Counselling in Fairlight, NSW

Photo of Emily Jallat, Psychologist in Fairlight, NSW
Emily Jallat
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Fairlight, NSW 2094
Emily is passionate about supporting older adults to live their best lives. She is a registered psychologist, an AHPRA-endorsed Clinical Psychologist, a member of the Australian Psychological Society and Fellow of the APS College of Clinical Psychologists. Emily holds an honours degree in Psychology and a master’s in Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology of Cognitive Disorders.
Emily is passionate about supporting older adults to live their best lives. She is a registered psychologist, an AHPRA-endorsed Clinical Psychologist, a member of the Australian Psychological Society and Fellow of the APS College of Clinical Psychologists. Emily holds an honours degree in Psychology and a master’s in Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology of Cognitive Disorders.
(02) 9100 0244 View (02) 9100 0244
Photo of Cristina Williams, Psychotherapist in Fairlight, NSW
Cristina Williams
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Fairlight, NSW 2094
Not accepting new clients
NOT accepting new clients: Are difficult childhood or past adult experiences continuing to impact your life now? These 'traumas' can lead you to feeling anxious, depressed, angry, not good enough, dissatisfied in relationships/ work. You might be soothing with harmful behaviours or substances. Together we focus on settling your nervous system and addressing safely how the past experiences impacted you. Talking alone is not enough when working with these past experiences. Brainspotting Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Mindfulness and Somatic Therapies address your brain and body. They are integrated into our work.
NOT accepting new clients: Are difficult childhood or past adult experiences continuing to impact your life now? These 'traumas' can lead you to feeling anxious, depressed, angry, not good enough, dissatisfied in relationships/ work. You might be soothing with harmful behaviours or substances. Together we focus on settling your nervous system and addressing safely how the past experiences impacted you. Talking alone is not enough when working with these past experiences. Brainspotting Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Mindfulness and Somatic Therapies address your brain and body. They are integrated into our work.
(02) 8806 0697 View (02) 8806 0697
Photo of Oksana Pueschel, Counsellor in Fairlight, NSW
Oksana Pueschel
Counsellor, ACA-L2
Verified Verified
Fairlight, NSW 2094
Neurofeedback Practioner NeurOptimal is a type of neurofeedback system designed to promote overall brain health and wellness. It's based on the principles of dynamical neurofeedback, which involves monitoring and providing feedback to the brain in real-time about its own activity patterns. Benefits: NeurOptimal is often used to promote relaxation, reduce stress, improve focus and concentration, enhance sleep quality, and support overall mental well-being. Some users also report improvements in symptoms related to conditions such as anxiety, ADHD, depression, and PTSD.
Neurofeedback Practioner NeurOptimal is a type of neurofeedback system designed to promote overall brain health and wellness. It's based on the principles of dynamical neurofeedback, which involves monitoring and providing feedback to the brain in real-time about its own activity patterns. Benefits: NeurOptimal is often used to promote relaxation, reduce stress, improve focus and concentration, enhance sleep quality, and support overall mental well-being. Some users also report improvements in symptoms related to conditions such as anxiety, ADHD, depression, and PTSD.
(02) 9100 0180 View (02) 9100 0180
Photo of Karin Stenberg, Counsellor in Fairlight, NSW
Karin Stenberg
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fairlight, NSW 2094
Whether you're seeking support reaching your dreams or are struggling with the many pains of life, such as conflict, depression, anxiety, or grief & loss - counselling can be of real help. There's something very powerful in telling your story in the presence of someone who will listen deeply, accept everything that you are, and help you gain a new perspective. Together we will create a safe platform for change, growth and healing.
Whether you're seeking support reaching your dreams or are struggling with the many pains of life, such as conflict, depression, anxiety, or grief & loss - counselling can be of real help. There's something very powerful in telling your story in the presence of someone who will listen deeply, accept everything that you are, and help you gain a new perspective. Together we will create a safe platform for change, growth and healing.
(02) 9100 0248 View (02) 9100 0248
Photo of Lyn Pritchard, Counsellor in Fairlight, NSW
Lyn Pritchard
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Fairlight, NSW 2094  (Online Only)
Underpinning a client-centred approach, I bring to my work extensive training in mindfulness strategies and relaxation techniques to help clients reduce stress and alleviate anxiety and depression. My approach favours the behaviour focused therapies of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, (DBT) and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, (ACT) encouraging people to reach their full potential and live according to their values. The principles of both DBT and ACT work together to help clients manage painful thoughts and feelings and support them in resolving issues around drug and alcohol addiction, depression, anxiety, and loss.
Underpinning a client-centred approach, I bring to my work extensive training in mindfulness strategies and relaxation techniques to help clients reduce stress and alleviate anxiety and depression. My approach favours the behaviour focused therapies of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, (DBT) and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, (ACT) encouraging people to reach their full potential and live according to their values. The principles of both DBT and ACT work together to help clients manage painful thoughts and feelings and support them in resolving issues around drug and alcohol addiction, depression, anxiety, and loss.
(02) 9100 0488 View (02) 9100 0488
Photo of Sally Carlisle, Psychotherapist in Fairlight, NSW
Sally Carlisle
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Fairlight, NSW 2094
I am a compassionate, relatable and non judgemental therapist. I love the process of helping people to understand and overcome the complexities and challenges they face in their daily lives. I have over 30 years experience working as a mental health practitioner and psychotherapist, and 10 years experience as a meditation teacher, mindfulness practitioner and practising buddhist. I understand that every person is unique and requires a personalised approach to healing. Whatever changes or problems you are navigating, my priority is to create a warm and open space for you to share and work through your experiences.
I am a compassionate, relatable and non judgemental therapist. I love the process of helping people to understand and overcome the complexities and challenges they face in their daily lives. I have over 30 years experience working as a mental health practitioner and psychotherapist, and 10 years experience as a meditation teacher, mindfulness practitioner and practising buddhist. I understand that every person is unique and requires a personalised approach to healing. Whatever changes or problems you are navigating, my priority is to create a warm and open space for you to share and work through your experiences.
(02) 8203 8733 View (02) 8203 8733
Photo of Hannah Myall, Psychologist in Fairlight, NSW
Hannah Myall
Psychologist, MSc, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Fairlight, NSW 2094
Waitlist for new clients
Hannah specialises in working with individuals of all ages with Eating Disorders to achieve full recovery. This includes Anorexia, Bulimia, Binge Eating, Orthorexia, disordered eating, body image concerns and related issues. Hannah also offers support and guidance to parents, carers and families of those struggling with an eating disorder. Hannah, who has also recovered from an eating disorder believes that full recovery is possible with the right support and guidance to help you feel like you are not alone in your struggles.
Hannah specialises in working with individuals of all ages with Eating Disorders to achieve full recovery. This includes Anorexia, Bulimia, Binge Eating, Orthorexia, disordered eating, body image concerns and related issues. Hannah also offers support and guidance to parents, carers and families of those struggling with an eating disorder. Hannah, who has also recovered from an eating disorder believes that full recovery is possible with the right support and guidance to help you feel like you are not alone in your struggles.
(02) 9100 0047 View (02) 9100 0047
Amanda Goh
Psychologist, MPsych
Verified Verified
Fairlight, NSW 2094
(02) 9100 0316 View (02) 9100 0316

