Counselling in Mayfield East, NSW

Photo of Caitlin Pluta, Psychotherapist in Mayfield East, NSW
Caitlin Pluta
Psychotherapist, MPsych, ACA-L3
Verified
Mayfield East, NSW 2304
Caitlin is a registered psychotherapist working on Awabakal land with over 5 years of experience providing individual therapy for adults and adolescents experiencing a range of difficulties. She has a particular interest in working with people who are having sexual difficulties such as pain, erectile problems and libido mis-match as well as adult ADHD, anxiety and low mood. Caitlin uses evidence-based techniques and a collaborative approach to treatment. If finding a truly open-minded and non-judgmental therapist is important to you, look no further. I welcome people of all backgrounds, abilities and sexual and gender identities.
Caitlin is a registered psychotherapist working on Awabakal land with over 5 years of experience providing individual therapy for adults and adolescents experiencing a range of difficulties. She has a particular interest in working with people who are having sexual difficulties such as pain, erectile problems and libido mis-match as well as adult ADHD, anxiety and low mood. Caitlin uses evidence-based techniques and a collaborative approach to treatment. If finding a truly open-minded and non-judgmental therapist is important to you, look no further. I welcome people of all backgrounds, abilities and sexual and gender identities.
(02) 4012 4714 View (02) 4012 4714
Photo of Natalie England, Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Natalie England
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified
Mayfield East, NSW 2304
I recognises that everybody needs some extra support when facing the challenges and difficulties that life presents us with at times. A warm, encouraging and supportive environment helps my clients achieve their treatment goals. I have experience with varied client groups and work at individually tailoring support and treatment to best suit the unique needs of each client.
I recognises that everybody needs some extra support when facing the challenges and difficulties that life presents us with at times. A warm, encouraging and supportive environment helps my clients achieve their treatment goals. I have experience with varied client groups and work at individually tailoring support and treatment to best suit the unique needs of each client.
(02) 4062 8728 View (02) 4062 8728
Photo of Tracy Leigh Lynch, Counsellor in Mayfield East, NSW
Tracy Leigh Lynch
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
Mayfield East, NSW 2304
With over 30 years experience, I work with Individuals and Couples to help support real and lasting change. I use a combination of EMDR, Parts and Attachment informed therapy. I include Gottman for Couples. This can to help change underlying beliefs that form negative patterns. I specialise in Intensive Therapy. I use longer sessions over a shorter period. My extensive experience and skill base alongside my care and compassion can help you get to the bottom of what is going on and to process this, leading to change. Much more than just talking about issues we process them allowing real change to be possible.
With over 30 years experience, I work with Individuals and Couples to help support real and lasting change. I use a combination of EMDR, Parts and Attachment informed therapy. I include Gottman for Couples. This can to help change underlying beliefs that form negative patterns. I specialise in Intensive Therapy. I use longer sessions over a shorter period. My extensive experience and skill base alongside my care and compassion can help you get to the bottom of what is going on and to process this, leading to change. Much more than just talking about issues we process them allowing real change to be possible.
(02) 4063 1001 View (02) 4063 1001
Photo of Sage Scott, Counsellor in Mayfield East, NSW
Sage Scott
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
Mayfield East, NSW 2304
Howdy! I'm Sage (they/them). I use my experience as a queer (pansexual) & neurodiverse (ADHD) counsellor to facilitate spaces that diverge from traditional talk therapy. I incorporate modalities like hypnotherapy, energy healing, drama therapy, and utilise a somatic and strengths-based approach. Presently, I practice on unceded Awabakal & Worimi Land (Newcastle). For telehealth sessions, I provide both phone and video options, seamlessly conducted through platforms such as Zoom or Discord.
