Counselling in Roseville, NSW

Photo of Fang Liu, Counsellor in Roseville, NSW
Fang Liu
Counsellor, MC, PACFA
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
Are you struggling a bit in this chaotic world? It is not your fault. As a person-centered and trauma-informed therapist, I primarily use attachment theory and Emotionally Focused Individual Therapy (EFIT) to conduct my therapeutic work. My credentials include a Master of Counseling and Psychotherapy (WSU), Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (CCTP), and PACFA membership.
Are you struggling a bit in this chaotic world? It is not your fault. As a person-centered and trauma-informed therapist, I primarily use attachment theory and Emotionally Focused Individual Therapy (EFIT) to conduct my therapeutic work. My credentials include a Master of Counseling and Psychotherapy (WSU), Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (CCTP), and PACFA membership.
(02) 9159 6005 View (02) 9159 6005
Photo of Dr Ingrid McPhee, Psychologist in Roseville, NSW
Dr Ingrid McPhee
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
I offer a warm and respectful therapeutic space to adolescents (16+ years) and adults, taking a collaborative approach with each client to develop a treatment plan that recognises their unique strengths and values, and works to address their current challenges, while also promoting their overall health and wellbeing. I draw on various therapy models to do so, including CBT, DBT, EMDR (an evidence-based treatment for trauma), Internal Family Systems, mindfulness and attachment-focused approaches.
I offer a warm and respectful therapeutic space to adolescents (16+ years) and adults, taking a collaborative approach with each client to develop a treatment plan that recognises their unique strengths and values, and works to address their current challenges, while also promoting their overall health and wellbeing. I draw on various therapy models to do so, including CBT, DBT, EMDR (an evidence-based treatment for trauma), Internal Family Systems, mindfulness and attachment-focused approaches.
(02) 8999 5051 View (02) 8999 5051
Photo of June Gay, Principal Psychologist, Psychologist in Roseville, NSW
June Gay, Principal Psychologist
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
June has over 22y experience as a Psychologist and has a Master of Counselling Psychology. Central to therapy with June is an authentic, empathetic and collaborative therapeutic relationship, which research has shown to be the most important factor in successful counselling. Recognising the uniqueness of each individual, June integrates evidence based concepts and techniques to assist and empower client recovery. Sessions can be conducted either in person or via Telehealth video software. Additionally, June is a registered provider with Medicare, health funds, WorkCover, and Access+.
June has over 22y experience as a Psychologist and has a Master of Counselling Psychology. Central to therapy with June is an authentic, empathetic and collaborative therapeutic relationship, which research has shown to be the most important factor in successful counselling. Recognising the uniqueness of each individual, June integrates evidence based concepts and techniques to assist and empower client recovery. Sessions can be conducted either in person or via Telehealth video software. Additionally, June is a registered provider with Medicare, health funds, WorkCover, and Access+.
(02) 9100 0355 View (02) 9100 0355
Photo of Georgie Pearson, Counsellor in Roseville, NSW
Georgie Pearson
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
In this fast-paced world I offer you a safe space to slow down and be heard. Together we explore your unique experience and discover what makes you feel, think and behave the way you do. You will better understand yourself and make meaning of your life. Key focuses are on repatterning beliefs and behaviours, integrating healing, and creating sustainable change.
In this fast-paced world I offer you a safe space to slow down and be heard. Together we explore your unique experience and discover what makes you feel, think and behave the way you do. You will better understand yourself and make meaning of your life. Key focuses are on repatterning beliefs and behaviours, integrating healing, and creating sustainable change.
(02) 9100 0847 View (02) 9100 0847
Photo of Vonnie Ho, Counsellor in Roseville, NSW
Vonnie Ho
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
