Autism Counselling in Saint Ives, NSW

Photo of Gemma Illescas - always flying psychology, PsyBA General, Psychologist
always flying psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Saint Ives, NSW 2075
I work with children, adolescents and adults. Areas of expertise, ADHD, Sport & Performance Psychology. Clinics in Wahroonga, St Leonards & Kincumber. Other areas of work, Autism, Intellectual Disability, Behaviour challenges, Specific Learning Disorders, Anxiety, Depression, in the background of Trauma Informed Practices. Conduct ADHD assessments.
I work with children, adolescents and adults. Areas of expertise, ADHD, Sport & Performance Psychology. Clinics in Wahroonga, St Leonards & Kincumber. Other areas of work, Autism, Intellectual Disability, Behaviour challenges, Specific Learning Disorders, Anxiety, Depression, in the background of Trauma Informed Practices. Conduct ADHD assessments.
(02) 9158 6576 View (02) 9158 6576
Photo of Allegra Styles, MPsych, MAPS, Psychologist
Allegra Styles
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Saint Ives, NSW 2075
Allegra enjoys working with clients on their journey to finding understanding, coping strategies, and healing. She offers a safe space where clients feel supported to explore their difficulties, improve their mental well-being, enhance relationships, and build resilience.
Allegra enjoys working with clients on their journey to finding understanding, coping strategies, and healing. She offers a safe space where clients feel supported to explore their difficulties, improve their mental well-being, enhance relationships, and build resilience.
(02) 8403 0151 View (02) 8403 0151
Photo of Jimmy Muecke, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Jimmy Muecke
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Saint Ives, NSW 2075
Bulk Bill or reduced fee available! What's most important to me is that you leave therapy with a sense of hope. I want to help you feel empowered to be the person you want to be. I take a client-led approach, meaning that we'll work together to address what you want to work on and I won't push you to discuss anything you're not ready for. Together, we'll design a personalized treatment plan that you feel willing and able to engage in - a plan that revolves around growth. My goal is to help you not only manage symptoms but also enhance your overall well-being.
Bulk Bill or reduced fee available! What's most important to me is that you leave therapy with a sense of hope. I want to help you feel empowered to be the person you want to be. I take a client-led approach, meaning that we'll work together to address what you want to work on and I won't push you to discuss anything you're not ready for. Together, we'll design a personalized treatment plan that you feel willing and able to engage in - a plan that revolves around growth. My goal is to help you not only manage symptoms but also enhance your overall well-being.
(02) 9100 0913 View (02) 9100 0913
Photo of Jacqueline Schell - Hornsby Kuringai Clinical Psychology, MPsych, MAPS, Psychologist
Hornsby Kuringai Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Saint Ives, NSW 2075
Jacqueline Schell welcomes the assessment and treatment of complex clinical presentations of children and adolescents. She has a special interest in ADHD and Learning Difficulties, Attention and Working Memory Training. She seeks to help parents understand their child's presenting difficulties and to guide treatment targets toward a favourable outcome.
Jacqueline Schell welcomes the assessment and treatment of complex clinical presentations of children and adolescents. She has a special interest in ADHD and Learning Difficulties, Attention and Working Memory Training. She seeks to help parents understand their child's presenting difficulties and to guide treatment targets toward a favourable outcome.
(02) 9159 3796 View (02) 9159 3796

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Amber Hunter, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Amber Hunter
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Hornsby, NSW 2077
Supporting children with ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorder, anxiety and behavioural issues are of special interest to me. I enjoy helping adolescents struggling with academic stress, depression, friendships/relationships, grief and loss, gender diversity, self-esteem and their body image. I also like working with young adults as they navigate tertiary studies, their early careers and relationships. As a parent myself I am passionate about providing support and guidance to parents so they can best support their child to thrive. Find out more about me and how I can support you or your child here: amberhunterpsychology.com.au
Supporting children with ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorder, anxiety and behavioural issues are of special interest to me. I enjoy helping adolescents struggling with academic stress, depression, friendships/relationships, grief and loss, gender diversity, self-esteem and their body image. I also like working with young adults as they navigate tertiary studies, their early careers and relationships. As a parent myself I am passionate about providing support and guidance to parents so they can best support their child to thrive. Find out more about me and how I can support you or your child here: amberhunterpsychology.com.au
(02) 8403 1535 View (02) 8403 1535
Photo of Jaume Ciurans Barri, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Jaume Ciurans Barri
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Wahroonga, NSW 2076
I am a well-grounded and enthusiastic psychologist from Barcelona. Over the years I have worked and undertaken training in a wide range of fast-changing settings and healthcare organisations including the EAPS Mutuam Girona and Doctor Josep Trueta University Hospital, providing up-to-date evidence-based interventions to a broad population of adult patients with acute physical and mental health issues. Furthermore, I hold extensive experience in the private sector working with children and adolescents with autism, neurodevelopmental disorders or intellectual disabilities in their homes or in my practice.