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Heather Kent, Counsellor in Fairlight, NSW
Heather Kent
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
Mosman, NSW 2088
We all want to lead fulfilling lives, regardless of our situation. It's my passion to help you learn strategies to conquer the challenges you face. Sometimes, it takes courage just to get through each day, & this is where the most impressive changes can occur. I want to help you gain a better understanding & awareness of yourself & what you are capable of. By nurturing change within therapy, I hope to help you avoid feeling that life is "just happening to me" & instead feel empowered. Whether it's a mental health issue, life transition, or coping strategies, I am here to support you towards a life of balance, joy & well-being.
We all want to lead fulfilling lives, regardless of our situation. It's my passion to help you learn strategies to conquer the challenges you face. Sometimes, it takes courage just to get through each day, & this is where the most impressive changes can occur. I want to help you gain a better understanding & awareness of yourself & what you are capable of. By nurturing change within therapy, I hope to help you avoid feeling that life is "just happening to me" & instead feel empowered. Whether it's a mental health issue, life transition, or coping strategies, I am here to support you towards a life of balance, joy & well-being.
(02) 8776 3913 View (02) 8776 3913
Photo of ST & A Psychology, Psychologist in Fairlight, NSW
ST & A Psychology
Psychologist, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Manly Vale, NSW 2093
At “ST & A Psychology” we believe that taking the first step towards a healthier life is an act of courage and strength. We invite you to explore our psychologist website and connect with our compassionate therapists
At “ST & A Psychology” we believe that taking the first step towards a healthier life is an act of courage and strength. We invite you to explore our psychologist website and connect with our compassionate therapists
(02) 8317 4048 View (02) 8317 4048
Photo of Vanessa Steele, Counsellor in Fairlight, NSW
Vanessa Steele
Counsellor, ACA-L4
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Manly, NSW 2095
Do you feel 'stuck' and overwhelmed, anxious or in emotional pain? Perhaps you know it is time to make changes, to create more harmony and connection in relationships, both with yourself and others? With care and empathy, and at your pace, we can explore your experiences, take apart the messy knot of problems, identify your strengths and options - and develop strategies to reach your goals. I also work with couples to repair ruptures and build loving, secure partnerships. When you feel ready to heal from pain, fear, shame, resentment, anger or grief that is getting in your way, and get 'unstuck', call me and we can get started.
Do you feel 'stuck' and overwhelmed, anxious or in emotional pain? Perhaps you know it is time to make changes, to create more harmony and connection in relationships, both with yourself and others? With care and empathy, and at your pace, we can explore your experiences, take apart the messy knot of problems, identify your strengths and options - and develop strategies to reach your goals. I also work with couples to repair ruptures and build loving, secure partnerships. When you feel ready to heal from pain, fear, shame, resentment, anger or grief that is getting in your way, and get 'unstuck', call me and we can get started.
(02) 8403 1873 View (02) 8403 1873
Photo of Inner View Art Therapy, Psychotherapist in Fairlight, NSW
Inner View Art Therapy
Psychotherapist, AThR
Verified Verified
Brookvale, NSW 2100
Are you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, depressed, disconnected or struggling with a difficult event in your life? Are you finding it difficult to put into words just what you're feeling and thinking? Do you want support to feel lighter, calmer and clearer? Are you hoping to find a safe, supportive space to improve and maintain your mental wellbeing?
Are you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, depressed, disconnected or struggling with a difficult event in your life? Are you finding it difficult to put into words just what you're feeling and thinking? Do you want support to feel lighter, calmer and clearer? Are you hoping to find a safe, supportive space to improve and maintain your mental wellbeing?
(02) 8999 5048 View (02) 8999 5048
Photo of National Trauma Clinics, Psychologist in Fairlight, NSW
National Trauma Clinics
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Mosman, NSW 2088
National Trauma Clinic Psychologists and Consultants have extensive experience working with individuals, couples and families suffering from the broad range of psychological issues including relationship issues, family issues, workplace issues and symptomatic problems with PTSD, depression, anxiety and the like.
