Counselling in Fassifern, NSW

Photo of Women In Mind, Psychologist in Fassifern, NSW
Women In Mind
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Fassifern, NSW 2283
Most issues that people experience have their origins in childhood when developmental needs were not met. Most parents mean well and do their best but because our culture is generally ignorant about the early needs of children the child has to learn how to adapt. For example a parent because of their upbringing may be easily angered. One way is for the child to move towards the parent by always trying to please the parent to ward off an angry episode. That is the behavior and the belief is "I have to be good or mummy will not love me." This establishes a mode that may not be helpful in later life in intimate relationships.
Most issues that people experience have their origins in childhood when developmental needs were not met. Most parents mean well and do their best but because our culture is generally ignorant about the early needs of children the child has to learn how to adapt. For example a parent because of their upbringing may be easily angered. One way is for the child to move towards the parent by always trying to please the parent to ward off an angry episode. That is the behavior and the belief is "I have to be good or mummy will not love me." This establishes a mode that may not be helpful in later life in intimate relationships.
(02) 4058 4435 View (02) 4058 4435
Photo of Hopeplus Counselling, Counsellor in Fassifern, NSW
Hopeplus Counselling
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Fassifern, NSW 2283
See also www.hopeplus.com.au Looking for hope and personal freedom? I specialise in anxiety & depression, hopelessness, loneliness, personal, spiritual or financial matters. Personal experience with separation & divorce, blended family issues, family disability, redundancy & career change, anxiety & depression, religious/church difficulties. When a person gets themselves lost they not only need someone who knows where they’re at, but someone who knows the way out. I teach anger management - you will understand it, respect it, learn how to diffuse it and use it in healthy ways.
See also www.hopeplus.com.au Looking for hope and personal freedom? I specialise in anxiety & depression, hopelessness, loneliness, personal, spiritual or financial matters. Personal experience with separation & divorce, blended family issues, family disability, redundancy & career change, anxiety & depression, religious/church difficulties. When a person gets themselves lost they not only need someone who knows where they’re at, but someone who knows the way out. I teach anger management - you will understand it, respect it, learn how to diffuse it and use it in healthy ways.
(02) 4058 3973 View (02) 4058 3973