I am a well-grounded and enthusiastic psychologist from Barcelona. Over the years I have worked and undertaken training in a wide range of fast-changing settings and healthcare organisations including the EAPS Mutuam Girona and Doctor Josep Trueta University Hospital, providing up-to-date evidence-based interventions to a broad population of adult patients with acute physical and mental health issues. Furthermore, I hold extensive experience in the private sector working with children and adolescents with autism, neurodevelopmental disorders or intellectual disabilities in their homes or in my practice.
(02) 9929 7835 View (02) 9929 7835
Photo of Mj (Mary Joy) Basilio, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Mj (Mary Joy) Basilio
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Wahroonga, NSW 2076
Waitlist for new clients
I have the training and experience to conduct assessments of cognitive abilities, learning difficulties, ADHD, and Autism.
My passion lies in working with people who are ready to add joy, love, and ease to their lives. Overcoming the barriers of depression, anxiety, self-doubt, and low confidence can be daunting, but seeking help is the first stride toward a brighter future. Together we can embark on a journey to tap into your inner beauty, strength, and resilience, transforming the relationships with yourself and with those you love. By nurturing these qualities, we cultivate a solid foundation that paves the way for a life filled with greater joy, fulfillment, and purpose. If you're ready to make some changes, let's set up a time to talk.
I have the training and experience to conduct assessments of cognitive abilities, learning difficulties, ADHD, and Autism.
My passion lies in working with people who are ready to add joy, love, and ease to their lives. Overcoming the barriers of depression, anxiety, self-doubt, and low confidence can be daunting, but seeking help is the first stride toward a brighter future. Together we can embark on a journey to tap into your inner beauty, strength, and resilience, transforming the relationships with yourself and with those you love. By nurturing these qualities, we cultivate a solid foundation that paves the way for a life filled with greater joy, fulfillment, and purpose. If you're ready to make some changes, let's set up a time to talk.
(02) 9541 8788 View (02) 9541 8788
Photo of Anna Costello, Psychotherapist
Anna Costello
Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
Hornsby, NSW 2077
I'm Anna, a Psychotherapist and Art Psychotherapist I am registered with the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. I offer children, young people and their families a safe space to talk about what is going on for them. I believe visiting your therapist should be as routine as going to the gym. I've gained experience at Headspace, I have been working at Child Development Solutions for years where I facilitate social skills groups for children and young people on the Autism and/or ADHD spectrum and ODD. I am gentle and empathetic in my approach.
I'm Anna, a Psychotherapist and Art Psychotherapist I am registered with the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. I offer children, young people and their families a safe space to talk about what is going on for them. I believe visiting your therapist should be as routine as going to the gym. I've gained experience at Headspace, I have been working at Child Development Solutions for years where I facilitate social skills groups for children and young people on the Autism and/or ADHD spectrum and ODD. I am gentle and empathetic in my approach.
(07) 4520 2366 View (07) 4520 2366
Photo of Emma Pratt, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Emma Pratt
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Frenchs Forest, NSW 2086
Offering Autism and ADHD Assessments for adults. My life's mission is deeply rooted in supporting adults who suspect they are Autistic and/or ADHD, and who often find themselves hindered by various challenges. I am committed to creating spaces where they feel safe, genuinely supported, and validated across all facets of their lives. My ultimate goal is to guide my clients towards a life that transcends mere survival, empowering them to imagine and start living a truly thriving life. Together, we embark on a journey of exploration, discovery, and growth, navigating the challenges and embracing the opportunities that come our way.