Vonnie believes in the importance of therapeutic relationships, providing a safe space allowing individuals to feel heard and supported when life is challenging. Vonnie had experiences volunteering in various community and multicultural services, practiced face-to-face, online, and telephone counseling to the individuals. She has worked with individuals, children, and parents, and also immigrants. Growing up in a multicultural environment, Vonnie is able to communicate in English, Chinese and Malay. She also integrates faith issues in counselling for Christian clients as requested.
Vonnie believes in the importance of therapeutic relationships, providing a safe space allowing individuals to feel heard and supported when life is challenging. Vonnie had experiences volunteering in various community and multicultural services, practiced face-to-face, online, and telephone counseling to the individuals. She has worked with individuals, children, and parents, and also immigrants. Growing up in a multicultural environment, Vonnie is able to communicate in English, Chinese and Malay. She also integrates faith issues in counselling for Christian clients as requested.
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Photo of Renew Clinical Psychology, Psychologist in Roseville, NSW
Renew Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
I am JH Venter a clinical psychologist with over 20 years of experience. I have worked in a variety of public and private sector settings, recently leading a team of mental health professionals at UNSW, where we cared for the student population. I am passionate about helping clients to achieve their full potential. I support clients transitioning into adulthood and adults navigating various life stages and obstacles by providing evidence-based treatment such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Mindfulness, and Solution Focused Therapy.
I am JH Venter a clinical psychologist with over 20 years of experience. I have worked in a variety of public and private sector settings, recently leading a team of mental health professionals at UNSW, where we cared for the student population. I am passionate about helping clients to achieve their full potential. I support clients transitioning into adulthood and adults navigating various life stages and obstacles by providing evidence-based treatment such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Mindfulness, and Solution Focused Therapy.
(02) 8599 0662 View (02) 8599 0662
Photo of The Serenity Space - Counselling, Counsellor in Roseville, NSW
The Serenity Space - Counselling
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
I am a compassionate 'Person Centered' Counsellor supporting you to re- learn how to develop an optimistic sense of self, helping you to understand the roots and cause of internal conflicts. Change is not something we do. It arises out of a deeper experience with ourselves. Whether it be negative mindset, anxiety, depression, fear, relationship issues, chronic illness. It takes time to change entrenched behaviours developed in your lifespan. The therapeutic process of counselling, enables change of unwanted behaviours - using practical ways, making better life choices, one step at a time in a private and safe space.
I am a compassionate 'Person Centered' Counsellor supporting you to re- learn how to develop an optimistic sense of self, helping you to understand the roots and cause of internal conflicts. Change is not something we do. It arises out of a deeper experience with ourselves. Whether it be negative mindset, anxiety, depression, fear, relationship issues, chronic illness. It takes time to change entrenched behaviours developed in your lifespan. The therapeutic process of counselling, enables change of unwanted behaviours - using practical ways, making better life choices, one step at a time in a private and safe space.
0423 693 284 View 0423 693 284
Photo of Imogen O'Loughlin, Psychologist in Roseville, NSW
Imogen O'Loughlin
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
Imogen: 'We all have times in our life when the challenges that we face seem overwhelming and insurmountable. However, we don’t have to face them alone. My aim is to work together with you to form a personalised treatment plan that enables you to work towards a meaningful and enriched life. It is an honour to walk alongside my clients and offer support during what are sometimes the most challenging times of their lives. I am here to offer the support, skills and strategies needed to help you overcome your difficulties, whilst also recognising that you are the expert in your story and unique experiences'.