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Nikki Grant Life Choices, Psychologist in Fassifern, NSW
Nikki Grant Life Choices
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA Endorsed
Verified Verified
Swansea, NSW 2281
Do you have a particular life obstacle you’re trying to overcome? Sometimes, seeking help from a professional is the best way to put things into perspective. I want to help you find the tools you need to overcome life obstacles. I am available for face to face and telehealth appointments Australia wide. I work with adults and older teens to help them address mental health or emotional concerns, and children 13+ with anxiety. I work with people with anxiety and depression, as well as addictions, eating disorders and head injuries. I also offer supervision services to Psychologists and Mental Health Workers.
Do you have a particular life obstacle you’re trying to overcome? Sometimes, seeking help from a professional is the best way to put things into perspective. I want to help you find the tools you need to overcome life obstacles. I am available for face to face and telehealth appointments Australia wide. I work with adults and older teens to help them address mental health or emotional concerns, and children 13+ with anxiety. I work with people with anxiety and depression, as well as addictions, eating disorders and head injuries. I also offer supervision services to Psychologists and Mental Health Workers.
(02) 4075 9870 View (02) 4075 9870
Photo of Chris Butler, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fassifern, NSW
Chris Butler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
Every person's journey is unique, and I like to understand the background and goals of the people I support to ensure we create a personalised plan for them. I am very experienced in supporting adults, and adolescents and I have a strong interest in supporting people navigating anxiety, grief and loss, PTSD, developmental trauma, and the myriad of life's challenges. My approach is twofold: I believe in equipping you with immediate tools to cope with present concerns, while also delving into the roots of these issues – be it past events, deep-seated beliefs, or coping mechanisms – to pave the way for a brighter future.
Every person's journey is unique, and I like to understand the background and goals of the people I support to ensure we create a personalised plan for them. I am very experienced in supporting adults, and adolescents and I have a strong interest in supporting people navigating anxiety, grief and loss, PTSD, developmental trauma, and the myriad of life's challenges. My approach is twofold: I believe in equipping you with immediate tools to cope with present concerns, while also delving into the roots of these issues – be it past events, deep-seated beliefs, or coping mechanisms – to pave the way for a brighter future.
(02) 4071 4541 View (02) 4071 4541
Photo of Zachary Herron, Psychologist in Fassifern, NSW
Zachary Herron
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
Life is a dynamic process. Sometimes that process is smooth and easy to navigate and sometimes it is rocky and can become very hard. For me psychology is the way towards a better understanding of the dynamic process of life and psychotherapy is a workshop to create tools, specific to you, to help you live well. I am interested in making psychology accessible to everyone by meeting you where you are at in your story.
Life is a dynamic process. Sometimes that process is smooth and easy to navigate and sometimes it is rocky and can become very hard. For me psychology is the way towards a better understanding of the dynamic process of life and psychotherapy is a workshop to create tools, specific to you, to help you live well. I am interested in making psychology accessible to everyone by meeting you where you are at in your story.
(02) 4012 0523 View (02) 4012 0523
Photo of Will Blakemore in Fassifern, NSW
Will Blakemore
Verified Verified
Toronto, NSW 2283
Will is an experienced Mental Health Occupational Therapist, with an extensive background in the delivery of individual and group therapy interventions in both inpatient and outpatient settings.
Will is an experienced Mental Health Occupational Therapist, with an extensive background in the delivery of individual and group therapy interventions in both inpatient and outpatient settings.
(02) 4012 2318 View (02) 4012 2318
Photo of Carla Bonetti, Psychologist in Fassifern, NSW
Carla Bonetti
Psychologist, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
Waitlist for new clients
Brazilian born Psychologist, Carla Bonetti understands that we all need help at times to navigate life’s challenges. She offers help that is underpinned by years of experience working within the public and private sectors with a range of different clients addressing a number of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship and existential problems.
Brazilian born Psychologist, Carla Bonetti understands that we all need help at times to navigate life’s challenges. She offers help that is underpinned by years of experience working within the public and private sectors with a range of different clients addressing a number of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship and existential problems.
(02) 4012 4035 View (02) 4012 4035
Photo of The CBT Clinic (Alexander Cameron), Psychologist in Fassifern, NSW
The CBT Clinic (Alexander Cameron)
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
