Chronic Pain Counselling in Crows Nest, NSW

Photo of Michael Booth, Psychotherapist in Crows Nest, NSW
Michael Booth
Psychotherapist, PhD, PACFA
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
I offer treatment for clients with chronic pain conditions and those suffering the effects of exposure to traumatic experiences or prolonged stress. The chronic pain conditions I treat include: Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, Chronic Low Back Pain and others. Some chronic pain conditions defy being labelled. Most clients can expect a substantial reduction in their symptoms or to become completely symptom free. I also offer help to those suffering the effects of trauma or prolonged stress including PTSD, insomnia, fatigue, anxiety and depression.
I offer treatment for clients with chronic pain conditions and those suffering the effects of exposure to traumatic experiences or prolonged stress. The chronic pain conditions I treat include: Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, Chronic Low Back Pain and others. Some chronic pain conditions defy being labelled. Most clients can expect a substantial reduction in their symptoms or to become completely symptom free. I also offer help to those suffering the effects of trauma or prolonged stress including PTSD, insomnia, fatigue, anxiety and depression.
(02) 9159 6937 View (02) 9159 6937
Photo of Katherine Watson, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
Katherine Watson
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
cancer, chronic pain, heart disease etc.
Creating change takes commitment. My clients are adults (18+) who want to see changes in their lives and are ready to work together to make this happen. My approach is grounded in mindfulness, and I work collaboratively with clients to identify their issues and the therapeutic approach that best suits them. Clients who want to draw on their strengths to manage life's challenges and learn to be more self-compassionate are welcomed.
cancer, chronic pain, heart disease etc.
Creating change takes commitment. My clients are adults (18+) who want to see changes in their lives and are ready to work together to make this happen. My approach is grounded in mindfulness, and I work collaboratively with clients to identify their issues and the therapeutic approach that best suits them. Clients who want to draw on their strengths to manage life's challenges and learn to be more self-compassionate are welcomed.
(02) 9100 0349 View (02) 9100 0349
Photo of Kristine Koh, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
Kristine Koh
Psychologist, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
I have a strong interest in working with individuals experiencing anxiety, chronic health conditions, chronic pain and life transitions (such as work roles, migration, or life stages). I am also passionate about working with individuals from different cultures (particularly South East Asia) and adjusting to living in Australia as a migrant or international student, who are exploring their sense of self and identity, and reconciling their values with their new identity. I see therapy as a safe, non-judgemental, calm space to explore the issues in depth.
I have a strong interest in working with individuals experiencing anxiety, chronic health conditions, chronic pain and life transitions (such as work roles, migration, or life stages). I am also passionate about working with individuals from different cultures (particularly South East Asia) and adjusting to living in Australia as a migrant or international student, who are exploring their sense of self and identity, and reconciling their values with their new identity. I see therapy as a safe, non-judgemental, calm space to explore the issues in depth.
(02) 8403 0404 View (02) 8403 0404
Photo of Veronica Engel, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
Veronica Engel
Psychologist, MAPS
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
Owner/Director of the Engel Clinic - I have been privileged to work with clients for over 15 years using mindfulness based CBT, ACT, FBT, gut-directed hypnosis, and clinical hypnosis. I work extensively with all kinds of anxiety and stress conditions, gut-brain disorders, and eating disorders (including obesity and ARFID).
Owner/Director of the Engel Clinic - I have been privileged to work with clients for over 15 years using mindfulness based CBT, ACT, FBT, gut-directed hypnosis, and clinical hypnosis. I work extensively with all kinds of anxiety and stress conditions, gut-brain disorders, and eating disorders (including obesity and ARFID).
(02) 8203 8780 View (02) 8203 8780
Photo of Naomi Halls, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
Naomi Halls
Psychologist, PsychD, MAPS
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
In my role as a clinical psychologist I will listen to you, the expert in your own life, to guide us in your treatment goals. Therapy can be short term and specific, or you may wish to have a safe and contemplative space to explore re- occurring themes in your life. You may need to examine and reset patterns of behaviour so your family/relationships can flourish and enjoy wellbeing, or you may be a performing artist or student struggling with performance anxiety, perfectionism and goal setting.
In my role as a clinical psychologist I will listen to you, the expert in your own life, to guide us in your treatment goals. Therapy can be short term and specific, or you may wish to have a safe and contemplative space to explore re- occurring themes in your life. You may need to examine and reset patterns of behaviour so your family/relationships can flourish and enjoy wellbeing, or you may be a performing artist or student struggling with performance anxiety, perfectionism and goal setting.
(02) 9158 6190 View (02) 9158 6190
Photo of Sabina Rabold, Psychotherapist in Crows Nest, NSW
