Counselling in Heathcote, NSW

Terri Louise Faroe
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Heathcote, NSW 2233  (Online Only)
My background in various heal sectors allows me to effectively support clients dealing with a wide range of concerns, including health, self-esteem, and complex relationships or family dynamics. I completed a Bachelor of Arts degree at UNSW in 2003 and went on to obtain a Diploma of Counselling through the Australian Institute of Professional Counsellors. I am currently expanding my expertise by pursuing a Master's degree in Social Work at Charles Sturt University.
My background in various heal sectors allows me to effectively support clients dealing with a wide range of concerns, including health, self-esteem, and complex relationships or family dynamics. I completed a Bachelor of Arts degree at UNSW in 2003 and went on to obtain a Diploma of Counselling through the Australian Institute of Professional Counsellors. I am currently expanding my expertise by pursuing a Master's degree in Social Work at Charles Sturt University.
(02) 7501 1001 View (02) 7501 1001
Photo of Connie Easterbrook Counselling Services, Counsellor in Heathcote, NSW
Connie Easterbrook Counselling Services
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Heathcote, NSW 2233
Experiencing relationship struggles or marriage breakdown. Wanting to refresh, renew or repair your relationship with your partner or loved one. Overwhelmed by grief and sadness. Anxious. Depressed. Stressed. Overwhelmed. Discouraged. Low self-esteem. If you are looking for compassionate care, support, hope for the future and a transformed emotional life - then I may be able to help. I am a warm, relational counsellor who offers experience, wisdom and compassion. I can provide practical skills and strategies to assist alongside empowering you to find your own unique way forward.
Experiencing relationship struggles or marriage breakdown. Wanting to refresh, renew or repair your relationship with your partner or loved one. Overwhelmed by grief and sadness. Anxious. Depressed. Stressed. Overwhelmed. Discouraged. Low self-esteem. If you are looking for compassionate care, support, hope for the future and a transformed emotional life - then I may be able to help. I am a warm, relational counsellor who offers experience, wisdom and compassion. I can provide practical skills and strategies to assist alongside empowering you to find your own unique way forward.
(02) 7501 0787 View (02) 7501 0787
Photo of Caitlyn Teasel, Counsellor in Heathcote, NSW
Caitlyn Teasel
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Heathcote, NSW 2233  (Online Only)
Life can be filled with an array of challenging experiences and emotions. Let’s explore your circumstances in a secure and non-judgmental manner, allowing you the opportunity to become aware of the issues, needs and goals best suited to a positive shift in your life.
Life can be filled with an array of challenging experiences and emotions. Let’s explore your circumstances in a secure and non-judgmental manner, allowing you the opportunity to become aware of the issues, needs and goals best suited to a positive shift in your life.
(02) 7501 0833 View (02) 7501 0833
Photo of Marie Farthing, Counselling & Therapeutic Supports, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Heathcote, NSW
Marie Farthing, Counselling & Therapeutic Supports
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Heathcote, NSW 2233
Safe, sensitive, inclusive counselling & therapeutic supports for children, adolescents and adults. My therapeutic style is warm, creative and adaptable. I create a space where you can feel safe, understood and accepted. I focus on your strengths. I help you identify what you are doing well and build on those abilities. My specialist skills can help people of all ages and abilities to express their thoughts and feelings creatively.
Safe, sensitive, inclusive counselling & therapeutic supports for children, adolescents and adults. My therapeutic style is warm, creative and adaptable. I create a space where you can feel safe, understood and accepted. I focus on your strengths. I help you identify what you are doing well and build on those abilities. My specialist skills can help people of all ages and abilities to express their thoughts and feelings creatively.