I am a Psychologist in my eleventh year of clinical practice in Newcastle, NSW. I have undertaken advanced training in Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) - the originating form of CBT - and met the international training standards set by The Albert Ellis Institute in New York City - where CBT was pioneered. I have been approved by the AEI as a RE-CBT Therapist, Supervisor, and Trainer. I am a Supervisor/Trainer with the Australian Institute of REBT (AIREBT). I am also an Associate Fellow of the Albert Ellis Institute and Associate Member of the International Association for REBT; and am a Board-Approved Supervisor.
I am a Psychologist in my eleventh year of clinical practice in Newcastle, NSW. I have undertaken advanced training in Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) - the originating form of CBT - and met the international training standards set by The Albert Ellis Institute in New York City - where CBT was pioneered. I have been approved by the AEI as a RE-CBT Therapist, Supervisor, and Trainer. I am a Supervisor/Trainer with the Australian Institute of REBT (AIREBT). I am also an Associate Fellow of the Albert Ellis Institute and Associate Member of the International Association for REBT; and am a Board-Approved Supervisor.
(02) 4012 6262 View (02) 4012 6262
Photo of Tamika Dwight-Scott, Psychotherapist in Fassifern, NSW
Tamika Dwight-Scott
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283  (Online Only)
I am a Wellbeing Coach, Facilitator and Trainer who is passionate about supporting you to become the best version of YOU. I have many years experience in supporting people to reduce stress, chaos and angst in life and educating them towards a life where they can experience peace, balance and calmness, no matter what is happening around them. I feel much gratitude to work on faculty as resident Facilitator with the Petrea King, Quest for Life Foundation. I am passionate about my work and living my life to my full potential, so therefore love passing on my knowledge, wisdom and life experience to others.
I am a Wellbeing Coach, Facilitator and Trainer who is passionate about supporting you to become the best version of YOU. I have many years experience in supporting people to reduce stress, chaos and angst in life and educating them towards a life where they can experience peace, balance and calmness, no matter what is happening around them. I feel much gratitude to work on faculty as resident Facilitator with the Petrea King, Quest for Life Foundation. I am passionate about my work and living my life to my full potential, so therefore love passing on my knowledge, wisdom and life experience to others.
(07) 3184 4537 View (07) 3184 4537
Photo of Bec Wellard Therapy, Counsellor in Fassifern, NSW
Bec Wellard Therapy
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
Are you looking for empathic, compassionate support? I work with adults experiencing a broad array of life's big challenges. I can support you with grief and loss, end of life decisions and developing greater self awareness and authenticity in your life. Major life decisions, learning to trust yourself to know what the next right step is and how to speak your authentic truth - even if your voice shakes.
Are you looking for empathic, compassionate support? I work with adults experiencing a broad array of life's big challenges. I can support you with grief and loss, end of life decisions and developing greater self awareness and authenticity in your life. Major life decisions, learning to trust yourself to know what the next right step is and how to speak your authentic truth - even if your voice shakes.
(02) 4063 1439 View (02) 4063 1439
Photo of Madeleine Berryman, Psychologist in Fassifern, NSW
Madeleine Berryman
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
Over the years I have worked hard to grow skills to be able to work with individuals with a variety of presentations. I work with anxiety, mood disorders, personality disorders and trauma and much more. It is important that the client and I work collaboratively to meet a clients needs and goals and that we have an open, honest relationship together. It is important for client's to know that they are the master in themselves and that I as a therapist am there to support them to make their own changes to reach their full potential.
Over the years I have worked hard to grow skills to be able to work with individuals with a variety of presentations. I work with anxiety, mood disorders, personality disorders and trauma and much more. It is important that the client and I work collaboratively to meet a clients needs and goals and that we have an open, honest relationship together. It is important for client's to know that they are the master in themselves and that I as a therapist am there to support them to make their own changes to reach their full potential.
(02) 4058 4419 View (02) 4058 4419
Photo of Bec Wellard Therapy, Psychotherapist in Fassifern, NSW
Bec Wellard Therapy
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
Are you struggling to find peace and balance in your life? Do stress, anxiety, or unresolved issues keep you from living to your fullest potential? It's time to take control of your well-being and unlock the path to happiness and fulfillment. Introducing Bec Wellard Therapy, your trusted partner on the journey to personal growth and mental wellness. Bec is an experienced and compassionate counselor and psychotherapist, here to guide you through life's challenges and empower you to overcome obstacles.