Offering Autism and ADHD Assessments for adults. My life's mission is deeply rooted in supporting adults who suspect they are Autistic and/or ADHD, and who often find themselves hindered by various challenges. I am committed to creating spaces where they feel safe, genuinely supported, and validated across all facets of their lives. My ultimate goal is to guide my clients towards a life that transcends mere survival, empowering them to imagine and start living a truly thriving life. Together, we embark on a journey of exploration, discovery, and growth, navigating the challenges and embracing the opportunities that come our way.
0448 506 575 View 0448 506 575
Photo of Arzu Aksu Chapman, ACA-L2, Counsellor
Arzu Aksu Chapman
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Clareville, NSW 2107
Tailored strategies for ADHD and Autism empower individuals, while couples benefit from a nuanced understanding of neurodivergent dynamics and LGBTQ+ relationship nuances.
You, seeking understanding and connection in a world that often feels overwhelming. My ideal client navigates the intricate landscape of neurodivergence—be it ADHD, Autism, or related experiences. In couples, I welcome those facing unique dynamics, including neurodivergent and LGBTQ+ pairs. Your issues may vary, but the core need is universal: a safe space to explore challenges, cultivate understanding, and forge a path towards fulfillment. As a passionate therapist specializing in neurodiversity and couples therapy, my approach transcends conventional methods. Let's embark on a journey where acceptance and growth intersect.
Tailored strategies for ADHD and Autism empower individuals, while couples benefit from a nuanced understanding of neurodivergent dynamics and LGBTQ+ relationship nuances.
You, seeking understanding and connection in a world that often feels overwhelming. My ideal client navigates the intricate landscape of neurodivergence—be it ADHD, Autism, or related experiences. In couples, I welcome those facing unique dynamics, including neurodivergent and LGBTQ+ pairs. Your issues may vary, but the core need is universal: a safe space to explore challenges, cultivate understanding, and forge a path towards fulfillment. As a passionate therapist specializing in neurodiversity and couples therapy, my approach transcends conventional methods. Let's embark on a journey where acceptance and growth intersect.
(02) 8403 1928 View (02) 8403 1928
Photo of David Hawkins, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
David Hawkins
Psychologist, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wahroonga, NSW 2076
David offers comprehensive diagnostic evaluations for autism spectrum, attention deficit/hyperactivity, specific learning disorder (including dyslexia and dyscalculia) and intellectual disability.
David Hawkins is a Clinical Psychologist with over 25 years of experience working with children, adolescents, and adults. David has worked in a variety of settings including public and private mental health services, inpatient psychiatric hospitals, and large school systems. David's training encompasses a wide array of therapies, from the conversational model and cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) to dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), and short-term psychodynamic approaches.
David offers comprehensive diagnostic evaluations for autism spectrum, attention deficit/hyperactivity, specific learning disorder (including dyslexia and dyscalculia) and intellectual disability.
David Hawkins is a Clinical Psychologist with over 25 years of experience working with children, adolescents, and adults. David has worked in a variety of settings including public and private mental health services, inpatient psychiatric hospitals, and large school systems. David's training encompasses a wide array of therapies, from the conversational model and cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) to dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), and short-term psychodynamic approaches.
(02) 9538 7437 View (02) 9538 7437
Photo of Adriana Glusman, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Adriana Glusman
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Wahroonga, NSW 2076
I specialise in treating behavioural and emotional problems such as autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, in children, adolescents and adults. I believe that working collaboratively and honouring clients' knowledge and experience are keys for change. I also have more than 20 years of experience in cognitive, educational and behavioural assessment of young people and adults.
I specialise in treating behavioural and emotional problems such as autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, anxiety, depression, PTSD, in children, adolescents and adults. I believe that working collaboratively and honouring clients' knowledge and experience are keys for change. I also have more than 20 years of experience in cognitive, educational and behavioural assessment of young people and adults.
