Counselling in Haberfield, NSW

Photo of Menaka Iyengar Cooke M.app.psych, Psychotherapist in Haberfield, NSW
Menaka Iyengar Cooke M.app.psych
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified
Haberfield, NSW 2045
Clients want help with managing stress and anxiety over life matters such as workplace issues, relationships including marriage ups-and-downs, divorce and separation; death including grief and loss; personal development from being assertive to managing health and personal wellbeing; assistance in being better parents; personal trauma incuding sexual assault or bodily harm or migration difficulties
Clients want help with managing stress and anxiety over life matters such as workplace issues, relationships including marriage ups-and-downs, divorce and separation; death including grief and loss; personal development from being assertive to managing health and personal wellbeing; assistance in being better parents; personal trauma incuding sexual assault or bodily harm or migration difficulties
(02) 8069 5431 View (02) 8069 5431
Photo of Pat Wood-Collier, Counsellor in Haberfield, NSW
Pat Wood-Collier
Counsellor, MA
Verified
Haberfield, NSW 2045
I am flexible and able to work with both males and females. Age does not preclude me from seeing someone. I am accepting of anyone who is looking for someone to listen to them and will give them a voice. I worked in Samaritans and Lifeline for 20 years as a centre supervisor, trainer and shift supervisor. I have recently been working with addiction and the family of the addict and am able to hold you in a safe space as you become self aware and self accepting.
I am flexible and able to work with both males and females. Age does not preclude me from seeing someone. I am accepting of anyone who is looking for someone to listen to them and will give them a voice. I worked in Samaritans and Lifeline for 20 years as a centre supervisor, trainer and shift supervisor. I have recently been working with addiction and the family of the addict and am able to hold you in a safe space as you become self aware and self accepting.
(02) 5504 5434 View (02) 5504 5434
Photo of Francesca Murden, Psychotherapist in Haberfield, NSW
Francesca Murden
Psychotherapist
Verified
Haberfield, NSW 2045  (Online Only)
Do you find yourself stuck in a habit that has become dull and unproductive but is hard to change? Are you tired of it but not sure what is the right path to take or who to turn for help? If this sounds like where you're at, and you're ready to look at the causes of your difficulties, I can help you! I provide a supportive, respectful and private space to guarantee you with the best therapeutic experience. Get in touch to discuss further how I can best assist you with your requirements.
Do you find yourself stuck in a habit that has become dull and unproductive but is hard to change? Are you tired of it but not sure what is the right path to take or who to turn for help? If this sounds like where you're at, and you're ready to look at the causes of your difficulties, I can help you! I provide a supportive, respectful and private space to guarantee you with the best therapeutic experience. Get in touch to discuss further how I can best assist you with your requirements.
(02) 8320 5259 View (02) 8320 5259
Photo of Sydney Psychology Group, Psychologist in Haberfield, NSW
Sydney Psychology Group
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified
Haberfield, NSW 2045
Why Sydney Psychology Group? We all have a tendency to put others first, but in doing so, we can sometimes neglect our relationship with ourselves. Let us be your advocate and show you a kinder, gentler way to treat the most important person in your life, YOU! With the growing rates of mental health illnesses, it is crucial to make your mental health a priority. At Sydney Psychology Group, we pride ourselves in providing, empathic, non-judgemental and empowering support. We hope that we can provide some support for you to learn more about yourself and leave you will skills and knowledge that you did not have previously.
Why Sydney Psychology Group? We all have a tendency to put others first, but in doing so, we can sometimes neglect our relationship with ourselves. Let us be your advocate and show you a kinder, gentler way to treat the most important person in your life, YOU! With the growing rates of mental health illnesses, it is crucial to make your mental health a priority. At Sydney Psychology Group, we pride ourselves in providing, empathic, non-judgemental and empowering support. We hope that we can provide some support for you to learn more about yourself and leave you will skills and knowledge that you did not have previously.
0407 391 193 View 0407 391 193
Photo of Marina Suarez, Psychotherapist in Haberfield, NSW
Marina Suarez
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified
Haberfield, NSW 2045
Are you struggling with anxiety, shame, intimacy or low self-esteem? Do you often feel that there's something wrong with you or that you are not good enough, no matter how hard you try? Do you constantly worry about what other people think of you or feel guilty a lot of the time? Are you trying to deal with the impact of difficult childhood experiences? Psychotherapy can help. With the right guidance and support it's possible to work through these issues. I work in partnership with my clients to help them find ways to feel better in the world and with themselves.
Are you struggling with anxiety, shame, intimacy or low self-esteem? Do you often feel that there's something wrong with you or that you are not good enough, no matter how hard you try? Do you constantly worry about what other people think of you or feel guilty a lot of the time? Are you trying to deal with the impact of difficult childhood experiences? Psychotherapy can help. With the right guidance and support it's possible to work through these issues. I work in partnership with my clients to help them find ways to feel better in the world and with themselves.
