Counselling in North Sydney, NSW

Photo of Nicola Mowday, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
Nicola Mowday
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Principal Psychologist of Paradigm Psychology Clinic: Over 10 years experience working with children, teenagers and young adults. Providing individualised therapy and assessments to help develop and empower a deeper understanding of your behaviour, personality and capabilities.
Principal Psychologist of Paradigm Psychology Clinic: Over 10 years experience working with children, teenagers and young adults. Providing individualised therapy and assessments to help develop and empower a deeper understanding of your behaviour, personality and capabilities.
(02) 9100 0675 View (02) 9100 0675
Photo of Bethany Samantha Fortuin-Hathway, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
Bethany Samantha Fortuin-Hathway
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Bethany, is a warm, empathetic, authentic clinician/registered psychologist. With over 10 years experience providing counselling support to individuals impacted by trauma as well as to those experiencing a range of challenging life issues. Bethany has worked with clients to help them achieve greater awareness and develop skills to life's hardships. Bethany has supported clients faced with anxiety, depression, grief and personal issues. Bethany has also supported family members who are struggling in supporting their loved ones who have been impacted by dementia.
Bethany, is a warm, empathetic, authentic clinician/registered psychologist. With over 10 years experience providing counselling support to individuals impacted by trauma as well as to those experiencing a range of challenging life issues. Bethany has worked with clients to help them achieve greater awareness and develop skills to life's hardships. Bethany has supported clients faced with anxiety, depression, grief and personal issues. Bethany has also supported family members who are struggling in supporting their loved ones who have been impacted by dementia.
(02) 9100 0778 View (02) 9100 0778
Elizabeth Gasson
Psychologist, PsyBA Prov
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
I am here to support each and every person to overcome their cognitive difficulties. My goals are to see how you are struggling cognitively through discussion and various activities. I will not retire until you fully understand the ways in which that translates in an educational setting and how to support your own unique trajectory to a bright and successful future. I want to help each and every person be the best version of themselves and will help provide the tools to do that.
I am here to support each and every person to overcome their cognitive difficulties. My goals are to see how you are struggling cognitively through discussion and various activities. I will not retire until you fully understand the ways in which that translates in an educational setting and how to support your own unique trajectory to a bright and successful future. I want to help each and every person be the best version of themselves and will help provide the tools to do that.
(02) 9159 6064 View (02) 9159 6064
Photo of Lillian Richardson, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
Lillian Richardson
Psychologist, MA, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
North Sydney, NSW 2060
I am a generally registered psychologist, primarily with experience utilising strengths-focused, recovery-oriented cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT). I also incorporate some Schema and Acceptance and Commitment (ACT) techniques into my practice. I have experience working with a broad spectrum of mental health challenges, including issues related to low self-worth and self-esteem, emotional dysregulation, limited distress tolerance, trauma, anxiety disorders, depression, stress, and loneliness. I also have a special interest in working with members of the LGBTQIA+ community.
I am a generally registered psychologist, primarily with experience utilising strengths-focused, recovery-oriented cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT). I also incorporate some Schema and Acceptance and Commitment (ACT) techniques into my practice. I have experience working with a broad spectrum of mental health challenges, including issues related to low self-worth and self-esteem, emotional dysregulation, limited distress tolerance, trauma, anxiety disorders, depression, stress, and loneliness. I also have a special interest in working with members of the LGBTQIA+ community.
(02) 9100 0555 View (02) 9100 0555
Photo of Marijn Cugati, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
Marijn Cugati
Psychologist, MSc, PsyBA Prov
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Hello, I'm Marijn, Psychologist in North Sydney with a strong passion for my work. My approach is friendly, respectful, open, and non-judgemental. I have a strong and genuine interest in people and their life stories. I like to work collaboratively, working through what is going on for you, desired outcomes, and what can be done to achieve a required change. While working through this, I encourage a broad perspective, addressing emotional, physical, intellectual, social, occupational, and spiritual aspects which impact psychological wellbeing.
Hello, I'm Marijn, Psychologist in North Sydney with a strong passion for my work. My approach is friendly, respectful, open, and non-judgemental. I have a strong and genuine interest in people and their life stories. I like to work collaboratively, working through what is going on for you, desired outcomes, and what can be done to achieve a required change. While working through this, I encourage a broad perspective, addressing emotional, physical, intellectual, social, occupational, and spiritual aspects which impact psychological wellbeing.
(02) 9100 0717 View (02) 9100 0717
Photo of Elizabeth Giles, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
Elizabeth Giles
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