Howdy! I'm Sage (they/them). I use my experience as a queer (pansexual) & neurodiverse (ADHD) counsellor to facilitate spaces that diverge from traditional talk therapy. I incorporate modalities like hypnotherapy, energy healing, drama therapy, and utilise a somatic and strengths-based approach. Presently, I practice on unceded Awabakal & Worimi Land (Newcastle). For telehealth sessions, I provide both phone and video options, seamlessly conducted through platforms such as Zoom or Discord.
(02) 4012 6991 View (02) 4012 6991
Photo of Bec Wellard Therapy, Counsellor in Mayfield East, NSW
Bec Wellard Therapy
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
Mayfield East, NSW 2304
Are you looking for empathic, compassionate support? I work with adults experiencing a broad array of life's big challenges. I can support you with grief and loss, end of life decisions and developing greater self awareness and authenticity in your life. Major life decisions, learning to trust yourself to know what the next right step is and how to speak your authentic truth - even if your voice shakes.
Are you looking for empathic, compassionate support? I work with adults experiencing a broad array of life's big challenges. I can support you with grief and loss, end of life decisions and developing greater self awareness and authenticity in your life. Major life decisions, learning to trust yourself to know what the next right step is and how to speak your authentic truth - even if your voice shakes.
(02) 4063 1439 View (02) 4063 1439
Photo of Martin Leon Wieczorek, Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Martin Leon Wieczorek
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Mayfield East, NSW 2304
Martin Wieczorek is a registered Clinical Psychologist and founder of The Jarrah Tree Practice. He will take the time to understand you, your story, and your context, tailoring his evidence-based approach to your unique situation. His focus is on providing the most efficient and effective care possible while creating a genuine and caring therapeutic relationship. He has a special interest in the treatment of recurrent mood and anxiety issues drawing heavily upon evidence-based techniques grounded in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Schema Therapy. Martin takes a holistic, person-centered approach.
Martin Wieczorek is a registered Clinical Psychologist and founder of The Jarrah Tree Practice. He will take the time to understand you, your story, and your context, tailoring his evidence-based approach to your unique situation. His focus is on providing the most efficient and effective care possible while creating a genuine and caring therapeutic relationship. He has a special interest in the treatment of recurrent mood and anxiety issues drawing heavily upon evidence-based techniques grounded in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Schema Therapy. Martin takes a holistic, person-centered approach.
(02) 4012 0801 View (02) 4012 0801
Photo of Jessica Scala, Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Jessica Scala
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Mayfield East, NSW 2304
Life can throw all sorts of curveballs when we least expect it, and it is how we pick ourselves up that can be a defining part of our lives. I am dedicated to helping people process and grow from challenging life experiences and overcome personal barriers through nurturing self-understanding and compassion. I work closely with my clients to not only help them develop a better understanding of their issues but to map out an achievable path forward. I believe that collaborative and trusting therapeutic relationships are key to positive psychological progression.
Life can throw all sorts of curveballs when we least expect it, and it is how we pick ourselves up that can be a defining part of our lives. I am dedicated to helping people process and grow from challenging life experiences and overcome personal barriers through nurturing self-understanding and compassion. I work closely with my clients to not only help them develop a better understanding of their issues but to map out an achievable path forward. I believe that collaborative and trusting therapeutic relationships are key to positive psychological progression.
(02) 4058 4796 View (02) 4058 4796

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Caitlin Blaxland, Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Caitlin Blaxland
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Lambton, NSW 2299
I work therapeutically with adolescents (aged 12 years and older) and adults. I enjoy helping individuals develop insight into their current difficulties (e.g. anxiety issues, depression, trauma) and to achieve their goals. I believe in working collaboratively with you, at a pace set by you, as well as drawing upon your individual strengths to determine treatment goals; using only the best evidence- informed practice including CBT, ACT, SFBT and Schema Therapy.
I work therapeutically with adolescents (aged 12 years and older) and adults. I enjoy helping individuals develop insight into their current difficulties (e.g. anxiety issues, depression, trauma) and to achieve their goals. I believe in working collaboratively with you, at a pace set by you, as well as drawing upon your individual strengths to determine treatment goals; using only the best evidence- informed practice including CBT, ACT, SFBT and Schema Therapy.