(02) 5104 1032 View (02) 5104 1032
Photo of Lucy O'Connell, Counsellor in Haberfield, NSW
Lucy O'Connell
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Haberfield, NSW 2045
In the aftermath of shattered hope and trust, it can be difficult to know what you think, what you want, or where you belong. I work with people recovering from abusive relationships or profound disappointment, including in the context of high-demand or high-control communities. You might also be making difficult choices in the context of faith or faith-community expectations, and I offer culturally respectful counselling for Jehovah's Witnesses, Catholics, and members or former members of Opus Dei.
In the aftermath of shattered hope and trust, it can be difficult to know what you think, what you want, or where you belong. I work with people recovering from abusive relationships or profound disappointment, including in the context of high-demand or high-control communities. You might also be making difficult choices in the context of faith or faith-community expectations, and I offer culturally respectful counselling for Jehovah's Witnesses, Catholics, and members or former members of Opus Dei.
(02) 9100 0837 View (02) 9100 0837
Photo of James Croft, Psychologist in Haberfield, NSW
James Croft
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Haberfield, NSW 2045
James is a warm and friendly Clinical Psychologist specialising in individual therapy for adults. His kind and non-judgemental demeanour helps you to settle into therapy, open up, and be yourself. You will feel safe and heard, all the while knowing you’re in very capable hands. To learn more or book an initial consultation, please visit the website.
James is a warm and friendly Clinical Psychologist specialising in individual therapy for adults. His kind and non-judgemental demeanour helps you to settle into therapy, open up, and be yourself. You will feel safe and heard, all the while knowing you’re in very capable hands. To learn more or book an initial consultation, please visit the website.
(02) 9538 7957 View (02) 9538 7957
Photo of Roberta Iavarone - The Listening Pod, Counsellor in Haberfield, NSW
Roberta Iavarone - The Listening Pod
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified
1 Endorsed
Haberfield, NSW 2045
Are you struggling to navigate a difficult life event such as a relationship break-up, diagnosis of a medical condition or loss of a loved one? You may feel depressed, anxious and alone and don't know where to start to get your life back on track. You may have tried to manage things on your own but feel as though you've hit a wall & have decided that it's time to reach out for help? Hi I'm Roberta & I have a special interest in working with women & men in all stages of life to help them move through life's challenges so they can live their best & most meaningful life!
Are you struggling to navigate a difficult life event such as a relationship break-up, diagnosis of a medical condition or loss of a loved one? You may feel depressed, anxious and alone and don't know where to start to get your life back on track. You may have tried to manage things on your own but feel as though you've hit a wall & have decided that it's time to reach out for help? Hi I'm Roberta & I have a special interest in working with women & men in all stages of life to help them move through life's challenges so they can live their best & most meaningful life!
(02) 9100 0107 View (02) 9100 0107
Photo of Petra Phipps, Psychotherapist in Haberfield, NSW
Petra Phipps
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Haberfield, NSW 2045
I particularly enjoy working with people who are experiencing relationship difficulties. I see many individuals, couples and families, who are struggling with disconnection or conflict in their relationships. This disconnection can often lead to discontentment, feelings of isolation, loneliness and just a general feeling of being misunderstood. My aim is to help each person examine their hopes, needs and concerns, and help them find their own path to a healthier, more satisfying day-to-day existence.
I particularly enjoy working with people who are experiencing relationship difficulties. I see many individuals, couples and families, who are struggling with disconnection or conflict in their relationships. This disconnection can often lead to discontentment, feelings of isolation, loneliness and just a general feeling of being misunderstood. My aim is to help each person examine their hopes, needs and concerns, and help them find their own path to a healthier, more satisfying day-to-day existence.
(02) 9159 6224 View (02) 9159 6224
Photo of iflow Psychology, Psychologist in Haberfield, NSW
iflow Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA Endorsed
Verified
Haberfield, NSW 2045
Confidential, advanced psychological counselling services. Invest in your psychological well-being and optimise your quality of life. Address issues in your life, grow and succeed. The first step, calling, is the hardest. We make the rest easy. Contact us and we will guide you the rest of the way. No obligation.
Confidential, advanced psychological counselling services. Invest in your psychological well-being and optimise your quality of life. Address issues in your life, grow and succeed. The first step, calling, is the hardest. We make the rest easy. Contact us and we will guide you the rest of the way. No obligation.
(02) 8766 0541 View (02) 8766 0541