As every parent knows, your child’s well-being and happiness are the most important things in the world. As the Principal Child Psychologist at Cadence Psychology, Elizabeth is best placed to help your child overcome life’s obstacles which may be getting in the way of them being at their best at school, home and with friends. Elizabeth is a warm and compassionate psychologist with over fifteen years experience supporting children and their families in a variety of education and other settings including primary schools.
As every parent knows, your child’s well-being and happiness are the most important things in the world. As the Principal Child Psychologist at Cadence Psychology, Elizabeth is best placed to help your child overcome life’s obstacles which may be getting in the way of them being at their best at school, home and with friends. Elizabeth is a warm and compassionate psychologist with over fifteen years experience supporting children and their families in a variety of education and other settings including primary schools.
(02) 9100 0756 View (02) 9100 0756
Photo of Adam Horvath, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
Adam Horvath
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
1 Endorsed
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Hello, I'm Adam, a Psychologist in North Sydney. Trained in Clinical Psychology. I help young professionals, adolescents, families, and couples manage emotional challenges. My philosophy is that therapy should lead to real changes efficiently, and I will help you to meet your goals with a straightforward and friendly approach. In our sessions, we’ll use practical, science-backed methods to work through issues you might face, such as difficulty with managing emotions, feelings of sadness or worry, or times when you might feel stuck. My practice is about creating a supportive and inclusive environment for everyone.
Hello, I'm Adam, a Psychologist in North Sydney. Trained in Clinical Psychology. I help young professionals, adolescents, families, and couples manage emotional challenges. My philosophy is that therapy should lead to real changes efficiently, and I will help you to meet your goals with a straightforward and friendly approach. In our sessions, we’ll use practical, science-backed methods to work through issues you might face, such as difficulty with managing emotions, feelings of sadness or worry, or times when you might feel stuck. My practice is about creating a supportive and inclusive environment for everyone.
(02) 9100 0498 View (02) 9100 0498
Photo of Guylaine Francesconi, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
Guylaine Francesconi
Psychologist, PsyBA Prov
Verified
1 Endorsed
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Hi, I’m Guylaine. I am a warm, caring and empathic provisional psychologist committed to making therapy a positive and fulfilling experience. I take a collaborative and holistic approach to therapy working at your pace to assist you in finding strategies to manage your thoughts and behaviours and help you achieve your goals. I am always guided by you and what goals you would like to achieve.
Hi, I’m Guylaine. I am a warm, caring and empathic provisional psychologist committed to making therapy a positive and fulfilling experience. I take a collaborative and holistic approach to therapy working at your pace to assist you in finding strategies to manage your thoughts and behaviours and help you achieve your goals. I am always guided by you and what goals you would like to achieve.
(02) 9158 9668 View (02) 9158 9668
Photo of Tahira Haider, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
Tahira Haider
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
I have expertise within the perinatal mental health arena and have worked with mothers and partners struggling with adjustment difficulties, depression, anxiety and attachment issues. Additionally, I also have expertise in a broad range of women issues which include but are not limited to anxiety, depression, low self-esteem/self-worth, stress, relationship difficulties to name a few.
I have expertise within the perinatal mental health arena and have worked with mothers and partners struggling with adjustment difficulties, depression, anxiety and attachment issues. Additionally, I also have expertise in a broad range of women issues which include but are not limited to anxiety, depression, low self-esteem/self-worth, stress, relationship difficulties to name a few.
(02) 8806 0252 View (02) 8806 0252
Photo of Lila Juliette Pesa, Psychotherapist in North Sydney, NSW
Lila Juliette Pesa
Psychotherapist
Verified
1 Endorsed
North Sydney, NSW 2060
I support self-discovery and self-expression by offering a respectful, compassionate and attuned presence, therapeutic skills and experience; honoring the emergence of clients' deep inner wisdom and a self-empowered way of living. I offer support with meaning making and facilitating post-traumatic growth. My clients are those affected by childhood trauma / attachment traumas, re-living emotional pain from the past; dealing with addictive patterns, disordered eating, complex family dynamics, ancestral trauma, relationship issues - family or peers, body image and self-identity.
I support self-discovery and self-expression by offering a respectful, compassionate and attuned presence, therapeutic skills and experience; honoring the emergence of clients' deep inner wisdom and a self-empowered way of living. I offer support with meaning making and facilitating post-traumatic growth. My clients are those affected by childhood trauma / attachment traumas, re-living emotional pain from the past; dealing with addictive patterns, disordered eating, complex family dynamics, ancestral trauma, relationship issues - family or peers, body image and self-identity.
(02) 9100 0902 View (02) 9100 0902
Photo of Aarthi Udayakumar, Counsellor in North Sydney, NSW
Aarthi Udayakumar
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Aarthi is registered as a clinical counsellor with the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia (PACFA). She brings over 10 years of experience working directly with clients from all walks of life. Aarthi has experience working with individuals and families experiencing concerns relating to couples, domestic and family violence, trauma, grief and loss, child welfare and wellbeing, as well as depression, anxiety and a variety of other mental health issues. She has experience using trauma informed, strengths-based and outcomes focussed practices. Aarthi is dedicated to providing a service that is person-centred.
