Counselling in Liverpool, NSW

Photo of Natasha Hussein, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
Natasha Hussein
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Natasha is a generally registered psychologist who is friendly and warm, and dedicated to support clients with achieving positive mental health well-being and improved daily functioning. She would like to create a non-judgmental space that allows for understanding, empathy and compassion for clients to feel comfortable and safe. She aspires to help clients through difficult and emotional challenges that may be impacting their daily life and support them by providing strategies and techniques that will aid in managing their symptoms and concerns.
Natasha is a generally registered psychologist who is friendly and warm, and dedicated to support clients with achieving positive mental health well-being and improved daily functioning. She would like to create a non-judgmental space that allows for understanding, empathy and compassion for clients to feel comfortable and safe. She aspires to help clients through difficult and emotional challenges that may be impacting their daily life and support them by providing strategies and techniques that will aid in managing their symptoms and concerns.
(02) 8105 5207 View (02) 8105 5207
Photo of Sarah Malake Kheir, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
Sarah Malake Kheir
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA Prov
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Sarah is a provisionally registered psychologist committed to delivering evidence-based strategies while bringing a strong focus to her therapeutic relationships. Above all, Sarah is very clear on the personal values that she brings to her work in psychology, including patience, acceptance, attentiveness and a non-judgemental approach. She brings great warmth and sincerity to her work, which in turn assists her clients to feel at ease as they work together for change.
Sarah is a provisionally registered psychologist committed to delivering evidence-based strategies while bringing a strong focus to her therapeutic relationships. Above all, Sarah is very clear on the personal values that she brings to her work in psychology, including patience, acceptance, attentiveness and a non-judgemental approach. She brings great warmth and sincerity to her work, which in turn assists her clients to feel at ease as they work together for change.
(02) 8105 5009 View (02) 8105 5009
Photo of KD Psychology, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
KD Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170  (Online Only)
Kim Dang is a psychologist who is experienced in delivering individual counselling and psychotherapy, assessments, and report writing to diverse populations across the lifespan.
Kim Dang is a psychologist who is experienced in delivering individual counselling and psychotherapy, assessments, and report writing to diverse populations across the lifespan.
(02) 6190 7716 View (02) 6190 7716
Photo of Hilal Bozkurt, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
Hilal Bozkurt
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Hilal Bozkurt is a General Psychologist with a warm and compassionate approach. She is passionate about improving the mental health and well being of her clients. She ensures that her clients are welcomed in a safe and non judgemental space, allowing them to explore their difficult life challenges and emotions, empowering them to reach their optimal and highest state of self regulation, functioning and an overall improved quality of life.
Hilal Bozkurt is a General Psychologist with a warm and compassionate approach. She is passionate about improving the mental health and well being of her clients. She ensures that her clients are welcomed in a safe and non judgemental space, allowing them to explore their difficult life challenges and emotions, empowering them to reach their optimal and highest state of self regulation, functioning and an overall improved quality of life.
(02) 8105 5204 View (02) 8105 5204
Photo of PsychBlossom, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
PsychBlossom
Psychologist, MSc, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Cheryn is a Clinical Psychologist. Cheryn’s qualifications are a Bachelor of Social Science (Psychology) and a Master of Clinical Psychology. Cheryn loves her work and is a very dedicated, warm and engaging therapist, with a keen sense of the privilege and responsibility that her role involves. She enjoys accompanying her clients on their path through difficulty and grounds her work in an attuned and genuine understanding of her clients and their needs. ​ Cheryn has an affinity working with people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds and her experience has enabled her to become resourceful in adapting therapies.
Cheryn is a Clinical Psychologist. Cheryn’s qualifications are a Bachelor of Social Science (Psychology) and a Master of Clinical Psychology. Cheryn loves her work and is a very dedicated, warm and engaging therapist, with a keen sense of the privilege and responsibility that her role involves. She enjoys accompanying her clients on their path through difficulty and grounds her work in an attuned and genuine understanding of her clients and their needs. ​ Cheryn has an affinity working with people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds and her experience has enabled her to become resourceful in adapting therapies.
(02) 8105 5998 View (02) 8105 5998
Hastings Stanley
Counsellor, AACBT
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Existential therapy focuses on freedom, responsibility, and the meaning of life coupled with a mindfulness based approach to alleviate anxieties and fears while working towards integration and self-actualization. We all need a tailored therapy just for us, which is why sessions are never limited by one approach. I also take inspiration from the psychoanalytic tradition through Horney and Kernberg as well as my foundational practice in CBT and ACT.
