Counselling in Kogarah, NSW

Photo of Lynda Daniels, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Lynda Daniels
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Lynda is a psychologist (clinical registrar) at the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. She has a warm, non-judgemental therapeutic style, drawing on her life experience and empathetic nature to help clients work towards achieving their therapeutic goals within the framework of evidence-based psychological therapy. Lynda completed her Masters of Clinical Psychology at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS). Prior to this Lynda completed her undergraduate psychology studies at Monash University and the Australian College of Applied Psychology (ACAP), and her undergraduate science degree at the University of Wollongong.
Lynda is a psychologist (clinical registrar) at the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. She has a warm, non-judgemental therapeutic style, drawing on her life experience and empathetic nature to help clients work towards achieving their therapeutic goals within the framework of evidence-based psychological therapy. Lynda completed her Masters of Clinical Psychology at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS). Prior to this Lynda completed her undergraduate psychology studies at Monash University and the Australian College of Applied Psychology (ACAP), and her undergraduate science degree at the University of Wollongong.
(02) 8105 6531 View (02) 8105 6531
Photo of Karina Lazarou, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Karina Lazarou
Psychologist, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
I understand that coming to therapy takes a lot of courage, and I endeavour to make therapy a supportive and warm space, where you can feel safe to explore your inner workings. I see adults presenting with a variety of issues ranging from depression, anxiety, stress, a lack of purpose and drive, conflicts in relationships, low self-confidence, people-pleasing, perfectionism, and the multifaceted struggles of being human.
I understand that coming to therapy takes a lot of courage, and I endeavour to make therapy a supportive and warm space, where you can feel safe to explore your inner workings. I see adults presenting with a variety of issues ranging from depression, anxiety, stress, a lack of purpose and drive, conflicts in relationships, low self-confidence, people-pleasing, perfectionism, and the multifaceted struggles of being human.
(02) 8105 5669 View (02) 8105 5669
Photo of undefined - Kristy Stack Psychology, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Kristy Stack Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Are you a new parent struggling with juggling the demands of your bundle of joy alongside managing household tasks? Are you feeling down when everyone around you is telling you to "enjoy every moment", "they grow up so fast"? Maybe you have older children struggling at school and you're not sure what to do? Do you have children experiencing big feelings and you're not sure how to help them?
Are you a new parent struggling with juggling the demands of your bundle of joy alongside managing household tasks? Are you feeling down when everyone around you is telling you to "enjoy every moment", "they grow up so fast"? Maybe you have older children struggling at school and you're not sure what to do? Do you have children experiencing big feelings and you're not sure how to help them?
(02) 8105 6818 View (02) 8105 6818
Photo of undefined - Lighthouse Therapeutic, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Lighthouse Therapeutic
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Are you finding it hard to cope with day to day stressors. Do you have difficulty with food and body image, maybe you are restricting, binging, purging or yo-yo dieting. Have you found that your drug or alcohol intake has increased and is starting to feel out of control, or has been out of control for a while, have you just had a lapse/relapse. Is your anxiety holding you back or are you having difficulty with your relationships, emotion regulation or asserting boundaries?
Are you finding it hard to cope with day to day stressors. Do you have difficulty with food and body image, maybe you are restricting, binging, purging or yo-yo dieting. Have you found that your drug or alcohol intake has increased and is starting to feel out of control, or has been out of control for a while, have you just had a lapse/relapse. Is your anxiety holding you back or are you having difficulty with your relationships, emotion regulation or asserting boundaries?
(02) 8806 0119 View (02) 8806 0119
Photo of Aimee Oliveri, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Aimee Oliveri
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Aimee is a clinical psychologist at the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. Aimee takes a person-centred approach to her practice, working collaboratively with her clients to harness their strengths/knowledge and achieve their goals. She draws from various therapeutic styles to meet the unique needs and circumstances of her clients, including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), mindfulness-based therapies, trauma-based therapies, dialectal behaviour therapy (DBT) and narrative therapy.
Aimee is a clinical psychologist at the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. Aimee takes a person-centred approach to her practice, working collaboratively with her clients to harness their strengths/knowledge and achieve their goals. She draws from various therapeutic styles to meet the unique needs and circumstances of her clients, including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), mindfulness-based therapies, trauma-based therapies, dialectal behaviour therapy (DBT) and narrative therapy.
(02) 8105 6535 View (02) 8105 6535
Photo of Georgia Ashworth, Psychologist
Georgia Ashworth