National Trauma Clinic Psychologists and Consultants have extensive experience working with individuals, couples and families suffering from the broad range of psychological issues including relationship issues, family issues, workplace issues and symptomatic problems with PTSD, depression, anxiety and the like.
(02) 9100 0118 View (02) 9100 0118
Photo of Jodie Gale, Psychotherapist in Fairlight, NSW
Jodie Gale
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Manly, NSW 2095
Hi, I’m Jodie Gale. I'm a Registered Clinical Psychotherapist, Trauma & Inner Child Recovery Expert, Disordered Eating Coach & the founder of Traumawarriors.Online. I help women recover from trauma, emotional eating & not feeling good enough. Some women come to me for therapy not because they have problems but because they are wondering, ‘who am I?’, they want to get to know themselves better & live a richer, deeper, soulful, more meaningful life. The women I work with are drawn to my approach because I provide a holistic, hopeful & soulful perspective for transformation and growth. I offer short term and long-term therapy.
Hi, I’m Jodie Gale. I'm a Registered Clinical Psychotherapist, Trauma & Inner Child Recovery Expert, Disordered Eating Coach & the founder of Traumawarriors.Online. I help women recover from trauma, emotional eating & not feeling good enough. Some women come to me for therapy not because they have problems but because they are wondering, ‘who am I?’, they want to get to know themselves better & live a richer, deeper, soulful, more meaningful life. The women I work with are drawn to my approach because I provide a holistic, hopeful & soulful perspective for transformation and growth. I offer short term and long-term therapy.
(02) 8294 7627 View (02) 8294 7627
Photo of Sarah Beetham Psychotherapist, Counsellor in Fairlight, NSW
Sarah Beetham Psychotherapist
Counsellor, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Manly Vale, NSW 2093
You may show up to counselling immobilised & stuck, unable to move beyond entrenched unhealthy relational patterns or addictions deeply impacting your emotional, psychological and physical well-being. The repetition of these unsatisfactory behaviours, thoughts and feelings is what leads most clients through my door. MY TASK as your counsellor is to provide an environment that disrupts your current level of functioning & move you towards change and renewed progression. I observe your Discrepancies, Mixed Messages and Inner Conflicts within your Narrative and Behaviours, regarding the most personal dimensions of your LIFE Challenges.
You may show up to counselling immobilised & stuck, unable to move beyond entrenched unhealthy relational patterns or addictions deeply impacting your emotional, psychological and physical well-being. The repetition of these unsatisfactory behaviours, thoughts and feelings is what leads most clients through my door. MY TASK as your counsellor is to provide an environment that disrupts your current level of functioning & move you towards change and renewed progression. I observe your Discrepancies, Mixed Messages and Inner Conflicts within your Narrative and Behaviours, regarding the most personal dimensions of your LIFE Challenges.
(02) 8074 3973 View (02) 8074 3973
Photo of Christine Bennett, Psychotherapist in Fairlight, NSW
Christine Bennett
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
North Balgowlah, NSW 2093
Are you struggling with conflict and feeling distant from your partner? Are you constantly worried about life and what happens next? Or is it more about what happened today or yesterday? Are you overcome by a significant loss in your life? A job, your health, a friend, a partner, a house, a family member? Or is life just so “blahhh” that it is a struggle to get through the day? All these situations and many others are a result of your most intimate and important relationship – the one you have with yourself!
Are you struggling with conflict and feeling distant from your partner? Are you constantly worried about life and what happens next? Or is it more about what happened today or yesterday? Are you overcome by a significant loss in your life? A job, your health, a friend, a partner, a house, a family member? Or is life just so “blahhh” that it is a struggle to get through the day? All these situations and many others are a result of your most intimate and important relationship – the one you have with yourself!
(02) 8294 9427 View (02) 8294 9427
Photo of Bella Vend, Counsellor in Fairlight, NSW
Bella Vend
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Mosman, NSW 2088  (Online Only)
Therapy is about you (not your mother, boss, friends or partner). It's about creating a warm safe space for you to explore your problems and be supported, witnessed, then gently guided to healing, health and living your best life. In modern-day people don't often listen. The first step is you being actively listened to and felt. Not brushed away or told to 'get over it.' The second step is to gently find the connections and reasons for your feelings to bring you to your ephiphany moments. The third step is to explore the workable ways and techniques to help change your now old patterns or behaviours. You determine the pace.