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Anusha D Ramchurn, Psychologist in Haberfield, NSW
Anusha D Ramchurn
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified
Leichhardt, NSW 2040  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Sometimes we're not consciously aware of our issue(s), hence we don't do anything to change things up. Sometimes we don't like it when others make us aware of our issue(s), and we stay fixated. Sometimes we are aware of our issue(s) and don't know how to move on. Therapeutic Excel provides a confidential, professional, and collaborative space for young people and adults to reflect, explore, and develop. Areas of focus may include self-esteem, anxiety, depression, grief and loss, change, wellbeing, career development, e-motion (anger), decision-making, self-harm, body image, disordered eating, substance dependence, and relationships.
Sometimes we're not consciously aware of our issue(s), hence we don't do anything to change things up. Sometimes we don't like it when others make us aware of our issue(s), and we stay fixated. Sometimes we are aware of our issue(s) and don't know how to move on. Therapeutic Excel provides a confidential, professional, and collaborative space for young people and adults to reflect, explore, and develop. Areas of focus may include self-esteem, anxiety, depression, grief and loss, change, wellbeing, career development, e-motion (anger), decision-making, self-harm, body image, disordered eating, substance dependence, and relationships.
(02) 8074 5934 View (02) 8074 5934
Photo of Parvani Pinnewala, Psychologist in Haberfield, NSW
Parvani Pinnewala
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA General
Verified
Drummoyne, NSW 2047
I am a Clinical Psychologist in UK (CPsychol) and Sri Lanka and a registered Psychologist in Australia. I work with a range of mental health issues including depression, stress, adjustment disorders, anxiety (social anxiety, phobias, generalized anxiety, panic attacks, separation anxiety), OCD, bereavement and grief issues, woman’s issues, self-esteem, personal development, self/identity issues, trauma and recovery, anger management, relational issues (including interpersonal, couple and family), emotion regulation, sexuality/gender identity, acculturation, self-harm/suicide serious mental illness, pain management and addictions.
I am a Clinical Psychologist in UK (CPsychol) and Sri Lanka and a registered Psychologist in Australia. I work with a range of mental health issues including depression, stress, adjustment disorders, anxiety (social anxiety, phobias, generalized anxiety, panic attacks, separation anxiety), OCD, bereavement and grief issues, woman’s issues, self-esteem, personal development, self/identity issues, trauma and recovery, anger management, relational issues (including interpersonal, couple and family), emotion regulation, sexuality/gender identity, acculturation, self-harm/suicide serious mental illness, pain management and addictions.
(02) 9158 6319 View (02) 9158 6319
Photo of first things first counselling, Counsellor in Haberfield, NSW
first things first counselling
Counsellor, MA, ACA-L2
Verified
Saint Peters, NSW 2044  (Online Only)
I am an experienced trauma-informed therapist. I work well with people who are ready to do 'the work'. I briefly bring strategies that can be useful to your everyday life initially, relying on modalities such as mindfulness and polyvagal theory, before moving into deeper work based in Internal Family Systems (IFS), if and when the time is right. I assist/guide you to reveal and heal the parts of you that carry thoughts, feelings and behaviours that no longer serve you. It is not always doom and gloom. We work together light-heartedly to safely reveal your unconscious motivations and inner strength, towards lasting healing. It works.
I am an experienced trauma-informed therapist. I work well with people who are ready to do 'the work'. I briefly bring strategies that can be useful to your everyday life initially, relying on modalities such as mindfulness and polyvagal theory, before moving into deeper work based in Internal Family Systems (IFS), if and when the time is right. I assist/guide you to reveal and heal the parts of you that carry thoughts, feelings and behaviours that no longer serve you. It is not always doom and gloom. We work together light-heartedly to safely reveal your unconscious motivations and inner strength, towards lasting healing. It works.