Psychologist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Georgia is a psychologist at the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. She has a genuine and empathetic therapeutic style, committed to providing a non-judgemental space to achieve therapeutic goals through evidence-based psychological therapy. Georgia is a registered psychologist and clinical psychology registrar who completed her Masters of Clinical Psychology at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS), as well as previous studies in psychology at Macquarie University (MQ) and the Australian College of Applied Psychology (ACAP). She has an interest in public health, having completed research on gambling and drug addictions.
Georgia is a psychologist at the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. She has a genuine and empathetic therapeutic style, committed to providing a non-judgemental space to achieve therapeutic goals through evidence-based psychological therapy. Georgia is a registered psychologist and clinical psychology registrar who completed her Masters of Clinical Psychology at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS), as well as previous studies in psychology at Macquarie University (MQ) and the Australian College of Applied Psychology (ACAP). She has an interest in public health, having completed research on gambling and drug addictions.
(02) 8105 5765 View (02) 8105 5765
Photo of Tim Wardeiner, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Tim Wardeiner
Psychologist, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Tim has over five years of experience as a Clinical Psychologist. His passion for his work has taken him to Victoria, the Northern Territory, and now a Sydney based clinic, Mind Project.
Tim has over five years of experience as a Clinical Psychologist. His passion for his work has taken him to Victoria, the Northern Territory, and now a Sydney based clinic, Mind Project.
(02) 8105 5538 View (02) 8105 5538
Photo of Rachel Pollard, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Rachel Pollard
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Rachel is a Psychologist at the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. Rachel has completed a Bachelor of Arts (Psychology) at the Australian Catholic University, and both a Graduate Diploma of Psychological Science and Master of Psychology (Clinical) at Bond University. Rachel’s approach to treatment is trauma informed, warm, and non-judgemental. She ensures compassionate, empathetic care, regardless of presentation or concern. Rachel enjoys working with clients across the life span, delivering both individual and group-based therapy. She has previous experience working in both education and private practice settings.
Rachel is a Psychologist at the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. Rachel has completed a Bachelor of Arts (Psychology) at the Australian Catholic University, and both a Graduate Diploma of Psychological Science and Master of Psychology (Clinical) at Bond University. Rachel’s approach to treatment is trauma informed, warm, and non-judgemental. She ensures compassionate, empathetic care, regardless of presentation or concern. Rachel enjoys working with clients across the life span, delivering both individual and group-based therapy. She has previous experience working in both education and private practice settings.
(02) 8105 5795 View (02) 8105 5795
Photo of Anastasia Hronis, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Anastasia Hronis
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Dr Anastasia Hronis (B Psych Hons, M Clin Psych, AMusA, LMusA, Ph.D) is a clinical psychologist and founder of the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. Anastasia provides individual and group therapy. Anastasia also holds the position of Honorary Associate at the University of Technology Sydney, where she provides lectures and research supervision to students in the Master of Clinical Psychology Program.
Dr Anastasia Hronis (B Psych Hons, M Clin Psych, AMusA, LMusA, Ph.D) is a clinical psychologist and founder of the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. Anastasia provides individual and group therapy. Anastasia also holds the position of Honorary Associate at the University of Technology Sydney, where she provides lectures and research supervision to students in the Master of Clinical Psychology Program.
(02) 8105 5006 View (02) 8105 5006
Photo of Elizabeth Talbot, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Elizabeth Talbot
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
As your clinical psychologist, I want to understand your situation, so I start by listening to you with a curious, open mind and without judgement. I help you explore your feelings and behaviours through reflection, to uncover the beliefs that sit behind them. From this foundation of understanding, we work collaboratively to find practical strategies to manage your thoughts, behaviours and feelings. So whether you need long-term support or an occasional visit, you can move forward with more ease, confidence and optimism.
As your clinical psychologist, I want to understand your situation, so I start by listening to you with a curious, open mind and without judgement. I help you explore your feelings and behaviours through reflection, to uncover the beliefs that sit behind them. From this foundation of understanding, we work collaboratively to find practical strategies to manage your thoughts, behaviours and feelings. So whether you need long-term support or an occasional visit, you can move forward with more ease, confidence and optimism.
(02) 8806 0157 View (02) 8806 0157
Photo of Anita Nikolovska, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Anita Nikolovska
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
As a dedicated and compassionate clinical psychologist, I am committed to empowering individuals on their mental and emotional well-being journey. With over 25 years of experience in adult mental health, I specialise in providing evidence-based therapies that foster growth, healing and lasting positive change.