Existential therapy focuses on freedom, responsibility, and the meaning of life coupled with a mindfulness based approach to alleviate anxieties and fears while working towards integration and self-actualization. We all need a tailored therapy just for us, which is why sessions are never limited by one approach. I also take inspiration from the psychoanalytic tradition through Horney and Kernberg as well as my foundational practice in CBT and ACT.
(02) 8105 6271 View (02) 8105 6271
Photo of Deniz Dagli, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
Deniz Dagli
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Are you feeling worried, stressed, low mood and depressed? Struggling to cope with life's challenges? Our psychology clinic is here to lend a helping hand. Are you seeking support to enhance your relationships and personal growth? And healing traumatic memories? You are not alone. Deniz at MindSea Psychology, offers compassionate, culturally safe, and personalized care tailored to your unique needs. Deniz has a rich history of clinical experience (15years) working in NGO’s, public and private mental health, hospitals, schools, universities and private practice. Visit us at www.mindseapsychology.com.au for further info.
Are you feeling worried, stressed, low mood and depressed? Struggling to cope with life's challenges? Our psychology clinic is here to lend a helping hand. Are you seeking support to enhance your relationships and personal growth? And healing traumatic memories? You are not alone. Deniz at MindSea Psychology, offers compassionate, culturally safe, and personalized care tailored to your unique needs. Deniz has a rich history of clinical experience (15years) working in NGO’s, public and private mental health, hospitals, schools, universities and private practice. Visit us at www.mindseapsychology.com.au for further info.
(02) 8105 6605 View (02) 8105 6605
Sai Psychological Services
Psychologist, FAPS
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
My areas of expertise include: Anxiety. Depression. Adjustment difficulties Grief and Loss. Anger. Complex Trauma. Psychological assessment. Oro facial pain management. Body-image disturbance. Relationship issues. Stress and worry. Sleep difficulties. Body-image disturbance. Pain management.
My areas of expertise include: Anxiety. Depression. Adjustment difficulties Grief and Loss. Anger. Complex Trauma. Psychological assessment. Oro facial pain management. Body-image disturbance. Relationship issues. Stress and worry. Sleep difficulties. Body-image disturbance. Pain management.
(02) 8105 5131 View (02) 8105 5131
Photo of Greg Barker, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
Greg Barker
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Greg Barker is a compassionate and genuine Clinical Psychologist with more than 20 years of clinical experience across public hospital, community mental health, and forensic settings. Greg provides psychological therapy and interventions for both general as well as complex mental health problems. He works with clients experiencing difficulties in areas such as depression, anxiety, psychoses, complicated grief, trauma and complex-PTSD, eating disorders, and personality disorders. Greg works with adults of all ages.
Greg Barker is a compassionate and genuine Clinical Psychologist with more than 20 years of clinical experience across public hospital, community mental health, and forensic settings. Greg provides psychological therapy and interventions for both general as well as complex mental health problems. He works with clients experiencing difficulties in areas such as depression, anxiety, psychoses, complicated grief, trauma and complex-PTSD, eating disorders, and personality disorders. Greg works with adults of all ages.
(02) 8105 5536 View (02) 8105 5536
Photo of Mark G Olsen, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
Mark G Olsen
Psychologist, PsyBA Prov
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Are you struggling with low mood or high anxiety or stress? Have you experienced trauma, self-injury, abuse, violence, or coercive control? Do you have problems at work or in a relationship? Are you looking to learn more about yourself and why you think, feel, and act in the ways that you do? Do you experience panic attacks? Have you been feeling pain or brokenness and don't know why? Perhaps you have a pretty good idea why you feel pain or brokenness, but aren't sure what to do about it?
Are you struggling with low mood or high anxiety or stress? Have you experienced trauma, self-injury, abuse, violence, or coercive control? Do you have problems at work or in a relationship? Are you looking to learn more about yourself and why you think, feel, and act in the ways that you do? Do you experience panic attacks? Have you been feeling pain or brokenness and don't know why? Perhaps you have a pretty good idea why you feel pain or brokenness, but aren't sure what to do about it?
(02) 8105 6831 View (02) 8105 6831
Photo of Olivia Orru, Counsellor in Liverpool, NSW
Olivia Orru
Counsellor, ACA-L3
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Olivia is a friendly, caring and warm registered counsellor who genuinely cares about the wellbeing of her clients. Olivia has experience working with children, adolescents, young adults and families both in non for profit organisations and within school settings. Olivia also has experience working with children and adolescents with moderate to severe disabilities and mental health concerns which is an area in which she is extremely passionate about.
Olivia is a friendly, caring and warm registered counsellor who genuinely cares about the wellbeing of her clients. Olivia has experience working with children, adolescents, young adults and families both in non for profit organisations and within school settings. Olivia also has experience working with children and adolescents with moderate to severe disabilities and mental health concerns which is an area in which she is extremely passionate about.