(02) 6190 7726 View (02) 6190 7726
Photo of Anne-Maree Armstrong - Art Therapy Creates, AThR, Counsellor
Art Therapy Creates
Counsellor, AThR
Verified Verified
Ryde, NSW 2112
I have extensive experience working and supporting children, young people and adults with Mood Disorders and with children on the Aspergers Autism spectrum.
I am an Art Therapist who is committed to support the development of my clients, physical, mental and emotional wellbeing. Art therapy creates a visual language of communication and personal expression as an alternative to 'talk only' therapy, when words or feelings are hard to express. My person-centred and psychodynamic approach to therapy is also informed by IFS and Mindfulness practice. I am a creative and thoughtful individual who works in a collaborative and compassionate manner with children, young people and adults when their emotions, thinking and behaviour is out of balance.
I have extensive experience working and supporting children, young people and adults with Mood Disorders and with children on the Aspergers Autism spectrum.
I am an Art Therapist who is committed to support the development of my clients, physical, mental and emotional wellbeing. Art therapy creates a visual language of communication and personal expression as an alternative to 'talk only' therapy, when words or feelings are hard to express. My person-centred and psychodynamic approach to therapy is also informed by IFS and Mindfulness practice. I am a creative and thoughtful individual who works in a collaborative and compassionate manner with children, young people and adults when their emotions, thinking and behaviour is out of balance.
(02) 8069 5430 View (02) 8069 5430
Photo of Dr Pauline Hall, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Dr Pauline Hall
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Saint Leonards, NSW 2065
Dr. Hall is a clinical psychologist working with people from different cultural backgrounds. She is now seeing clients from Australia, the United Kingdom, Germany, Hong Kong, Macau, Thailand, and Vietnam. She practices evidence-based assessment and treatment for developmental disorders in children, teenagers, and adults (e.g., Intellectual Disability, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, etc.) with mood disorders, anxiety, and cognitive disorders. Dr. Hall has been worked in various areas, including schools, hospitals, community health services courts, businesses, and private practices.
Dr. Hall is a clinical psychologist working with people from different cultural backgrounds. She is now seeing clients from Australia, the United Kingdom, Germany, Hong Kong, Macau, Thailand, and Vietnam. She practices evidence-based assessment and treatment for developmental disorders in children, teenagers, and adults (e.g., Intellectual Disability, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, etc.) with mood disorders, anxiety, and cognitive disorders. Dr. Hall has been worked in various areas, including schools, hospitals, community health services courts, businesses, and private practices.
(02) 9411 7837 View (02) 9411 7837
Photo of Natasha Pascoli-Hong - Next Generation Psychology , PsyBA General, Psychologist
Next Generation Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Castle Hill, NSW 2154
We specialise in Autism and ADHD assessments for children and teenagers.
Next Generation Psychology is a psychological service dedicated to helping children and adolescents have the best start in life. We are neurodiverse and understand the importance of self-discovery and individually-tailored supports. We provide a number of evidence-based assessments, comprehensive reports, play-based therapeutic interventions, and school observations and consultations. We work with you and your child to help build on their strengths and reach their full potential. We believe every child and adolescent should get the support they need, and are here to help.
We specialise in Autism and ADHD assessments for children and teenagers.
Next Generation Psychology is a psychological service dedicated to helping children and adolescents have the best start in life. We are neurodiverse and understand the importance of self-discovery and individually-tailored supports. We provide a number of evidence-based assessments, comprehensive reports, play-based therapeutic interventions, and school observations and consultations. We work with you and your child to help build on their strengths and reach their full potential. We believe every child and adolescent should get the support they need, and are here to help.
(02) 4703 5101 View (02) 4703 5101
Photo of Paula Garrido, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Paula Garrido
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Sydney, NSW 2000  (Online Only)
She has specific interest in Autism, PTSD, Complex-PTSD, ADHD, Anxiety, Excessive Worry, OCD, depression, psychosis, schizophrenia, delusional disorder, bipolar disorder, intellectual disability, acquired brain injury (ABI), epilepsy and uses evidenced based psychological therapies.