As a dedicated and compassionate clinical psychologist, I am committed to empowering individuals on their mental and emotional well-being journey. With over 25 years of experience in adult mental health, I specialise in providing evidence-based therapies that foster growth, healing and lasting positive change.
(02) 9054 5872 View (02) 9054 5872
Photo of undefined - Neha Kapoor | Novo Empower Counselling, MPsych, PACFA, Psychotherapist
Neha Kapoor | Novo Empower Counselling
Psychotherapist, MPsych, PACFA
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
I am a Registered Clinical Counsellor and Psychotherapist and owner of Novo Empower Counselling. I have over a decade of experience empowering and guiding couples and individuals through the intricate pathways of life and relationships. I utilise a diverse array of proven approaches to create tailored programs that unlock insights, resolve conflicts, and nurture growth. I offer both in-person and online counselling options to accommodate different needs of my clients.
I am a Registered Clinical Counsellor and Psychotherapist and owner of Novo Empower Counselling. I have over a decade of experience empowering and guiding couples and individuals through the intricate pathways of life and relationships. I utilise a diverse array of proven approaches to create tailored programs that unlock insights, resolve conflicts, and nurture growth. I offer both in-person and online counselling options to accommodate different needs of my clients.
0410 637 225 View 0410 637 225
Photo of Vera Nedelkovska, PACFA, Counsellor
Vera Nedelkovska
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Vera is a dedicated therapist specialising in counseling, therapy, and hypnosis. With a person-centered approach, Vera creates a safe space for her clients to overcome challenges and strive for personal growth. Her focus is on empowering clients to develop healthy relationships and build resilience, fostering self-awareness and lasting change.
Vera is a dedicated therapist specialising in counseling, therapy, and hypnosis. With a person-centered approach, Vera creates a safe space for her clients to overcome challenges and strive for personal growth. Her focus is on empowering clients to develop healthy relationships and build resilience, fostering self-awareness and lasting change.
(02) 8105 6855 View (02) 8105 6855
Photo of Samuel Ma, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Samuel Ma
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Samuel is a Psychologist at the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. He has completed a Bachelor of Psychology (Honours) at the University of New South Wales (UNSW), and a Master of Clinical Psychology at The Australian National University (ANU), Canberra. Samuel is compassionate and non-judgemental psychologist who is respectful of clients from all walks of life. He focuses on fostering interpersonal connection within every therapeutic relationship, emphasising mutual trust and collaboration. Samuel has experience working across clinical settings, including Australian universities, the non-government sector, and public health.
Samuel is a Psychologist at the Australian Institute for Human Wellness. He has completed a Bachelor of Psychology (Honours) at the University of New South Wales (UNSW), and a Master of Clinical Psychology at The Australian National University (ANU), Canberra. Samuel is compassionate and non-judgemental psychologist who is respectful of clients from all walks of life. He focuses on fostering interpersonal connection within every therapeutic relationship, emphasising mutual trust and collaboration. Samuel has experience working across clinical settings, including Australian universities, the non-government sector, and public health.
(02) 8105 5904 View (02) 8105 5904
Photo of Rachael Tedeschi, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Rachael Tedeschi
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kogarah, NSW 2217
My name is Rachael and I am a dedicated registered psychologist with a genuine love for helping people overcome challenges and helping people improve their quality of life. I aim to create a comfortable, nonjudgmental space where you will be able to be yourself. I work with you where you are at and offer an open approach based on your feedback. I believe there is no one size fits all approach to therapy and work on offering a personalised service based on your specific needs. My focus is on helping you grow new evidence-based skills and learn new tools to work through the challenges you are facing.
My name is Rachael and I am a dedicated registered psychologist with a genuine love for helping people overcome challenges and helping people improve their quality of life. I aim to create a comfortable, nonjudgmental space where you will be able to be yourself. I work with you where you are at and offer an open approach based on your feedback. I believe there is no one size fits all approach to therapy and work on offering a personalised service based on your specific needs. My focus is on helping you grow new evidence-based skills and learn new tools to work through the challenges you are facing.
(02) 8105 5004 View (02) 8105 5004
Photo of undefined - Bec Millner Counselling, PACFA, Counsellor
Bec Millner Counselling
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kogarah, NSW 2217  (Online Only)
Hi, welcome! As a mental health counsellor, I am passionate about supporting my clients to discover the power that comes from their inner strength and build on their resources to live a life closely aligned to their personal values. I would describe myself as empathetic, authentic, compassionate and I am someone who deeply values human connection. I consider myself to have a friendly, approachable nature that makes me easy to talk to. I use techniques from Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT), Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Person-Centered Therapy (PCT), and Solution-Focused Brief Therapy.