(02) 9538 7872 View (02) 9538 7872
Photo of Nerida May Dunkerley, Psychotherapist in Heathcote, NSW
Nerida May Dunkerley
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Heathcote, NSW 2233  (Online Only)
Hello, I am so glad you found me! My name is Nerida, I have a wealth of knowledge, therapeutic expertise and training with over 30 years experience working as a Psychotherapist, Counsellor and Clinical Supervisor and located in Menai and Padstow, New South Wales. As a Counsellor & Psychotherapist, I specialise in working with individuals, couples and groups applying various modalities to address issues such as addictions, relationship counselling, premarital counselling, trauma counselling and clinical supervision.
Hello, I am so glad you found me! My name is Nerida, I have a wealth of knowledge, therapeutic expertise and training with over 30 years experience working as a Psychotherapist, Counsellor and Clinical Supervisor and located in Menai and Padstow, New South Wales. As a Counsellor & Psychotherapist, I specialise in working with individuals, couples and groups applying various modalities to address issues such as addictions, relationship counselling, premarital counselling, trauma counselling and clinical supervision.
0408 024 308 View 0408 024 308

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Lisa Mulhall Psychology, Psychologist in Heathcote, NSW
Lisa Mulhall Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Kirrawee, NSW 2232  (Online Only)
Registered Psychologist of 20 years experience available for bookings (Telehealth ONLY) for people aged 18+ years. I've worked in occupational rehabilitation, supported people all over Australia working on Beyond Blue especially rural and remote locations. Over 15 years experience in the Mental Health Acute Care NSW Public Hospital System addressing psychosis, schizophrenia, personality and mood disorders, depression, anxiety, perinatal mental health, adjustment disorders, grief, PTSD and have worked alongside first responders. Available for Workcover. More information can be found at www.lisamulhallpsychology.com.au
Registered Psychologist of 20 years experience available for bookings (Telehealth ONLY) for people aged 18+ years. I've worked in occupational rehabilitation, supported people all over Australia working on Beyond Blue especially rural and remote locations. Over 15 years experience in the Mental Health Acute Care NSW Public Hospital System addressing psychosis, schizophrenia, personality and mood disorders, depression, anxiety, perinatal mental health, adjustment disorders, grief, PTSD and have worked alongside first responders. Available for Workcover. More information can be found at www.lisamulhallpsychology.com.au
(02) 7501 0199 View (02) 7501 0199
Photo of Dr Gávi Ansara, Psychotherapist in Heathcote, NSW
Dr Gávi Ansara
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Sutherland, NSW 2232
Not accepting new clients
I enjoy working together to overcome oppression & help you to thrive. I often work with people in D/s relationships, non-binary folks, sex workers, & autistic people. I have 20 years of international experience in Anti-Oppressive Practice. I am a Full Clinical PACFA Registrant, an AAFT-registered Clinical Family Therapist, and an AAFT-accredited Clinical Supervisor. I am recognised by Pink Therapy as an Advanced Accredited Gender, Sex, & Relationship Diversities Therapist (AAGSRDT). I am also a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional Level II: Complex Trauma & Dissociation (CCTP-II) & Certified Family Trauma Professional (CFTP).
I enjoy working together to overcome oppression & help you to thrive. I often work with people in D/s relationships, non-binary folks, sex workers, & autistic people. I have 20 years of international experience in Anti-Oppressive Practice. I am a Full Clinical PACFA Registrant, an AAFT-registered Clinical Family Therapist, and an AAFT-accredited Clinical Supervisor. I am recognised by Pink Therapy as an Advanced Accredited Gender, Sex, & Relationship Diversities Therapist (AAGSRDT). I am also a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional Level II: Complex Trauma & Dissociation (CCTP-II) & Certified Family Trauma Professional (CFTP).
(03) 7003 2148 View (03) 7003 2148
Photo of Natural Growth Childhood Counselling, Counsellor in Heathcote, NSW
Natural Growth Childhood Counselling
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Engadine, NSW 2233
Thanks for finding some time to stop by even though life isn't going quite as you'd hoped right now. So, let’s cut to the chase. I believe in providing counselling that doesn't feel clinical so, we’re going to collaborate in the beautiful outdoors - nurturing with nature. If it's you I'm supporting, I invite you to come walk and talk or sit with me over a cuppa in a peaceful park. If it's a child, we'll use play, sensory materials and movement throughout the session. It's amazing how many therapeutic conversations can come from noticing the clouds, feeling the breeze, or climbing on play equipment.