Imogen: 'We all have times in our life when the challenges that we face seem overwhelming and insurmountable. However, we don’t have to face them alone. My aim is to work together with you to form a personalised treatment plan that enables you to work towards a meaningful and enriched life. It is an honour to walk alongside my clients and offer support during what are sometimes the most challenging times of their lives. I am here to offer the support, skills and strategies needed to help you overcome your difficulties, whilst also recognising that you are the expert in your story and unique experiences'.
(02) 8403 2668 View (02) 8403 2668
Photo of David Roberts, Counsellor in Roseville, NSW
David Roberts
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
Hi, for the last 20 years I have been working with people who are experiencing challenges in their relationships. Conflict and communication problems often at the heart of these challenges. For many years I saw this when mediating with couples or parents who had decided to separate. Now through counselling I prefer to focus on the source of the problems before its too late. My particular motivation is to prevent conflict having a negative impact on children when they are involved.
Hi, for the last 20 years I have been working with people who are experiencing challenges in their relationships. Conflict and communication problems often at the heart of these challenges. For many years I saw this when mediating with couples or parents who had decided to separate. Now through counselling I prefer to focus on the source of the problems before its too late. My particular motivation is to prevent conflict having a negative impact on children when they are involved.
(02) 9100 0812 View (02) 9100 0812
Photo of Calm Mind Psychology, Psychologist in Roseville, NSW
Calm Mind Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
Not accepting new clients
I am both a psychotherapist and psychologist so I tend to dive deep, and can also help you with current life crises. I work best with people who have already done some therapy and know that personal growth is ongoing and absolutely worth it as a way of becoming more authentic and available in life. I specialise in many areas, please visit my "about me" webpage to see the list of training and areas of therapy and healing I am experienced in; Including but not limited to, IFS, Gestalt, PACT couples and Brainspotting trauma therapy.
I am both a psychotherapist and psychologist so I tend to dive deep, and can also help you with current life crises. I work best with people who have already done some therapy and know that personal growth is ongoing and absolutely worth it as a way of becoming more authentic and available in life. I specialise in many areas, please visit my "about me" webpage to see the list of training and areas of therapy and healing I am experienced in; Including but not limited to, IFS, Gestalt, PACT couples and Brainspotting trauma therapy.
(02) 9100 0139 View (02) 9100 0139
Photo of Penny Dillon, Counsellor in Roseville, NSW
Penny Dillon
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L3
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Roseville, NSW 2069
I am a counsellor, clinical nutritionist, mental health first aid trainer and parent to three teenage boys. I support people dealing with stress, anxiety, depression, work-life balance, trauma, substance abuse, parenting struggles and grief. ​​ As a qualified clinical nutritionist I also support people looking to lose weight or struggling with their relationship with food. I work to support you from the very first session, so that you leave feeling more aware, more empowered, and have the tools to help tackle the challenges you are facing.
I am a counsellor, clinical nutritionist, mental health first aid trainer and parent to three teenage boys. I support people dealing with stress, anxiety, depression, work-life balance, trauma, substance abuse, parenting struggles and grief. ​​ As a qualified clinical nutritionist I also support people looking to lose weight or struggling with their relationship with food. I work to support you from the very first session, so that you leave feeling more aware, more empowered, and have the tools to help tackle the challenges you are facing.
(02) 8403 0340 View (02) 8403 0340
Photo of Tara Jane King, Counsellor in Roseville, NSW
Tara Jane King
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069  (Online Only)
I am an open and warm Counsellor who works with motivated adults with a range of presenting issues such as anxiety, depression, disordered eating, body image, addiction, adjusting to stressful events, burnout and finding meaning and purpose. I have particular interest in exploring how earlier experiences of life can affect current difficulties with emotion regulation, communication, mood, motivation, self-esteem and relationships with self and others.