Hi, welcome! As a mental health counsellor, I am passionate about supporting my clients to discover the power that comes from their inner strength and build on their resources to live a life closely aligned to their personal values. I would describe myself as empathetic, authentic, compassionate and I am someone who deeply values human connection. I consider myself to have a friendly, approachable nature that makes me easy to talk to. I use techniques from Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT), Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Person-Centered Therapy (PCT), and Solution-Focused Brief Therapy.
(02) 8105 5598 View (02) 8105 5598
Photo of Christopher Laundy, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych, Psychologist
Christopher Laundy
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
I have over ten years of experience working with a broad range of psychological issues, including Depression, Anxiety, OCD, Borderline Personality Disorder and more. With great energy and good humour, I build strong professional bonds and draw upon numerous science-based skills, strategies, and resources – designed to bring meaningful and lasting change.
I have over ten years of experience working with a broad range of psychological issues, including Depression, Anxiety, OCD, Borderline Personality Disorder and more. With great energy and good humour, I build strong professional bonds and draw upon numerous science-based skills, strategies, and resources – designed to bring meaningful and lasting change.
(02) 9054 5872 View (02) 9054 5872
Photo of Rebecca Dooley, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Rebecca Dooley
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Rebecca is a registered psychologist who completed a Bachelor of Psychological Science with First Class Honours at the Australian Catholic University (ACU) and a Master of Clinical Psychology at University of Technology Sydney (UTS). Rebecca adopts a warm, collaborative and trauma-informed approach to empower individuals to enact meaningful change in their life. Rebecca enjoys working with individuals across the lifespan, who may be experiencing mood or anxiety disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, relationship/attachment difficulties, difficulties with emotion regulation or those navigating significant life stressors.
Rebecca is a registered psychologist who completed a Bachelor of Psychological Science with First Class Honours at the Australian Catholic University (ACU) and a Master of Clinical Psychology at University of Technology Sydney (UTS). Rebecca adopts a warm, collaborative and trauma-informed approach to empower individuals to enact meaningful change in their life. Rebecca enjoys working with individuals across the lifespan, who may be experiencing mood or anxiety disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, relationship/attachment difficulties, difficulties with emotion regulation or those navigating significant life stressors.
(02) 8105 5672 View (02) 8105 5672
Photo of Suzana Djukic, MPsych, PsyBA General, Psychologist
Suzana Djukic
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
My goal is to collaborate with you, empower you, help you understand yourself better and create long-lasting changes in your life. I have a supportive and compassionate approach to therapy and actively work to create a safe space for open communication. I use a holistic approach and consider nationality, culture, identity, religion and physical wellbeing as well as emotional, social and relational factors that may be influencing your difficulties.
My goal is to collaborate with you, empower you, help you understand yourself better and create long-lasting changes in your life. I have a supportive and compassionate approach to therapy and actively work to create a safe space for open communication. I use a holistic approach and consider nationality, culture, identity, religion and physical wellbeing as well as emotional, social and relational factors that may be influencing your difficulties.
(02) 9100 0017 View (02) 9100 0017
Photo of Anita Calic, ACA-L3, Counsellor
Anita Calic
Counsellor, ACA-L3
Verified Verified
Kogarah, NSW 2217
Through my therapeutic work I have realised that in order to heal and resolve our deep emotional wounds we must focus on the whole picture, our mind, body and our soul. If we want to create lasting transformation, we must switch off the autopilot, our habitual thoughts and behavioural patterns that have been working against us. We must be willing to take the first steps towards discovering who we truly are. Discovering our true authentic self and our worth, is the most empowering experience that we can achieve on our healing journey. In the words of E. Tolle, “You do not become good by trying to be good, but by finding the goodness
Through my therapeutic work I have realised that in order to heal and resolve our deep emotional wounds we must focus on the whole picture, our mind, body and our soul. If we want to create lasting transformation, we must switch off the autopilot, our habitual thoughts and behavioural patterns that have been working against us. We must be willing to take the first steps towards discovering who we truly are. Discovering our true authentic self and our worth, is the most empowering experience that we can achieve on our healing journey. In the words of E. Tolle, “You do not become good by trying to be good, but by finding the goodness
(02) 8000 1748 View (02) 8000 1748

See more therapy options for Kogarah

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Kogarah, NSW

30+

Average cost per session

$200

Counsellors in Kogarah, NSW who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
87% Depression
84% Self Esteem
82% Trauma and PTSD
79% Stress
68% Relationship Issues
66% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% Medicare Rebates
43% NDIS
21% Other

How Counsellors in Kogarah, NSW see their clients

93% In Person and Online
7% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
16% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Kogarah?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.