Therapy is about you (not your mother, boss, friends or partner). It's about creating a warm safe space for you to explore your problems and be supported, witnessed, then gently guided to healing, health and living your best life. In modern-day people don't often listen. The first step is you being actively listened to and felt. Not brushed away or told to 'get over it.' The second step is to gently find the connections and reasons for your feelings to bring you to your ephiphany moments. The third step is to explore the workable ways and techniques to help change your now old patterns or behaviours. You determine the pace.
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Photo of Family Psychology Practice, Psychologist in Fairlight, NSW
Family Psychology Practice
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Manly Vale, NSW 2093
Family Psychology Practice is a specialist therapeutic service for children, adolescents and adults. Our practice is a safe place for individuals and families to explore complex issues. Our work is always evidence based and using best practice approaches. We believe that small changes, new ideas or a change of perspective can sometimes be the difference that people need. Our Psychologists and Psychotherapists are fully registered mental health providers. Our Psychologists are Medicare providers. In consultation with a GP, treatment can be provided under Better Access to Mental Health Programme, Psychological Access Plus, Workcover.
Family Psychology Practice is a specialist therapeutic service for children, adolescents and adults. Our practice is a safe place for individuals and families to explore complex issues. Our work is always evidence based and using best practice approaches. We believe that small changes, new ideas or a change of perspective can sometimes be the difference that people need. Our Psychologists and Psychotherapists are fully registered mental health providers. Our Psychologists are Medicare providers. In consultation with a GP, treatment can be provided under Better Access to Mental Health Programme, Psychological Access Plus, Workcover.
(02) 8320 0355 View (02) 8320 0355
Photo of Daniella Saleme, Psychologist in Fairlight, NSW
Daniella Saleme
Psychologist, MACPA
Verified Verified
Manly, NSW 2095  (Online Only)
I am a Clinical Psychologist who believes the client is the expert on their life and that therapy requires true connection and collaboration. I can help you to understand the impact of your experiences on your life, to understand yourself more deeply and work towards building the life you want to lead. I consider the role of trauma in the development of stress, anxiety, and general difficulties in life and my treatment approach is eclectic - I have a special interest in Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy and utilise a range of different evidence-based therapy styles.
I am a Clinical Psychologist who believes the client is the expert on their life and that therapy requires true connection and collaboration. I can help you to understand the impact of your experiences on your life, to understand yourself more deeply and work towards building the life you want to lead. I consider the role of trauma in the development of stress, anxiety, and general difficulties in life and my treatment approach is eclectic - I have a special interest in Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy and utilise a range of different evidence-based therapy styles.
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Photo of Daniela MacAulay, Counsellor in Fairlight, NSW
Daniela MacAulay
Counsellor, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Balgowlah, NSW 2093
I work with people who feel stuck, struggle to accept parts of themselves and their internal world has become a harsh place to be at times. If this is you, you might find it difficult to navigate relationships, frequently get overwhelmed or have a hard time setting boundaries. You may often feel “not good enough” and like you just “don’t fit in” somehow. As a result you may have developed coping strategies that are no longer working or aren’t very healthy. By learning to understand why you do the things you do, you can find new ways of relating to yourself and the world around you and healthier ways to manage life’s challenges.
I work with people who feel stuck, struggle to accept parts of themselves and their internal world has become a harsh place to be at times. If this is you, you might find it difficult to navigate relationships, frequently get overwhelmed or have a hard time setting boundaries. You may often feel “not good enough” and like you just “don’t fit in” somehow. As a result you may have developed coping strategies that are no longer working or aren’t very healthy. By learning to understand why you do the things you do, you can find new ways of relating to yourself and the world around you and healthier ways to manage life’s challenges.
(02) 9100 0871 View (02) 9100 0871