Aarthi is registered as a clinical counsellor with the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia (PACFA). She brings over 10 years of experience working directly with clients from all walks of life. Aarthi has experience working with individuals and families experiencing concerns relating to couples, domestic and family violence, trauma, grief and loss, child welfare and wellbeing, as well as depression, anxiety and a variety of other mental health issues. She has experience using trauma informed, strengths-based and outcomes focussed practices. Aarthi is dedicated to providing a service that is person-centred.
(02) 9100 0497 View (02) 9100 0497
Photo of Alexander Douglas Robertson, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
Alexander Douglas Robertson
Psychologist, MSc, PsyBA General
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Alexander employs an integrative therapeutic approach drawing on a variety of evidence-based techniques including cognitive behavioural therapy, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, solution-focused therapy and emotion-based therapy. While seeking to increase an individual’s sense of confidence and presence, supporting them to live life to the full.
Alexander employs an integrative therapeutic approach drawing on a variety of evidence-based techniques including cognitive behavioural therapy, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, solution-focused therapy and emotion-based therapy. While seeking to increase an individual’s sense of confidence and presence, supporting them to live life to the full.
(02) 9100 0366 View (02) 9100 0366
Photo of Kristy Singh, Counsellor in North Sydney, NSW
Kristy Singh
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Would you like to grow in confidence and skill to deepen your connection to your self and the ones you love? Do you want to improve your relationships and wellbeing? If you could benefit from discovering how to be kinder to your self, learning skills like boundaries to improve your relationships or understand and heal from the effects of trauma then I might be the person to help you. Sometimes we need a guide to empower us to explore our inner world and discover tools to help us move forward.
Would you like to grow in confidence and skill to deepen your connection to your self and the ones you love? Do you want to improve your relationships and wellbeing? If you could benefit from discovering how to be kinder to your self, learning skills like boundaries to improve your relationships or understand and heal from the effects of trauma then I might be the person to help you. Sometimes we need a guide to empower us to explore our inner world and discover tools to help us move forward.
(02) 4075 9893 View (02) 4075 9893
Photo of FIT to LIVE Psychology Svcs Aleksander Gisbert, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
FIT to LIVE Psychology Svcs Aleksander Gisbert
Psychologist
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Director of Fit to Live Psychology Services. Workers Compensation Cases. Weight loss long term management. Psychotherapy for anxiety, depression, pain management, relationship issues, sleep disorders and work stress. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Schema Therapy and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy to deal with anger and post-traumatic stress disorder. Improve self-confidence and self-esteem.
Director of Fit to Live Psychology Services. Workers Compensation Cases. Weight loss long term management. Psychotherapy for anxiety, depression, pain management, relationship issues, sleep disorders and work stress. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Schema Therapy and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy to deal with anger and post-traumatic stress disorder. Improve self-confidence and self-esteem.
(02) 8294 5960 View (02) 8294 5960
Photo of Christie Wilson, Psychotherapist in North Sydney, NSW
Christie Wilson
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
The climate and ecological crisis can cause a range of mental health issues including, grief, anxiety, trauma, and feelings of anger and despair. However, it can also prompt people to re-evaluate their lives, vision meaningful change, and turn sadness into positive life-affirming action. I acknowledge the legitimacy and complicated nature of the human response to the climate crisis; I don't presume the presence or absence of climate-related distress in my client but understand how relationships to nature, living systems, scientific evidence, and media coverage of climate change can help integrate and resolve psychological stressors.
The climate and ecological crisis can cause a range of mental health issues including, grief, anxiety, trauma, and feelings of anger and despair. However, it can also prompt people to re-evaluate their lives, vision meaningful change, and turn sadness into positive life-affirming action. I acknowledge the legitimacy and complicated nature of the human response to the climate crisis; I don't presume the presence or absence of climate-related distress in my client but understand how relationships to nature, living systems, scientific evidence, and media coverage of climate change can help integrate and resolve psychological stressors.
(02) 8188 4583 View (02) 8188 4583
Photo of Heather Koorey, Counsellor in North Sydney, NSW
Heather Koorey
Counsellor
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
My Intentional Counselling practice is for people who want: to increase their mental health and wellbeing; help with work related problems and challenges; help with coping through organisational change; help with career decisions; help with personal and family challenges; help with depression and anxiety, and general 'non-clinical' counselling.
My Intentional Counselling practice is for people who want: to increase their mental health and wellbeing; help with work related problems and challenges; help with coping through organisational change; help with career decisions; help with personal and family challenges; help with depression and anxiety, and general 'non-clinical' counselling.