Sabina Rabold
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
No two people are the same, no two stories identical. Perhaps you are already clear about what you want from therapy, perhaps our starting point is to figure this out. No matter what, all of you is welcome. Together, we aim to: heal old emotional wounds you might still be hurting from, clear up current anxiety, stress confusion or disheartenment that weigh on you; make good decisions for your life and find inner joy, calm and balance to sustain you in a meaningful way of being. When working with couples, I support partners to repair relational injuries, strengthen communication, commitment and trust and deepen love and intimacy.
No two people are the same, no two stories identical. Perhaps you are already clear about what you want from therapy, perhaps our starting point is to figure this out. No matter what, all of you is welcome. Together, we aim to: heal old emotional wounds you might still be hurting from, clear up current anxiety, stress confusion or disheartenment that weigh on you; make good decisions for your life and find inner joy, calm and balance to sustain you in a meaningful way of being. When working with couples, I support partners to repair relational injuries, strengthen communication, commitment and trust and deepen love and intimacy.
(02) 9100 0156 View (02) 9100 0156
Photo of Larissa Kirpichnikov, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
Larissa Kirpichnikov
Psychologist, PsyBA - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
Couples Therapy & Coaching / Individuals Therapy & Coaching / Family Dispute Resolution Mediation (FDRP) & Divorce Coaching Services. With more than 25 years experience of living and working in Australia and abroad, Larissa understands that life and relationships are not always smooth. Whether you are wishing to improve your intimate relationship, seek individual support, parenting &/or financial FDR mediation services, or divorce coaching, please call to discuss how we can best assist you. You may also visit our website for further information.
Couples Therapy & Coaching / Individuals Therapy & Coaching / Family Dispute Resolution Mediation (FDRP) & Divorce Coaching Services. With more than 25 years experience of living and working in Australia and abroad, Larissa understands that life and relationships are not always smooth. Whether you are wishing to improve your intimate relationship, seek individual support, parenting &/or financial FDR mediation services, or divorce coaching, please call to discuss how we can best assist you. You may also visit our website for further information.
(02) 9100 0410 View (02) 9100 0410
Photo of Robyn Price, Psychotherapist in Crows Nest, NSW
Robyn Price
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
Are you constantly anxious? Stuck or struggling with relationships? No idea how to move on? My name's Robyn and I'm a Gestalt Psychotherapist and Somatic Movement/Dance Movement Therapist with 17 years' experience working with groups and individuals. A deep knowledge of body process and nonverbal communication allows me to attend to the whole of a person's experience, rather than just what they say. I take a relational, creative and trauma-informed approach, and tailor it for every person or group I work with.
Are you constantly anxious? Stuck or struggling with relationships? No idea how to move on? My name's Robyn and I'm a Gestalt Psychotherapist and Somatic Movement/Dance Movement Therapist with 17 years' experience working with groups and individuals. A deep knowledge of body process and nonverbal communication allows me to attend to the whole of a person's experience, rather than just what they say. I take a relational, creative and trauma-informed approach, and tailor it for every person or group I work with.
(02) 9100 0771 View (02) 9100 0771
Photo of Kelsey Hendrickson, Psychotherapist in Crows Nest, NSW
Kelsey Hendrickson
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
I am a female counsellor / psychotherapist working in private practice at Exclusive Wellbeing in Parramatta and in my own clinic in Crows Nest. With a rich tapestry of life experiences, including parenthood, a corporate career, and years of teaching yoga, I bring a holistic approach to therapy. I enjoy helping clients better understand themselves on a deep, wholistic level. I hope to make my clients feel seen and heard in my therapy space. I have a special interest in counselling people struggling with fertility, pregnancy and the transition to parenthood.
I am a female counsellor / psychotherapist working in private practice at Exclusive Wellbeing in Parramatta and in my own clinic in Crows Nest. With a rich tapestry of life experiences, including parenthood, a corporate career, and years of teaching yoga, I bring a holistic approach to therapy. I enjoy helping clients better understand themselves on a deep, wholistic level. I hope to make my clients feel seen and heard in my therapy space. I have a special interest in counselling people struggling with fertility, pregnancy and the transition to parenthood.
(02) 9630 0451 View (02) 9630 0451
Photo of Phoebe Allwell, Psychotherapist in Crows Nest, NSW
Phoebe Allwell
Psychotherapist, MA, PACFA
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
The Embodied Presence Process Integrates Psychotherapy, Counselling and Energy Medicine. This is a unique integrative approach that unleashes rapid personal transformation and embodiment. The Embodied Presence Process was developed by psychotherapist and energy medicine practitioner Phoebe Allwell, a true integration of established clinical practices, energy medicine and ancient spiritual teachings. The Embodied Presence Process will support you to rapidly release anything that blocks or limits you being the fullest expression of your true self. Call or email Phoebe now to book a complimentary 20min consultation.