I am an open and warm Counsellor who works with motivated adults with a range of presenting issues such as anxiety, depression, disordered eating, body image, addiction, adjusting to stressful events, burnout and finding meaning and purpose. I have particular interest in exploring how earlier experiences of life can affect current difficulties with emotion regulation, communication, mood, motivation, self-esteem and relationships with self and others.
(02) 8403 1140 View (02) 8403 1140
Photo of Brenda Felix, Counsellor in Roseville, NSW
Brenda Felix
Counsellor, MC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Roseville, NSW 2069
Brenda enjoys working with adults, young people and families in different settings. Her lived experience in supporting people with mental health issues and physical disabilities has contributed to her empathic, non-judgmental and respectful aptitudes. Her passion is to empower and give hope to people who are facing their unique stressful life events, such as life transition, relationship issues, developmental injuries, parenting, grief and loss, abuse, trauma and anxiety.
Brenda enjoys working with adults, young people and families in different settings. Her lived experience in supporting people with mental health issues and physical disabilities has contributed to her empathic, non-judgmental and respectful aptitudes. Her passion is to empower and give hope to people who are facing their unique stressful life events, such as life transition, relationship issues, developmental injuries, parenting, grief and loss, abuse, trauma and anxiety.
(02) 7804 4765 View (02) 7804 4765
Photo of Natalie Furniss, Clinical Psychotherapist, Psychotherapist in Roseville, NSW
Natalie Furniss, Clinical Psychotherapist
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
A very warm welcome, as I introduce myself to you. I'm originally from the UK and I have worked and lived on the North Shore for over 20 yrs. I'm a professional, clinical registered practitioner who has a genuine interest in helping others to facilitate change. I'm committed to working alongside you to help you find practical solutions & to achieve optimum results. Small steps can lead to big changes & the most significant investment you can make is with yourself, so If you're feeling stressed, overwhelmed, stuck, anxious, low motivation or suffering any other concerns, you don't have to face it on you own, please get in contact
A very warm welcome, as I introduce myself to you. I'm originally from the UK and I have worked and lived on the North Shore for over 20 yrs. I'm a professional, clinical registered practitioner who has a genuine interest in helping others to facilitate change. I'm committed to working alongside you to help you find practical solutions & to achieve optimum results. Small steps can lead to big changes & the most significant investment you can make is with yourself, so If you're feeling stressed, overwhelmed, stuck, anxious, low motivation or suffering any other concerns, you don't have to face it on you own, please get in contact
(02) 8073 9221 View (02) 8073 9221
Photo of Kit Pope (Wild Precious Therapy), Psychotherapist in Roseville, NSW
Kit Pope (Wild Precious Therapy)
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Roseville, NSW 2069
Therapy unique to you. As an Integrative therapist, I’m trained and experienced in a range of well-researched therapy styles. I take great care to truly understand and respect your individuality and unique experience and tailor an approach to suit your needs and preferences. I find out how you want to work together so you feel heard, seen and valued, always supported and where you'd find it helpful, challenged with care and from the basis of a trusting relationship. We always work at your pace. You'll know I believe in you and you can be your real self without judgement or expectation.
Therapy unique to you. As an Integrative therapist, I’m trained and experienced in a range of well-researched therapy styles. I take great care to truly understand and respect your individuality and unique experience and tailor an approach to suit your needs and preferences. I find out how you want to work together so you feel heard, seen and valued, always supported and where you'd find it helpful, challenged with care and from the basis of a trusting relationship. We always work at your pace. You'll know I believe in you and you can be your real self without judgement or expectation.
(02) 8403 1797 View (02) 8403 1797