(02) 4071 8216 View (02) 4071 8216
Photo of Tamara Bell, Counsellor in Mayfield East, NSW
Tamara Bell
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300  (Online Only)
Welcome, I am a qualified and experienced Clinical Counsellor that provides teletherapy to adults nationally, and internationally. I support people who are struggling with a range of life challenges. This may be a situational issue or more ongoing challenges in life where you have notice repeated patterns. I provide a compassionate and authentic space to explore what has brought you here today. Whether you are looking for short term counselling or wanting to delve into your experiences in more depth, therapy can support you to develop insight, awareness and bring about change.
Welcome, I am a qualified and experienced Clinical Counsellor that provides teletherapy to adults nationally, and internationally. I support people who are struggling with a range of life challenges. This may be a situational issue or more ongoing challenges in life where you have notice repeated patterns. I provide a compassionate and authentic space to explore what has brought you here today. Whether you are looking for short term counselling or wanting to delve into your experiences in more depth, therapy can support you to develop insight, awareness and bring about change.
(02) 4306 7007 View (02) 4306 7007
Photo of Heulwen Gordon, Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Heulwen Gordon
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300  (Online Only)
Hi, my name is Heulwen and I am a clinical psychologist providing online therapy. I take a holistic and client centred approach based on evidence based tools and research. I am a warm and compassionate practitioner providing individual therapy to women with chronic stress, anxiety, depression, trauma, burnout, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and relationship issues.
Hi, my name is Heulwen and I am a clinical psychologist providing online therapy. I take a holistic and client centred approach based on evidence based tools and research. I am a warm and compassionate practitioner providing individual therapy to women with chronic stress, anxiety, depression, trauma, burnout, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and relationship issues.
(07) 4277 6857 View (07) 4277 6857
Photo of Jennifer Fisher, Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Jennifer Fisher
Psychologist, MA, MAPS
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300
I enjoy working with a range of psychological and emotional concerns. My main area of interest is helping people who are living with an eating disorder. I am passionate about timely and effective support for individuals struggling with eating and body image concerns. In addition to eating disorders, I enjoy working with people who are experiencing different types of anxiety and emotional distress, chronic pain and illness, relationship concerns, grief, loss and adjusting to life changes including parenthood.
I enjoy working with a range of psychological and emotional concerns. My main area of interest is helping people who are living with an eating disorder. I am passionate about timely and effective support for individuals struggling with eating and body image concerns. In addition to eating disorders, I enjoy working with people who are experiencing different types of anxiety and emotional distress, chronic pain and illness, relationship concerns, grief, loss and adjusting to life changes including parenthood.
(02) 4214 8212 View (02) 4214 8212
Photo of Kind Nurture, Counsellor in Mayfield East, NSW
Kind Nurture
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
Wickham, NSW 2293
Hi, I'm Cassie. I’m passionate about offering a space where you can openly explore the challenges you are facing along with your feelings. I want to know you and your story. You will be heard and provided a safe place to explore and share your fears and worries. I understand that life can be challenging and sometimes we need extra support to overcome our obstacles. Whilst studying I have encountered many life challenges, including divorce, job loss, recurrent miscarriages, pregnancy after loss, ectopic pregnancy, and coming to terms with my mental health issues of depression and anxiety.
Hi, I'm Cassie. I’m passionate about offering a space where you can openly explore the challenges you are facing along with your feelings. I want to know you and your story. You will be heard and provided a safe place to explore and share your fears and worries. I understand that life can be challenging and sometimes we need extra support to overcome our obstacles. Whilst studying I have encountered many life challenges, including divorce, job loss, recurrent miscarriages, pregnancy after loss, ectopic pregnancy, and coming to terms with my mental health issues of depression and anxiety.