The Embodied Presence Process Integrates Psychotherapy, Counselling and Energy Medicine. This is a unique integrative approach that unleashes rapid personal transformation and embodiment. The Embodied Presence Process was developed by psychotherapist and energy medicine practitioner Phoebe Allwell, a true integration of established clinical practices, energy medicine and ancient spiritual teachings. The Embodied Presence Process will support you to rapidly release anything that blocks or limits you being the fullest expression of your true self. Call or email Phoebe now to book a complimentary 20min consultation.
(02) 8074 5364 View (02) 8074 5364
Photo of Adam Horvath, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
Adam Horvath
Psychologist, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
Hello, I'm Adam, a Psychologist in North Sydney, trained in Clinical Psychology. I help young professionals, adolescents, families, and couples manage emotional challenges. My philosophy is that therapy should lead to real changes efficiently, and I will help you to meet your goals with a straightforward and friendly approach. In our sessions, we’ll use practical, science-backed methods to work through issues you might face, such as difficulty with managing emotions, feelings of sadness or worry, or times when you might feel stuck. My practice is about creating a supportive and inclusive environment for everyone.
Hello, I'm Adam, a Psychologist in North Sydney, trained in Clinical Psychology. I help young professionals, adolescents, families, and couples manage emotional challenges. My philosophy is that therapy should lead to real changes efficiently, and I will help you to meet your goals with a straightforward and friendly approach. In our sessions, we’ll use practical, science-backed methods to work through issues you might face, such as difficulty with managing emotions, feelings of sadness or worry, or times when you might feel stuck. My practice is about creating a supportive and inclusive environment for everyone.
(02) 9100 0498 View (02) 9100 0498
Photo of Sanchana Venkatesh, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
Sanchana Venkatesh
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Ed. Psych.
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
I have a special interest in working with adolescents and adults experiencing anxiety, imposter syndrome, depression, chronic health issues, grief and loss, life transitions (e.g. career, stage of life, migration), PTSD, OCD, tics and Tourettes. I am passionate about helping individuals live a life worth living based on their values. Some populations I particularly enjoy working with include people of colour, gifted individuals, young women, and creatives. In addition to providing individual therapy, I have a keen interest in cognitive assessments to identify gifted abilities or learning disabilities.
I have a special interest in working with adolescents and adults experiencing anxiety, imposter syndrome, depression, chronic health issues, grief and loss, life transitions (e.g. career, stage of life, migration), PTSD, OCD, tics and Tourettes. I am passionate about helping individuals live a life worth living based on their values. Some populations I particularly enjoy working with include people of colour, gifted individuals, young women, and creatives. In addition to providing individual therapy, I have a keen interest in cognitive assessments to identify gifted abilities or learning disabilities.
(02) 9100 0086 View (02) 9100 0086
Photo of Helen Caroline Gibbons, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
Helen Caroline Gibbons
Psychologist, MPsych, PsyBA - Clin. Psych
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065  (Online Only)
I am a very experienced holistic focused Clinical Psychologist having worked in clinical practice and health psychology for over 25 years. I have a warm and caring approach to psychotherapy and treat all my clients with respect. I am passionate about helping clients who are struggling as a result of anxiety, depression, trauma, narcissistic abuse, work stress, psychosomatic or chronic medical conditions. I also offer a neuro-affirming service in the management of adult and young adult ADHD and ASD.
I am a very experienced holistic focused Clinical Psychologist having worked in clinical practice and health psychology for over 25 years. I have a warm and caring approach to psychotherapy and treat all my clients with respect. I am passionate about helping clients who are struggling as a result of anxiety, depression, trauma, narcissistic abuse, work stress, psychosomatic or chronic medical conditions. I also offer a neuro-affirming service in the management of adult and young adult ADHD and ASD.
(02) 5104 1059 View (02) 5104 1059
Photo of Tom Skotidas, Psychotherapist in Crows Nest, NSW
Tom Skotidas
Psychotherapist, ACA-L1
Verified Verified
Crows Nest, NSW 2065
As a Psychotherapist, I help individuals, couples, and families overcome their mental health and relationship challenges using evidence-based psychotherapy. I engage all of my clients with compassion, collaboration, and unconditional acceptance. My therapy approach enables my clients to discover their cognitive, emotional, and communication patterns, build new behaviours aligned to their core values, create meaning and purpose, and thrive.
As a Psychotherapist, I help individuals, couples, and families overcome their mental health and relationship challenges using evidence-based psychotherapy. I engage all of my clients with compassion, collaboration, and unconditional acceptance. My therapy approach enables my clients to discover their cognitive, emotional, and communication patterns, build new behaviours aligned to their core values, create meaning and purpose, and thrive.
(02) 9100 0129 View (02) 9100 0129