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Andrea Haas, Psychologist in Roseville, NSW
Andrea Haas
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Chatswood, NSW 2067
I am a highly-skilled relationship psychologist & sex therapist with over 20 years of professional experience seeing clients in private practice. I support couples through relationship issues, infidelity, lack of intimacy and communication problems. I look at the psychological side of sexual difficulties such as low libido, orgasm difficulties, physical pain during sex, performance anxiety or ejaculation problems. I work with complex trauma using a trauma-informed approach to process sexual, physical and emotional abuse. I aim to create safety, grounding and a centred connection within which consolidates your healing.
I am a highly-skilled relationship psychologist & sex therapist with over 20 years of professional experience seeing clients in private practice. I support couples through relationship issues, infidelity, lack of intimacy and communication problems. I look at the psychological side of sexual difficulties such as low libido, orgasm difficulties, physical pain during sex, performance anxiety or ejaculation problems. I work with complex trauma using a trauma-informed approach to process sexual, physical and emotional abuse. I aim to create safety, grounding and a centred connection within which consolidates your healing.
(02) 9538 7934 View (02) 9538 7934
Photo of Erica Chow, Psychologist in Roseville, NSW
Erica Chow
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Chatswood, NSW 2067
Are you struggling with overthinking, being overwhelmed and exhausted a lot of the time? Do you feel that past traumas and negative life experiences have left you feeling unsafe and having unhealthy beliefs about yourself? If your daily life, relationships and mental health is wearing you down, you may be seeking support to get to a better place. You may be a parent who is noticing concerning signs in your child and needing parenting support and therapy for your child. Erica is a professional and warm Psychologist experienced in assisting with mental health, trauma, behavioural difficulties for clients across the lifespan.
Are you struggling with overthinking, being overwhelmed and exhausted a lot of the time? Do you feel that past traumas and negative life experiences have left you feeling unsafe and having unhealthy beliefs about yourself? If your daily life, relationships and mental health is wearing you down, you may be seeking support to get to a better place. You may be a parent who is noticing concerning signs in your child and needing parenting support and therapy for your child. Erica is a professional and warm Psychologist experienced in assisting with mental health, trauma, behavioural difficulties for clients across the lifespan.
(02) 9159 3752 View (02) 9159 3752
Photo of Kristine Koh, Psychologist in Roseville, NSW
Kristine Koh
Psychologist, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Chatswood, NSW 2067
I have a strong interest in working with individuals experiencing anxiety, chronic health conditions, chronic pain and life transitions (such as work roles, migration, or life stages). I am also passionate about working with individuals from different cultures (particularly South East Asia) and adjusting to living in Australia as a migrant or international student, who are exploring their sense of self and identity, and reconciling their values with their new identity. I see therapy as a safe, non-judgemental, calm space to explore the issues in depth.
I have a strong interest in working with individuals experiencing anxiety, chronic health conditions, chronic pain and life transitions (such as work roles, migration, or life stages). I am also passionate about working with individuals from different cultures (particularly South East Asia) and adjusting to living in Australia as a migrant or international student, who are exploring their sense of self and identity, and reconciling their values with their new identity. I see therapy as a safe, non-judgemental, calm space to explore the issues in depth.
(02) 8403 0404 View (02) 8403 0404
Photo of Christine Bennett, Psychotherapist in Roseville, NSW
Christine Bennett
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
North Balgowlah, NSW 2093
Are you struggling with conflict and feeling distant from your partner? Are you constantly worried about life and what happens next? Or is it more about what happened today or yesterday? Are you overcome by a significant loss in your life? A job, your health, a friend, a partner, a house, a family member? Or is life just so “blahhh” that it is a struggle to get through the day? All these situations and many others are a result of your most intimate and important relationship – the one you have with yourself!
Are you struggling with conflict and feeling distant from your partner? Are you constantly worried about life and what happens next? Or is it more about what happened today or yesterday? Are you overcome by a significant loss in your life? A job, your health, a friend, a partner, a house, a family member? Or is life just so “blahhh” that it is a struggle to get through the day? All these situations and many others are a result of your most intimate and important relationship – the one you have with yourself!
(02) 8294 9427 View (02) 8294 9427
Photo of Agnes Ka Yan Ip, Psychologist in Roseville, NSW
Agnes Ka Yan Ip
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Killara, NSW 2071
I am trained as a clinical psychologist in Hong Kong, with experience in treating depression and anxiety, as well as supporting those who are suffering from relationhship problems, work or study stress, life transitions, grief and loss, insomnia, chronic pain, and issues related to self-image and childhood experiences.
I am trained as a clinical psychologist in Hong Kong, with experience in treating depression and anxiety, as well as supporting those who are suffering from relationhship problems, work or study stress, life transitions, grief and loss, insomnia, chronic pain, and issues related to self-image and childhood experiences.
(02) 9909 6145 View (02) 9909 6145

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Roseville, NSW

10+

Average cost per session

$140

Counsellors in Roseville, NSW who prioritize treating:

87% Anxiety
80% Depression
80% Stress
73% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
67% Life Transitions
60% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

6 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

57% Other
57% Medicare Rebates
29% Defence Health

How Counsellors in Roseville, NSW see their clients

94% In Person and Online
6% Online Only

Gender breakdown

87% Female
13% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Roseville?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.