Thanks for finding some time to stop by even though life isn't going quite as you'd hoped right now. So, let’s cut to the chase. I believe in providing counselling that doesn't feel clinical so, we’re going to collaborate in the beautiful outdoors - nurturing with nature. If it's you I'm supporting, I invite you to come walk and talk or sit with me over a cuppa in a peaceful park. If it's a child, we'll use play, sensory materials and movement throughout the session. It's amazing how many therapeutic conversations can come from noticing the clouds, feeling the breeze, or climbing on play equipment.
(02) 4214 4855 View (02) 4214 4855
Photo of Susan Nash, Psychologist in Heathcote, NSW
Susan Nash
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Kirrawee, NSW 2232
I see many clients who feel "stuck" and may need guidance in being able to move forward. I work with clients in exploring what they want to stand for in life, and how to take steps in moving towards their values.
I see many clients who feel "stuck" and may need guidance in being able to move forward. I work with clients in exploring what they want to stand for in life, and how to take steps in moving towards their values.
(02) 6189 2645 View (02) 6189 2645
Photo of Envision Psychology, Psychologist in Heathcote, NSW
Envision Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Sutherland, NSW 2232
I support clients to navigate life changes, grief, stressful events, trauma, relationship & parenting challenges. I help to empower clients to become aware and 'befriend' their anxious responses to stress, in order to re-learn how to experience life through a calmer and more confident self. I help clients learn to regulate their nervous system through evidence-based modalities, such as mindfulness, acceptance & commitment therapy & internal family systems. Clients are assisted to improve problem solving, communicating needs in relationships more positively and help with unhealthy coping habits.
I support clients to navigate life changes, grief, stressful events, trauma, relationship & parenting challenges. I help to empower clients to become aware and 'befriend' their anxious responses to stress, in order to re-learn how to experience life through a calmer and more confident self. I help clients learn to regulate their nervous system through evidence-based modalities, such as mindfulness, acceptance & commitment therapy & internal family systems. Clients are assisted to improve problem solving, communicating needs in relationships more positively and help with unhealthy coping habits.
(02) 7501 1070 View (02) 7501 1070
Photo of Jocelyn Koukoumas, Counsellor in Heathcote, NSW
Jocelyn Koukoumas
Counsellor, ACA-L3
Verified Verified
Sutherland, NSW 2232
I am an affordable Registered Counsellor/EAP Provider/I-Care and Victims Services Counsellor with experience spanning many years, I help clients manage Childhood & Adult Trauma, Anxiety throughout the lifespan, Stress, Grief/Loss, Depression, Self-Esteem, Impulse Control, Anger Management, Relationship Problems & Distorted Thinking. I work with empathy, respect and especially without judgment by providing a safe and warm environment in which to discuss what's causing the worry. I use a Person Centred, Strength Based and Trauma Informed Approach to tackle the current challenges and any distressing symptoms that is being experienced.
I am an affordable Registered Counsellor/EAP Provider/I-Care and Victims Services Counsellor with experience spanning many years, I help clients manage Childhood & Adult Trauma, Anxiety throughout the lifespan, Stress, Grief/Loss, Depression, Self-Esteem, Impulse Control, Anger Management, Relationship Problems & Distorted Thinking. I work with empathy, respect and especially without judgment by providing a safe and warm environment in which to discuss what's causing the worry. I use a Person Centred, Strength Based and Trauma Informed Approach to tackle the current challenges and any distressing symptoms that is being experienced.