(02) 9100 0725 View (02) 9100 0725
Photo of The Sydney Psychology Practice, Psychologist in Haberfield, NSW
The Sydney Psychology Practice
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Stanmore, NSW 2048
The Sydney Psychology Practice is focused on supporting clients to make sustainable change. Our team has extensive experience with a diverse range of clients and concerns, and using treatments with demonstrated research efficacy.
The Sydney Psychology Practice is focused on supporting clients to make sustainable change. Our team has extensive experience with a diverse range of clients and concerns, and using treatments with demonstrated research efficacy.
(02) 9100 0631 View (02) 9100 0631
Photo of PsychBlossom, Psychologist in Haberfield, NSW
PsychBlossom
Psychologist, MSc, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Marrickville, NSW 2204
Cheryn is a Clinical Psychologist. Cheryn’s qualifications are a Bachelor of Social Science (Psychology) and a Master of Clinical Psychology. Cheryn loves her work and is a very dedicated, warm and engaging therapist, with a keen sense of the privilege and responsibility that her role involves. She enjoys accompanying her clients on their path through difficulty and grounds her work in an attuned and genuine understanding of her clients and their needs. ​ Cheryn has an affinity working with people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds and her experience has enabled her to become resourceful in adapting therapies.
Cheryn is a Clinical Psychologist. Cheryn’s qualifications are a Bachelor of Social Science (Psychology) and a Master of Clinical Psychology. Cheryn loves her work and is a very dedicated, warm and engaging therapist, with a keen sense of the privilege and responsibility that her role involves. She enjoys accompanying her clients on their path through difficulty and grounds her work in an attuned and genuine understanding of her clients and their needs. ​ Cheryn has an affinity working with people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds and her experience has enabled her to become resourceful in adapting therapies.
(02) 8105 5998 View (02) 8105 5998
Photo of Jamie De Bruyn, Psychologist in Haberfield, NSW
Jamie De Bruyn
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA General
Verified
2 Endorsed
Newtown, NSW 2042
Im passionate about helping people restore their sense of self-worth and confidence in order to regain control over their lives. I work with a wide variety of adults and adolescents in crisis, and people experiencing ongoing mental health issues (such as depression, anxiety, and PTSD) as a result of adversity, trauma, and violence. I empower individuals who have experienced adversity and oppression, through exploring existing competencies, strengths and inherent resilience. I’m person-centred, flexible and practical, ensuring you feel supported, and your individual needs are addressed in a non-judgemental and open environment
Im passionate about helping people restore their sense of self-worth and confidence in order to regain control over their lives. I work with a wide variety of adults and adolescents in crisis, and people experiencing ongoing mental health issues (such as depression, anxiety, and PTSD) as a result of adversity, trauma, and violence. I empower individuals who have experienced adversity and oppression, through exploring existing competencies, strengths and inherent resilience. I’m person-centred, flexible and practical, ensuring you feel supported, and your individual needs are addressed in a non-judgemental and open environment
(02) 7201 5086 View (02) 7201 5086
Photo of Kim Mac, Counsellor in Haberfield, NSW
Kim Mac
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified
Newtown, NSW 2042
The most common things my clients say to me is you seem like you really care. Therapy sessions are about you and what you need, so I tailor my sessions to what works best for you. It is important that you feel heard and I make sure I truly listen to what is going on for my clients.
The most common things my clients say to me is you seem like you really care. Therapy sessions are about you and what you need, so I tailor my sessions to what works best for you. It is important that you feel heard and I make sure I truly listen to what is going on for my clients.
(02) 9100 0445 View (02) 9100 0445
Photo of Carey Little, Psychologist in Haberfield, NSW
Carey Little
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified
Newtown, NSW 2042  (Online Only)