Welcome! Clinical Psychologist Paula Garrido is registered with the NDIS and provides evidence-based treatment via Telehealth/video call therapy to NDIS Participants. She Certified Autism, PTSD and ADHD practitioner and provides neurodiverse affirming therapy. She is a warm, gentle,understanding, non-judgmental psychologist that provides a safe therapeutic space, to assist patients rebuild their self-confidence and successfully work towards their goals. She has experience working in public hospitals, private psychology clinics with people with mild to severe mental illness, with the NDIA/NDIS including writing NDIS patient reports.
She has specific interest in Autism, PTSD, Complex-PTSD, ADHD, Anxiety, Excessive Worry, OCD, depression, psychosis, schizophrenia, delusional disorder, bipolar disorder, intellectual disability, acquired brain injury (ABI), epilepsy and uses evidenced based psychological therapies.
Welcome! Clinical Psychologist Paula Garrido is registered with the NDIS and provides evidence-based treatment via Telehealth/video call therapy to NDIS Participants. She Certified Autism, PTSD and ADHD practitioner and provides neurodiverse affirming therapy. She is a warm, gentle,understanding, non-judgmental psychologist that provides a safe therapeutic space, to assist patients rebuild their self-confidence and successfully work towards their goals. She has experience working in public hospitals, private psychology clinics with people with mild to severe mental illness, with the NDIA/NDIS including writing NDIS patient reports.
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Photo of Dr Deanna MacMahon, PhD, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Dr Deanna MacMahon
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
As a clinical neuropsychology registrar, Deanna specialises in conducting comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations for children and adolescents experiencing a range of emotional, behavioural, and cognitive difficulties. She has particular interest and expertise working with children and adolescents with specific learning disorders. Deanna offers diagnostic assessments for concerns relating to intellect, attention, learning, and autism. She also offers assessments for giftedness.
As a clinical neuropsychology registrar, Deanna specialises in conducting comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations for children and adolescents experiencing a range of emotional, behavioural, and cognitive difficulties. She has particular interest and expertise working with children and adolescents with specific learning disorders. Deanna offers diagnostic assessments for concerns relating to intellect, attention, learning, and autism. She also offers assessments for giftedness.
(02) 9100 0249 View (02) 9100 0249
Photo of Kate Evans, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Kate Evans
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065  (Online Only)
My clinical experience is in managing a wide range of psychological problems in adults, adolescents and parents looking for support with anxiety, stress, low mood and depression, personal development, managing perfectionism and procrastination, interpersonal difficulties, self-esteem, and the challenges related to ADHD and Autism.
I am mindful of creating a safe, non-judgemental environment as a clinical psychologist who draws upon evidence based therapies to empower my clients to build self-awareness and improve their quality of life. I support clients in processing their emotions, developing a better understanding of who they are and how best to break free from negative life patterns that have exacerbated their psychological challenges. I also have extensive experience in parenting and child behaviour concerns. I work collaboratively with parents to identify and address child behaviour and emotional needs to help your child and manage your own wellbeing.
My clinical experience is in managing a wide range of psychological problems in adults, adolescents and parents looking for support with anxiety, stress, low mood and depression, personal development, managing perfectionism and procrastination, interpersonal difficulties, self-esteem, and the challenges related to ADHD and Autism.
I am mindful of creating a safe, non-judgemental environment as a clinical psychologist who draws upon evidence based therapies to empower my clients to build self-awareness and improve their quality of life. I support clients in processing their emotions, developing a better understanding of who they are and how best to break free from negative life patterns that have exacerbated their psychological challenges. I also have extensive experience in parenting and child behaviour concerns. I work collaboratively with parents to identify and address child behaviour and emotional needs to help your child and manage your own wellbeing.
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Photo of Lauren Ehrenfeld, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Lauren Ehrenfeld
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
North Willoughby, NSW 2068
I specialise in developmental assessment and diagnosis of ADHD, Autism, learning disorders and school readiness.
Is your child having behavioural difficulties, difficulty focusing or keeping still, not developing strong friendships or has trouble learning and keeping up at school? Is your child anxious about leaving your side, can't sleep alone, or has big feelings that they struggle to manage? These are the families and children that I love to work with. I want to work with families who want to understand why their children is experiencing difficulties, and what can be done to help them reach their potential.