(02) 4075 7799 View (02) 4075 7799
Photo of Isabella Kotris, Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Isabella Kotris
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified
Broadmeadow, NSW 2292
I embrace a warm and person-centered approach to my therapeutic work. I am deeply committed to the growth and well-being of the individuals I have the privilege to work with. My strengths-based framework allows me to identify and build upon the existing skills and strengths of my clients, which helps facilitate their growth and healing. I strongly believe in working collaboratively with my clients, creating an environment of trust and safety where they can comfortably explore their challenges and goals. I feel passionate about helping people across the lifespan live meaningful lives.
I embrace a warm and person-centered approach to my therapeutic work. I am deeply committed to the growth and well-being of the individuals I have the privilege to work with. My strengths-based framework allows me to identify and build upon the existing skills and strengths of my clients, which helps facilitate their growth and healing. I strongly believe in working collaboratively with my clients, creating an environment of trust and safety where they can comfortably explore their challenges and goals. I feel passionate about helping people across the lifespan live meaningful lives.
(02) 4902 8900 View (02) 4902 8900
Photo of Hunter Valley Walk and Talk Therapy, Counsellor in Mayfield East, NSW
Hunter Valley Walk and Talk Therapy
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300
I work with women seeking growth. These women feel taken for granted and often find themselves responding and reacting to loved ones in ways that are not ideal. Would you describe your life so far as 'complicated'? Was your childhood chaotic and traumatic in some way? Would you like to find ways to manage anxiety, show some kindness to yourself, step aside from the expectations of others, learn some communication skills and find a way to start healing those niggly emotions and feelings that are always there, hovering?
I work with women seeking growth. These women feel taken for granted and often find themselves responding and reacting to loved ones in ways that are not ideal. Would you describe your life so far as 'complicated'? Was your childhood chaotic and traumatic in some way? Would you like to find ways to manage anxiety, show some kindness to yourself, step aside from the expectations of others, learn some communication skills and find a way to start healing those niggly emotions and feelings that are always there, hovering?
(02) 4005 0024 View (02) 4005 0024
Photo of Nicholas Hutchins, Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Nicholas Hutchins
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Cooks Hill, NSW 2300
I seek to help people to heal from the pain of their past. In my experience our suffering stems from the attempts we make to ward off emotional and relational pain. The problem is that what protected us in the past is causing our suffering in the present. If we were hurt in relationships, therapy offers an opportunity to have a new kind of healing relationship. I’m optimistic about the possibility for deep and lasting change. I seek to offer you more than strategies; I seek to help people to find deep emotional healing.
I seek to help people to heal from the pain of their past. In my experience our suffering stems from the attempts we make to ward off emotional and relational pain. The problem is that what protected us in the past is causing our suffering in the present. If we were hurt in relationships, therapy offers an opportunity to have a new kind of healing relationship. I’m optimistic about the possibility for deep and lasting change. I seek to offer you more than strategies; I seek to help people to find deep emotional healing.
(02) 4075 9759 View (02) 4075 9759
Photo of Dr Lisa Millar (Elevated Well-Being), Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Dr Lisa Millar (Elevated Well-Being)
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Lambton, NSW 2299
I am a Clinical Psychologist with over 20 years of experience in the assessment and treatment of mental health and wellbeing concerns. These include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, adjustment difficulties, stress, emotional difficulties, trauma, and family and relationship problems for individuals. I use a holistic and collaborative approach with clients to develop individualised psychological treatment to optimise their mental health and wellbeing. My ultimate goal is to help individuals enhance their quality of life, foster positive change, and promote lasting well-being.
I am a Clinical Psychologist with over 20 years of experience in the assessment and treatment of mental health and wellbeing concerns. These include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, adjustment difficulties, stress, emotional difficulties, trauma, and family and relationship problems for individuals. I use a holistic and collaborative approach with clients to develop individualised psychological treatment to optimise their mental health and wellbeing. My ultimate goal is to help individuals enhance their quality of life, foster positive change, and promote lasting well-being.