Finding a therapist that fits with you is daunting! I have a relaxed and patient nature and have experience with a wide range of ages, cultures and experiences. I also love a good metaphor, to laugh and to engage humour in our sessions as we work together. We will collaboratively to reconnect you with who you want to be. Together, we will work as a team in a safe and friendly space where there is no judgement only respect for you as an individual. I'm here to help you build a life that is meaningful and fulfilling to you.
Finding a therapist that fits with you is daunting! I have a relaxed and patient nature and have experience with a wide range of ages, cultures and experiences. I also love a good metaphor, to laugh and to engage humour in our sessions as we work together. We will collaboratively to reconnect you with who you want to be. Together, we will work as a team in a safe and friendly space where there is no judgement only respect for you as an individual. I'm here to help you build a life that is meaningful and fulfilling to you.
(02) 9100 0680 View (02) 9100 0680
Photo of James Norman O'Connor, Psychotherapist in Haberfield, NSW
James Norman O'Connor
Psychotherapist, MPsych, ACA-L4
Verified
Glebe, NSW 2037
Hi I'm Jim O'Connor clinical psychotherapist and relationship therapist. I help people overcome the challenges they face in their relationships. If you're someone who is single and wishing to get into a relationship but you don't know how to find the right person, then I can help. If your in a relationship and you want to create more connection, I can show you how. If you're in an abusive relationship and you don't know if you should leave or stay I can help you decide and I will support you what ever you decide. If it has anything to do with dating or relating in the modern world I can help.
Hi I'm Jim O'Connor clinical psychotherapist and relationship therapist. I help people overcome the challenges they face in their relationships. If you're someone who is single and wishing to get into a relationship but you don't know how to find the right person, then I can help. If your in a relationship and you want to create more connection, I can show you how. If you're in an abusive relationship and you don't know if you should leave or stay I can help you decide and I will support you what ever you decide. If it has anything to do with dating or relating in the modern world I can help.
(02) 9100 0073 View (02) 9100 0073
Photo of Kirthana Selvaraj, Art Therapist, AThR, Counsellor, Art Therapist in Haberfield, NSW
Kirthana Selvaraj, Art Therapist, AThR, Counsellor
Art Therapist, AThR
Verified
Marrickville, NSW 2204  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I aim to support you within areas of relationship issues, family conflict, building confidence, racial trauma, burnout, diverse body image, gender and sexuality, work stress , imposter syndrome, social justice fatigue, coping with anxiety, depression and loneliness. My therapeutic stance is deeply embedded in an intersectional philosophy. I offer Art Therapy, where I support you to explore, using imagination, metaphor and symbolism, I also offer Counselling that is progressive, relational, creative and adaptive to your therapeutic goals.
I aim to support you within areas of relationship issues, family conflict, building confidence, racial trauma, burnout, diverse body image, gender and sexuality, work stress , imposter syndrome, social justice fatigue, coping with anxiety, depression and loneliness. My therapeutic stance is deeply embedded in an intersectional philosophy. I offer Art Therapy, where I support you to explore, using imagination, metaphor and symbolism, I also offer Counselling that is progressive, relational, creative and adaptive to your therapeutic goals.
(02) 8074 5775 View (02) 8074 5775

See more therapy options for Haberfield

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Haberfield, NSW

10+

Average cost per session

$148

Counsellors in Haberfield, NSW who prioritize treating:

90% Relationship Issues
90% Anxiety
90% Self Esteem
90% Life Transitions
80% Depression
80% Bereavement
80% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% Bupa
75% Medibank Private
50% Medicare Rebates

How Counsellors in Haberfield, NSW see their clients

90% In Person and Online
10% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
22% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Haberfield?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.