(02) 8105 5537 View (02) 8105 5537
Photo of Mickey Skidmore, Psychotherapist in Liverpool, NSW
Mickey Skidmore
Psychotherapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170  (Online Only)
My primary clinical focus is on grief & loss, and associated issues of depression and anxiety. I provide services exclusively online (tele-health) to emphasise flexibility and scheduling convenience (eliminating travel and parking hassles) while ensuring increased privacy in the comfort in your own environment. My primary approach to therapy emphasises Solution Focused and Motivational Interviewing methods that are underscored and influenced by Ericksonian Approaches to hypnosis and psychotherapy. I also have a strong passion for providing clinical supervision and services to other professionals.
My primary clinical focus is on grief & loss, and associated issues of depression and anxiety. I provide services exclusively online (tele-health) to emphasise flexibility and scheduling convenience (eliminating travel and parking hassles) while ensuring increased privacy in the comfort in your own environment. My primary approach to therapy emphasises Solution Focused and Motivational Interviewing methods that are underscored and influenced by Ericksonian Approaches to hypnosis and psychotherapy. I also have a strong passion for providing clinical supervision and services to other professionals.
(02) 8294 2030 View (02) 8294 2030
Photo of Mandy Halabi, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
Mandy Halabi
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Changing your thoughts to more positive, compassionate and helpful ones is a great first step. Now it might be time to get your feelings to match your new way of thinking. If past experiences have led you to behave, automatically in a way that does not match who you really want to be, I can help. Using EMDR and other evidence-based techniques I collaborate with you and guide you to reduce the flash-backs; remove triggers; grow your strengths and turn those difficult events turn into distant memories. There is space in sessions for you to learn, to share, to cry and to laugh - and start your journey to being you.
Changing your thoughts to more positive, compassionate and helpful ones is a great first step. Now it might be time to get your feelings to match your new way of thinking. If past experiences have led you to behave, automatically in a way that does not match who you really want to be, I can help. Using EMDR and other evidence-based techniques I collaborate with you and guide you to reduce the flash-backs; remove triggers; grow your strengths and turn those difficult events turn into distant memories. There is space in sessions for you to learn, to share, to cry and to laugh - and start your journey to being you.
(02) 8105 5796 View (02) 8105 5796
Photo of Daniel Istanbouli, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Liverpool, NSW
Daniel Istanbouli
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170  (Online Only)
I have extensive experience providing treatment within a vast scope of areas, these include addictions, adolescences, trauma informed care and recovery, families and relationships, psychiatric mental health, disabilities, men’s behaviour, and domestic and family violence. I utilise evidence-based treatments, cognitive behaviour therapy, A key aspect of my intervention involves mindfulness, “the element of being aware of oneself”. Outside of career pursuits, l enjoy recreational sports, travel, music, meditation, and family life.
I have extensive experience providing treatment within a vast scope of areas, these include addictions, adolescences, trauma informed care and recovery, families and relationships, psychiatric mental health, disabilities, men’s behaviour, and domestic and family violence. I utilise evidence-based treatments, cognitive behaviour therapy, A key aspect of my intervention involves mindfulness, “the element of being aware of oneself”. Outside of career pursuits, l enjoy recreational sports, travel, music, meditation, and family life.
(02) 8105 5212 View (02) 8105 5212
Photo of Sydney Therapeutic Practice , Psychotherapist in Liverpool, NSW
Sydney Therapeutic Practice
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Liverpool, NSW 2170
I understand that taking the first step can be the most difficult. I am committed to working alongside you and value the therapeutic relationship. I utilise my Gestalt training in creating a person-centred holistic approach that encourages you to navigate your healing journey at your own pace and in a manner that feels right for you. I recognise the importance of the support of others in managing life's challenges, and offer my experience, empathy, and humanity to aid you on your journey of healing.
I understand that taking the first step can be the most difficult. I am committed to working alongside you and value the therapeutic relationship. I utilise my Gestalt training in creating a person-centred holistic approach that encourages you to navigate your healing journey at your own pace and in a manner that feels right for you. I recognise the importance of the support of others in managing life's challenges, and offer my experience, empathy, and humanity to aid you on your journey of healing.
(02) 8105 6602 View (02) 8105 6602
Photo of Fayez Ramzy Nour, Counsellor in Liverpool, NSW
Fayez Ramzy Nour
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Not Verified Not Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
Fayez is a passionate and skilled counsellor, with vast life experience and a substantial background working in private practice that makes him care, empathetic and engaging. He provides effective therapeutic support across a diverse range of issues to individuals, couples and families. Fayez also provides supervision to other counsellors. Fayez is registered with the Australian Counselling Association, the Professional Counselling Association of the ACT & NSW, Australian Association of Social Workers and Resolution Institute.