See more therapy options for Fairlight

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Fairlight, NSW

< 10

Counsellors in Fairlight, NSW who prioritize treating:

75% Relationship Issues
75% Depression
75% Anxiety
75% Trauma and PTSD
63% Addiction
63% Alcohol Use
63% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Bupa
100% Medibank Private
67% Medicare Rebates

How Counsellors in Fairlight, NSW see their clients

88% In Person and Online
12% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Fairlight?

Search for nearby psychologists or counsellors by inputting your city, suburb, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the Australian Counselling Association and the Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia. Psychologists must be registered in the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). Most Social Workers listed in the directory are members of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for social workers, psychotherapists and counsellors in Australia, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in Australia.

Psychologists have earned a 4 year undergraduate degree in psychology and have completed a postgraduate internship or postgraduate degree. Psychotherapists generally have an undergraduate degree in a health related field in addition to 3-4 years of specialist training in psychotherapy and a period of personal psychotherapy. In order to belong to a professional organisation such as the ACA or PACFA, counsellors and psychotherapists are required to have completed a certain level of AQF qualifications and/ or an approved training course as well as clinical and supervision hours. Social Workers registered with the AASW are required to have a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Social Work from an accredited institution.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in Australia could be between $100 and $250. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The Better Access Scheme is a government program offering Medicare rebates for mental health care. To access the program you will need to be assessed and diagnosed by your GP and get a Mental Health Plan. This will allow you to receive up to 10 individual sessions and 10 group sessions a year with practitioners who accept bulk billing, with no out of pocket costs for you.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the ACA, PACFA, or the APS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a minor is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.