(02) 8074 3566 View (02) 8074 3566
Photo of Kelly Freitas, Psychologist in Heathcote, NSW
Kelly Freitas
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Engadine, NSW 2233
Kelly is a registered psychologist, who believes that therapy can help people improve self-awareness, build and maintain healthy connections with themselves and others. She is passionate about working with children and their families, providing parents the assistance required to improve children's emotional health and wellbeing. She also provides therapy to adults experiencing anxiety, depressive symptoms, or facing other emotional and relationship issues. Kelly works collaboratively with her clients and families, using a person-centred and non-judgmental approach, focusing on the therapeutic relationship.
Kelly is a registered psychologist, who believes that therapy can help people improve self-awareness, build and maintain healthy connections with themselves and others. She is passionate about working with children and their families, providing parents the assistance required to improve children's emotional health and wellbeing. She also provides therapy to adults experiencing anxiety, depressive symptoms, or facing other emotional and relationship issues. Kelly works collaboratively with her clients and families, using a person-centred and non-judgmental approach, focusing on the therapeutic relationship.
(02) 9538 7462 View (02) 9538 7462
Photo of Anna Lagana, Counsellor in Heathcote, NSW
Anna Lagana
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Sutherland, NSW 2232
I enjoy working with clients who want to rebuild their sense of self and overcome difficulties of the past or present. My particular interests are supporting teenagers and adults experiencing anxiety, depression, grief, relationships concerns, building confidence and self esteem to lead a happy and meaningful life. If you want to learn tools and strategies to better manage your concerns or just have a listening ear to make sense of your difficulties, I will ensure you will feel heard and supported. I believe in the importance of the therapeutic relationship and I am not afraid to be a little humorous where appropriate.
I enjoy working with clients who want to rebuild their sense of self and overcome difficulties of the past or present. My particular interests are supporting teenagers and adults experiencing anxiety, depression, grief, relationships concerns, building confidence and self esteem to lead a happy and meaningful life. If you want to learn tools and strategies to better manage your concerns or just have a listening ear to make sense of your difficulties, I will ensure you will feel heard and supported. I believe in the importance of the therapeutic relationship and I am not afraid to be a little humorous where appropriate.
(02) 7501 1745 View (02) 7501 1745
Photo of Timothy Joss, Psychologist in Heathcote, NSW
Timothy Joss
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Engadine, NSW 2233
I have experience working with many issues including anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, personality disorders, sleep difficulty, stress and more. I have worked with people from all stages of life and also have experience working with neurodiversity, NDIS participants, and Workers Compensation.
I have experience working with many issues including anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, personality disorders, sleep difficulty, stress and more. I have worked with people from all stages of life and also have experience working with neurodiversity, NDIS participants, and Workers Compensation.
(02) 7501 0537 View (02) 7501 0537
Photo of Self Reflections, Psychologist in Heathcote, NSW
Self Reflections
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Engadine, NSW 2233
Self Reflections is a clinic that prides itself on delivering unparalleled quality, service and value to our clients. We have a team consisting of Psychologists, Clinical Psychologists and Accredited Practicing Dietitians providing services to those in the Illawarra and surrounding communities. In addition to individual therapeutic and dietetic services, we provide Couples Therapy, Assessment (Cognitive IQ, Functional Behavioural and Autism Assessments), Clinical Supervision as well as Groups and Workshops.
Self Reflections is a clinic that prides itself on delivering unparalleled quality, service and value to our clients. We have a team consisting of Psychologists, Clinical Psychologists and Accredited Practicing Dietitians providing services to those in the Illawarra and surrounding communities. In addition to individual therapeutic and dietetic services, we provide Couples Therapy, Assessment (Cognitive IQ, Functional Behavioural and Autism Assessments), Clinical Supervision as well as Groups and Workshops.
(02) 4288 2540 View (02) 4288 2540
Photo of Naomi McGrath, Counsellor in Heathcote, NSW
Naomi McGrath
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Loftus, NSW 2232
Do you often feel overwhelmed, not sure how to cope with what is happening or has happened? Do you long for a compassionate ear to listen to you? Or need some extra support as you go through a difficult time? Many of life's hardships are beyond our control but there are ways we can learn to better cope with and get through distressing experiences.