Are you struggling to find peace and balance in your life? Do stress, anxiety, or unresolved issues keep you from living to your fullest potential? It's time to take control of your well-being and unlock the path to happiness and fulfillment. Introducing Bec Wellard Therapy, your trusted partner on the journey to personal growth and mental wellness. Bec is an experienced and compassionate counselor and psychotherapist, here to guide you through life's challenges and empower you to overcome obstacles.
(02) 4063 1530 View (02) 4063 1530
Photo of The Lakes Counselling in Fassifern, NSW
The Lakes Counselling
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rathmines, NSW 2283
Hello, my name is Catherine. You and your loved ones deserve nothing but the best extensive and professional help which I can offer. As your psychotherapist (Masters in Counselling, Level 2 ACA), I will provide you with exceptional bespoke treatment and guidance to help improve your situation. My extensive life experience partnered with my interpersonal strengths have already positively impacted many of my clients consisting of children/teenagers/adults with their mental health issues. I ensure to always develop a strong therapeutic relationship, as I believe it is the key for a therapist and client to work collaboratively.
Hello, my name is Catherine. You and your loved ones deserve nothing but the best extensive and professional help which I can offer. As your psychotherapist (Masters in Counselling, Level 2 ACA), I will provide you with exceptional bespoke treatment and guidance to help improve your situation. My extensive life experience partnered with my interpersonal strengths have already positively impacted many of my clients consisting of children/teenagers/adults with their mental health issues. I ensure to always develop a strong therapeutic relationship, as I believe it is the key for a therapist and client to work collaboratively.
(03) 6159 0103 View (03) 6159 0103
Photo of Sandy Toes Holistic Health , Counsellor in Fassifern, NSW
Sandy Toes Holistic Health
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Swansea, NSW 2281
Looking after our health and wellbeing is one of the most valuable things we can do in our life. At times this can be really challenging when we are facing hard situations personally or helping others as a parent/ carer/ friend/ partner or family member. My passion for more than 25years in health is to support a healing and restorative wellness that can be a foundational strength while navigating life’s journey.
Looking after our health and wellbeing is one of the most valuable things we can do in our life. At times this can be really challenging when we are facing hard situations personally or helping others as a parent/ carer/ friend/ partner or family member. My passion for more than 25years in health is to support a healing and restorative wellness that can be a foundational strength while navigating life’s journey.
(02) 4972 1530 View (02) 4972 1530
Photo of BC Counselling, Counsellor in Fassifern, NSW
BC Counselling
Counsellor, PhD, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Swansea, NSW 2281  (Online Only)
Helping people to overcome & achieve! I'm a male counsellor with a commitment to helping people - particularly men - talk about their life goals, challenges & problems. My goal is to help people move towards a greater sense of well-being & a more fulfilling experience of life. I seek to provide a professional, inclusive practice that recognises & respects diversity, meeting people where they are at & respecting their right to make decisions about their own life.
Helping people to overcome & achieve! I'm a male counsellor with a commitment to helping people - particularly men - talk about their life goals, challenges & problems. My goal is to help people move towards a greater sense of well-being & a more fulfilling experience of life. I seek to provide a professional, inclusive practice that recognises & respects diversity, meeting people where they are at & respecting their right to make decisions about their own life.
(02) 4011 8115 View (02) 4011 8115
Photo of Counselling at Shine, Counsellor in Fassifern, NSW
Counselling at Shine
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
Hi , I am a registered counsellor located near Charlestown Lake Macquarie I offer Individual and Couples Counselling , assistance with depression ,anxiety , I am a skilled professional counsellor , supporting individuals , children , couples and families and I am a registered member with the Australian Counselling Association.
Hi , I am a registered counsellor located near Charlestown Lake Macquarie I offer Individual and Couples Counselling , assistance with depression ,anxiety , I am a skilled professional counsellor , supporting individuals , children , couples and families and I am a registered member with the Australian Counselling Association.
(02) 4062 9409 View (02) 4062 9409
Ann M Schipp
Counsellor, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Toronto, NSW 2283
There are times during life when someone can become overburdened, confused, anxious, traumatized, and depressed. When life can seem too complicated to manage by themselves. When someone is struggling to reach that all-important goal, pressures are increasingly getting in the way. When it is hard to separate the noise from the all-important information. When frustration leads to anger. When being alone leads to depressive isolation. At any time when someone is not living life to the fullest and is not happy in their choices, it is time to speak with a counsellor.