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Safari Lee, Counsellor in Crows Nest, NSW
Safari Lee
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Mosman, NSW 2088  (Online Only)
I am passionate about helping people explore their living with disability, injury, illness and chronic pain and navigating life changes.
Do you need some calm in the middle of what you are facing? It can be really helpful to talk about ways to cope, manage symptoms, and ways to get life back in balance. Whether it's a recent family, work, health or life issue, or this has been going on for a long time, we can aim to make sense of what is happening. We can look at obstacles and plan a way forward.
I am passionate about helping people explore their living with disability, injury, illness and chronic pain and navigating life changes.
Do you need some calm in the middle of what you are facing? It can be really helpful to talk about ways to cope, manage symptoms, and ways to get life back in balance. Whether it's a recent family, work, health or life issue, or this has been going on for a long time, we can aim to make sense of what is happening. We can look at obstacles and plan a way forward.
(02) 9100 0930 View (02) 9100 0930
Photo of Kate Deakin, Psychotherapist in Crows Nest, NSW
Kate Deakin
Psychotherapist, PACFA
Verified Verified
Sydney, NSW 2000
I am a general psychotherapist, counsellor, body psychotherapist, meditation & embodiment teacher. I offer individual therapy & online grounding & embodiment meditation classes. I work with: -Anxiety, depression, difficult emotions -Self-esteem -Chronic pain -Insomnia -Relationship issues -Existential issues: fear of death, illness, isolation, uncertainty, change, loss -Lack of meaning (& fulfilment) -Life goals -'Psychosomatic' issues e.g. chronic fatigue, gastro issues -Grief -Sensitivity -Building resilience -Making decisions -Your relationship with time -'OCD' -'panic attacks' -General life challenges -Breathing related issues
I am a general psychotherapist, counsellor, body psychotherapist, meditation & embodiment teacher. I offer individual therapy & online grounding & embodiment meditation classes. I work with: -Anxiety, depression, difficult emotions -Self-esteem -Chronic pain -Insomnia -Relationship issues -Existential issues: fear of death, illness, isolation, uncertainty, change, loss -Lack of meaning (& fulfilment) -Life goals -'Psychosomatic' issues e.g. chronic fatigue, gastro issues -Grief -Sensitivity -Building resilience -Making decisions -Your relationship with time -'OCD' -'panic attacks' -General life challenges -Breathing related issues
(02) 9100 0463 View (02) 9100 0463
Photo of George Turnure Clinical Psychology, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
George Turnure Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, MPsych, MAPS
Verified Verified
Balmain, NSW 2041
I work frequently with hoarding, physical health issues, (chronic pain, tinnitus, cancer) and trichotillomania/skin picking.
I'm a clinical psychologist who works with people who are hoping to cope better with strong moods such as sadness, low mood or depression, anger or if feeling constantly worried, nervous or anxious. Working together we will find out how this has developed and why it hasn't gone away. In this way we can gain an understanding of the issue and develop skills and strategies to cope better right now, and to manage and/or prevent these issues from returning in the future.
I work frequently with hoarding, physical health issues, (chronic pain, tinnitus, cancer) and trichotillomania/skin picking.
I'm a clinical psychologist who works with people who are hoping to cope better with strong moods such as sadness, low mood or depression, anger or if feeling constantly worried, nervous or anxious. Working together we will find out how this has developed and why it hasn't gone away. In this way we can gain an understanding of the issue and develop skills and strategies to cope better right now, and to manage and/or prevent these issues from returning in the future.
(02) 9053 4659 View (02) 9053 4659
Photo of Dr Evelyn Gasparillo, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
Dr Evelyn Gasparillo
Psychologist, PsychD, PsyBA General
Verified Verified
Kirribilli, NSW 2061  (Online Only)
