holistic approach is strongly influenced by Somatic Psychotherapy and supported by her Osteopathic knowledge and expertise. Therapeutic modalities range from Mindfulness and Somatic Therapy, Contemporary Psychodynamic Therapy, and Creative Arts Therapy. Sarah's trauma-informed person-centred approach establishes a safe space before delving into your concerns. She enjoys the privilege of helping people find their innermost happiness and live life authentically.
(02) 9159 6596 View (02) 9159 6596
Photo of always flying psychology, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
always flying psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
I work with children, adolescents and adults with Autism, ADHD, Intellectual Disability, Behaviour challenges, Specific Learning Disorders, Anxiety, Depression, in the background of Trauma Informed Practices. Conduct ADHD & Mental Health assessments. Highly interested in ADHD and High Performance Sports.
I work with children, adolescents and adults with Autism, ADHD, Intellectual Disability, Behaviour challenges, Specific Learning Disorders, Anxiety, Depression, in the background of Trauma Informed Practices. Conduct ADHD & Mental Health assessments. Highly interested in ADHD and High Performance Sports.
(02) 9158 6576 View (02) 9158 6576
Photo of Leif Lawson, Counsellor in Saint Leonards, NSW
Leif Lawson
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Hello there! I'm a dedicated and compassionate counsellor who believes in the transformative power of self-discovery and personal growth. My name is Leif, and I'm here to accompany you on your journey towards a happier, more fulfilling life. As a firm believer in the idea that we all have the capacity for positive change, my counselling philosophy revolves around creating a safe and non-judgmental space where you can explore your thoughts, feelings, and experiences. Through empathy, active listening, and evidence-based therapeutic techniques, I aim to help you navigate life's challenges and unlock your inner potential.
Hello there! I'm a dedicated and compassionate counsellor who believes in the transformative power of self-discovery and personal growth. My name is Leif, and I'm here to accompany you on your journey towards a happier, more fulfilling life. As a firm believer in the idea that we all have the capacity for positive change, my counselling philosophy revolves around creating a safe and non-judgmental space where you can explore your thoughts, feelings, and experiences. Through empathy, active listening, and evidence-based therapeutic techniques, I aim to help you navigate life's challenges and unlock your inner potential.
(02) 9100 0483 View (02) 9100 0483
Photo of Dr Indi Kaur, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Dr Indi Kaur
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA Endorsed
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065  (Online Only)
It is difficult to find the right kind of help or choosing the right therapist. Dr Indi Kaur is a clinical psychologist with over twenty years of experience in helping individuals with a wide range of mental health issues including substance abuse. She place a high value working with clients towards a positive change.
It is difficult to find the right kind of help or choosing the right therapist. Dr Indi Kaur is a clinical psychologist with over twenty years of experience in helping individuals with a wide range of mental health issues including substance abuse. She place a high value working with clients towards a positive change.
(02) 9100 0611 View (02) 9100 0611
Photo of Travis Michael Grogan, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Travis Michael Grogan
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
I'm here to help people navigate life's complex twists and turns. I love to work with adolescents (15+) and adults, couples, and families, supporting them to understand why they are seeking therapy and to build strategies to grow develop lasting change. My ideal client(s) is a person or a couple who comes to the first session, that's it. Often, that can be the biggest of step!
I'm here to help people navigate life's complex twists and turns. I love to work with adolescents (15+) and adults, couples, and families, supporting them to understand why they are seeking therapy and to build strategies to grow develop lasting change. My ideal client(s) is a person or a couple who comes to the first session, that's it. Often, that can be the biggest of step!
(02) 9100 0027 View (02) 9100 0027
Photo of Alan Geoffrey Stokes, Counsellor in Saint Leonards, NSW
Alan Geoffrey Stokes
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Appointments available now! Taking new patients. I can help because we all lose our way at times. Forget who we are. Lose touch with what makes us strong and our life worthwhile. Perhaps it’s time to find yourself again. I am a qualified therapist, mental health trainer and crisis supporter. I will listen, support and guide you when you want. You decide how. You might like to meet at my Balmain or St Leonard's rooms, online, or at a beach or park near you.
Appointments available now! Taking new patients. I can help because we all lose our way at times. Forget who we are. Lose touch with what makes us strong and our life worthwhile. Perhaps it’s time to find yourself again. I am a qualified therapist, mental health trainer and crisis supporter. I will listen, support and guide you when you want. You decide how. You might like to meet at my Balmain or St Leonard's rooms, online, or at a beach or park near you.
(02) 9100 0904 View (02) 9100 0904
Photo of Jennifer Rathjen, Psychologist in Saint Leonards, NSW
Jennifer Rathjen
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065  (Online Only)
I am a Clinical Psychologist with a wide range of experience. I primarily utilise enhanced Cognitive Behavioural Therapy to allow individuals to learn the skills needed to manage emotional distress, strengthen their ability to cope with future challenges and achieve personal, relationship and professional life goals. Additionally I offer longer term psychotherapy for more complex issues.
I am a Clinical Psychologist with a wide range of experience. I primarily utilise enhanced Cognitive Behavioural Therapy to allow individuals to learn the skills needed to manage emotional distress, strengthen their ability to cope with future challenges and achieve personal, relationship and professional life goals. Additionally I offer longer term psychotherapy for more complex issues.
(02) 9100 0650 View (02) 9100 0650

See more therapy options for Saint Leonards

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Saint Leonards, NSW

40+

Average cost per session

$203

Counsellors in Saint Leonards, NSW who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
88% Depression
76% Self Esteem
74% Stress
67% Relationship Issues
64% Coping Skills
62% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

82% Medicare Rebates
53% Bupa
41% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in Saint Leonards, NSW see their clients

91% In Person and Online
9% Online Only

Gender breakdown

73% Female
22% Male
5% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Saint Leonards?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.