Fayez is a passionate and skilled counsellor, with vast life experience and a substantial background working in private practice that makes him care, empathetic and engaging. He provides effective therapeutic support across a diverse range of issues to individuals, couples and families. Fayez also provides supervision to other counsellors. Fayez is registered with the Australian Counselling Association, the Professional Counselling Association of the ACT & NSW, Australian Association of Social Workers and Resolution Institute.
(02) 9158 6543 View (02) 9158 6543
Photo of Empowering Minds Psychology, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
Empowering Minds Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
As the Psychologist behind Empowering Minds Psychology with over 14 years experience working with children, adolescents and their families Ellen Pickering provides a safe, gentle, non-judgemental, empowering and confidential space for families, children and adolescents ensuring that the therapy helps not only the client but also their family. Ellen also provides therapy for parents as they ride the rollercoaster of being a parent.
As the Psychologist behind Empowering Minds Psychology with over 14 years experience working with children, adolescents and their families Ellen Pickering provides a safe, gentle, non-judgemental, empowering and confidential space for families, children and adolescents ensuring that the therapy helps not only the client but also their family. Ellen also provides therapy for parents as they ride the rollercoaster of being a parent.
(02) 8105 5974 View (02) 8105 5974
Photo of Growth Psychology Consulting, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
Growth Psychology Consulting
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
We are a team of psychologists in the Liverpool. We see clients for various issues such as but not limited to anxiety, depression , gambling, adjustment issues, relationship issues , marriage counselling , self esteem , children, adolescents private clients, workcover, CTP , solicitors reports. We help in guiding you for whatever life changes you are going through.
We are a team of psychologists in the Liverpool. We see clients for various issues such as but not limited to anxiety, depression , gambling, adjustment issues, relationship issues , marriage counselling , self esteem , children, adolescents private clients, workcover, CTP , solicitors reports. We help in guiding you for whatever life changes you are going through.
(02) 8880 5183 View (02) 8880 5183
Photo of Crystal (Yee Tak) Lee, Psychologist in Liverpool, NSW
Crystal (Yee Tak) Lee
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NSW 2170
I work with individuals aged 15 years and above who experience mild to severe levels of mental health concerns, including depression, anxiety, stress, sleep issues, intrusive and/or self-loathing thoughts, interpersonal issues, complicated grief, childhood trauma and personality disorders. I incorporate a range of evidence-based treatments, including Schema Therapy, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Interpersonal therapy (IPT), Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT), Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT), mindfulness and relaxation techniques.
I work with individuals aged 15 years and above who experience mild to severe levels of mental health concerns, including depression, anxiety, stress, sleep issues, intrusive and/or self-loathing thoughts, interpersonal issues, complicated grief, childhood trauma and personality disorders. I incorporate a range of evidence-based treatments, including Schema Therapy, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Interpersonal therapy (IPT), Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT), Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT), mindfulness and relaxation techniques.
(02) 4214 8063 View (02) 4214 8063
Photo of Rakib Islam, Psychotherapist in Liverpool, NSW
Rakib Islam
Psychotherapist, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Liverpool, NSW 2170
My personal journey towards finding my authentic self has been transformative, shaping the essence of what I offer as a counsellor to those seeking healing and growth. Life can sometimes feel overwhelming, and talking to someone in a non-judgmental space can be a great support. If you are looking for a counsellor to work together on issues such as life transitions, adjustments, grief, anxiety, stress, low mood, substance misuse, relationship issues, or low self-esteem, please feel free to reach out. I also encourage you to connect if you are seeking support for spiritual and existential concerns.
My personal journey towards finding my authentic self has been transformative, shaping the essence of what I offer as a counsellor to those seeking healing and growth. Life can sometimes feel overwhelming, and talking to someone in a non-judgmental space can be a great support. If you are looking for a counsellor to work together on issues such as life transitions, adjustments, grief, anxiety, stress, low mood, substance misuse, relationship issues, or low self-esteem, please feel free to reach out. I also encourage you to connect if you are seeking support for spiritual and existential concerns.
(02) 9100 0026 View (02) 9100 0026

See more therapy options for Liverpool

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Liverpool, NSW

50+

Average cost per session

$157

Counsellors in Liverpool, NSW who prioritize treating:

86% Depression
86% Anxiety
78% Stress
75% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
73% Coping Skills
69% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

68% Bupa
68% Medicare Rebates
63% NDIS

How Counsellors in Liverpool, NSW see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Liverpool?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.