Dr Evelyn Gasparillo works with adult from 18 to 80+. You can count on her professional skills to help you with a wide range of psychological and mental health concerns such as: • Depression and other mood related issues • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder • Anxiety, panic attacks and phobias • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder • Adjustment Disorder • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) • Self-esteem issues • Anger management • Grief and Loss • Sleep Problems • Work related stress • Significant life transitions and acculturation issues. • Chronic pain.
Dr Evelyn Gasparillo works with adult from 18 to 80+. You can count on her professional skills to help you with a wide range of psychological and mental health concerns such as: • Depression and other mood related issues • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder • Anxiety, panic attacks and phobias • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder • Adjustment Disorder • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) • Self-esteem issues • Anger management • Grief and Loss • Sleep Problems • Work related stress • Significant life transitions and acculturation issues. • Chronic pain.
(08) 6336 9960 View (08) 6336 9960
Photo of Amanda Gordon, Psychologist in Crows Nest, NSW
Amanda Gordon
Psychologist, Hon FAPS
Verified Verified
Sydney, NSW 2000
We work with blatant mental health issues, as well as physical health issues such as chronic pain or illness, weight or eating disorders, grief and the responses to difficult life circumstances and work stress.
I have worked with individuals and couples for over thirty years, helping them negotiate the struggles of life in this time of quick change, uncertainty and significant social pressure. Relationships are the first victims when people become anxious or challenged in their lives. Yet I believe relationships are the core to good mental health and personal development. These issues are relevant to people of all ages, and not specific to gender, race or religion. The presenting symptom could be grief, anxiety, depression, arguments, irritability or any form of dysfunctional behaviour - the underlying issue has to be addressed.
We work with blatant mental health issues, as well as physical health issues such as chronic pain or illness, weight or eating disorders, grief and the responses to difficult life circumstances and work stress.
I have worked with individuals and couples for over thirty years, helping them negotiate the struggles of life in this time of quick change, uncertainty and significant social pressure. Relationships are the first victims when people become anxious or challenged in their lives. Yet I believe relationships are the core to good mental health and personal development. These issues are relevant to people of all ages, and not specific to gender, race or religion. The presenting symptom could be grief, anxiety, depression, arguments, irritability or any form of dysfunctional behaviour - the underlying issue has to be addressed.
(02) 9053 4575 View (02) 9053 4575
Photo of Dr Sarah Lal, Psychotherapist in Crows Nest, NSW
Dr Sarah Lal
Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
Balmain, NSW 2041
Sarah supports people with psychosomatic presentations, chronic pain management, medically unexplained symptoms, and general mental health care.
Sarah is a dual qualified Psychotherapist and Osteopath and grounds her ethos in the equal importance of your body, mind, and spirit in your well-being. Her holistic approach is strongly influenced by Somatic Psychotherapy and supported by her Osteopathic knowledge and expertise. Therapeutic modalities range from Mindfulness and Somatic Therapy, Contemporary Psychodynamic Therapy, and Creative Arts Therapy. Sarah's trauma-informed person-centred approach establishes a safe space before delving into your concerns. She enjoys the privilege of helping people find their innermost happiness and live life authentically.
Sarah supports people with psychosomatic presentations, chronic pain management, medically unexplained symptoms, and general mental health care.
Sarah is a dual qualified Psychotherapist and Osteopath and grounds her ethos in the equal importance of your body, mind, and spirit in your well-being. Her holistic approach is strongly influenced by Somatic Psychotherapy and supported by her Osteopathic knowledge and expertise. Therapeutic modalities range from Mindfulness and Somatic Therapy, Contemporary Psychodynamic Therapy, and Creative Arts Therapy. Sarah's trauma-informed person-centred approach establishes a safe space before delving into your concerns. She enjoys the privilege of helping people find their innermost happiness and live life authentically.
(02) 9159 6596 View (02) 9159 6596