Do you often feel overwhelmed, not sure how to cope with what is happening or has happened? Do you long for a compassionate ear to listen to you? Or need some extra support as you go through a difficult time? Many of life's hardships are beyond our control but there are ways we can learn to better cope with and get through distressing experiences.
(02) 7501 0112 View (02) 7501 0112
Photo of Daniella Saleme, Psychologist in Heathcote, NSW
Daniella Saleme
Psychologist, MACPA
Verified Verified
Sydney, NSW 2000  (Online Only)
I am a Clinical Psychologist who believes the client is the expert on their life and that therapy requires true connection and collaboration. I can help you to understand the impact of your experiences on your life, to understand yourself more deeply and work towards building the life you want to lead. I consider the role of trauma in the development of stress, anxiety, and general difficulties in life and my treatment approach is eclectic - I have a special interest in Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy and utilise a range of different evidence-based therapy styles.
I am a Clinical Psychologist who believes the client is the expert on their life and that therapy requires true connection and collaboration. I can help you to understand the impact of your experiences on your life, to understand yourself more deeply and work towards building the life you want to lead. I consider the role of trauma in the development of stress, anxiety, and general difficulties in life and my treatment approach is eclectic - I have a special interest in Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy and utilise a range of different evidence-based therapy styles.
View
Photo of Emma Jackson, Psychologist in Heathcote, NSW
Emma Jackson
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Engadine, NSW 2233  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Emma! I am a Clinical Psychologist with over 10 years experience working in a range of government and non-government sectors. I offer a warm and compassionate stance with my clients. I understand it can be challenging opening up about the harder parts of life, so I create a safe and supportive space for you to do so. We will work together at your pace and I will guide you towards a more rich and meaningful life where your struggles can have less of an impact on you.
Hello, my name is Emma! I am a Clinical Psychologist with over 10 years experience working in a range of government and non-government sectors. I offer a warm and compassionate stance with my clients. I understand it can be challenging opening up about the harder parts of life, so I create a safe and supportive space for you to do so. We will work together at your pace and I will guide you towards a more rich and meaningful life where your struggles can have less of an impact on you.
View
Photo of Emma Rose, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Heathcote, NSW
Emma Rose
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Kirrawee, NSW 2232  (Online Only)
I am passionate about working with diversity. As a queer, neurodivergent therapist, I seek to create an authentic and safe space for people to bring their whole selves. I believe that our connections—with ourselves, others, and the world around us—play a vital role in shaping the quality of our lives. I am passionate about people making changes in their lives through building shame resilience, practising radical self acceptance and self compassion. I support people to reframe core beliefs where they may have been profoundly misunderstood.
I am passionate about working with diversity. As a queer, neurodivergent therapist, I seek to create an authentic and safe space for people to bring their whole selves. I believe that our connections—with ourselves, others, and the world around us—play a vital role in shaping the quality of our lives. I am passionate about people making changes in their lives through building shame resilience, practising radical self acceptance and self compassion. I support people to reframe core beliefs where they may have been profoundly misunderstood.
(02) 7501 1205 View (02) 7501 1205
Photo of Here to Help Therapy, Counsellor in Heathcote, NSW
Here to Help Therapy
Counsellor, MPsych, PACFA
Verified Verified
Sutherland, NSW 2232
My aim is to help clients to reach their full potential in a confidential environment, to provide a supportive and nonjudgmental professional service, to challenge clients to develop new pathways and to help them to be empowered.
My aim is to help clients to reach their full potential in a confidential environment, to provide a supportive and nonjudgmental professional service, to challenge clients to develop new pathways and to help them to be empowered.
(02) 8294 6011 View (02) 8294 6011

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Heathcote, NSW

< 10

Counsellors in Heathcote, NSW who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Coping Skills
100% Self Esteem
80% Bereavement
80% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

67% Bupa
67% Medibank Private
33% Other

How Counsellors in Heathcote, NSW see their clients

60% Online Only
40% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Heathcote?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.