I specialise in developmental assessment and diagnosis of ADHD, Autism, learning disorders and school readiness.
Is your child having behavioural difficulties, difficulty focusing or keeping still, not developing strong friendships or has trouble learning and keeping up at school? Is your child anxious about leaving your side, can't sleep alone, or has big feelings that they struggle to manage? These are the families and children that I love to work with. I want to work with families who want to understand why their children is experiencing difficulties, and what can be done to help them reach their potential.
(02) 8520 1147 View (02) 8520 1147
Photo of Mj Basilio - Psychcare AU Psychological Assessments and Therapy, Australian Association of Psychologists - Member, Psychologist
Psychcare AU Psychological Assessments and Therapy
Psychologist, Australian Association of Psychologists - Member
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Wahroonga, NSW 2076
David and I provide comprehensive services including psychological assessments (Autism, ADHD, IQ, Intellectual Disability, Giftedness, Behavioural and other cognitive and Educational Assessments). We focus on trauma-informed and culturally sensitive assessments and therapy. When doing assessments, we take into account your lived experience and personal narrative. We understand that it can be hard to see a psychologist, so we also work hard to make sure you understand and feel comfortable with the process. If you want to know more please visit www.adhdandatismassessments.com or www.psychcareclinic.com.au for more info. Warmly, MJ :)
David and I provide comprehensive services including psychological assessments (Autism, ADHD, IQ, Intellectual Disability, Giftedness, Behavioural and other cognitive and Educational Assessments). We focus on trauma-informed and culturally sensitive assessments and therapy. When doing assessments, we take into account your lived experience and personal narrative. We understand that it can be hard to see a psychologist, so we also work hard to make sure you understand and feel comfortable with the process. If you want to know more please visit www.adhdandatismassessments.com or www.psychcareclinic.com.au for more info. Warmly, MJ :)
(02) 9037 3509 View (02) 9037 3509

See more therapy options for Saint Ives

Autism Counsellors

What is the most effective treatment for autism?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) has come to be considered the standard treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder, and research has confirmed its effectiveness for many children. Therapists trained in ABA techniques work with children (and their parents) on developing social skills, communication and learning abilities, and everyday habits of hygiene and grooming. The clinician will tailor their program to the child’s particular need but the overarching goal will be to help them advance as far as possible toward independence based on their level of symptoms and decrease the need for additional special services. Families should seek a mental health professional specifically trained in ABA, and holding special certification in the technique, who has extensive experience not only with the approach but in using it with children with the same level of symptoms as the child who needs care.

How does ABA work?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) sessions, which typically focus on positive reinforcement, can be intensive, lasting two or more hours several times a week, and continuing for two years or more. Therapists can also be expected to ask parents to take an active role in reinforcing lessons. Research has found that the technique can lead to major improvements that decrease the need for additional special services.

How does treatment for autism work?

Therapy sessions based on Applied Behavior Analysis will likely be frequent, intensive, and highly structured. After a thorough assessment, a therapist will help a child understand and develop skills in a range of areas, including communication, motor skills, social skills, self-care, play, and academic skills, as well as routines of daily living like hygiene. Typically, the therapist will help a child break down the components of a behavior—often referred to as the antecedent (what prompts an action), the behavior, and the consequence(what immediately follows)—and then reward the child at every step, while also asking parents to reinforce the lessons, and the rewards, throughout the day. This core therapy may be supplemented by occupational or speech therapy, and antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants may be prescribed to address specific severe symptoms.

How long does therapy for autism take?

Some people with autism spectrum disorder may be engaged in some level of therapy for many years, but research shows that treatment will be most effective if it is begun early and delivered intensively. When therapy begins by age 3, children tend to be better able to grasp and adopt the skills needed to manage everyday life, including attending school and establishing social relationships. This type of early-intervention treatment regimen is highly structured, typically involving 20 to 40 hours of one-on-one therapy per week, along with additional hours of engagement managed by parents, for a period of two years or more, although the duration of treatment is dependent on the child’s level of symptoms and pace of progress.