(02) 4075 3723 View (02) 4075 3723
Photo of Bronwyn Baker, Counsellor in Mayfield East, NSW
Bronwyn Baker
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Do you feel like you’re stuck in survival mode? Have you just come out of an unhealthy relationship or marriage? Do you want to find healing from the past but don’t know where to begin? Do you find it hard to trust others or feel like they won’t understand what you’re dealing with? What if I told you that healing is possible? Others have recovered from these difficulties and you can to. I know it can feel like you’ll never get there but you don’t have to try and figure it out on your own. With the right help, recovery is very possible.
Do you feel like you’re stuck in survival mode? Have you just come out of an unhealthy relationship or marriage? Do you want to find healing from the past but don’t know where to begin? Do you find it hard to trust others or feel like they won’t understand what you’re dealing with? What if I told you that healing is possible? Others have recovered from these difficulties and you can to. I know it can feel like you’ll never get there but you don’t have to try and figure it out on your own. With the right help, recovery is very possible.
(02) 5850 2804 View (02) 5850 2804
Photo of Anna Suraev, Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Anna Suraev
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Broadmeadow, NSW 2292
Dr Anna Suraev is a Clinical Psychologist who has a warm, genuine, and non-judgemental approach in her therapeutic work. She places great value in creating a safe and supportive space for her clients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences.
Dr Anna Suraev is a Clinical Psychologist who has a warm, genuine, and non-judgemental approach in her therapeutic work. She places great value in creating a safe and supportive space for her clients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences.
(02) 4075 9997 View (02) 4075 9997
Photo of The Hummingbird Centre , Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
The Hummingbird Centre
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified
Broadmeadow, NSW 2292
The Hummingbird Centre is devoted to delivering outstanding mental health services to our clients. We understand that our clients come from varied backgrounds, cultures, and life paths, and we believe that the journey to empowerment necessitates a personalized approach. This commitment is reflected in our centre's dedication to discovering innovative, evidence-based methods to deliver top-notch service to our clients, all while expanding the diversity of our offerings.
The Hummingbird Centre is devoted to delivering outstanding mental health services to our clients. We understand that our clients come from varied backgrounds, cultures, and life paths, and we believe that the journey to empowerment necessitates a personalized approach. This commitment is reflected in our centre's dedication to discovering innovative, evidence-based methods to deliver top-notch service to our clients, all while expanding the diversity of our offerings.
(02) 4011 6822 View (02) 4011 6822
Photo of Dr Reza Nejad -Clinical Psychologist, Psychologist in Mayfield East, NSW
Dr Reza Nejad -Clinical Psychologist
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Newcastle, NSW 2300
I am a registered clinical psychologist with over 20 years of experience working with individuals with anxiety, depression and trauma. I hold a Doctoral Degree in Clinical Psychology at the University of Adelaide as well as Master’s and Bachelor’s degrees in psychology. I can assist you with a range of presenting issues including depression, anxiety, stress management, trauma, adjustment difficulties, anger management, bullying and harassment, self-esteem issues, self-development, eating disorder, OCD, worries, social anxiety and panics.
I am a registered clinical psychologist with over 20 years of experience working with individuals with anxiety, depression and trauma. I hold a Doctoral Degree in Clinical Psychology at the University of Adelaide as well as Master’s and Bachelor’s degrees in psychology. I can assist you with a range of presenting issues including depression, anxiety, stress management, trauma, adjustment difficulties, anger management, bullying and harassment, self-esteem issues, self-development, eating disorder, OCD, worries, social anxiety and panics.
(08) 8646 5602 View (08) 8646 5602

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Mayfield East, NSW

< 10

Counsellors in Mayfield East, NSW who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Anxiety
100% Trauma and PTSD
86% Depression
86% Coping Skills
86% Self Esteem
86% Stress

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Medibank Private
50% Other
50% Bupa

How Counsellors in Mayfield East, NSW see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

72% Female
14% Male
14% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Mayfield East?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.