There are times during life when someone can become overburdened, confused, anxious, traumatized, and depressed. When life can seem too complicated to manage by themselves. When someone is struggling to reach that all-important goal, pressures are increasingly getting in the way. When it is hard to separate the noise from the all-important information. When frustration leads to anger. When being alone leads to depressive isolation. At any time when someone is not living life to the fullest and is not happy in their choices, it is time to speak with a counsellor.
(02) 4005 0111 View (02) 4005 0111
Photo of Helen Brereton, Psychotherapist in Fassifern, NSW
Helen Brereton
Psychotherapist, MA, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
I will support you to heal and transform your relationship with yourself and the people closest to you. If you’re willing, we can support you to transform you and your relationship - and possibly avoid the pain of separation, loss, and divorce. I will guide you feel at 'at home' within yourself and to live your life with integrity & truth. I offer in-person and online individual sessions, relationship assessments & therapy, and 1 & 2-day couples and family intensives. Visit www. thecourageousman.com.au/services/relationships-couples-therapy/ for more information or to book a session with me.
I will support you to heal and transform your relationship with yourself and the people closest to you. If you’re willing, we can support you to transform you and your relationship - and possibly avoid the pain of separation, loss, and divorce. I will guide you feel at 'at home' within yourself and to live your life with integrity & truth. I offer in-person and online individual sessions, relationship assessments & therapy, and 1 & 2-day couples and family intensives. Visit www. thecourageousman.com.au/services/relationships-couples-therapy/ for more information or to book a session with me.
(02) 4307 6133 View (02) 4307 6133
Photo of Eliza Rooney, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Fassifern, NSW
Eliza Rooney
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, AMHSW
Verified Verified
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
I am passionate about working collaboratively with people through processes of change that improve their overall health and wellness so that they can live a fulfilling, self-directed life and strive to reach their full potential. My counselling style is gentle, empathetic and non-judgmental that provides an authentic, comfortable space for the people I support. I value really getting to know people and their life journeys and forming a solid relationship with them so they feel comfortable to talk freely with me about their concerns and struggles. I am here to listen, be present, walk alongside and support you towards your goals.
I am passionate about working collaboratively with people through processes of change that improve their overall health and wellness so that they can live a fulfilling, self-directed life and strive to reach their full potential. My counselling style is gentle, empathetic and non-judgmental that provides an authentic, comfortable space for the people I support. I value really getting to know people and their life journeys and forming a solid relationship with them so they feel comfortable to talk freely with me about their concerns and struggles. I am here to listen, be present, walk alongside and support you towards your goals.
(02) 4012 2356 View (02) 4012 2356
Photo of Dr Michael Walton, Psychologist in Fassifern, NSW
Dr Michael Walton
Psychologist, PhD, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Lake Macquarie, NSW 2283
I am a registered Clinical Psychologist in private practice. I work collaboratively with clients, value their lived experience, and provide a safe and supportive space for clients to discuss and help them to resolve their concerns. A range of evidence-based therapies are used to assist clients to resolve their difficulties and create meaningful life transitions and relationships. I work mostly with adults across their developmental life-span. Clients may see me either in person or by telehealth, including interstate. Specialising in mens' mental health, trauma and mood disorders. Everyone deserves to live their best life. Michael.
I am a registered Clinical Psychologist in private practice. I work collaboratively with clients, value their lived experience, and provide a safe and supportive space for clients to discuss and help them to resolve their concerns. A range of evidence-based therapies are used to assist clients to resolve their difficulties and create meaningful life transitions and relationships. I work mostly with adults across their developmental life-span. Clients may see me either in person or by telehealth, including interstate. Specialising in mens' mental health, trauma and mood disorders. Everyone deserves to live their best life. Michael.
(02) 4058 3033 View (02) 4058 3033

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Fassifern, NSW

< 10

Counsellors in Fassifern, NSW who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Life Coaching
100% Spirituality
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Anger Management

Average years in practice

6 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Bupa
100% Australian Unity
100% ACA Health

How Counsellors in Fassifern, NSW see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

50% Female
50% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Fassifern?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.