See more therapy options for Crows Nest

Chronic Pain Counsellors

How does chronic pain therapy work?

Engaging with a psychotherapist to help treat chronic pain does not mean that one’s pain is all in their head. Therapy for chronic-pain patients has been shown to benefit both the mind and the body, targeting physical symptoms and increasing daily functioning. In other words, for many, addressing their emotional health through therapy affects their physical health. A therapist can help a client challenge unhelpful thoughts about pain and develop new ways to respond to it, such as distraction or calming breathing techniques. Studies have found that therapy can be as effective as surgery for certain cases of chronic pain and many doctors recommend trying psychotherapy in advance of considering invasive surgery.

What are the most effective treatment options for chronic pain?

Stress, anxiety, depression, catastrophising, ruminating, lack of activity, and social withdrawal all make chronic pain worse. Addressing these issues, research shows, can help people gain control over their pain symptoms. Therapeutic approaches such as cognitive behavioural therapy, biofeedback, and mindfulness-based stress reduction, along with greater pain-management education, have been found to help people reduce fear and disability.

Are there new treatments for chronic pain?

Many cases of chronic pain, particularly those involving back pain, remain medically unexplained. But there is evidence that changes in the brain or nervous system are caused by previous physical ailments such as tissue damage; in such cases, the brain may continue to send out pain signals despite the physical cause having healed. To aid patients under these circumstances, a recently developed treatment known as pain reprocessing therapy (PRT) is designed to help the brain “unlearn” this response. A PRT practitioner helps individuals to reduce the “threat value” of their ongoing pain signals until they can reappraise them as less threatening and fear-inducing. They also help an individual to develop new emotional regulation skills.

How long does therapy for chronic pain take?

There is no set timeline for recovery from chronic pain, especially as there may be a range of physical and psychological causes for any individual’s discomfort, but most patients should expect to see a therapist for a number of weeks or months, typically spanning at least 12 sessions. Studies of pain reprocessing therapy found that many individuals’ experience of pain lessened in eight sessions over four weeks.