(02) 9100 0269 View (02) 9100 0269
Photo of Andrea Haas, Psychologist in North Sydney, NSW
Andrea Haas
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
I am a highly-skilled relationship psychologist & sex therapist with over 20 years of professional experience seeing clients in private practice. I support couples through relationship issues, infidelity, lack of intimacy and communication problems. I look at the psychological side of sexual difficulties such as low libido, orgasm difficulties, physical pain during sex, performance anxiety or ejaculation problems. I work with complex trauma using a trauma-informed approach to process sexual, physical and emotional abuse. I aim to create safety, grounding and a centred connection within which consolidates your healing.
I am a highly-skilled relationship psychologist & sex therapist with over 20 years of professional experience seeing clients in private practice. I support couples through relationship issues, infidelity, lack of intimacy and communication problems. I look at the psychological side of sexual difficulties such as low libido, orgasm difficulties, physical pain during sex, performance anxiety or ejaculation problems. I work with complex trauma using a trauma-informed approach to process sexual, physical and emotional abuse. I aim to create safety, grounding and a centred connection within which consolidates your healing.
(02) 9538 7934 View (02) 9538 7934
Photo of Barry Lewis, Psychotherapist in North Sydney, NSW
Barry Lewis
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Many different events will impact our lives, most of the time we can deal with them, other times we cannot. A difficult childhood, the death of a loved one, the end of a relationship, an illness or accident, a toxic work environment, sexuality & gender, unemployment, the current pandemic affecting our world or just being at a new stage of our lives can cause us to feel lost within ourselves and the wider world. This can lead to anxiety or depression, it can affect our self-esteem and disconnect us from everyone around us, leaving us isolated and alone.
Many different events will impact our lives, most of the time we can deal with them, other times we cannot. A difficult childhood, the death of a loved one, the end of a relationship, an illness or accident, a toxic work environment, sexuality & gender, unemployment, the current pandemic affecting our world or just being at a new stage of our lives can cause us to feel lost within ourselves and the wider world. This can lead to anxiety or depression, it can affect our self-esteem and disconnect us from everyone around us, leaving us isolated and alone.
(02) 6189 2878 View (02) 6189 2878
Photo of Veronica Bona, Counsellor in North Sydney, NSW
Veronica Bona
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
1 Endorsed
North Sydney, NSW 2060
If you are feeling overwhelmed, tired, hopeless or lacking joy; like your emotions are uncontrollable or that they do not match with reality; that your worry is getting out of hand or that there is no longer any point, then it might be a good time to seek some support. ​ We are social creatures, and despite what our modern society might have us believe, we all need human connection to function. Seeking support is a huge sign of strength – the strength to actually reach out and let someone in, in order to start the healing process. ​ If you can relate to this or if you have set yourself a personal development goal please reach out.
If you are feeling overwhelmed, tired, hopeless or lacking joy; like your emotions are uncontrollable or that they do not match with reality; that your worry is getting out of hand or that there is no longer any point, then it might be a good time to seek some support. ​ We are social creatures, and despite what our modern society might have us believe, we all need human connection to function. Seeking support is a huge sign of strength – the strength to actually reach out and let someone in, in order to start the healing process. ​ If you can relate to this or if you have set yourself a personal development goal please reach out.
(02) 8806 0062 View (02) 8806 0062
Photo of Relationship Psychotherapy : Trauma Sensitive Care, Psychotherapist in North Sydney, NSW
Relationship Psychotherapy : Trauma Sensitive Care
Psychotherapist, MPsych, PACFA
Verified
1 Endorsed
North Sydney, NSW 2060
Life can throw up sticky moments which can feel experientially ‘heavy’. Where once we seemed to have managed well enough, where now it feels like something else is needed to meet that moment in a more enduring way. I platform a space that is safe, secure and stable that holds our work together in finding a more enduring way forward. “The most difficult thing is the decision to act, the rest is merely tenacity. The fears are paper tigers. You can do anything you decide to do. You can act to change and control your life; and the process is its own reward”. Amelia Earhart
Life can throw up sticky moments which can feel experientially ‘heavy’. Where once we seemed to have managed well enough, where now it feels like something else is needed to meet that moment in a more enduring way. I platform a space that is safe, secure and stable that holds our work together in finding a more enduring way forward. “The most difficult thing is the decision to act, the rest is merely tenacity. The fears are paper tigers. You can do anything you decide to do. You can act to change and control your life; and the process is its own reward”. Amelia Earhart
(02) 9541 8740 View (02) 9541 8740

See more therapy options for North Sydney

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in North Sydney, NSW

100+

Average cost per session

$180

Counsellors in North Sydney, NSW who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
83% Depression
83% Stress
81% Relationship Issues
80% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
68% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

64% Bupa
55% Medicare Rebates
51% Medibank Private

How Counsellors in North Sydney, NSW see their clients

91% In Person and Online
9% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in North Sydney?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.